Publication - Statistics publication

Table 8.6 Health risk category associated with overweight and obesity based on BMI and waist circumference, 2016/2017 combined, by age and sex

Aged 16 and over with valid height, weight and waist measurementsa 2016/2017 combined
Waist circumferenceb & BMI classificationc Health risk categoryd Age Total
16-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+
% % % % % % % %
Men
Underweight
Low WC Not applicable 8 2 3 2 1 - 1 3
High WC Not applicable - - - - - - - -
Very high WC Not applicable - - - - - - - -
All underweight 8 2 3 2 1 - 1 3
Normal
Low WC No increased risk 52 39 20 17 20 11 14 26
High WC No increased risk - 3 4 4 2 7 8 3
Very high WC Increased - 0 - - 1 - - 0
All normal 52 43 24 20 22 18 22 29
Overweight
Low WC No increased risk 16 14 16 8 7 4 6 11
High WC Increased 9 13 20 20 13 18 20 16
Very high WC High 2 8 10 21 15 20 23 14
All overweight 27 35 46 50 35 43 50 40
Obesity I
Low WC Increased - - - - - - - -
High WC High 2 1 1 1 2 1 - 1
Very high WC Very high 8 13 20 22 32 28 20 20
All obese I 10 14 21 23 34 29 20 21
Obesity II
Low WC Very high - - - - - - - -
High WC Very high - - - - 0 - - 0
Very high WC Very high 3 4 5 5 8 6 4 5
All obese II Very high 3 4 5 5 8 6 4 5
Obesity III
Low WC Extremely high - - - - - - - -
High WC Extremely high - - - - - - - -
Very high WC Extremely high - 1 2 1 1 4 3 1
All obese III Extremely high - 1 2 1 1 4 3 1
Men – Overall riskd
Not applicable 8 2 3 2 1 - 1 3
No increased 68 56 39 29 29 22 28 40
Increased 9 13 20 20 13 18 20 16
High 3 10 12 22 17 21 23 15
Very high 11 17 24 26 40 34 24 25
Extremely high - 1 2 1 1 4 3 1
Increased risk or above 24 41 58 69 71 78 71 58
High risk or above 15 28 38 49 57 59 50 42
Very/extremely high risk 11 19 26 27 40 38 27 27
Women
Underweight
Low WC Not applicable 7 1 - 2 1 1 2 2
High WC Not applicable - - - - - - - -
Very high WC Not applicable - - - - - - - -
All underweight 7 1 - 2 1 1 2 2
Normal
Low WC No increased risk 35 33 13 13 9 9 9 17
High WC No increased risk 16 11 14 11 10 7 8 11
Very high WC Increased 2 2 2 3 5 9 11 5
All normal 52 47 29 26 23 25 29 33
Overweight
Low WC No increased risk 1 4 2 1 0 - - 1
High WC Increased 15 6 9 6 9 2 4 7
Very high WC High 5 16 19 32 32 37 41 26
All overweight 22 25 30 39 41 39 45 34
Obesity I
Low WC Increased - - - - - - - -
High WC High - 1 1 - 1 - - 0
Very high WC Very high 10 13 17 24 16 25 19 18
All obese I 10 14 18 24 17 25 19 18
Obesity II
Low WC Very high - - - - - - - -
High WC Very high - - - - 0 - - 0
Very high WC Very high 7 9 12 4 12 8 4 8
All obese II Very high 7 9 12 4 12 8 4 8
Obesity III
Low WC Extremely high - - - - - - - -
High WC Extremely high - - - - - - - -
Very high WC Extremely high 1 5 10 5 6 2 0 4
All obese III Extremely high 1 5 10 5 6 2 0 4
Women – Overall riskd
Not applicable 7 1 - 2 1 1 2 2
No increased 52 48 29 24 18 16 18 30
Increased 17 8 11 9 14 12 16 12
High 5 17 20 32 33 37 41 26
Very high 18 22 29 28 29 33 23 26
Extremely high 1 5 10 5 6 2 0 4
Increased risk or above 41 51 71 73 81 83 80 69
High risk or above 24 43 59 65 67 72 64 57
Very/extremely high risk 19 27 40 32 34 35 24 31
Bases (weighted)
Men 119 140 131 153 132 101 60 836
Women 112 140 135 164 138 115 85 889
Bases (unweighted)
Men 56 109 107 116 143 134 76 741
Women 82 146 142 164 178 162 98 972

a Percentages and bases in this table are based on those who have a valid measurement for waist circumference, in addition to valid measurements of height and weight. Therefore subtotals for BMI categories by age and sex in this table are not definitive
b Nurse equivalent waist circumference categories according to WHO/SIGN guidelines (115): low: <94cm for men and <80cm for women; high: ≥94cm and <102cm for men, ≥80cm and <88cm for women; very high: ≥102cm for men and ≥88cm for women (nurse equivalent measures)
c BMI categories according to WHO guidelines: Underweight: Less than 18.5kg/m2, Normal: 18.5 to less than 25kg/m2, Overweight: 25 to less than 30kg/m2, Obesity I: 30 to less than 35kg/m2, Obesity II: 35 to less than 40kg/m2, Obesity III: 40kg/m2 or more
d Health risk category according to SIGN guidelines (115)


Contact

Julie.Landsberg@gov.scot