2 Programme for Government 2017-2018
4 Making Things Last 2016
16 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland
17 Green Book
18 Green Book
19 DRS FBC
20 In the Belgian EPR, for example, stakeholders agree on the average annual costs for collecting and sorting household packaging. This falls under the remit of the scheme’s regulatory body.
22 Green Dot
23 The Deposit and Return Scheme for Scotland Regulations 2020
30 British Soft Drinks Association for 2016
31 Multiple groups are chains of convenience shops, based on common ownership of shops. Examples include Tesco Express and Little Waitrose.
32 Symbol groups are a form of franchise, where the shops themselves are independently owned but are supplied by the franchise and trade under a common brand. Examples include Costcutter, NISA and Spar.
33 See Annex C Table 2
34 Nielson data for Zero Waste Scotland
35 LetsRecycle (extracted on 1/3/2019)
36 British Soft Drinks Association for 2016. Data does not differentiate between aluminium and steel can containers, or different types of glass or PET plastic. These are therefore aggregate figures.
38 Provided that they have checked the symbol or barcode, retailers would not be liable for any costs associated with fraud or counterfeit and no competition impacts are anticipated in this regard.
42 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland
43 Supermarkets includes big 4: Tesco, Sainsbury’s, Morrisons, ASDA
46 Based on a 90% return rate.
47 Kantar Worldpanel for Zero Waste Scotland
50 Google Maps
51 Electoral wards: East Berwickshire, Mid Berwickshire, Kelso and District, Jedburgh and District, Annandale East and Eskdale, and Annandale South.
58 Zero Waste Scotland Kantar Data.
59 British Soft Drink Association for 2016
60 Based on the number of containers sold in Scotland in 2017, assuming a deposit of £0.20
61 ONS data for 2018
62 ONS data for 2016
65 See Annex C Table 4
66 See Annex C Table 5
68 A scan of supermarkets’ online catalogues, including Tesco, Sainsbury’s, and ALDI, was undertaken to assess common price points for budget (e.g store brand) and premium type goods (e.g. brand name) for each of these categories at the particular size of 1L. Demand effects were modelled using own-price elasticities sourced from HMRC and Oxford Economic studies.
70 Pure Juices account for 6.6% of cold non-alcoholic drinks sold, smoothies 1.3% and juice drinks 8.9%.
71 ZWS Modelling using Kantar Data
72 Oxford Economics for price elasticity. A scan of supermarkets’ online catalogues, including Tesco, Sainsbury’s, and ALDI, was undertaken to assess average price points for pure juices at the particular size of 1L.
74 Refer to Annex D.2 for a copy of the forms tested
75 Refer to Annex D.3 for a copy of the updated forms
79 The price elasticity of demand is the percentage change in quantity demanded for a percentage change in price. Intuitively, it measures how sensitive demand is to a change in price.
80 The price elasticity of supply is the percentage change in quantity supplied divided by the percentage change in price. Intuitively, it measures how sensitive supply is to a change in price