References and notes
1. Editorial (2017). Life, Death and Disability in 2016. The Lancet: 390(10100): p1083-1464
2. GBD 2015 Risk Factors Collaborators (2016). Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet, 388:1659–1724.
3. World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (2007). Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Available from: http://www.aicr.org/assets/docs/pdf/reports/Second_Expert_Report.pdf
4. Iqbal, R, Anand, S, Ounpuu, S, Islam, S, Zhang, X, Rangarajan, S et al.(2008) Dietary patterns and the risk of acute myocardial infarction in 52 countries: results of the INTERHEART study. Circulation; 118:1929-37.
5. World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (2007). Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Available from: http://www.aicr.org/assets/docs/pdf/reports/Second_Expert_Report.pdf
6. Wang, X, Ouyang, Y, Lui, J, Zhu, M, Zhao, G, Bao, W, Hu, F, (2014) Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Mortality from all Causes Cardiovasular Disease and Cancer: Systematic Review and Dose-response Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. BMJ; 349:g4490
7. van Dam, RM, Willet, WC, Rimm, EB, Stampfer MJ, Hu FB. (2002) Dietary fat and Meat intake in Relation to Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Men. Diabetes Care; 25:417-424.
8. Jung, S, Spiegelman, S, Baglietto, L, Bernstein, L, Boggs, DA, van den Brandt, PA et al. (2013) Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Risk of Breast Cancer by Hormone Receptor Status. JNCI J Natl Cancer Inst; 105:219-236.
9. Bhupathiraju, S, Tinker, L, Dubowitz, T, Johnson, K, Seguin, R, Manson, J and Hu F (2015). Vegetable Intake and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI). The FASEB Journal; 29(260).
10. Cooper, AJ, Sharp, SJ, Lentjes, MAH, Luben, RN, Khaw K-T, Wareham, NJ and Forouh, NG (2012). A Prospective Study of the Association Between Quantity and Variety of Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Incident Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care; 35:1293-1300.
11. Bradbury, KE, Appleby, PN and Key, TJ (2014). Fruit, vegetable, and fiber intake in relation to cancer risk: findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Am J Clin Nutr; 100:394-398.
12. Threapleton, DE, Greenwood, DC, Evans, CEL, Cleghorn, CL, Nykjaer, C, et al. (2013) Dietary fibre intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ: 347(6879).
13. Dangour, AD, Andreeva, VA, Sydenham, E and Uauy, R (2012). Omega 3 fatty acids and cognitive health in older people. The British Journal of Nutrition; 107:152-8.
14. Din, JN, Newby, DE and Flapan, AD (2004). Omega 3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease - fishing for a natural treatment. BMJ; 328(7430):30-5.
15. Rafnsson, SB, Dilis, V, Trichopolou, A (2013). Antioxidant nutrients and age-related cognitive decline: a systematic review of population-based cohort studies. Eur J Nutr; 52:15453-67.
16. Ami, N. et al. (2016) Folate and neural tube defects: The role of supplements and food fortification. Paediatric Child Health. 21(3): 145-149
17. Cashman, KD (2007). Diet, nutrition and bone health. J Nutr; 137:507-2512.
18. Sung Kya Ha (2014). Dietary Salt Intake and Hypertension. Electrolyte Blood Press;12(1):7-18.
19. Sinha, R, Cross, AJ, Graubard, BI, Leitzmann, MF, Schatzkin, A (2009). Meat intake and mortality: a prospective study of over half a million people. Arch Intern Med; 169:562-71.
20. Norat, T, Bingham, S, Ferrari, P, Slimani, N, Jenab, M, Mazuir, M et al (2005). Meat, Fish and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition. J Natl Cancer Inst; 97:906-16.
21. Moynihan PJ, Kelly, SA (2014). Effect on caries of reducing sugar intake: systematic review to inform WHO guidelines. J Dent Res; 93:8-18.
22. Bray, GA, Popkin, BM (2014). Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes?: health be damned! Pour on the sugar. Diabetes Care; 37:950-6.
23. The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2015). Carbohydrates and Health. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/scientific-advisory-committee-on-nutrition
24. Candari, C.J., Cylus, J., Nolte, E., (2017) Assessing the economic costs of unhealthy diets and low physical activity. European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, Health Policy Series 37. Available from: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/342166/Unhealthy-Diets-ePDF-v1.pdf
25. Scarborough, P, Bhatnagar, P, Wickramasinghe, KK, Allender, S, Foster, C and Rayner, M (2011). The economic burden of ill health due to diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and obesity in the UK: an update to 2006–07 NHS costs. J Public Health; 33:527-535.
26. Dowler E (2003). Food and Poverty in Britain: Rights and Responsibilities. In: Dowler, E and Jones Finer, C (Eds). Welfare of Food: Rights and Responsibilities in a Changing World. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 140-159.
27. Hanson, KL, Connor, LM (2014) Food insecurity and dietary quality in US adults and children: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr;100:684–92.
28. Gunderson, C, Ziliac, JP (2015). Food Insecurity and Health Outcomes. Health Affairs; 34(11): 1830–1839
29. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Food Insecurity in the United States (2017). J Acad Nutr Diet; 117:1991-2002.
30. Food Standards Scotland (2015). Situation Report. The Scottish Diet: It needs to change. Available from: http://www.foodstandards.gov.scot/downloads/Final_Report.pdf
31. Revised Dietary Goals for Scotland, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2013. Available from: http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0049/00497558.pdf
34. See: www.eatbetterfeelbetter.co.uk
35. A Nation with Ambition: The Government's Programme for Scotland 2017-18. Available from: www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/09/8468
36. A Healthier Future - Action and Ambitions on Diet, Activity, and Healthy Weight Consultation Document, Edinburgh: Scottish Government (2017). Available from: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/10/1050
37. A Healthier Future – Action and ambitions on Diet, Activity and Healthy Weight: Analysis of Consultation Responses, Edinburgh: Scottish Government (2018). Available from: http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0053/00534794.pdf
38. A Healthier Future: Scotland's Diet & Healthy Weight Delivery Plan, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2018. Available from: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2018/07/8833
39. Budget 2016, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2016. Available from: www.gov.uk/government/publications/budget-2016-documents/budget-2016
40. The Soft Drinks Industry Levy Regulations 2018, UK Government. Available from: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2018/41/pdfs/uksi_20180041_en.pdf
41. Soft Drinks Industry Levy comes into effect, 5th April 2018, UK Government. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/soft-drinks-industry-levy-comes-into-effect
42. Sugar reduction and wider reformulation programme: Report on progress towards the first 5% reduction and next steps, PHE, 2018 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/sugar-reduction-report-on-first-year-progress
43. Calorie reduction: the scope and ambition for action, PHE, 2018 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/calorie-reduction-the-scope-and-ambition-for-action
44. Dignity: Ending Hunger Together in Scotland - The Report of the Independent Working Group on Food Poverty. Edinburgh: Scottish Government (2016). Available from: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2016/06/8020
45. Every child, every chance – The Tackling Child Poverty Delivery Plan 2018-22. Edinburgh: Scottish Government (2018). Available from http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2018/03/4093/0
46. See: www.gov.scot/scottishhealthsurvey