Learning together: national action plan on parental involvement, engagement, family learning and learning at home 2018 – 2021

Sets out a vision for parental involvement and engagement from pre-birth to age 18 and takes account of national and international evidence base and Scottish education system expertise. Provides a national vision but allows for local and community innovation and flexibility.

Appendix C

Further information, advice and research

Policy and strategic documents, statutory and non-statutory guidance

Building the Ambition: National Practice Guidance on Early Learning and Childcare and the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014

Pre-Birth to Three: Positive Outcomes for Scotland's Children and Families

How Good is Our Early Learning and Childcare?

Scottish Government’s National Improvement Framework for education

Statutory guidance (2007) on the Scottish Schools (Parental Involvement) Act 2006

Scottish Government (2012) School Handbook Guidance

Education Scotland’s Family Learning Framework, available on the National Improvement Hub

Education Scotland (2016) Review of Family Learning

Education Scotland’s Engaging Parents and Families toolkit

Education Scotland – What is Parental Involvement and Parental Engagement?

Education Endowment Foundation Toolkit

How Good is Our School? (fourth edition)

How Dad Friendly is Our School (Fathers Network Scotland)

Helping Children Learn - Involving non-resident parents in their children’s education (Children in Scotland and Families Need Fathers)

Advice and support for parents and families

Connect (formally known as the Scottish Parent Teacher Council) – advice on Parent Councils.

Enquire - Scotland’s advice service for additional support for learning. Enquire’s mission is to raise awareness of children’s rights to extra support in school, help families and schools work together to ensure children get the support they need and provide advice to children and young people who might be struggling in school.

My World of Work, Parent advice – Advice and support to parents when their child is making decisions about their career.

National Parent Forum of Scotland – website includes a wide range of "Nutshell" advice guides on Scottish education, qualifications and reform programmes.

Parentzone Scotland - website for parents and carers in Scotland, from early years to beyond school providing information about learning in Scotland, and practical advice and ideas to support children’s learning at home in literacy, numeracy, health and wellbeing and science.

Parent Club - practical advice for parents covering a range of themes including, hints and tips on engaging with your child’s learning from 0-5.

Parenting Across Scotland offers support to children and families in Scotland.

Read, Write, Count – for parents of children in P1 – P3, providing practical advice to support your child’s literacy and numeracy skills.

Scottish Government (2009) Guide to Parents About School Attendance.

Scottish Government (2010) A guide for parents on choosing a school and the placing request system.

Scottish Qualifications Authority, Advice to Parents and Carers

Research and Analysis

Aston, H. and Grayson, H (2013), Teacher Guide: Parental Engagement and Narrowing the Gap in Attainment for Disadvantaged Children


Clapton, G 2017, 'Good practice with fathers in children and family services', pp. 1-16, Institute for Research and Innovation in Social Services ( IRISS), 38 08 June.


Desforges, C. and Abouchaar, A. (2003), The Impact of Parental Involvement, Parental Support and Family Education on Pupil Achievements and Adjustment: A Literature Review. Research report RR433.


Education Endowment Foundation (2016), Parental Engagement – Toolkit


Ellis, S. and Sosu, E. (2014), Closing the Attainment Gap in Scottish Education. Joseph Rowntree Foundation. University of Strathclyde. www.jrf.org.uk/report/closing-attainment-gap-scottish-education

Emerson, L., Fear. J., Fox, S. and Sanders, E. (2012), Parental Engagement in Learning and Schooling: Lessons from Research. A report by the Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth ( ARACY) for the Family-School and Community Partnerships Bureau. Canberra.

Epstein, J. (2001), School, Family, and Community Partnerships: Preparing Educators and Improving Schools. Boulder, Colorado. Westview Press.

Epstein, J., Sanders, M., Simon, B., Salinas, K., Jansorn, N. and Van Voorhis, F. (2002), School, Family, and Community Partnerships: Your Handbook for Action (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, California. Corwin Press.

Fatherhood Institute research summary (2013): Fathers’ impact on their children’s learning and achievement


Goodall, J. and Montgomery, C. (2014), Parental Involvement to Parental Engagement: A Continuum. Educational Review, Vol. 66, No. 4, 2 October 2014, pp399-410(12). Routledge. www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/cedr

Goodall, J. and Johnston-Wilder, S., 2015. Overcoming mathematical helplessness and developing mathematical resilience in parents:an illustrative case study. Creative Education, 6 (5).


Goodall, J. (2017), Narrowing the Achievement Gap; Parental Engagement with Children’s Learning


Carpentieri, J.D., Brooks, G., Akerman, R. and Harris, A. (2011), Review of Best Practice in Parental Engagement: Practitioners’ Summary. Research report DFE-RR156. Department for Education.


Harris, A. and Goodall, J. (2007), Engaging Parents in Raising Achievement: Do Parents Know They Matter?. Research Report DCSF-RW004. University of Warwick. Department for Children, Schools and Families.

Kadar-Satat, G. Szaboki, R. and Byerly, A. (2017) Father Involvement in Primary Schools

A Pilot Study in East Lothian


Mackenzie, J. (2010), Family Learning: Engaging with Parents. Edinburgh. Dunedin Academic Press Ltd.

National Numeracy, Parental Engagement and Firm Foundations for All


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ( OECD) (2014), Improving Schools in Scotland: An OECD Perspective. www.oecd.org/education/school/Improving-Schools-in-Scotland-An-OECD-Perspective.pdf

Lewin, C, Luckin, R., (2010), Technology to Support Parental Engagement in Elemenary Education: Lessons Learned from the UK, Computers and Education, 54 (3): 749-758.

Progressive Partnership (2018) Report to Skills Development and Scottish Government: Parents and Carers Research


A report produced by Progressive Partnership, following research into the role of parents in defining and supporting young people's career choices

Rasbash, J., Leckie, G., Pillinger, R. and Jenkins, J. (2010), ‘Children’s educational progress: partitioning family, school and area effects’. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society), 173(3), pp657-682.

Save the Children (2013), Too Young to Fail. London. Page Bros Ltd. www.savethechildren.org.uk/sites/default/files/images/Too_Young_to_Fail_0.pdf


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