Publication - Strategy/plan

Rights, respect and recovery: alcohol and drug treatment strategy

Published: 28 Nov 2018
Directorate:
Population Health Directorate
Part of:
Health and social care
ISBN:
9781787810747

Scotland’s strategy to improve health by preventing and reducing alcohol and drug use, harm and related deaths.

65 page PDF

393.2 kB

65 page PDF

393.2 kB

Contents
Rights, respect and recovery: alcohol and drug treatment strategy
References

65 page PDF

393.2 kB

References

1. Scotland’s National Performance Framework: Purpose Values and National Outcomes 2018 www.nationalperformance.gov.scot

2. Priority 4 of Scotland’s new public health priorities (2018): “A Scotland where we reduce the use of and harm from alcohol, tobacco and other drugs” – page 26 of www.beta.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-public-health-priorities/pages/7/

3. World Health Organization (2013) Tackling Non-Communicable Diseases – Best Buys- page 9. Available at http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/259232/WHO-NMH-NVI-17.9-eng.pdf;jsessionid=CF0AF0B3D0E9A5EC293B7D53EF4FCDAA?sequence=1

4. Scottish Government, 2017, A Nation with Ambition – the Government’s Programme for Scotland 2017-18, page 94; https://www.gov.scot/publications/nation-ambition-governments-programme-scotland-2017-18/

5. Health Scotland (2018) Mesas Monitoring Report; Available at: http://www.healthscotland.scot/publications/mesas-monitoring-report-2018

6. NHS Information Services Division Scotland (October 2014) Estimating the National and Local Prevalence of Problem Drug Misuse in Scotland in 2012/13, available at: https://isdscotland.scot.nhs.uk/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/2014-10-28/2014-10-28-Drug-Prevalence-Report.pdf?26302736998

7. Estimate based on SHeS data including sensitivity analysis to account for non-response bias of harmful/dependent drinkers and under reporting of alcohol consumption in population surveys. Estimate is based on previous analysis by Clark and Simpson (2014), Available at http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/24408.aspx

8. Sources for this section:

National Records of Scotland (2018), Drug Related Deaths in Scotland 2017, available at: https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/files//statistics/drug-related-deaths/17/drug-related-deaths-17-pub.pdf

National Records of Scotland (2018), Alcohol Specific Deaths in Scotland 2017, available at: https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/deaths/alcohol-deaths/alcohol-specific-deaths-new-definition

NHS Information Services Division Scotland (2017) Alcohol-related Hospital Statistics Scotland 2016/17; http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/2017-11-21/2017-11-21-ARHS-Report.pdf

NHS Information Services Division Scotland (2017) Drug-related Hospital Statistics 2016/17; Available at: https://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/2017-09-26/2017-09-26-DRHS-Summary.pdf?2866762877

Admissions may be categorised as both drug and alcohol and therefore appear twice.

9. National Records of Scotland (2018) Age standardised death rates calculated using the European Standard population, https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/deaths/age-standardised-death-rates-calculated-using-the-esp#Tables

10. Health Scotland (2018) Mesas Monitoring Report; Available at: http://www.healthscotland.scot/publications/mesas-monitoring-report-2018

11. NHS Health Scotland (2018) The Scottish Burden of Disease Study, 2016: Deprivation Report, Available at: https://www.scotpho.org.uk/media/1656/sbod2016-deprivation-report-aug18.pdf

12. Ibid

13. NHS Information Services Division Scotland (2017) Drug Related hospital Drug-Related Hospital Statistics Scotland 2016/17 and Alcohol-Related Hospital Statistics 2016/17 supplementary tables. Available at: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/data-tables2017.asp?id=2044#2044

14. Scottish Government. (2016) Scotland’s People Annual Report: Results from the 2015 Scottish Household Survey. Edinburgh: Scottish Government p. 74 and 75 (Tables 4.5 and 4.6).

15. Matheson, C (2017) Older People with Drug Problems in Scotland: A Mixed Methods Study Exploring the Health and Social Support Needs, Scottish Drugs Forum. Available at http://www.sdf.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/OPDP-mixed-methods-research-report-PDF.pdf

16. Wadd et all. (2017), Calling Time, Addressing ageism and age discrimination in alcohol policy, practice and research. Drink Wise, Age well. Available at: https://ilcuk.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Calling-Time-Addressing-Ageism-and-Age-Discrimination-in-Alcohol-Policy-Practice-and-Research-.pdf

17. Scottish Public Health Observatory: Alcohol Primary Care Consultations 2012/13. Available at https://www.scotpho.org.uk/behaviour/alcohol/data/health-harm

18. Barnsdale, L., et al., (2017) The National Drug Related Deaths Database (Scotland) Report Analysis of Deaths occurring in 2015 and 2016 NHS Information Services Division Scotland, Available at, https://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/2018-06-12/2018-06-12-NDRDD-Report.pdf

19. SHAAP, (2018) Dying for a Drink: Circumstances and contributory factors to alcohol deaths in Scotland, Available at: http://www.shaap.org.uk/images/dying-for-a-drink-text_for_web.pdf

20. NHS Information Services Division (2018) Injecting Equipment Provision in Scotland 2016/17. Available at: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/2018-08-07/2018-08-07-IEP-Summary.pdf?

21. https://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/2018-11-27/2018-11-27-Naloxone-Report.pdf

22. Global Commission on Drug Policy, (2018) The world drug {perception} problem, available at http://www.globalcommissionondrugs.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/GCDP-Report-2017_Perceptions-ENGLISH.pdf

23. Scottish Government (2018) Substance misuse services: delivery of psychological interventions, Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/delivery-psychological-interventions-substance-misuse-services-scotland-report/pages/4/

24. Waugh, A, Clarke, A, Knowles, J Rowley, D (2018) Health and Homelessness in Scotland, Scottish Government, Edinburgh. Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2018/06/7974/downloads

25. EMCDDA (2015a). Comorbidity of substance use and mental disorders in Europe. Available at: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/publications/1988/TDXD15019ENN.pdf

26. Public Health Wales. (2015) Welsh Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Study, available at: http://www2.nphs.wales.nhs.uk:8080/PRIDDocs.nsf/7c21215d6d0c613e80256f490030c05a/d488a3852491bc1d80257f370038919e/$FILE/ACE%20Report%20FINAL%20(E).pdf

27. NHS Information Services Division (2018) Scottish Drug Misuse database 2016/17 annual report and dashboard; available at: https://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/2018-06-26/2018-06-26-SDMD-Report.pdf

28. Scottish Government (2018) Children’s social work statistics 2016/2017; available at: https://www.gov.scot/Publications/2018/03/6242/downloads

29. Hepatitis Scotland (2014) Chemsex in Scotland: Starting the Conversation; available at http://www.hepatitisscotland.org.uk/files/3014/7003/8716/Chemsex_in_Scotland__20_June_2016.pdf

30. Scottish Drugs Forum (Forthcoming) IPED Working Group Report

31. Tweed et al (2018) Why are drug-related deaths among women increasing in Scotland? Scottish Government, available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/drug-related-deaths-women-increasing-scotland-9781787810129/pages/1/

32. Sources for this section:

Scottish Government (2016) Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014/15: Drug Use Report, available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-crime-justice-survey-2014-15-drug-use/

Scottish Government (2016) Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey; Drug Use Report, available at: https://www.gov.scot/Topics/Research/by-topic/health-community-care/social-research/SALSUS

Scottish Government (2018) Scottish Health Survey 2017; available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2017-summary-key-findings/

33. Scottish prison Service (2018) Prisoner survey 2017, Available at: http://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Publications/Publication-6101.aspx

34. Scottish Government (September 2017) Recorded Crime in Scotland, 2016/17. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Crime-Justice/PubRecordedCrime

35. ibid

36. Scottish prison Service (2018) Scottish Prison Service Addiction Prevalence Testing Statistics (2016/17) 1026 Tests were carried out when entering prision (reception) during a one month period. Available at: https://www.scotpho.org.uk/behaviour/drugs/data/social-harm/

37. Scottish Government. Health and Justice Collaboration Improvement Board, Details available at: https://www.gov.scot/groups/health-and-justice-collaboration-improvement-board/

38. Scottish Government. (2018). Alcohol Framework: Preventing Harm: next steps on changing out relationship with alcohol, available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/alcohol-framework-2018-preventing-harm-next-steps-changing-relationship-alcohol/

39. European Monitoring Centre for Drug Dependence and Addiction, http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/topics/prevention_en

40. Scottish Government (2016 The Fairer Scotland Action Plan; available at: https://www.gov.scot/FairerScotland

41. Scottish Government (2018) Every child, every chance: tackling child poverty delivery plan 2018-2022, Available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/child-chance-tackling-child-poverty-delivery-plan-2018-22/

42. Child Poverty (Scotland) Act 2017 http://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2017/6/contents

43. PADS Communities Group (2018) Recovering Connections: Changing stigma to respect, Available at: https://www.scottishrecoveryconsortium.org/assets/files/PADS/PADS-Recovering-Connectiosn-Changing-Stigma-to-Respect.pdf

44. Scottish Government - Culture Strategy for Scotland. More information available at https://www.gov.scot/policies/arts-culture-heritage/culture-strategy-for-scotland/

45. Bellis, M. A., Lowey, H., Leckenby, N., Hughes, K. & Harrison, D. (2014) ‘Adverse childhood experiences: retrospective study to determine their impact on adult health behaviours and health outcomes in a UK population’ Journal of Public Health 36(1): 81-91

46. NHS Information Services Division (2018) Scottish Drug Misuse database 2016/17 annual report and dashboard; available at: https://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/2018-06-26/2018-06-26-SDMD-Report.pdf

47. Ibid

48. The Sexual Offences Act 2009 specifically recognises that consent for sexual activity cannot be given where a person is incapable due to the effect of alcohol or any other substance to do so, https://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2009/9/contents

49. Scottish Government (2018) National Improvement Framework and Improvement Plan, Available at: https://beta.gov.scot/publications/2018-national-improvement-framework-improvement-plan/

50. Education Scotland, (2017) Benchmarks: Personal and Social Education; Available at https://education.gov.scot/improvement/documents/hwbpersonalsocial%20educationbenchmarkspdf.pdf

51. Education Scotland, (2018) Thematic inspection of personal and social education/ health and wellbeing in Scotland’s schools and early learning and childcare settings, p24, Available at: https://education.gov.scot/what-we-do/inspection-and-review/thematic-reports/Thematic%20inspection%20of%20personal%20and%20social%20education

52. Scottish Government (2016) Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey; Drug Use Report, available at: https://www.gov.scot/Topics/Research/by-topic/health-community-care/social-research/SALSUS

53. Choices for Life, http://young.scot/choices-for-life

54. Warren, F (2016) ‘What works’ in drug education and prevention? Scottish Government, Edinburgh, http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2016/12/4388

55. Scottish Youth parliament (2015) Tackling New Psychoactive Substances; available at: https://www.syp.org.uk/tackling_new_psychoactive_substances

56. Scottish Government ( 2016) Substance Misuse Education and Prevention Interventions in Scotland: Rapid Review Mapping Exercise, available at: http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00528562.pdf

57. Scottish Government (2016) What works? In drug education and prevention, Summary of findings – what works? https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00528567.pdf

58. Department of Health and Social Care (2017) Drug misuse and dependence: UK guidelines on clinical management’ London, HM Government. Available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/drug-misuse-and-dependence-uk-guidelines-on-clinical-management

59. NICE (2011) Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis, assessment and management of harmful drinking and alcohol dependence: Clinical Guidelines; Available at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg115

60. Scottish Government (2018) The delivery of psychological interventions in substance misuse services in Scotland: A guide for commissioners, managers, trainers and practitioners, Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/delivery-psychological-interventions-substance-misuse-services-scotland-report/pages/4/

61. EMCDDA (2012) New heroin-assisted treatment: Recent evidence and current practices of supervised injectable heroin treatment in Europe and beyond. Available at http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/publications/690/Heroin_Insight_335259.pdf

62. Scottish Government (2014) The Quality Principles: Standard Expectations of Care and Support in Drug and Alcohol Services, Available at https://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/08/1726

63. Scottish Government (2017) Health and Social Care Standards: my support, my life. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/health-social-care-standards-support-life/ Care Inspectorate (2016) Alcohol and Drug Partnerships A report on the use and impact of the Quality Principles through validated self-assessment. Available at https://hub.careinspectorate.com/media/534651/alcohol-and-drug-partnerships-use-and-impact-of-the-quality-principles.pdf

64. Care Inspectorate (2016) Alcohol and Drug Partnerships A report on the use and impact of the Quality Principles through validated self-assessment. Available at https://hub.careinspectorate.com/media/534651/alcohol-and-drug-partnerships-use-and-impact-of-the-quality-principles.pdf

65. EMCDDA (2018) Drug Consumption rooms: an overview of provision and evidence. Available at: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/topics/pods/drug-consumption-rooms_en (accessed (October 2018)

66. Tweed, E. , Rodgers, M., Priyadarshi, S. and Crighton, E. (2018) “Taking away the chaos”: a health needs assessment for people who inject drugs in public places in Glasgow, Scotland. Available at http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/152626/ more information at https://www.nhsggc.org.uk/your-health/public-health/reports/health-needs-of-drug-injectors/

67. Scottish Government (2010) Guidelines for services providing injecting equipment: Best practice recommendations for commissioners and injecting equipment provision (IEP) services in Scotland, Available at https://www.gov.scot/Publications/2010/03/29165055/0

68. Pauly, B. et al (2018) Community managed alcohol programs in Canada: Overview of key dimensions and implementation. For more info visit https://www.uvic.ca/research/centres/cisur/projects/map/index.php Scottish Government (2017) Mental Health Strategy 2017 - 2027, Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/03/1750https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-suicide-prevention-action-plan-life-matters/

69. NHS Scotland (2018) Quality Prescribing for Chronic Pain – a guide for improvement, 2018/2021, Available at: https://www.therapeutics.scot.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Strategy-Chronic-Pain-Quality-Prescribing-for-Chronic-Pain-2018.pdf

70. Scottish Government (2017) Mental Health Strategy 2017-2027. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/mental-health-strategy-2017-2027/

71. Scottish Government (2018) Suicide Prevention Action Plan, available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-suicide-prevention-action-plan-life-matters/

72. Scottish Government (2018) Homelessness and Rough Sleeping Action Group: final recommendations report https://www.gov.scot/publications/homelessness-and-rough-sleeping-action-group-final-report/

73. Turning Point Scotland, Housing First Glasgow, More information available at: http://www.turningpointscotland.com/what-we-do/homelessness/glasgow-housing-first/

74. Scottish Government (2018) No One Left Behind: next steps for employability support. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/one-left-behind-next-steps-integration-alignment-employability-support-scotland/

75. Public Health England (2018) PHE inquiry into the fall in numbers of people in alcohol treatment: findings; available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/alcohol-treatment-inquiry-summary-of-findings/phe-inquiry-into-the-fall-in-numbers-of-people-in-alcohol-treatment-findings

76. National Records of Scotland (2018), Drug Related Deaths in Scotland 2017, available at: https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/files//statistics/drug-related-deaths/17/drug-related-deaths-17-pub.pdf and National Records of Scotland (2018), Alcohol Specific Deaths in Scotland 2017, available at: https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/deaths/alcohol-deaths/alcohol-specific-deaths-new-definition

77. Tweed et al (2018) Why are drug-related deaths among women increasing in Scotland? Scottish Government, available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/drug-related-deaths-women-increasing-scotland-9781787810129/pages/1/

78. Scottish Government (2018) Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Factsheet; available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/adverse-childhood-experiences/

79. NHS Education for Scotland (2018) National trauma training framework; available at: https://www.nes.scot.nhs.uk/education-and-training/by-discipline/psychology/multiprofessional-psychology/national-trauma-training-framework.aspx

80. Corra Foundation (2015) , Everyone Has a Story, Overview Report. Available at: “https://www.corra.scot/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Everyone-Has-a-Story-Overview-Report-1.pdf

81. Scottish Government (2012) National Risk Framework to Support the Assessment of Children and Young People. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/getting-priorities-right/

82. Scottish Government (2013) Getting Our Priorities Right. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/getting-priorities-right/

83. Scottish Government (2014) National guidance for child protection in Scotland. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/national-guidance-child-protection-scotland/

84. Scottish Government. ‘Child Protection Improvement Programme’. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/policies/child-protection/child-protection-improvement-programme/

85. Scottish Government(2011) A Refreshed Framework for Maternity Care in Scotland: The Maternity Services Action Group. Available at: https://www2.gov.scot/Publications/2011/02/11122123/0

86. Scottish Government (2017) The best start: maternity and neonatal care plan executive summary. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/best-start-five-year-forward-plan-maternity-neonatal-care-scotland-9781786527646/

87. Scottish Government(2008) Early Years Framework. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/resource/doc/257007/0076309.pdf

88. “Carers’ Charter: Your rights as an adult carer or young carer in Scotland”. https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0053/00533336.pdf

89. Independent Care Review: https://www.carereview.scot/

90. Scottish Government (2012) National parenting strategy: making a positive difference to children and young people through parenting. https://www.gov.scot/publications/national-parenting-strategy-making-positive-difference-children-young-people-through/

91. Scottish Government (2017) A Nation With Ambition: The Government’s Programme for Scotland 2017-18. Available at: http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/09/8468/downloads#res-1

92. Scottish Government (2016) The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: a guide for children and young people, Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/un-convention-rights-child-guide-children-young-people/

93. Scottish Government, Maternal and child health, Available at: https://www.gov.scot/policies/maternal-and-child-health/child-and-adolescent-health-and-wellbeing-action-plan/

94. Scottish Government (2017) Mental Health Strategy 2017-2027. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/mental-health-strategy-2017-2027/

95. Scottish Government (2018) Every child, Every Chance: The Tackling Child Poverty Delivery Plan. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0053/00533606.pdf

96. Child Poverty (Scotland) Act 2017, Available at: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2017/6/contents

97. Scottish Government (2016) National Strategy for Community Justice (2016) (page 8). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/national-strategy-community-justice/

98. Scottish Government. Health and Justice Collaboration Improvement Board, Details available at: https://www.gov.scot/groups/health-and-justice-collaboration-improvement-board/

99. Police Scotland/NHS Scotland (2018) Police Care Network Annual Report 2017/18

100. EH Fletcher, L Graham, H Cornish (2015) Healthcare in Police Custody, Substance Misuse Literature Review. NHS Scotland, Available online at http://www.policecare.scot.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/SM_Literature_Review-Final.pdf

101. Delivering quality alcohol drugs and tobacco healthcare services to people in police custody in scotland http://www.policecare.scot.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Alcohol-Drugs-and-Tobacco-Healthcare-Services-in-Police-Custody-Guidance-v1.pdf

102. Scottish Government (2015) What Works to Reduce Reoffending: A Summary of the Evidence. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/05/2480

103. Scottish Government (2010) Process Evaluation of the Drug Treatment and Testing Orders II (DTTO II) Pilots. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/Publications/2010/04/26095317/0

104. Scottish Prison Service (2018) Prisoner survey 2017, Available at: http://www.sps.gov.uk/Corporate/Publications/Publication-6101.aspx

105. Ibid.https://digitalpublications.parliament.scot/Committees/Report/J/2018/6/24/An-Inquiry-into-the-Use-of-Remand-in-Scotland - Executive-Summary

106. Department for Health and Social Care (2017) Drug misuse and dependence: UK guidelines on clinical management. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/drug-misuse-and-dependence-uk-guidelines-on-clinical-management

107. Standards for Inspecting and Monitoring Prisons in Scotland https://www.gov.scot/Publications/2015/03/8256/0

108. Drugs, alcohol and tobacco health services in Scottish prisons: guidance for quality service delivery http://www.knowledge.scot.nhs.uk/media/11318713/20160226%20nphn%20substance%20misuse%20report%20final%20v1.0.pdf

109. Scottish Parliament Justice Committee (2018) An inquiry into the use of remand in Scotland. Available at: https://digitalpublications.parliament.scot/Committees/Report/J/2018/6/24/An-Inquiry-into-the-Use-of-Remand-in-Scotland#Executive-Summary

110. Barnsdale, L., et al., NHS Information Services Division Scotland (2017) The National Drug Related Deaths Database (Scotland) Report Analysis of Deaths occurring in 2015 and 2016 Available at, https://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Drugs-and-Alcohol-Misuse/Publications/2018-06-12/2018-06-12-NDRDD-Report.pdf

111. Scottish Government (2015) Serious Organised Crime Strategy. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-serious-organised-crime-strategy/

112. Proceeds of Crime Act 2002. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2002/29/contents

113. Serious Crime Act 2015. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2015/9/contents/enacted

114. EMCDDA (2017) Drugs and the darknet: perspectives for enforcement, research and policy. Available at: http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/darknet


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