Public sector employment in Scotland: statistics for fourth quarter 2018

Snapshot of public sector employment up to December 2018.

This document is part of 2 collections

Table 8: Total devolved public sector employment by sector; Scotland, Full-time equivalent

Not Seasonally Adjusted

Total Devolved Public Sector NHS6 Civil Service8,9 Police and Fire Services2 Further Education Colleges3,5 Other Public Bodies3,8 Local Government2,4,6,7,10,12 Public Corporations11
Q4 1999 387,200 106,900 14,000 - 11,500 8,000 238,000 9,000
Q4 2012 423,800 132,500 15,600 - 10,600 13,900 233,000 18,000
Q4 2013 425,600 135,000 15,900 28,400 10,300 12,500 204,000 20,000
Q4 2014 426,800 137,500 16,400 27,800 10,500 12,800 202,000 20,000
Q4 2015 425,800 138,300 15,900 27,400 10,600 13,800 200,000 20,000
Q4 2016 424,700 139,300 15,900 27,200 10,300 13,800 198,000 21,000
Q4 2017 427,100 140,300 16,300 26,900 10,400 13,900 199,000 21,000
Q4 2018 420,000 140,700 17,200 27,200 10,400 14,200 202,000 8,000
Change on year to:
Q4 2018 -7,100 450 860 260 40 270 3,760 -12,750
% change on year:
Q4 2018 -1.7% 0.3% 5.3% 1.0% 0.4% 2.0% 1.9% -61.6%


1. Employment figures have been rounded to the nearest hundred; change on year rounded to the nearest ten; percentages are based on unrounded figures. "-" denotes blank entries. Totals may not equal the sum of individual parts due to rounding.

2. Police and Fire Reform: From Q2 2013 Police and Fire Services have been reclassified as central government rather than local government (as their predecessors were). All police staff are employed by the Scottish Police Authority (SPA) whether deployed with the SPA or with the Police Service of Scotland. Although the SPA is an 'Other Public Body', to avoid duplication and ensure comprehensive numbers are reported for the Police and Fire category all police staff have been included within Police and Fire (and not the Other Public Bodies category) from Q2 2013.

3. In October 2012 the Scottish Agricultural College (SAC) merged with 3 colleges to form Scotland's Rural College. This new organisation is classified as a public body as the SAC was. This has resulted in staffing levels moving from the Further Education to Other Public Bodies categories to reflect the merger of these organisations.

4. A number of local government staff have transferred to arms length organisations which are part of the private sector under National Accounts definitions. For example, staff transferred from Scottish Borders Council to SB Cares on 1st April 2015 and from Angus Council to Angus Alive on 1st December 2015 thus explaining part of the decrease in local government employment.

5. Information for further education colleges in Scotland is based on collected information from Q4 2010. The method used to create the back series is detailed in the background notes of this publication.

6. From Q4 2011, NHS has responsibility for employing Healthcare staff within prisons. Previously, these people were employed directly by the Scottish Prison Service (SPS). Also, In Q2 2012 1,491 & 1062.1 FTE headcount staff transferred from Highland Council to NHS Highland as a result of the move to integrated health and social care services.

7. Prior to Q2 2006, Scottish Borders Council headcount and FTE figures do not include Casual/Relief employees who were paid in the reference period. This means that these figures underestimate the true headcount and FTE for Scottish Borders Council.

8. In Q4 2015, Historic Scotland (previously part of the devolved civil service) merged with the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (a non-departmental public body in the other public bodies category) to become Historic Environment Scotland in the Other Public Bodies category.

9. From Q2 2017, the Civil Service figures include the Scottish Fiscal Commission.

10. From Q4 2006, the Local Government figures include Community Safety Glasgow. The series has been estimated using annual administrative data from the inter-departmental business register.

11. From Q3 2001, the Public Corporations include Registered Social Landlords. This series uses estimates which are predominantly based on annual values provided by the Scottish Housing Regulator.

12. Prior to Q1 2016, Aberdeen Council headcount and FTE figures may be an underestimate due to methods used to collate this data.

13. From Q2 2017, the Public Corporations include the Crown Estate Scotland (Interim Management).

14. Prior to Q1 2017, West Dunbartonshire Council FTE figures may be an underestimate due to methods used to collate this data.

15. Other Public Bodies includes Bòrd na Gàidhlig from Q4 2010, Commissioner for Ethical Standards in Public Life in Scotland from Q2 2011, Children and Young People's Commissioner Scotland from Q2 2004, Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission from Q4 2010, Scottish Commission for Human Rights from Q1 2008.

16. Public Corporations includes Caledonian Maritime Assets Ltd from Q1 2008.

17. Civil Servants includes Social Security Scotland from Q3 2018.

18. Local Government includes Cosla from Q1 1999. This series has been estimated using annual administrative data from the inter-departmental business register until Q4 2009 and actual data from Q1 2010 onwards.

19. In September 2018, Cordia services moved back under Glasgow City Council services, explaining part of the increase in local government employment.


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