Scottish Health Survey 2013 - volume 1: main report

Presents results for the 2013 Scottish Health Survey, providing information on the health and factors relating to health of people living in Scotland.

This document is part of a collection

References and notes

1 Fogelholm, M. (2010). "Physical activity, fitness and fatness: relations to mortality, morbidity and disease risk factors. A systematic review". Obesity Reviews, 11(3): 202-221.

2 Penedo, F.J. and Dahn, J.R. (2005). "Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity." Current opinion in psychiatry, 18(2): 189-193.

3 Royal College of Psychiatrists. (2012). Physical Activity and Mental Health. Online. Available at:

4 Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. Non-pharmaceutical management of depression. A national clinical guideline. SIGN guideline no. 114. Edinburgh: SIGN, 2010.

5 Windle, G., Hughes, D., Linck, P., Russell, I. and Woods, B. (2010). "Is exercise effective in promoting mental well-being in older age? A systematic review". Aging & Mental Health. 14(6), DOI:10.1080/13607861003713232

6 Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva: World Health Organisation, 2010.

7 Start Active, Stay Active - A report on physical activity for health from the four home countries' Chief Medical Officers. (web only). UK Department of Health, July 2011.

8 See:

9 Foster, C and Allender, S. 2012. Costing the burden of ill health related to physical inactivity for Scotland. British Heart Foundation Research Group report for SPARColl. NHS Health Scotland.

10 See:

11 Health Analytical Services Scottish Government and Information and Statistics Division, NHS National Services Scotland. Indicators to Monitor Progress of the Obesity Route Map. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2011



14 Giving Children and Young People a Sporting Chance, Scottish Government, June 2014.

15 See:

16 See:

17 An Evaluation of Legacy from the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games: Pre-Games Report, Scottish Government and Games Legacy Evaluation Working Group, April 2014

18 A More Active Scotland - Building a Legacy from the Commonwealth Games. Scottish Government, February 2014. <>


20 Let's Get Scotland Walking - the National Walking Strategy. Scottish Government, June 2014.


22 The questions used in the survey since 1998 are based on the Allied Dunbar National Fitness Survey, a major study of physical activity among the adult population in England carried out in 1990. For further details see: Health Education Authority. Allied Dunbar National Fitness Survey. Health Education Authority and Sports Council, London, 1992

23 Bromley, C. (2013). Chapter 6: Physical Activity. In Rutherford, L., Hinchliffe, S. and Sharp, C. (eds.) Scottish Health Survey 2012 - Volume 1: Main Report. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.

24 The questions on child physical activity included in SHeS since 1998 are based on the 1997 Health Survey for England (HSE) children's physical activity module.

25 These knowledge questions were included in the self-completion questionnaire. One version of the self-completion is designed for 16-17 year olds, and another is designed for those aged 20 and over. Some 18 and 19 year olds complete the adult (20+) version, whereas some complete the one for 16-17 year olds. The physical activity guidelines define adults as 19 and over, so the older adult version of the self-completion asked about knowledge of the weekly recommended activity levels for adults, while younger adults were asked about daily recommended levels for 5- 18 year olds. 18 year olds who were asked about weekly hours have been excluded from the measures presented. Similarly, 19 year olds who were asked about daily hours are not included.

26 Full question text is available in Volume 2 Annex A.

27 This differs from the figure published in the Scottish Health Survey report: Rutherford, L. and Reid, S. (2013). Knowledge, attitudes and motivations to health, 2008-11. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland. The 24% who knew the recommendation according to that publication was based on a more generous understanding of knowing the recommendation, rather than an exact 30 minutes and 5 days used to calculate the 10% noted here.


Email: Julie Landsberg

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