Information

Scottish Prison Population Statistics 2021-22

The latest longitudinal statistics on prison populations and flows into and out of prison. Includes information about the demographics of people in prison, the time they spend there, their sentences and offences.

This document is part of a collection


Footnotes

1 Supplementary Tables, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-2021-22/documents/

2 Technical Manual: CellWise Data Construction, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/cellwise-data-construction/

3 Scottish Prison Population Statistics Technical Manual, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/

4 JAS Monthly Data Report, https://www.gov.scot/publications/justice-analytical-services-jas-safer-communities-justice-statistics-monthly-data-report-september-2022-edition/pages/11/

5 Technical Manual: Average daily population, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Average%20daily%20population

6 Scottish Prison Population statistics, 2020-21 https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-2020-21/pages/6/

7 Scottish Prison Population statistics, 2020-21 https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-2020-21/pages/6/

8 Coronavirus (COVID-19): Justice Analytical Services data report, https://www.gov.scot/collections/coronavirus-covid-19-justice-analytical-services-data-report/

9 Sheriff Courts - remand and bail outcomes: occasional paper, https://www.gov.scot/publications/occasional-paper-remand-bail-outcomes-first-bail-decision-points-sheriff-courts/

10 Coronavirus (COVID-19): Justice Analytical Services data report, https://www.gov.scot/collections/coronavirus-covid-19-justice-analytical-services-data-report/, and Sheriff Courts - remand and bail outcomes: occasional paper, https://www.gov.scot/publications/occasional-paper-remand-bail-outcomes-first-bail-decision-points-sheriff-courts/

11 SPS COVID-19 Information Hub, https://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Information/covid19/covid-19-information-hub.aspx

12 Technical Manual: Legal status, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Legal%20status

13 Technical Manual: Index offence, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Index%20offence

14 Technical Manual: Index sentence, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Index%20sentence

15 See page 10

16 Technical Manual: Index offence, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Index%20offence

17 Technical Manual: Index sentence, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Index%20sentence

18 Scottish Prison Population Statistics: Legal Status, 2019-20, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-legal-status-2019-20/pages/6/

19 Technical Manual: Index offence, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Index%20offence

20 Technical Manual: Index offence, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Index%20offence

21 Scottish Prison Population Statistics: Legal Status, 2019-20. Section 3.1.2 https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-legal-status-2019-20/pages/6/

22 Technical Manual: Legal Status, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Legal%20status

23 Technical Manual: Index Offence Derivation: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/cellwise-data-construction/#index-offence-derivation

24 Technical Manual: Index Offence group, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Index%20offence%20group

25 Technical Manual: Index offence, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Index%20offence

26 Technical Manual: Individuals, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Individuals

27 Technical Manual: Legal Status, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Legal%20status

28 Scottish prison population: statistics 2019 to 2020, Section 2.1 https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-2019-20/pages/4/

29 Technical Manual: Ethnicity, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Ethnicity

30 More information about the derivation of these rates is provided in the Technical Manual: Comparator population rates, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Comparator%20population%20rates

31 Technical Manual: Arrival, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Arrival

32 More information about the derivation of these rates is provided in the Technical Manual: Comparator population rates, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Comparator%20population%20rates

33 Scottish prison population: statistics 2019 to 2020, Section 3.3, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-2019-20/pages/5/

34 Technical Manual: No fixed abode, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Of%20no%20fixed%20abode

35 Technical Manual: Index offence, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Index%20offence%20group

36 For more information see the Technical Manual: Legal Status Hierarchy, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/cellwise-data-construction/#Legal%20status%20heirarchy

Section 9.1 provides details of the reverse transitions in 2021-22.

37 Technical Manual: Departure, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Departure

38 A small number of departures have missing values for legal status at time of departure. The sum of labelled departures (e.g. remand plus sentenced) will therefore be different to the sum of all departures above (10,401 rather than 10,474)

39 Technical Manual: Status transitions, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Status%20transition

40 Technical Manual: Journey type, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Journey%20type

41 Technical Manual: Legal status hierarchy, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/cellwise-data-construction/#Legal%20status%20heirarchy

42 Technical Manual: Time to departure, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Time%20to%20Departure

43 Technical Manual: Time on remand, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Time%20on%20remand

44 Scottish Prison Population Statistics: Legal Status, 2019-20, Section 4.3 https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-legal-status-2019-20/pages/7/

45 Technical Manual: Liberation type, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/analytical-factors-and-measurements/#Liberation%C2%A0type

46 The Release of Prisoners (Coronavirus) (Scotland) Regulations 2020, https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2020/138/contents/made

47 Historic publications are still available on the Scottish Government website: https://www.gov.scot/collections/scottish-prison-population-statistics/

48 Monthly reports from June 2020 to March 2022: https://www.gov.scot/collections/coronavirus-covid-19-justice-analytical-services-data-report/

From Aprill 2022 onwards: https://www.gov.scot/collections/justice-analytical-services-safer-communities-and-justice-statistics-monthly-reports/

49 Annual aggregates and weekly snapshot information: https://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Information/SPSPopulation.aspx

50 Technical Manual: Occupancy Period, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/cellwise-data-construction/#Occupancy%20period

51 Technical Manual: Legal Status Hierarchy, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/cellwise-data-construction/#Legal%20status%20heirarchy

52 Technical Manual: Index Offence Derivation, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/cellwise-data-construction/#index-offence-derivation

53 Technical Manual: Index Sentence derivation, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics/pages/cellwise-data-construction/#index-sentence-derivation

54 Ibid.

55 Scottish Prison Population statistics collection, https://www.gov.scot/collections/scottish-prison-population-statistics/

56 Scottish prison population: statistics 2019 to 2020, Section 5.1 https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-prison-population-statistics-2019-20/

57 Criminal proceedings in Scotland: 2018-2019, https://www.gov.scot/publications/criminal-proceedings-scotland-2018-19/

58 Defined as those serving a sentence of less than 4 years. More information on HDC is available on the SPS website: https://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Information/HomeDetentionCurfew.aspx

59 Audit Scotland (2019) https://www.audit-scotland.gov.uk/uploads/docs/report/2019/s22_190912_sps.pdf

60 See Conlong (2019), available in addendum here: https://www.parliament.scot/S5_Public_Audit/General%20Documents/SG_SPS_20191216.pdf

61 See also Recorded Crime in Scotland 2020-21 for further context: https://www.gov.scot/publications/criminal-proceedings-scotland-2020-21/

62 Coronavirus (COVID-19): Justice Analytical Services data report, https://www.gov.scot/collections/coronavirus-covid-19-justice-analytical-services-data-report/

63 Sheriff Courts - remand and bail outcomes: occasional paper, https://www.gov.scot/publications/occasional-paper-remand-bail-outcomes-first-bail-decision-points-sheriff-courts/

64 Coronavirus (COVID-19): Justice Analytical Services data report, https://www.gov.scot/collections/coronavirus-covid-19-justice-analytical-services-data-report/, and Sheriff Courts - remand and bail outcomes: occasional paper, https://www.gov.scot/publications/occasional-paper-remand-bail-outcomes-first-bail-decision-points-sheriff-courts/

65 SPS COVID-19 Information Hub, https://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Information/covid19/covid-19-information-hub.aspx

66 Coronavirus (COVID-19): Justice Analytical Services data report collection, https://www.gov.scot/collections/coronavirus-covid-19-justice-analytical-services-data-report/

67 Justice Analytical Services Safer Communities and Justice Statistics Monthly Report, https://www.gov.scot/collections/justice-analytical-services-safer-communities-and-justice-statistics-monthly-reports/

68 Council of Europe & University of Lausanne: Annual Penal Statistics, https://wp.unil.ch/space/space-i/annual-reports/

Contact

Email: Justice_Analysts@gov.scot

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