References and notes

1 Audit Scotland (2012). Health Inequalities in Scotland. Available from:

2 World Health Organization (2013). Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020. Available from:

3 Academy of Medical Royal Colleges (2009). No Health Without Mental Health. Available from:

4 McGorry, PB, Bates, T and Birchwood, M (2013). Designing youth mental health services for the 21st century: examples from Australia, Ireland and the UK. British Journal of Psychiatry; 202(54): 30-35.

5 Mental Health Strategy for Scotland 2012-2015. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2012.
Available from:

6 Mental Health Strategy: 2017-2027. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2017
Available from:

7 Friedli,, L (2009). Mental Health, Resilience and Inequalities. Copenhagen: World Health Organisation. Available from:

8 Fairer Scotland Action Plan. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2016. Available from:

9 See:

10 Towards a Mentally Flourishing Scotland: policy and action plan 2009-2011. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2009. Available from:

11 Delivering for Mental Health. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2006. Available from:

12 The National Performance Framework is described here:

13 See:

14 Scotland’s Mental Health: Adults 2012. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland, 2012. Available from:

15 NHS Health Scotland / ScotPHO (2013). Scotland’s Mental Health: children and young people 2013. Available from:

16 The CAMHS 18 week treatment HEAT target is described here:

17 NHS Scotland Local Deliver Plan Guidance 2015-16. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2015. See:

18 ISD Scotland (2017). Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services Waiting Times in Scotland Quarter ending 31 March 2017. Available from:

19 ISD Scotland (2017). Psychological Therapies Waiting Times in NHS Scotland Quarter ending 31 March 2017, Available from:

20 See:

21 Further information about WEMWBS is available here:

22 Stewart-Brown, S and Janmohamed, K (2008). Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS). User Guide Version 1. Warwick and Edinburgh: University of Warwick and NHS Health Scotland. Available from:

23 The translation was carried out solely to ensure that speakers of other languages were not excluded from the Scottish Health Survey. There were insufficient numbers of non-English speaking people in the sample to enable comparisons of their health with the rest of the population. As the primary intention was to prevent the exclusion of people due to language barriers, the translated WEMWBS questions were not subject to the full extent of validation that would need to take place if the questionnaire was being used to assess wellbeing in a whole population of non-English speakers. It is therefore possible that the translated WEMWBS scale (and other questions in the survey) is not directly comparable to the English version. However, the number of interviews that used translated materials was judged to be too small to affect the national estimates presented here so all cases have been included in the analysis.

24 Goldberg, D and Williams, PA (1988). A User's Guide to the General Health Questionnaire.
Windsor: NFER-Nelson.


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