Scottish Health Survey 2017 - volume one: main report

Presents results for the Scottish Health Survey 2017, providing information on the health and factors relating to health of people living in Scotland.

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References and notes

1. Brown WJ, Bauman AE, Bull FC, Burton NW (2012). Development of Evidence-based Physical Activity Recommendations for Adults (18-64 years). Report prepared for the Australian Government Department of Health, August 2012. Available from:$File/DEB-PAR-Adults-18-64years.pdf

2. Kredlow MA, Capozzoli MC, Hearon BA, Calkins AW, Otto MW (2015). The effects of physical activity on sleep: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Behavioral Medicine; 38(3): 427–449.

3. Fogelholm M (2010). Physical activity, fitness and fatness: relations to mortality, morbidity and disease risk factors. A systematic review. Obesity Reviews; 11(3): 202–221.

4. Perdersen BK, Saltin B (2015). Exercise as medicine – evidence for prescribing exercise as therapy in 26 different chronic diseases. Scand J Med Sci Sports; 25(3): 1-72.

5. Lee I-M, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, Puska P, Blair SN and Katzmarzyk PT (2012). Impact of Physical Inactivity on the World's Major Non-Communicable Diseases. Lancet; 380(9838):219-229.

6. See:

7. Ekelund U, Steene-Johannessen J, Brown WJ, Fagerland MW, Owen N, Powell KE, Bauman A, Lee I (2016). Does physical activity attenuate, or even eliminate, the detrimental association of sitting time with mortality? A harmonised meta-analysis of data from more than 1 million men and women. Lancet, 388(10051):1302-1310.

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9. Poitras VJ, Gray CE, Borghese MM, Carson V, Chaput J-P, Janssen I, Katzmarzyk PT, Pate RR, Connor Gorber S, Kho ME, Sampson M, Tremblay MS (2016). Systematic review of the relationships between objectively measured physical activity and health indicators in school aged children and youth. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism; 41(6): S197-S239,

10. Lee I (2007). Dose-Response Relation Between Physical Activity and Fitness. Even a Little Is Good; More Is Better. JAMA; 297(19): 2137–2139.

11. White RL, Babic MJ, Parker PD, Lubans DR, Astell-Burt T, Lonsdale C (2016). Domain-Specific Physical Activity and Mental Health: A Meta-analysis. American Journal of Preventive Medicine; 52(5) 653-666.

12. Scotland's Public Health Priorities. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. 2018 See: /publications/scotlands-public-health-priorities/

13. A more active Scotland: Scotland's Physical Activity Delivery Plan. Edinburgh: Scottish Governmnet. 2018.

14. See:

15. See:

16. See: /news/get-active-stay-active/

17. World Health Organisation (2018). Global Action Plan on Physical Activity: More Active People for a Healthier World. [online]. Available from:

18. See:

19. See:

20. The questions used in the survey since 1998 are based on the Allied Dunbar National Fitness Survey, a major study of physical activity among the adult population in England carried out in 1990. For further details see: Health Education Authority. Allied Dunbar National Fitness Survey. Health Education Authority and Sports Council, London. 1992

21. Bromley C. (2013) Chapter 6: Physical Activity. In Rutherford L, Hinchliffe S and Sharp C (eds.) Scottish Health Survey 2012 – Volume 1: Main Report. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. Available from:

22. Bromley C. (2013) Chapter 6: Physical Activity. In Rutherford L, Hinchliffe S and Sharp C (eds.) Scottish Health Survey 2012 – Volume 1: Main Report. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. Available from:

23. The questions on child physical activity included in SHeS since 1998 are based on the 1997 Health Survey for England (HSE) children's physical activity module.

24. Page 20-30.

25. Figures for walking are not comparable with those reported in previous years An adjustment has been made to account for the fact that slower walking can require as much exertion for older adults as brisk walking does for younger ones. For adults aged 65 or above, all walking was included in the MVPA calculations if the respondent reported that the walking exerted them.


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