Scottish Health Survey 2015 - volume 1: main report

Findings and trends of the Scottish Health Survey 2015, providing information on the health of people living in Scotland.

This document is part of a collection

References and notes

1 Inequalities in Health. Report of the Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group. Measuring Inequalities in Health Working Group, 2003.

2 Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020. World Health Organization, 2013.

3 Mental Health Strategy for Scotland 2012-2015. Scottish Government, 2012.

4 For example, Aaronen E.T. and Soininen, M. (2000). Childhood depressive symptoms predict psychiatric problems in young adults. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry; 45, pp.465-470.

5 Mordre, M., Groholt, B. Kjelsberg, E., Sandstad, B., and Myhre, A.M. (2011). The impact of ADHD and conduct disorder in childhood on adult delinquency: A 30 years follow-up study using official crime records. BMC Psychiatry; 11:57.

6 Woodward, L.J. and Fergusson, D.M. (2000). Childhood peer relationship problems and later risks of educational under-achievement and unemployment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry; 41(2), pp.191-201.

7 Mitchell, J and Teuton J. What Research Matters for Mental Health Policy in Scotland. Scottish Government. 2016.

8 Delivering for mental health. Scottish Government, 2006.

9 Towards a mentally flourishing Scotland: policy and action plan 2009-2011. Scottish Government, 2009.

10 See:

11 Scottish Government Suicide Prevention Strategy 2013-2016. Scottish Government, 2013.

12 The National Performance Framework is described here:

13 See:

14 Scotland's Mental Health: Adults 2012. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland, 2012. See:

15 Scotland's Mental Health: children and young people 2013. NHS Health Scotland / ScotPHO, 2013.

16 The CAMHS 18 week treatment HEAT target is described here:

17 See:

18 Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services Waiting Times in Scotland Quarter ending 31 March 2016. ISD Scotland. See:

19 The access to psychological therapies HEAT target is described here:

26 This information is considered developmental, in that NHS Boards, ISD and the Scottish Government are working together to improve the completeness and consistency of the data.

20 Further information about WEMWBS is available here:

21 Stewart-Brown S. and Janmohamed K. (2008). Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale ( WEMWBS). User Guide Version 1. Warwick and Edinburgh: University of Warwick and NHS Health Scotland.

22 The translation was carried out solely to ensure that speakers of other languages were not excluded from the Scottish Health Survey. There were insufficient numbers of non-English speaking people in the sample to enable comparisons of their health with the rest of the population. As the primary intention was to prevent the exclusion of people due to language barriers, the translated WEMWBS questions were not subject to the full extent of validation that would need to take place if the questionnaire was being used to assess wellbeing in a whole population of non-English speakers. It is therefore possible that the translated WEMWBS scale (and other questions in the survey) is not directly comparable to the English version. However, the number of interviews that used translated materials was judged to be too small to affect the national estimates presented here so all cases have been included in the analysis.

23 Lewis, G. & Pelosi, A. J. (1990). Manual of the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule CIS-R. London: Institute of Psychiatry; Lewis G, Pelosi AJ, Araya R, Dunn G. (1992) Measuring psychiatric disorder in the community; a standardised assessment for use by lay interviewers. Psychological Medicine; 22, 465-486.

24 The nurse interview is conducted with one adult at a time, whereas the main interview can be conducted concurrently with up to four household members present. It was therefore easier to ensure that these questions could be answered in confidence. Nurses were also thought to be better placed to handle very sensitive topics such as these than interviewers conducting a general health survey who would have required additional specialist briefing. A leaflet with various help lines was handed to all participants in the nurse visit. From 2012, these questions are included in the biological module of the survey, conducted by specially trained interviewers, and will be completed by participants using a self-completion computer aided questionnaire.

25 Goodman R (1997). The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: A Research Note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry; 38, 581-586.

26 Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Chapter 1: General Health, Mental Wellbeing and Caring. In: Rutherford, L., Hinchliffe, S. and Sharp, C. (eds.). The 2013 Scottish Health Survey - Volume 1: Main report. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. Available from:


Email: Julie Landsberg,

Back to top