Scottish Health Survey 2016 - volume 1: main report
Statistics relating to the health of people living in Scotland.
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References and notes
1 International Food Policy Research Institute (2016). Global Nutrition Report 2016: From Promise
to Impact: Ending Malnutrition by 2030. Available from: http://www.ifpri.org/publication/global-nutrition-report-2016-promise-impact-ending-malnutrition-2030
2 Doll, R (1990). An overview of the epidemiological evidence linking diet and cancer. Proc Nutr Soc 49:119-31.
3 Iqbal, R, Anand, S, Ounpuu, S, Islam, S, Zhang, X, Rangarajan, S et al.(2008) Dietary patterns and the risk of acute myocardial infarction in 52 countries: results of the INTERHEART study. Circulation; 118:1929-37.
4 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (2007). Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Available from: http://www.aicr.org/assets/docs/pdf/reports/Second_Expert_Report.pdf
5 Jung, S, Spiegelman, S, Baglietto, L, Bernstein, L, Boggs, DA, van den Brandt, PA et al. (2013) Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Risk of Breast Cancer by Hormone Receptor Status. JNCI J Natl Cancer Inst; 105:219-236.
6 Bhupathiraju, S, Tinker, L, Dubowitz, T, Johnson, K, Seguin, R, Manson, J and Hu F (2015). Vegetable Intake and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI). The FASEB Journal; 29(260).
7 Cooper, AJ, Sharp, SJ, Lentjes, MAH, Luben, RN, Khaw K-T, Wareham, NJ and Forouh, NG (2012). A Prospective Study of the Association Between Quantity and Variety of Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Incident Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care; 35:1293-1300.
8 Bradbury, KE, Appleby, PN and Key, TJ (2014). Fruit, vegetable, and fiber intake in relation to cancer risk: findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Am J Clin Nutr; 100:394-398.
9 Threapleton, DE, Greenwood, DC, Evans, CEL, Cleghorn, CL, Nykjaer, C, et al. (2013) Dietary fibre intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ: 347(6879).
10 Dangour, AD, Andreeva, VA, Sydenham, E and Uauy, R (2012). Omega 3 fatty acids and cognitive health in older people. The British Journal of Nutrition; 107:152-8.
11 Din, JN, Newby, DE and Flapan, AD (2004). Omega 3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease - fishing for a natural treatment. BMJ; 328(7430):30-5.
12 Rafnsson, SB, Dilis, V, Trichopolou, A (2013). Antioxidant nutrients and age-related cognitive decline: a systematic review of population-based cohort studies. Eur J Nutr; 52:15453-67.
13 Smithells, RW, Sheppard, S, Schorah, CJ, Seller, MJ, Nevin, NC, Harris, R et al (1981). Apparent prevention of neural-tube defects by periconceptional vitamin supplementation. Arch Dis Child; 56:911-8.
14 Cashman, KD (2007). Diet, nutrition and bone health. J Nutr; 137:507-2512.
15 Moynihan PJ, Kelly, SA (2014). Effect on caries of reducing sugar intake: systematic review to inform WHO guidelines. J Dent Res; 93:8-18.
16 Law, M (2000). Salt, blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. J Cardiovasc Risk; 7:5-8.
17 Sinha, R, Cross, AJ, Graubard, BI, Leitzmann, MF, Schatzkin, A (2009). Meat intake and mortality: a prospective study of over half a million people. Arch Intern Med; 169:562-71.
18 Norat, T, Bingham, S, Ferrari, P, Slimani, N, Jenab, M, Mazuir, M et al (2005). Meat, Fish and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition. J Natl Cancer Inst; 97:906-16.
19 Bray, GA, Popkin, BM (2014). Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes?: health be damned! Pour on the sugar. Diabetes Care; 37:950-6.
20 The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2015). Carbohydrates and Health.
Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/scientific-advisory-committee-on-nutrition
21 Luciano, M, Corley, J, Cox, SR, Valdés Hernández, MC, Craig, LCA, Dickie, DA et al (2017)..
Mediterranean-type diet and brain structural change from 73 to 76 years in a Scottish cohort.
22 Scarborough, P, Bhatnagar, P, Wickramasinghe, KK, Allender, S, Foster, C and Rayner, M (2011). The economic burden of ill health due to diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and obesity in the UK: an update to 2006–07 NHS costs. J Public Health; 33:527-535.
23 Barton, KL, Wrieden, WL (2013). Estimation of food and nutrient intakes from food survey data in Scotland. Food Standards Agency Scotland. Available from: http://www.foodstandards.gov.scot/downloads/Monitoring_Scottish_Dietary_Goals_Final_Report.pdf
24 Sheehy, C, McNeill, G, Masson, L, Craig, L, Macdiarmid, J, Holmes, B et al (2008). Survey of sugar intake among children in Scotland. Food Standards Agency Scotland. Available from: www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/multimedia/pdfs/publication/surveyofsugarscotland0308.pdf
25 Masson, LF, Bromley, C, Macdiarmid, JI, Craig, LCA, Wills, W, Tipping, S, et al (2012). Survey of diet among children in Scotland (2010). Food Standards Agency Scotland. Available from: www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/FS424019_Final_report_part_2_FS424019.pdf
26 McNeill, G, Masson, LF, MacDiarmid, JI, Craig, LCA, Wills, WJ, Bromley, C (2017). Socio-economic differences in diet, physical activity and leisure-time screen use among Scottish children in 2006 and 2010: are we closing the gap? Public Health Nutrition; 20:951-8.
27 Food Standards Scotland (2015). Situation Report. The Scottish Diet: It needs to change.
Available from: http://www.foodstandards.gov.scot/downloads/Final_Report.pdf
28 Recipe for Success: Scotland’s National Food & Drink Policy: Becoming a Good Food Nation, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2014. Available from: www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/06/1195/downloads#res453219
29 Revised Dietary Goals for Scotland, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2013. Available from: www.gov.scot/Topics/Health/Healthy-Living/Food-Health/DietaryGoalsScot
30 See: www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-eatwell-guide
31 See: www.gov.scot/Topics/Health/Healthy-Living/Food-Health/vitaminD
32 See: www.eatbetterfeelbetter.co.uk
33 A Nation with Ambition: The Government’s Programme for Scotland 2017-18
Available from: www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/09/8468
34 Schools (Health Promotion and Nutrition) (Scotland) Act 2007.
35 Healthy eating in schools : a guide to implementing the Nutritional Requirements for Food and Drink in Schools (Scotland) Regulations 2008, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2008. Available from: http://dera.ioe.ac.uk/8538/
36 Beyond the School Gate - Improving Food Choices in the School Community, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2014. Available from: www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/05/4143
37 Better eating, better learning – a new context for school food, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2014. Available from: www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/03/1606
38 Criteria for the healthcare retail standard, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2015. Available from: www.gov.scot/Resource/0048/00484485.pdf
39 Supporting Healthy Choices: A Framework for Voluntary Action. Edinburgh, Scottish Government, 2014. Available from: www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/06/8253
40 Budget 2016, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2016. Available from: www.gov.uk/government/publications/budget-2016-documents/budget-2016
41 Soft drinks industry levy consultation document, HM Revenue & Customs. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/546286/Soft_Drinks_Industry_Levy-consultation.pdf
42 Draft provisions for Finance Bill 2017. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/574680/newbook_book.pdf
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