Annex 2. COVID-19 Contextual factors
Effects of COVID-19
Respondents were asked:
- How much does Covid-19 affect your life? (On a scale from No affect at all to Severely affects my life);
- How much does COVID-19 affect you emotionally? e.g. does it make you angry, scared, upset or depressed? (On a scale from Not at all affected emotionally to Extremely affected emotionally)
- The older age group (60+ years) reported that COVID-19 affected their life less severely and they were less emotionally affected compared to the younger age groups.
- Women reported feeling that their life had been more severely affected by COVID-19 than men did, as well as reporting higher rates of emotional affect than men did.
- Respondents in lower SEG reported being more emotionally affected by COVID-19 than respondents in the higher SEG. There were no differences in perceived impact on their lives.
Concerns about COVID-19
- Respondents were asked: How concerned are you about COVID-19? (on a scale from Not concerned at all to Extremely concerned)
- Older adults (60+ years) were most concerned about COVID-19 followed by the age group of 30-59 year olds. Young adults (18-29 year olds) were least concerned about COVID-19.
- At Wave 2 respondents from lower SEGs were more concerned about COVID-19 than those from higher SEGs
- Women were more concerned about COVID-19 than men.
- Respondents with a pre-existing mental health condition were more concerned about COVID-19 than those with no mental health condition.
Understanding of COVID-19
- Respondents were asked: How well do you feel you understand COVID-19? (On a scale from Don't understand at all to Understand very clearly)
- Rates of reported understanding of COVID-19 increased with age, as older adults indicated higher scores than middle-aged adults, who, in turn, scored higher than younger adults.
- Women reported higher rates of feeling they had clear understanding of COVID-19 than men did.
- Most respondents indicated they were seeking information on COVID-19, 'less than once a day' (46.6%) or '1-5 times a day' (45.7%).
Control over COVID-19
- Respondents were asked: How much control do you feel we have over COVID-19? (On a scale from Absolutely no control to Extreme amount of control)
- At Wave 2 respondents from lower SEGs reported feeling that they had greater control over COVID-19 than those from higher SEGs
- More older adults (60+ years) reported feeling that they had lower control over COVID-19 than did younger age groups.
- More respondents with a pre-existing mental health condition reported feeling that they had lower control over COVID-19 than did those with no pre-existing mental health condition.
- Respondents were also asked what they felt their chances of getting COVID-19 were compared to others of the same sex and age. Roughly half of respondents (54.5%) felt they had an 'average' chance of contracting COVID-19, just over a fifth felt they had a lower than average (21.0%) chance, and almost a fifth of respondents felt they had a greater than average chance (19.6%).
Willingness to contact GP for a non-COVID-19 related health concern
- Respondents were asked: How willing would you be to contact your GP about a non-COVID-19 related health concern e.g. a new or changing symptom, if you felt you needed it right now? (On a scale from Not willing at all to Extremely willing)
- The following groups were less likely to contact their GP about a non-COVID-19 related symptom than the sample average:
- Young adults (aged 18-29 years);
- Respondents from the lower SEG;
- Respondents with a pre-existing mental health condition
- Respondents without a pre-existing physical condition
- Men and women were equally likely to contact their GP about a non-COVID-19 related symptom.
|Item||Positive (%)||Negative (%)||Neutral (%)|
|I can meet friends/family at pub/café/restaurant||31.5||25.7||32.9|
|I can return to work||19.8||12.2||18.8|
|I can visit friends/family at their home||59.3||8.1||27.3|
|I can see my partner||38.7||1.9||8.3|
|My children can receive childcare||13.2||2.2||9.1|
|I am getting more support from mental health services||9.6||7.5||17.4|
|I can get essentials such as groceries more easily||63.4||3.7||29.3|
|I am eating more healthy||39.2||10.2||43.9|
|I can exercise more easily||42.6||8.9||38.1|
|I can do activities like shopping, going to cinema more easily||52.2||11.5||30.6|
|Arguments/tension within home have reduced||18.8||5.7||28.0|
|I am getting more support from peer support groups, social care or other services||10.2||7.8||21.2|
|I feel in more control of my life and what I can/can't do||40.6||12.2||42.4|