Publication - Advice and guidance

Shortage occupation list 2020: call for evidence - our response

Our response to the UK Migration Advisory Committee call for evidence on the shortage occupation list.

Shortage occupation list 2020: call for evidence - our response
Footnotes

Footnotes

1. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-uks-points-based-immigration-system-policy-statement/the-uks-points-based-immigration-system-policy-statement

2. https://www.gov.scot/publications/uk-immigration-policy-leaving-eu-impacts-scotlands-economy-population-society/

3. www.gov.scot/isbn/9781839608360

4. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/home-secretary-tasks-mac-on-australian-style-points-based-immigration-system

5. https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/corporate-report/2019/12/salary-thresholds-australian-style-points-based-immigration-system-response/documents/scottish-government-response-call-evidence-salary-thresholds-australian-style-points-based-immigration-system/scottish-government-response-call-evidence-salary-thresholds-australian-style-points-based-immigration-system/govscot%3Adocument/scottish-government-response-call-evidence-salary-thresholds-australian-style-points-based-immigration-system.pdf

6. https://www.gov.scot/publications/population-taskforce-terms-of-reference/

7. HC Deb (23 July 2019) vol. 663 col. 118WS, available at: https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-statements/detail/2019-07-23/HCWS1803

8. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-population-needs-migration-policy/

9. https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/publication/2020/01/migration-helping-scotland-prosper/documents/migration-helping-scotland-prosper/migration-helping-scotland-prosper/govscot%3Adocument/migration-helping-scotland-prosper.pdf

10. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-government-response-migration-advisory-committee-2018-19-call-evidence-shortage-occupation-list/pages/4/

11. https://www.gov.scot/publications/contribution-eea-citizens-scotland-scottish-governments-response-migration-advisory-committee-9781788514057/pages/7/

12. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-place-europe-people-jobs-investment/

13. https://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/news/2018/non-british-population-of-scotland-continues-to-increase

14. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-population-needs-migration-policy/pages/2/

15. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/257245/shortageoccupationlistreport.pdf

16. http://www.parliament.scot/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/104477.aspx

17. https://www.londonfirst.co.uk/sites/default/files/documents/2018-12/GlobalBritain.pdf

18. Non-UK nationals in Scotland's Workforce": Statistics from the Annual Population Survey, 2018, available at https://www2.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00547429.pdf.

19. As above.

20. Expert Advisory Group on Population and Migration's report "UK Immigration Policy After Leaving the EU", available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/uk-immigration-policy-leaving-eu-impacts-scotlands-economy-population-society/

21. Employer Skills Survey, 2017, available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/employer-skills-survey-2017-scotland-toolkit

22. "Brexit: What's at Stake for Businesses", available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/brexit-whats-stake-businesses/

23. https://onescotland.org/campaigns/we-are-scotland/

24. Skills Development Scotland response to the MAC call for evidence, 2019

25. Annual Population Survey, April 2017 to March 2018

26. "Non-UK nationals in Scotland's Workforce": Statistics from the Annual Population Survey, 2018, available at https://www2.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00547429.pdf

27. As above.

28. "Non-UK nationals in Scotland's Workforce": Statistics from the Annual Population Survey, 2018, available at https://www2.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00547429.pdf

29. There are no separate estimates for non-EU nationals employed in Creative industries, Food and drink, Life sciences and energy.

30. As above.

31. As above.

32. As above.

33. https://www.gov.scot/publications/contribution-non-uk-eu-workers-social-care-workforce-scotland/pages/9/

34. "EU workers in Scotland's social care workforce", 2018, available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/contribution-non-uk-eu-workers-social-care-workforce-scotland/pages/2/

35. https://data.gmc-uk.org/gmcdata/home/#/reports/The%20Register/Stats/report

36. https://www.nmc.org.uk/about-us/reports-and-accounts/registration-statistics

37. As above.

38. https://scottishcare.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Care-Home-Workforce-Data-2018.pdf

39. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/immigration-rules/immigration-rules-appendix-j-codes-of-practice-for-skilled-work

40. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/766465/The-UKs-future-skills-based-immigration-system-print-ready.pdf

41. SEFARI (Scottish Environment, Food and Agriculture Research Institutes), The Fruits of Their Labour: Seasonal farm workers in Scottish agriculture, available at: https://sefari.scot/research/the-fruits-of-their-labour-seasonal-farm-workers-in-scottish-agriculture

42. https://www.nfus.org.uk/news/news/nfu-scotlands-seasonal-workers-survey-identifies-labour-shortage-fears

43. https://www.scotsman.com/news/opinion/columnists/we-need-new-uk-wide-approach-immigration-stephen-kerr-mp-1414584

44. https://www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/news-item/one-in-four-hospital-staff-born-outside-the-uk-new-nuffield-trust-analysis-reveals

45. "Non-UK nationals in Scotland's Workforce": Statistics from the Annual Population Survey, 2018, available at https://www2.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00547429.pdf

46. https://www.gov.scot/publications/re-mobilise-recover-re-design-framework-nhs-scotland/pages/2/

47. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/892376/COVID_stakeholder_engagement_synthesis_beyond_the_data.pdf

48. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/885734/2020-04-20_RPC-HO-4461_1__-_Immigration_and_Social_Security_Co-ordination_2020_opinion.pdf

49. https://data.sssc.uk.com/images/WDR/WDR2018.pdf

50. https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/independent-report/2020/03/implications-national-local-labour-markets-social-care-workforce-report-scottish-government-cosla/documents/implications-national-local-labour-markets-social-care-workforce-final-report-scottish-government-cosla/implications-national-local-labour-markets-social-care-workforce-final-report-scottish-government-cosla/govscot%3Adocument/implications-national-local-labour-markets-social-care-workforce-final-report-scottish-government-cosla.pdf

51. https://data.sssc.uk.com/images/StaffVacancies/Staff_vacancies_in_care_services_2018.pdf

52. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/746493/ESS_2017_UK_Report_Controlled_v06.00.pdf

53. https://www.gov.scot/publications/implications-national-local-labour-markets-social-care-workforce-report-scottish-government-cosla/

54. https://scottishcare.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Care-Home-Workforce-Data-2018.pdf

55. https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/research-and-analysis/2018/07/contribution-non-uk-eu-workers-social-care-workforce-scotland/documents/00538124-pdf/00538124-pdf/govscot%3Adocument/00538124.pdf

56. https://caretocare.scot/

57. https://www.gov.scot/publications/national-health-social-care-integrated-workforce-plan/

58. https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/independent-report/2020/03/implications-national-local-labour-markets-social-care-workforce-report-scottish-government-cosla/documents/implications-national-local-labour-markets-social-care-workforce-final-report-scottish-government-cosla/implications-national-local-labour-markets-social-care-workforce-final-report-scottish-government-cosla/govscot%3Adocument/implications-national-local-labour-markets-social-care-workforce-final-report-scottish-government-cosla.pdf

59. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/migration-advisory-committee-mac-report-eea-migration

60. https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/corporate-report/2017/04/teacher-shortages-reponse-to-migration-advisory-committee/documents/teacher-shortages-partial-review-mac-shortage-occupation-list-joint-response-sg-cosla-october-2016-pdf/teacher-shortages-partial-review-mac-shortage-occupation-list-joint-response-sg-cosla-october-2016-pdf/govscot%3Adocument/Teacher%20shortages%20-%20partial%20review%20of%20the%20MAC%20Shortage%20Occupation%20List%20-%20joint%20response%20from%20SG%20and%20Cosla%20-%20October%202016.pdf

61. https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/corporate-report/2017/04/teacher-shortages-reponse-to-migration-advisory-committee/documents/teacher-shortages-partial-review-mac-shortage-occupation-list-joint-response-sg-cosla-october-2016-pdf/teacher-shortages-partial-review-mac-shortage-occupation-list-joint-response-sg-cosla-october-2016-pdf/govscot%3Adocument/Teacher%20shortages%20-%20partial%20review%20of%20the%20MAC%20Shortage%20Occupation%20List%20-%20joint%20response%20from%20SG%20and%20Cosla%20-%20October%202016.pdf

62. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/585998/2017_01_26_MAC_report_teachers_SOL.pdf

63. https://teachinscotland.scot/

64. GTCS response to the MAC call for evidence, 2018

65. https://www.gov.scot/publications/initial-teacher-education-2018-student-teacher-intake-statistics/

66. Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2020, available at https://www.timeshighereducation.com/

67. Contribution of Universities to the Scottish Economy; Biggar Economics for Universities Scotland, 2015

68. HESA Staff data, 2018, available at https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/staff/table-1

69. UK National Agency for Erasmus+ (Feb 2019), "2014-2018 Higher Education Mobility Statistics", available at https://www.erasmusplus.org.uk/statistics

70. "Priorities for a future skills-based immigration system", Russell Group Briefing, 2019, available at https://russellgroup.ac.uk/media/5784/future-immigration-system-russell-group-briefing-july-2019.pdf

71. https://www.gov.scot/publications/growth-sector-statistics/

72. https://www.gov.scot/publications/growth-sector-statistics/

73. Professor Manning's Evidence to the Culture, Tourism, Europe and External Affairs Committee's Immigration Inquiry, 01 November 2018, available at http://www.parliament.scot/parliamentarybusiness/report.aspx?r=11748

74. https://www.gov.scot/publications/growth-sector-statistics/

75. Annual Population Survey, 2018

76. Skills Development Scotland (2016) Skills Investment Plan for Scotland's Sector, available at: http://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/media/42345/tourism-digital-skills-investment-plan.pdf

77. Skills Development Scotland (2016) Skills Investment Plan for Scotland's Sector, available at: http://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/media/42345/tourism-digital-skills-investment-plan.pdf

78. Skills Development Scotland (2016) Skills Investment Plan for Scotland's Sector, available at: http://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/media/42345/tourism-digital-skills-investment-plan.pdf

79. The Fiscal Impact of Immigration on the UK, Oxford Economics, 2018, available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/759376/The_Fiscal_Impact_of_Immigration_on_the_UK.pdf

80. Employer Skills Survey, 2017

81. Employer Skills Survey, 2017

82. Labour Migration in the Hospitality Sector, British Hospitality Association and KPMG, 2017, available at https://www.bha.org.uk/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/BHA-EU-migration-final-report-170518-public-vSTC.pdf

83. Tourism and Food and Drink Industries Workforce Survey, 2018

84. Employer Skills Survey, 2017

85. https://scottishtourismalliance.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Scotland-Outlook-2030.pdf

86. https://www.gov.scot/publications/parliamentary-statement-impact-covid-19-tourism/

87. https://www.gov.scot/publications/growth-sector-statistics/

88. https://www.gov.scot/publications/growth-sector-statistics/

89. Annual Population Survey, 2018

90. Creative Industries Federation (2016), Brexit Report. The impact of leaving the EU on the UK's arts, creative industries and cultural education - and what should be done, pp. 13-25, available at https://www.creativeindustriesfederation.com/sites/default/files/2017-05/Brexit%20Report%20web.pdf

91. Immigration Rules Appendix K: shortage occupation list, available at https://www.gov.uk/guidance/immigration-rules/immigration-rules-appendix-k-shortage-occupation-list

92. Department for Culture, Media and Sport ( DCMS) (2016) DCMS Sectors Economic Estimates: Employment Update, pp. 9, available at https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/546262/DCMS_Sectors_Economic_Estimates_-_Employment.pdf

93. Creative Industries Federation (2016) Brexit Report. The impact of leaving the EU on the UK's arts, creative industries and cultural education - and what should be done, pp. 18, available at https://www.creativeindustriesfederation.com/sites/default/files/2017-05/Brexit%20Report%20web.pdf

94. Skills Development Scotland (2015) Skills Investment Plan for Scotland's Creative Industries Sector, available at https://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/media/35670/creative_sip_digital_v4.pdf

95. Skills Development Scotland (2014) Skills Investment Plan for Scotland's ICT & Digital Technologies sector, available at http://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/media/35682/ict___digital_technologies_sector_skills_investment_plan.pdf

96. https://www.gov.scot/publications/culture-strategy-scotland/

97. https://www.gov.scot/publications/culture-strategy-scotland/pages/1/

98. Skills Development Scotland: Scotland Digital Technologies Report 2019

99. Skills Development Scotland: Scotland Digital Technologies Report 2019

100. Skills Development Scotland: Scotland Digital Technologies Report 2019

101. https://www.scotlandis.com/scottishtechsurvey/

102. Export Statistics Scotland, 2017

103. Business Enterprise Research and Development Scotland, 2017 available at https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD/BERDreport17

104. Business Register and Employment Survey, 2018

105. Scottish Annual Business Survey

106. Business Register and Employment Survey, 2018

107. Scottish Annual Business Survey 2018

108. Annual Population Survey, 2017

109. https://www.citb.co.uk/about-citb/construction-industry-research-reports/search-our-construction-industry-research-reports/skills/skills-and-training-in-the-construction-industry-2018/

110. https://ukandeu.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Manufacturing-and-Brexit.pdf

111. KPMG Economic Insights, 'Brexit: The impact on sectors', February 2017. Some non-manufacturing is included in manufacturing sectors: the pharmaceuticals and biotech sector includes scientific research and development, the oil and gas sector includes extraction of crude petroleum and gas, and the metals sector includes mining of metal ores.

112. Local Construction Skills Needs for Scotland. (2018) Construction Industry Training Board.

113. National Records of Scotland Midyear Population Estate 2018 by Urban Rural Classification

114. Businesses in Scotland 2019, https://www.gov.scot/publications/businesses-in-scotland-2019/

115. Feb-Apr 2020 data (therefore including some of lockdown) 'Labour market monthly briefing: June 2020', https://www.gov.scot/publications/labour-market-monthly-briefing-june-2020/

116. Federation of Small Businesses, Evidence to the Scottish Affairs Select Committee Inquiry on Immigration and Scotland 2017, available at http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/scottish-affairs-committee/my-scottish-affairs/oral/71513.html

117. Scottish Agricultural Census 2019

118. Scottish Government (2018) Rural Scotland Key Facts 2018. National Statistics: https://www.gov.scot/publications/rural-scotland-key-facts-2018/

119. SEFARI (Scottish Environment, Food and Agriculture Research Institutes), The Fruits of Their Labour: Seasonal farm workers in Scottish agriculture, available at: https://sefari.scot/research/the-fruits-of-their-labour-seasonal-farm-workers-in-scottish-agriculture

120. Total income From Farming 2018 NB 2019 data to be published end of July 2020

121. Total income From Farming 2018 As above, 2019 data to be released end of July 200.

122. See NFU Scotland press release, February 2018: https://www.nfus.org.uk/news/news/nfu-scotlands-seasonal-workers-survey-identifies-labour-shortage-fears

123. https://business.leeds.ac.uk/downloads/download/166/ceric_briefing_paper_-_migration_and_covid-19pdf

124. Economist (2020) 'Your polytunnel needs you', The Economist, 18th April 2020.

125. Royal Association of British Dairy Farmers EU Labour Survey 2016, available at: https://www.rabdf.co.uk/s/rabdf1147EULabour-APPG.docx

126. As above.

127. Quality Meat Scotland 2017, Importance of Migrant Labour to Scottish Red Meat Industry: available at http://www.qmscotland.co.uk/news/importance-migrant-labour-scottish-red-meat-industry

128. Food Standards Scotland, Service Provider, 2018

129. "How leaving the EU will potentially impact negatively on Scotland's rural economy", 2019, available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/how-leaving-the-eu-will-potentially-impact-negatively-on-scotlands-rural-economy/

130. "Quality Meat Scotland 2017 Migrant labour and the Scottish red meat sector - a Brexit discussion paper", Brexit Briefing Paper 2, 2017, available at http://www.qmscotland.co.uk/sites/default/files/brexit_migrant_labour_discussion_paper_pdf_final.pdf

131. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scotlands-marine-economic-statistics-2017-corrected-april-2020/pages/2/

132. https://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/approved-food-establishments

133. https://public.tableau.com/profile/seafish#!/vizhome/ProcessingEnquiryTool/IndustryOverview_HR.

134. Employment in Scotland Seafood Processing Sector: 2016. Marine Analytical Unit, Marine Scotland

135. Seafish (2016) Seafood Processing Industry Report 2016, available at http://www.seafish.org/media/publications/2016_Seafood_Processing_Industry_Report.pdf

136. https://www.gov.scot/publications/employment-scotlands-seafood-processing-sector-uk-european-economic-area-non/pages/1/

137. Sea Fisheries Employment survey available at https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-sea-fisheries-employment-2015/

138. Scottish Government (2016) Scottish Sea Fisheries Employment 2015, Marine Scotland Science, Marine Analytical Unit, available at http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0050/00507777.pdf

139. Scottish Government (2016) Scottish Sea Fisheries Employment 2015, Marine Scotland Science, Marine Analytical Unit, available at http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0050/00507777.pdf

140. Employment in Scotland Seafood Processing Sector: 2016. Marine Analytical Unit, Marine Scotland

141. https://www.gov.scot/publications/farm-workers-scottish-agriculture-case-studies-international-seasonal-migrant-labour/pages/2/

142. https://www.scottishchambers.org.uk/press_policy/scc-coronavirus-tracker-survey-scottish-firms-facing-significant-cashflow-problems-and-barriers-in-accessing-covid-19-business-support/

143. https://www.ons.gov.uk/surveys/informationforbusinesses/businesssurveys/businessimpactofcoronaviruscovid19survey

144. https://www.fsb.org.uk/resource-report/finding-our-feet.html

145. https://fraserofallander.org/fai-publications/7-key-things-about-key-workers-in-scotland-and-what-it-tells-us/

146. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/migration-advisory-committee-mac-report-points-based-system-and-salary-thresholds

147. https://migrationobservatory.ox.ac.uk/resources/reports/locking-out-the-keys-migrant-key-workers-and-post-brexit-immigration-policies/

148. https://migrationobservatory.ox.ac.uk/resources/

149. https://migrationobservatory.ox.ac.uk/resources/reports/locking-out-the-keys-migrant-key-workers-and-post-brexit-immigration-policies/

150. https://www.gov.scot/publications/immigration-policy-demographic-change-scotland-learning-australia-canada-continental-europe/

151. https://cdn.survation.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/22133909/Scottish-Refugee-Council-June-2020-tables.xlsx

152. https://www.kcl.ac.uk/news/two-thirds-of-britons-value-low-skilled-workers-more-since-covid-19-crisis

153. https://www.hopenothate.org.uk/2020/04/25/corona-crisis-building-on-positivity-towards-migrants/

154. Pepin, S. Holland, S. and Gower, M. (2020) Post Brexit Immigration system Proposals: Responses from Stakeholders, House of Commons Library Briefing Paper CBP8838, March 2020, available at: https://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-8838/CBP-8838.pdf

155. https://business.leeds.ac.uk/downloads/download/166/ceric_briefing_paper_-_migration_and_covid-19pdf


Contact

Email: Migration@gov.scot