Estimation of sectoral CAP payment 'envelopes' 2019

This report uses data on the level of past funding provided to individual farm businesses and Standard Output (SO) values to estimate notional payment ‘envelopes’ to different sectors.

'Direct' and Environmental & Forestry Payments

7. For this report 'Direct' payments are defined as non-competitive CAP support schemes and include elements from both Pillar I and Pillar II of the CAP. The schemes included in the 'Direct' Payment analysis include:[6]

  • Basic Payment Scheme[7] (BPS)
  • Greening Payment[8] (Greening)
  • Less Favoured Areas Support Scheme[9] (LFASS)
  • Scottish Suckler Beef Support Scheme[10] - Mainland (SSBSSM)
  • Scottish Suckler Beef Support Scheme - Island (SSBSSI)
  • Scottish Upland Sheep Support Scheme (SUSSS)[11]
  • Beef Efficiency Scheme[12] (BES)

8. In 2019 £508.8 million was dispersed through these 'direct' support schemes. Figure 2 reveals that BPS and Greening had 17,495 recipients[13] and accounted for 53.4% and 27.3% of 'direct' support payments respectively. LFASS had nearly 10,900 recipients and the scheme accounted for 9.9% of the direct payments made (noting that in 2019 LFASS budget was reduced by 20% due to the EU Commission's ruling pertaining to mandatory adoption of a new Areas facing Natural Constraint for supporting disadvantaged regions). The voluntary coupled support schemes accounted for 9.3% of the payments with the 5,540 SSBSSM, 1,214 SSBSSI and 1,124 SUSSS recipients receiving 6.7%, 1.2% and 1.4% of total direct payments respectively. Only a handful of BES payments were made in 2019 as the scheme payment window largely ran from 2016 to 2018.

Figure 2 Number of recipients and amounts dispersed through 'direct' payment schemes, 2019
doughnut pie chart showing the breakdown of direct support by individual schemes in Scotland in 2019. The total of all Direct support schemes was £508.79m to 17,850 BRNs. The individual segments of the pie chart include : BPS £271.91m, 17,461 recipients, 53% of total budget; Greening, £138.92m, 17,495 recipients 27% of total budget; LFASS, £50.59m, 10,889 recipients, 10% of total budget; SSBSSM, £34.19m, 5,540 recipients,7% of total budget; SSBSSI, £5.90m, 1,214 recipients, 1% of total budget; SUSSS, £7.05m, 1,124 recipients, 1% of total budget; BES, £0.23m, 107 BES recipients, less than 0.5% of total budget;



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