References and notes
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2 Iqbal R, Anand S, Ounpuu S, Islam S, Zhang X, Rangarajan S et al. Dietary patterns and the risk of acute myocardial infarction in 52 countries: results of the INTERHEART study. Circulation 2008;118:1929-37.
3 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (2007) Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a Global Perspective. Washington DC: AICR.
4 Smithells RW, Sheppard S, Schorah CJ, Seller MJ, Nevin NC, Harris R et al. Apparent prevention of neural-tube defects by periconceptional vitamin supplementation. Arch Dis Child 1981;56:911-8.
5 Cashman KD. Diet, nutrition and bone health. J Nutr 2007;137:2507S-2512S.
6 Moynihan PJ, Kelly SA. Effect on caries of reducing sugar intake: systematic review to inform WHO guidelines. J Dent Res 2014;93:8-18.
7 Law M. Salt, blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. J Cardiovasc Risk 2000;7;5-8.
8 Sinha R, Cross AJ, Graubard BI, Leitzmann MF, Schatzkin A. Meat intake and mortality: a prospective study of over half a million people. Arch Intern Med 2009;169:562-71.
9 Norat T, Bingham S, Ferrari P, Slimani N, Jenab M, Mazuir M et al. Meat, Fish and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition. J Natl Cancer Inst 2005;97:906-16
10 Bray GA, Popkin BM. Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes?: health be damned! Pour on the sugar. Diabetes Care 2014;37; 950-6.
11 Rafnsson SB, Dilis V, Trichopolou A. Antioxidant nutrients and age-related cognitive decline: a systematic review ofbpopulation-based cohort studies. Eur J Nutr 2013;52:15453-67.
12 Garnett T. Cooking up a Storm. 2008, University of Surrey, Food Climate Reasearch Network.
13 Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. Salt and Health. 2003, Norwich. The Stationery Office.
14 Food Standards Agency Scotland. The Eatwell Plate. http://www.eatwellscotland.org
15 WHO opens public consultation on draft sugars guideline. Geneva, WHO, 2014. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2014/consultation-sugar-guideline/en/
16 Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. Scientific Consultation: Draft SACN Carbohydrates and Health Report June 2014 London, Department of Health, 2014
17 Barton KL, Wrieden WL. Estimation of food and nutrient intakes from food survey data in Scotland. 2013, Food Standards Agency Scotland (Project FS424018).
18 Sheehy C, McNeill G, Masson L, Craig L, Macdiarmid J, Holmes B et al. Survey of sugar intake among children in Scotland. Aberdeen, Food Standards Agency Scotland, 2008. http://www.foodase.org.uk/results.php?f_report_id=607
19 Masson LF, Bromley C, Macdiarmid JI, Craig LCA, Wills W, Tipping S, et al. Survey of diet among children in Scotland (2010). Aberdeen, Food Standards Agency, 2012. Scotland. http://www.foodbase.org.uk/results.php?f_report_id=777
20 James WPT. The Scottish Diet. 1993, Edinburgh, The Scottish Office
21 Scottish Office. Eating for Health - A Diet Action Plan for Scotland. 1996, Edinburgh, Scottish Office
22 Scottish Government. Revised Dietary Goals for Scotland. 2013. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0042/00421385.pdf
23 Scottish Government. Hungry for Success: A Whole School Approach to School Meals in Scotland. 2002.
24 Schools (Health Promotion and Nutrition) (Scotland) Act 2007
25 Scottish Government. Beyond the School Gate. 2014, Edinburgh, Scottish Government.
26 Scottish Government. Supporting Healthy Choices: A Framework for Voluntary Action. 2014, Edinburgh, Scottish Government.
28 Roe, L., Strong, C., Whiteside, C., Neil, A. and Mant, D. (1994). Dietary intervention in primary care: Validity of the DINE method for assessment. Family Practice 11: 375-81.
29 The question was also included in the 2003 and 2008-11 surveys, as part of the nurse visit, and was followed up with an additional question about the type of supplement taken. The follow-up question was dropped in 2012.
31 Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2012). Chapter 3: Diet. In Rutherford, L., Sharp, C. and Bromley, C. [Eds]. The Scottish Health Survey 2011 - Volume 2: Children. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
32 Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2010). Chapter 5: Diet. In Bromley,C., Given, L. and Ormston, R. [Eds]. The Scottish Health Survey 2009 - Volume 1. Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
33 In 2012, the average age of all women giving birth was 29.7. Source: GRO Scotland. 2013. Scotland's Population 2012 - The Registrar General's Annual Review of Demographic Trends. www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/at-a-glance/annrev/2012/index.html
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