Publication - Impact assessment

Scottish Budget 2021-2022: Equality and Fairer Scotland Budget statement

This report assesses the Equality and Fairer Scotland impacts of the Scottish Budget 2021-2022.

72 page PDF

1.9 MB

72 page PDF

1.9 MB

Contents
Scottish Budget 2021-2022: Equality and Fairer Scotland Budget statement
Footnotes

72 page PDF

1.9 MB

Footnotes

1 Background briefing paper on human rights budgeting and budget analysis by Ann Blyberg for the Scottish Human Rights Commission.

2 Additional poverty analysis 2020 – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

3 Scottish surveys core questions: 2018 analytical tables – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

4 Scotland’s Wellbeing: The Impact of COVID-19 | National Performance Framework

5 How coronavirus has affected equality and human rights | Equality and Human Rights Commission (equalityhumanrights.com)

6 OHCHR | COVID-19 Guidance

7 How coronavirus has affected equality and human rights | Equality and Human Rights Commission (equalityhumanrights.com)

8 Social Renewal Advisory Board – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

9 If not now, when? – Social Renewal Advisory Board report: January 2021 – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

10 NPF_Impact_of_COVID-19_December_2020.pdf (nationalperformance.gov.scot)

11 Statistics from the ONS Annual Population Survey – Jan-Dec 2019

12 Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme statistics, HMRC (December 2020)

13 Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme statistics, HMRC (August 2020)

14 Office for National Statistics, Which occupations have the highest potential exposure to the coronavirus (COVID-19)?, May, 2020

15 Resolution Foundation (2020) Jobs, Jobs, Jobs

16 Latest Statistics published 25 Nov 2020. Available at: Scotland’s Devolved Employment Services: statistical summary - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

17 Young-workers-in-the-coronavirus-crisis.pdf (resolutionfoundation.org)

18 Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme statistics: December 2020 - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

19 ONS, Annual Population Survey, January-December 2011

20 ONS, Annual Population Survey, October 2019 – September 2020

21 https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/staff/swarulampalam/publications/wagelossintrod.pdf

22 Delivering the Youth Guarantee - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

23 The Young Person’s Guarantee | My World of Work

24 https://www.gov.scot/publications/young-persons-guarantee-phase-1-activity-plan/

25 https://www.gov.scot/publications/one-left-behind-review-employability-services/pages/6/

26 https://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/publications-statistics/statistics/annual-participation-measure/?page=1&statisticCategoryId=7&order=date-desc

27 https://www.gov.scot/publications/employment-unemployment-and-inactivity-for-young-people-16-24-years-scotland-and-uk---jul-2019-to-jun-2020/

28 Scottish Household Survey, 2018

29 Time use survey 2014-2015: results for Scotland - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

30 ONS, Annual Population Survey, July 2019 – June 2020

31 Gender Pay Gap Action Plan: Analytical Annex (www.gov.scot)

32 Family Friendly Working Scotland, 2018. The Timewise Flexible Jobs Index Scotland.

33 Policymakers (closethegap.org.uk)

34 Gender Pay Gap Action Plan: Analytical Annex (www.gov.scot)

35 ONS, Annual Population Survey, Jan-Dec 2019

36 ONS, Annual Population Survey, Jan-Dec 2019

37 Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme statistics: secondary analysis of ended furloughs - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

38 See for example: https://www.resolutionfoundation.org/app/uploads/2019/10/Risky-business.pdf; https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/14860

39 Mothers on the lowest incomes are nine times more at risk of losing their job due to school closures in the UK - Womens Budget Group (wbg.org.uk)

40 Coronavirus and the social impacts on Great Britain

41 How Are Mothers and Fathers Balancing Work and Family under Lockdown?

42 The COVID-19 Gender Gap – IMF Blog

43 https://www.closethegap.org.uk/content/resources/Gender--Economic-Recovery---Engender-andClose-the-Gap.pdf; https://www.oecd.org/dev/development-gender/Unpaid_care_work.pdf; https://www.gcu.ac.uk/wise/media/gcalwebv2/theuniversity/centresprojects/wise/98178%20WiSE%20 BREIFING%20PAPER%204%20August.pdf

44 See https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/strategy-plan/2019/03/fairer-scotland-women-gender-pay-gap-action-plan/documents/analytical-annex/analytical-annex/govscot%3Adocument/analytical-annex.pdf

45 Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme statistics: December 2020 - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

46 https://www.gov.scot/publications/fairer-scotland-women-gender-pay-gap-action-plan/

47 http://www.employabilityinscotland.com/participants-and-barriers/women-and-work/women-returners/

48 https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-guidance-for-homeworking/pages/operational-guide/#caring

49 https://www.flexibilityworks.org/

50 Scotland’s Gender Equality Index 2020 (data.gov.scot)

51 Understanding Society - Gender and Work in Scotland: research findings - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

52 https://public.tableau.com/profile/phs.covid.19#!/vizhome/COVID-19DailyDashboard_15960160643010/Overview

53 https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/files//statistics/covid19/covid-deaths-report-week-50.pdf

54 https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/files//statistics/covid19/covid-deaths-report-week-50.pdf

55 https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/files//statistics/covid19/covid-deaths-report-week-50.pdf

56 https://beta.isdscotland.org/find-publications-and-data/population-health/covid-19/covid-19-statistical-report/2-december-2020/

57 https://beta.isdscotland.org/media/6736/ethnicity-tables.xlsx

58 https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/files//statistics/drug-related-deaths/2019/drug-related-deaths-19-pub.pdf

59 https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/files//statistics/alcohol-deaths/2019/alcohol-specific-deaths-19-main-points.pdf

60 NHS Health Scotland (2018), The Scottish Burden of Disease Study, 2016: Deprivation Report, available at: https://www.scotpho.org.uk/media/1656/sbod2016-deprivation-report-aug18.pdf

61 Alcohol Framework 2018 – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

62 Monitoring and evaluation framework for Rights, Respect and Recovery – Publications – Public Health Scotland

63 Monitoring and Evaluating Scotland’s Alcohol Strategy (MESAS) – Alcohol – Health topics – Public Health Scotland

64 Evaluation of minimum unit pricing (MUP) – Alcohol – Health topics – Public Health Scotland

65 Evidence comes from a number of sources, including the Scottish COVID Mental Health Tracker Study; 3 evidence papers produced by the Scottish Government’s COVID-19 Mental Health Research Advisory Group (published along with minutes of April, June and July meetings) and surveillance reports from Public Health England. A summary of evidence on mental health impacts of COVID-19 is included in the Scottish Government’s Coronavirus (COVID-19): mental health – transition and recovery plan.

66 Coronavirus (COVID-19): mental health tracker study – wave 1 report – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

67 Coronavirus (COVID-19): mental health – transition and recovery plan – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

68 Coronavirus (COVID-19): Mental Health Research Advisory Group – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

69 Coronavirus (COVID-19): mental health – transition and recovery plan – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

70 COVID-19 and digital inequalities: Reciprocal impacts and mitigation strategies – ScienceDirect

71 https://dera.ioe.ac.uk/10491/3/A9RF934_Redacted.pdf; LOW-RES-3999-CUKT-Switched-On-Report-ONLINE.pdf (d1ssu070pg2v9i.cloudfront.net); https://d1ssu070pg2v9i.cloudfront.net/pex/carnegie_uk_trust/2016/09/v3-2697-CUKT-Digital-Participation-summary.pdf

72 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563220301771

73 https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-people-annual-report-results-2018-scottish-household-survey/

74 https://www.ons.gov.uk/businessindustryandtrade/itandinternetindustry/bulletins/internetusers/2019

75 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563220301771#cebib0010

76 https://committees.parliament.uk/oralevidence/387/pdf/; https://www.ey.com/en_uk/tmt/top-10-challenges-and-opportunities-for-covid-19-impacted-digital-home

77 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563220301771#cebib0010

78 https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/healthandwellbeing/bulletins/coronavirusandthesocialimpactsongreatbritain/3july2020

79 https://d1ssu070pg2v9i.cloudfront.net/pex/carnegie_uk_trust/2019/02/21143338/LOW-RES-3999-CUKT-Switched-On-Report-ONLINE.pdf; https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563220301771#cebib0010

80 https://committees.parliament.uk/oralevidence/387/pdf/; https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0747563220301771#cebib0010

81 Video consultations – public and clinician views: consultation summary – gov.scot (www.gov.scot) Near Me video consulting programme: equality impact assessment – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

82 Poverty & Income Inequality in Scotland: 2016-19 (infographic) (www.gov.scot)

83 Labour market overview, UK – Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk)

84 Out of work benefits – Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk)

85 Covid+and+Inequalities+Final+Report+For+Publication+-+PDF.pdf (www.gov.scot)

86 Covid+and+Inequalities+Final+Report+For+Publication+-+PDF.pdf (www.gov.scot)

87 Wealth in Scotland 2006-2018 (data.gov.scot)

88 Rainy-Days.pdf (resolutionfoundation.org)

89 Poverty in Scotland 2019 | JRF

90 Scottish Government, Tackling Child Poverty Delivery Plan – second year progress report, August 2020

91 Tackling child poverty: first year progress report (2018 to 2019) - gov.scot (www.gov.scot) and Tackling child poverty: second year progress report (2019-2020) – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

92 https://www.childrensparliament.org.uk/our-work/children-and-coronavirus/

93 https://cpag.org.uk/policy-and-campaigns/report/cost-learning-lockdown-family-experiences-school-closures; https://www.gov.scot/publications/impact-assessment-closure-reopening-schools-part-covid-19-recovery-process-scotland_version-2/; https://www.gov.scot/publications/equity-audit-deepening-understanding-impact-covid-19-school-building-closures-children-socio-economically-disadvantaged-backgrounds-setting-clear-areas-focus-accelerating-recovery/

94 https://cypcs.org.uk/wpcypcs/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/CRIA-appendix-education.pdf

95 Skills Development Scotland, Modern Apprenticeship Statistics Quarter 2 2019/20

96 Skills Development Scotland will publish Modern Apprenticeship statistics under official statistics protocols with the year-end statistics (Quarter 4 2020/21) in June 2021. This will include reporting on equality groups.

97 https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/14821

98 College courses lasting 160 hours or more.

99 Scottish Funding Council, College Performance Indicators 2018/19 Executive Summary

100 Coronavirus and higher education students – Office for National Statistics

101 https://www.suttontrust.com/our-research/covid-19-impacts-university-access/

102 https://www.nusconnect.org.uk/resources/covid-19-and-students-survey-report-phase-2-public-version; https://www.nusconnect.org.uk/resources/coronavirus-and-students-phase-3-study-mental-health-with-demographics-nov-2020

103 https://www.nusconnect.org.uk/articles/landmark-research-on-students-mental-health

104 https://www.nusconnect.org.uk/resources/covid-19-and-students-survey-report-phase-2-public-version

105 https://www.advance-he.ac.uk/knowledge-hub/three-months-make-difference

106 https://www.gov.scot/publications/2021-national-improvement-framework-improvement-plan/

107 https://www.gov.scot/publications/equity-audit-deepening-understanding-impact-covid-19-school-building-closures-children-socio-economically-disadvantaged-backgrounds-setting-clear-areas-focus-accelerating-recovery/

108 https://www.gov.scot/publications/impact-assessment-closure-reopening-schools-part-covid-19-recovery-process-scotland_version-2/

109 https://www.gov.scot/publications/evaluation-strategy-attainment-scotland-fund-years-3-4/pages/2/; https://www.gov.scot/publications/evaluation-attainment-scotland-fund-third-interim-report-year-4/

110 https://www.gov.scot/publications/young-persons-guarantee-phase-1-activity-plan/

111 https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-crime-justice-survey-2017-18-main-findings/pages/13/#_9.3_Partner_Abuse

112 https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-justice-analytical-services-data-report-november-2020/

113 https://www.gov.scot/publications/domestic-abuse-scotland-2018-2019-statistics/

114 https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-domestic-abuse-forms-violence-against-women-girls-during-phases-1-2-3-scotlands-route-map-22-11-august-2020/

115 https://www.gov.scot/collections/coronavirus-covid-19-scotlands-route-map/

116 https://capmh.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13034-020-00329-3; Schneider, Harknett & McLanahan, 2016. Intimate Partner Violence in the Great Recession. Demography, 53: 471-505 ; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5408954/; https://www.bmj.com/content/bmj/369/bmj.m1557.full.pdf

117 https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-domestic-abuse-forms-violence-against-women-girls-during-phases-1-2-3-scotlands-route-map-22-11-august-2020/

118 https://www.gov.scot/collections/scottish-crime-and-justice-survey/

119 Whilst the SCJS does not provide information on recent victims of Child Sexual Abuse, the equivalent survey in England and Wales found in 2018-19 that less than one quarter of people who experienced such crimes reported them to the police. It would seem reasonable to assume that a similar position might pertain in Scotland, though this is a profoundly sensitive area where there are many barriers to accurate data collection – including a lack of recognition by some children and young people that they are being sexually abused, as well as challenging and ethical questions around the collection of this data.

120 https://www.gov.scot/collections/recorded-crime-in-scotland/

121 For example, further examination of the Official Statistics show that one contributor to the overall fall in April to June 2020 was a 43 per cent reduction in recorded crimes of lewd and libidinous practices (from 316 to 181). These cases all had child victims and must have occurred before December 2010, given the legislation used by police to record them. As such, it seems likely there has been at least a temporary fall in reports of historical CSA during the pandemic. In contrast, there has been a different impact in terms of cyber-enabled crimes, with Police Scotland highlighting in a recent paper to the Scottish Police Authority that online crimes of CSA were 21 per cent higher in April to June 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. See https://www.spa.police.uk/spa-media/fxsem1bg/item-2-1-graphics-version-q2-policing-performance-report.pdf

122 https://www.copfs.gov.uk/publications/equality-and-diversity

123 https://www.spa.police.uk/spa-media/as5paqup/rep-b-20200918-item-7-policing-performance-report-q1.pdf

124 https://yoursayondisability.scot/weekly-poll-results-covid-19-physical-distancing-week-beginning-25-may/

125 https://www.scotcourts.gov.uk/docs/default-source/aboutscs/reports-and-data/publications/scts-respond-recover-renew.pdf?sfvrsn=2

126 Last year we invested over £12 million and will increase this to £13 million in 2022.

127 Scotland’s Gender Equality Index 2020 (data.gov.scot)

128 Coronavirus (COVID-19): evidence gathered for Scotland’s route map - equality and Fairer Scotland impact assessment – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

129 Coronavirus (COVID-19): mental health – transition and recovery plan – gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

130 https://www.gov.scot/publications/sexual-orientation-scotland-2017-summary-evidence-base/pages/4/


Contact

Email: social-justice-analysis@gov.scot