Publication - Impact assessment

Deposit return scheme for Scotland: business and regulatory impact assessment

Final Business and Regulatory Impact Assessment (BRIA), which is a development of the partial BRIA published in June 2018 and the full BRIA published in July 2019.

Footnotes

1 Scottish Household Waste – summary data 2018

2 Programme for Government 2017-2018

3 Programme for Government 2019-2020

4 Making Things Last 2016

5 Towards a Litter Free Scotland

6 Marine Litter Strategy

7 OSPAR

8 Manging Waste

9 DEFRA

10 EU Circular Economy Package

11 Climate Change Plan: The Third Report on Proposals and Policies 2018-2032

12 Marine Litter and Microplastics

13 Management of Marine Debris

14 UN Sustainable Development Goals

15 EU Circular Economy package

16 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland

17 Green Book

18 Green Book

19 DRS FBC

20 In the Belgian EPR, for example, stakeholders agree on the average annual costs for collecting and sorting household packaging. This falls under the remit of the scheme’s regulatory body.

21 Defra

22 Green Dot

23 The Deposit and Return Scheme for Scotland Regulations 2020

24 Competition Impact Assessment

25 Completing Competition Assessments in Impact Assessments

26 Scottish Licensed Trade News in conjunction with CGA

27 Scottish Government (2019) Food and Drink

28 Export Statistics Scotland 2017

29 Brewing and Distilling in Scotland - Economic Facts and Figures, Scottish Parliament

30 British Soft Drinks Association for 2016

31 Multiple groups are chains of convenience shops, based on common ownership of shops. Examples include Tesco Express and Little Waitrose.

32 Symbol groups are a form of franchise, where the shops themselves are independently owned but are supplied by the franchise and trade under a common brand. Examples include Costcutter, NISA and Spar.

33 See Annex C Table 2

34 Nielson data for Zero Waste Scotland

35 LetsRecycle (extracted on 1/3/2019)

36 British Soft Drinks Association for 2016. Data does not differentiate between aluminium and steel can containers, or different types of glass or PET plastic. These are therefore aggregate figures.

37 Recycling: Lithuania deposit scheme exceeds all expectations

38 Provided that they have checked the symbol or barcode, retailers would not be liable for any costs associated with fraud or counterfeit and no competition impacts are anticipated in this regard.

39 Deposit Systems for One-Way Beverage Containers: Global Overview 2016, CM Consulting.

40 ACS Local Shop Report 2018

41 Envipco

42 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland

43 Supermarkets includes big 4: Tesco, Sainsbury’s, Morrisons, ASDA

44 What can England and Scotland learn from deposit return schemes overseas?, Recycling and Waste World

45 ACS Local Shop Report 2018

46 Based on a 90% return rate.

47 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland

48 Options and Feasibility of a European Refund System for Metal Beverage Cans

49 Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

50 Google Maps

51 Electoral wards: East Berwickshire, Mid Berwickshire, Kelso and District, Jedburgh and District, Annandale East and Eskdale, and Annandale South.

52 Location of stores: ASDA, Tesco, Morrisons, Sainsburys, Lidl, Aldi, Distances in driving miles: Google Maps

53 Scottish Statistics.

54 Scotland Census

55 Ibid

56 Scotland Statistics.

57 Government of Scotland

58 Zero Waste Scotland Kantar Data.

59 British Soft Drink Association for 2016

60 Based on the number of containers sold in Scotland in 2017, assuming a deposit of £0.20

61 ONS data for 2018

62 ONS data for 2016

63 Slovakia Deposit Study

64 Deposit Refund System in Spain

65 See Annex C Table 4

66 See Annex C Table 5

67 Oxford Economics and HMRC

68 A scan of supermarkets’ online catalogues, including Tesco, Sainsbury’s, and ALDI, was undertaken to assess common price points for budget (e.g store brand) and premium type goods (e.g. brand name) for each of these categories at the particular size of 1L. Demand effects were modelled using own-price elasticities sourced from HMRC and Oxford Economic studies.

69 DEFRA

70 Pure Juices account for 6.6% of cold non-alcoholic drinks sold, smoothies 1.3% and juice drinks 8.9%.

71 ZWS Modelling using Kantar Data

72 Oxford Economics for price elasticity. A scan of supermarkets’ online catalogues, including Tesco, Sainsbury’s, and ALDI, was undertaken to assess average price points for pure juices at the particular size of 1L.

73 https://www.gov.scot/publications/business-regulatory-impact-assessments-toolkit/pages/9/

74 Refer to Annex D.2 for a copy of the forms tested

75 Refer to Annex D.3 for a copy of the updated forms

76 Deposit Return Scheme for Scotland Regulations 2020

77 Deposit Return Scheme for Scotland Regulations 2020

78 Litter Strategy

79 The price elasticity of demand is the percentage change in quantity demanded for a percentage change in price. Intuitively, it measures how sensitive demand is to a change in price.

80 The price elasticity of supply is the percentage change in quantity supplied divided by the percentage change in price. Intuitively, it measures how sensitive supply is to a change in price

81 Sousa J (2014): Estimation of price elasticities of demand for alcohol in the United Kingdom

82 CIE (2018): Monitoring the impacts of the NSW Container Deposit Scheme

83 IPART (2018): Monitoring the impacts on container beverage prices and competition


Contact

Email: DRSinScotland@gov.scot