Publication - Research and analysis

Coronavirus (COVID-19): mental health tracker study - wave 2 report

Published: 15 Feb 2021

Wave 2 findings (data collected from 17 July and 17 August 2020) indicate increased rates of suicidal thoughts, no significant changes in rates of depression or anxiety, and an improvement in most other indicators of mental health and wellbeing, compared to Wave 1 (data from 28 May to 21 June 2020)

69 page PDF

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69 page PDF

1.1 MB

Contents
Coronavirus (COVID-19): mental health tracker study - wave 2 report
Annex 1. Descriptive analysis of data with weights on and weights off

69 page PDF

1.1 MB

Annex 1. Descriptive analysis of data with weights on and weights off

Table A: Percentages and means with weights on and off for main study variables for all study participants
Weights off Weights on
% Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2
Depressive symptoms 19.79 19.32 25.51 24.06
Anxiety symptoms 13.74 13.74 19.26 16.90
Suicidal ideation 6.58 9.65 10.32 13.35
GHQ-12 cut-off 28.07 26.37 35.84 28.78
Wellbeing 21.98 22.14 21.27 21.66
Loneliness 4.94 4.60 5.18 4.70
Defeat 3.55 3.41 4.03 3.72
Entrapment 3.20 3.08 3.74 3.41
Resilience 10.77 10.99 10.30 10.62
Social support 14.60 14.53 14.24 14.44
Distress 2.39 2.22 2.81 2.46
Life satisfaction 6.47 6.46 6.31 6.36

*Wave 1 data includes only those who completed Wave 1 and Wave 2

Table B1: Weights on percentages of cut-offs for mental health and wellbeing indicators for each subgroup for Wave 1 and Wave 2
Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms Suicidal ideation GHQ-12 cut-off
Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2
Gender   N  
Men 1198 20.0 24.4 13.8 15.7 10.2 16.3 38.7 25.4
Women 1269 27.0 23.7 18.6 18.0 9.1 10.5 26.2 32.0
Age
18-29 541 40.3 42.3 25.9 32.3 18.7 26.2 45.5 41.6
30-59 1178 24.3 23.5 17.5 16.0 10.6 13.9 34.2 30.6
60+ 749 10.5 11.8 7.4 7.2 1.9 3.7 21.3 16.7
Mental health
No MH 2059 17.9 18.9 11.6 13.4 7.6 10.2 28.4 25.6
MH 307 63.5 60.3 49.5 41.7 25.2 36.7 62.5 51.3
SEG
Low 924 27.5 29.4 19.6 22.4 13.3 17.1 35.6 32.2
High 1442 21.3 20.9 14.4 13.8 7.4 11.1 30.9 26.8
Dependents
No dependents <16 1791 24.0 24.6 16.8 17.0 9.3 12.8 32.5 28.7
Dependents <16 575 21.9 22.1 14.6 16.7 10.8 15.5 33.1 29.0
Key worker
Not a key worker 1943 23.3 23.4 15.5 16.2 9.1 12.5 31.8 28.5
Key worker 459 24.5 27.0 19.6 19.6 11.9 17.1 36.7 30.0
Rural
Rural 481 20.2 20.7 16.2 15.1 7.8 11.0 34.4 28.7
Urban 1921 24.4 24.9 16.3 17.3 10.0 14.0 32.2 28.8
Physical health
No PH 1992 20.8 20.7 14.5 15.4 9.0 12.5 31.0 26.8
PH 480 34.7 37.4 23.0 22.8 12.0 16.7 39.4 36.7
Carer
Not a carer 2038 22.1 23.2 15.1 16.4 9.0 13.0 30.5 27.1
Carer 349 32.7 29.5 23.2 20.3 13.2 16.0 45.7 38.6
Live alone
Not alone 1860 23.8 23.8 16.8 17.7 9.6 13.3 34.9 31.4
Alone 543 22.8 24.8 14.6 14.1 9.6 13.6 25.1 19.8
Change to working status
No change 1270 20.9 21.3 14.3 14.6 7.9 10.6 28.6 24.6
Change 1132 26.5 27.1 18.5 19.4 11.5 16.5 37.1 33.4
Table B2: Weights on percentages of cut-offs for mental health and wellbeing indicators for each subgroup for Wave 1 and Wave 2
Depressive symps Anxiety symps Suicidal ideation GHQ-12 cut
Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2
Gender   N  
Men 840 14.05 15.36 9.40 10.36 7.52 9.59 38.03 31.01
Women 861 25.44 23.23 18.00 17.07 6.11 9.72 21.61 21.67
Age
18-29 177 40.11 36.72 27.12 27.68 16.46 20.73 45.83 38.42
30-59 872 23.51 22.13 16.86 16.40 8.98 12.32 33.66 29.93
60+ 654 9.33 10.86 5.96 6.42 1.55 3.29 20.61 18.35
Ethnicty
White 1654 19.04 18.86 13.54 13.18 6.44 9.22 29.84 25.94
BAME 49 44.90 34.69 20.41 32.65 20.45 25.00 31.11 40.82
Mental health
No MH 1506 14.28 14.01 9.36 10.29 4.99 7.18 25.53 22.84
MH 197 61.93 59.90 47.21 40.10 21.55 30.11 63.74 53.30
SEG
Low 572 25.00 12.66 17.48 24.83 9.51 12.66 33.46 29.55
High 1131 17.15 8.14 11.85 16.53 5.50 8.14 28.06 24.76
Carer 5+
Not a carer 5+ 1522 18.59 18.20 12.61 12.75 5.91 9.01 28.20 25.10
Carer 5+ 170 31.18 30.00 24.12 22.94 14.81 16.05 45.34 38.24
Dependents
No dependents <16 1354 18.91 19.05 13.15 13.00 6.18 8.58 28.42 25.92
Dependents <16 349 23.21 20.34 16.05 16.62 9.28 13.81 35.74 28.08
Key worker
Not a key worker 1394 18.72 18.44 12.84 12.84 6.10 8.60 29.14 25.18
Key worker 309 24.60 23.30 17.80 17.80 10.03 14.29 33.22 31.72
Table C1 Weights on means for primary mental health and wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 and Wave 2
Wellbeing Loneliness Defeat Entrapment
Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2
Gender   N  
Men 1198 21.68 21.90 4.92 4.56 3.53 3.43 3.24 3.34
Women 1269 21.14 21.45 5.24 4.83 4.26 3.99 3.88 3.48
Age
18-29 541 19.21 19.74 5.77 5.10 5.00 4.91 4.79 4.64
30-59 1178 20.93 21.10 5.11 4.84 4.35 4.11 4.06 3.77
60+ 749 23.65 23.89 4.56 4.19 2.42 2.27 1.94 1.98
Mental health
No MH 2059 21.13 22.28 4.90 4.51 3.24 3.11 2.88 2.81
MH 307 16.2 17.29 6.4 6.00 8.57 7.99 8.43 7.67
SEG
Low 924 20.45 20.90 5.32 4.93 4.41 4.14 4.12 3.93
High 1442 21.95 22.11 4.95 4.56 3.60 3.48 3.24 3.11
Physical health
No PH 1992 21.6 21.94 5.03 4.58 3.66 3.43 3.32 3.07
PH 480 20.54 20.52 5.33 5.17 4.89 4.90 4.57 4.79
Dependents
No dependents <16 1791 21.51 21.75 5.11 4.72 3.89 3.76 3.6 3.46
Dependents <16 575 20.97 21.35 5.01 4.61 3.96 3.59 3.49 3.25
Key worker
Not a key worker 1943 21.48 21.74 5.11 4.69 3.94 3.74 3.56 3.44
Key worker 459 21.02 21.29 4.99 4.73 3.74 3.63 3.64 3.30
Rural
Rural 481 21.51 21.57 5.08 4.85 4.00 3.91 3.68 3.31
Urban 1921 21.36 21.68 5.09 4.66 3.88 3.68 3.54 3.44
Carer
Not a carer 2038 21.45 21.67 5.09 4.71 3.79 3.63 3.45 3.34
Carer 349 21.12 21.54 5.08 4.66 4.62 4.30 4.27 3.89
Live alone
Not alone 1860 21.42 21.55 4.96 4.57 3.94 3.76 3.52 3.38
Alone 543 21.29 22.05 5.54 5.14 3.77 3.59 3.75 3.54
Change to working status
No change 1270 21.78 22.01 4.9 4.61 3.6 3.46 3.28 3.08
Change 1132 20.96 21.27 5.29 4.80 4.24 4.02 3.89 3.78

Table C2: Weights off means for primary mental health wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 and Wave 2
Wellbeing Loneliness Defeat Entrapment
Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2
Gender   N                
Men 840 22.54 22.73 4.68 4.40 2.91 2.86 2.62 2.70
Women 861 21.44 21.57 5.20 4.79 4.17 3.95 3.76 3.45
Age
18-29 177 19.16 19.83 5.84 5.19 4.99 4.86 4.99 4.54
30-59 872 21.26 21.29 5.05 4.77 4.16 3.98 3.83 3.64
60+ 654 23.69 23.90 4.56 4.21 2.34 2.27 1.87 1.93
Mental health
No MH 1506 22.63 22.77 4.76 4.42 2.94 2.85 2.56 2.50
MH 197 16.94 17.35 6.31 5.94 8.20 7.74 8.03 7.46
SEG
Low 572 21.00 21.20 5.24 4.85 4.17 3.91 3.84 3.63
High 1131 22.47 22.61 4.79 4.47 3.23 3.16 2.87 2.79
Physical health
No PH 1329 22.20 22.43 4.84 4.47 3.29 3.10 2.94 2.73
PH 374 21.19 21.10 5.29 5.05 4.45 4.51 4.09 4.30
Dependents
No dependents <16 1354 22.20 22.32 4.95 4.61 3.44 3.35 3.10 2.99
Dependents <16 349 21.11 21.42 4.93 4.57 3.95 3.67 3.55 3.39
Key worker
Not a key worker 1394 22.15 22.28 4.95 4.57 3.52 3.34 3.12 3.04
Key worker 309 21.21 21.48 4.92 4.72 3.65 3.74 3.54 3.23
Rural
Rural 389 22.23 22.45 4.95 4.66 3.47 3.37 3.00 2.82
Urban 1314 21.90 22.05 4.94 4.58 3.57 3.43 3.26 3.15
Carer
Not a carer 1412 22.10 22.21 4.95 4.62 3.43 3.28 3.06 2.96
Carer 280 21.46 21.76 4.90 4.51 4.16 4.11 3.90 3.67
Live alone
Not alone 1306 22.08 22.24 4.77 4.42 3.48 3.36 3.13 3.03
Alone 397 21.63 21.80 5.52 5.17 3.76 3.57 3.41 3.22
Change to working status
No change 952 22.34 22.53 4.80 4.50 3.29 3.16 2.94 2.79
Change 751 21.52 21.64 5.12 4.72 3.88 3.73 3.52 3.43
Table D1: Weights on means for additional mental wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 and Wave 2
Resilience Social support Life satisfaction Distress
Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2
Gender   N  
Men 1198 10.59 10.83 14.33 14.49 6.28 6.34 2.29 2.17
Women 1269 10.21 10.43 14.66 14.40 6.4 6.37 3.07 2.74
Age
18-29 541 9.01 9.43 14.25 14.52 5.9 6.04 3.76 3.38
30-59 1178 9.88 10.05 14.17 13.85 6 6.07 3 2.67
60+ 749 12.18 12.37 15.18 15.30 7.19 7.04 1.45 1.5
Mental health
No MH 2059 11.05 11.17 14.74 14.74 6.66 6.64 2.4 2.19
MH 307 5.81 6.77 12.79 12.31 4.13 4.37 4.77 4.38
SEG
Low 924 10.14 10.42 13.82 13.65 5.98 6.03 2.88 2.71
High 1442 10.55 10.74 14.90 14.91 6.55 6.55 2.58 2.32
Physical health
No PH 1992 10.58 10.80 14.59 14.58 6.5 6.57 2.63 2.38
PH 480 9.66 9.93 14.15 13.89 5.69 5.50 2.95 2.82
Dependents
No dependents <16 1791 10.51 10.75 14.41 14.37 6.34 6.32 2.57 2.42
Dependents <16 575 10.01 10.17 14.82 14.68 6.41 6.48 3.12 2.63
Key worker
Not a key worker 1943 10.42 10.71 14.61 14.49 6.35 6.32 2.64 2.43
Key worker 459 10.29 10.26 14.03 14.25 6.32 6.52 2.9 2.63
Rural
Rural 481 10.29 10.70 14.40 14.46 6.25 6.22 2.73 2.56
Urban 1921 10.42 10.61 14.52 14.43 6.36 6.39 2.68 2.44
Carer
Not a carer 2038 10.45 10.69 14.47 14.50 6.39 6.42 2.59 2.44
Carer 349 10.11 10.23 14.73 14.15 6.09 6.01 3.28 2.66
Live alone
Not alone 1860 10.27 10.45 15.51 15.37 6.43 6.42 2.79 2.50
Alone 543 10.83 11.24 10.99 11.24 6.03 6.16 2.35 2.35
Change to working status
No change 1270 10.82 10.99 14.65 14.69 6.51 6.51 2.39 2.2
Change 1132 9.92 10.21 14.34 14.16 6.15 6.19 3.03 2.76
Table D2: Weights off means for additional mental health and wellbeing variables for each subgroup for Wave 1 and Wave 2
Resilience Social support Life satisfaction Distress
Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2
Gender   N                
Men 840 11.20 11.36 14.66 14.71 6.56 6.56 1.84 1.77
Women 861 10.34 10.63 14.53 14.36 6.38 6.35 2.93 2.67
Age
18-29 177 8.78 9.33 14.47 14.43 5.92 6.10 3.86 3.35
30-59 872 10.14 10.31 14.22 14.02 6.10 6.12 2.84 2.57
60+ 654 12.13 12.35 15.14 15.24 7.11 7.00 1.40 1.45
Mental health
No MH 1506 11.37 11.52 14.91 14.84 6.78 6.73 2.10 1.96
MH 197 6.21 6.97 12.18 12.19 4.12 4.34 4.60 4.22
SEG
Low 572 10.37 10.63 13.75 13.73 6.02 6.06 2.68 2.48
High 1131 10.96 11.17 15.03 14.94 6.70 6.65 2.25 2.09
Physical health
No PH 1329 10.99 11.20 14.78 14.70 6.67 6.67 2.31 2.12
PH 374 9.97 10.24 13.94 13.93 5.78 5.69 2.69 2.57
Dependents
No dependents <16 1354 10.93 11.17 14.49 14.47 6.50 6.45 2.21 2.13
Dependents <16 349 10.12 10.31 15.03 14.76 6.38 6.46 3.09 2.58
Key worker
Not a key worker 1394 10.85 11.12 14.64 14.61 6.50 6.46 2.31 2.16
Key worker 309 10.38 10.42 14.41 14.17 6.36 6.45 2.75 2.50
Rural
Rural 389 10.97 11.28 14.39 14.52 6.64 6.49 2.26 2.08
Urban 1314 10.70 10.91 14.66 14.54 6.42 6.45 2.43 2.26
Carer
Not a carer 1412 10.86 11.07 14.59 14.54 6.52 6.51 2.31 2.18
Carer 280 10.37 10.64 14.69 14.52 6.26 6.18 2.80 2.48
Live alone
Not alone 1306 10.71 10.91 15.83 15.68 6.62 6.57 2.44 2.23
Alone 397 10.95 11.25 10.55 10.76 5.99 6.09 2.24 2.19
Change to working status
No change 952 11.13 11.32 14.77 14.78 6.64 6.59 2.08 1.96
Change 751 10.30 10.57 14.38 14.22 6.26 6.28 2.79 2.55

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