Clyde Mission: energy masterplan

This masterplan will support the strategic development of low carbon heat and energy infrastructure projects that align to the goals of the Clyde Mission. It aims to support the identification and development of a portfolio of heat and energy related investment opportunities in within the CM area.

2 Introduction

2.1 Overview of the Clyde Mission Energy Masterplan

This Energy Masterplan provides a strategy to identify potential projects on the Clyde to assist in meeting the Clyde Mission ambition to make the Clyde "an engine of sustainable, inclusive economic growth for the city, the region and Scotland" and ultimately contribute towards the Scottish Government's targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 75% by 2030 and to achieve net zero by 2045.

The Clyde Mission[4] area includes both sides of the River Clyde from the tidal reach near Clyde Gateway in the east of Glasgow through to the opening of the river between Gourock and Dunoon.

The Energy Masterplan is a resource which aims to inform strategy and decision-making relating to low carbon heating and energy infrastructure within the Energy Masterplan boundary.

2.2 Aims of the study

The aims of the Energy Masterplan are:

  • To support the strategic development of low carbon heat and energy infrastructure projects
  • To identify and present a set of projects that could potentially be developed to enable the Clyde Mission to maximise its contribution towards the Scottish Government's target of net zero greenhouse gas emission by 2045
  • To provide partners across the public, private and third-party sectors with information to support the transition to support the transition to net zero within the Energy Masterplan area

2.3 Scope

Buro Happold was contracted by Zero Waste Scotland to produce an Energy Masterplan in November 2020. The Energy Masterplan is part of Phase 1 of an overall study with two Phases. Phase 2 will develop feasibility studies for an initial set of early-stage potential projects.

The Energy Masterplan is a strategic document that identifies low carbon energy infrastructure projects that could potentially be developed to deliver against the Clyde Mission's aim to become 'an engine of sustainable and inclusive growth'. It includes the following aspects:

  • Alignment to the objectives and aspirations of the Clyde Mission
  • An energy mapping and modelling study along the River Clyde from Greenock in the west to Clyde Gateway in the east to assess energy demand density and thereby identify potentially significant existing and new heat network opportunities and power demand loads
  • Identification of potentially useful heat supply opportunities adjacent to the river for the purposes of Heat Network (HN) scheme development, including but not limited to: Surface water bodies (e.g. River Clyde); secondary heat (e.g. wastewater treatment plants, electrical infrastructure); industrial heat (e.g. Energy from Waste)
  • Develop a portfolio of heat and energy-based investment opportunities based on stakeholder input and as a result of the energy mapping
  • Identify an initial four schemes to take forward from the pre-feasibility stage to complete detailed feasibility studies in Phase 2 of the project.

2.4 Methodology

The approach taken to produce this Energy Masterplan has two streams: the energy study and stakeholder engagement.

An accompanying document details the multi-criteria analysis approach for shortlisting energy projects to take forward to Phase 2 of the study.

Energy Study:

1. Confirm Clyde Mission Energy Masterplan boundary

2. Energy Demand Analysis and GIS spatial mapping

3. Identification of key residential and non-residential development areas

4. Technology Multi Criteria Assessment (MCA) Identify suitable technologies

5. Stakeholder-proposed projects, and energy project clusters to be considered in the long-term

6. Identify pre-feasibility stage projects which could be progressed to feasibility stage, applying the agreed project short-listing MCA factors

7. Commercial models and contracting.

8. High-level description

9. Risk considerations.

10. Critical mitigation measures for key risks.

11. Feasibility study definition

12. Delivery of GIS data to form basis of Clyde Mission database

Stakeholder Engagement

1. Regular progress meetings with the Clyde Mission Team and Zero Waste Scotland

2. Stakeholder briefing meeting and Request for information for stakeholder proposed-projects

3. Collect and summarise information about stakeholder-proposed projects

4. Workshop with Clyde Mission Team, agreeing project shortlisting Multi Criteria Assessment (MCA) factors

5. Review results of project shortlisting with the Clyde Mission Team

2.5 Background and Vision

This section provides an overview of the Clyde Mission and the extent of existing regeneration along the River Clyde and the City Deal initiative.

2.5.1 The Clyde Mission

The Clyde Mission is a national, place-based Mission to make the Clyde an engine of inclusive and sustainable growth for Glasgow, the city-region, and Scotland. A key objective of the Clyde Mission is to maximise the potential and impact of the River Clyde and immediate surrounding land as a national strategic asset.

The Clyde Mission is led by the Scottish Government in partnership with local authorities (Argyll & Bute, Glasgow City, Inverclyde, Renfrewshire, North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire and West Dunbartonshire), Clyde Gateway, Scottish Enterprise, Scottish Environment Protection Agency, Skills Development Scotland, the University of Glasgow and the University of Strathclyde.

2.5.2 Existing and ongoing regeneration projects along the River Clyde

Key examples are given in Table 2.1 of projects in the region which contribute greatly to the vibrancy and economic life around the River Clyde.

Table 2.1. A sample of projects which are in development or have been developed along the Clyde

Glasgow Riverside Innovation District (GRID)

GRID is a partnership between the University of Glasgow, Scottish Enterprise, and Glasgow City Council. GRID will be home to the world-leading Clinical Innovation Zone based around the Queen Elizabeth University, the largest hospital campus in Europe. GRID will see the development of a £144 million clinical and research facility.

Scottish Event Campus (SEC)

The Scottish Event Campus has plans to expand its existing event campus with a £200 million investment.

Advanced Manufacturing Innovation District (AMIDS)

AMIDS neighbouring Glasgow Airport will be home to a number of internationally renowned manufacturers as well as the £65 National Manufacturing Institute Scotland and the £56 million Medicines Manufacturing Innovation Centre.

Queens Quay

The Queens Quay District Heating Network is the first large-scale water source heat pump scheme of its kind in Scotland. The system works by extracting water from the Clyde to generate heat for buildings on the site of the former John Brown Shipyard, now known as Queens Quay. The ambitious £20million project to create a state-of-the-art Energy Centre and lay 5km of below-ground pipework was recently completed on behalf of West Dunbartonshire Council.

These projects contribute to one or more of the Scottish Government's five National Outcomes that underpin the Clyde Mission:

  • We have a globally competitive, entrepreneurial, inclusive, and sustainable economy.
  • We tackle poverty by sharing opportunities, wealth, and power more equally.
  • We value, enjoy, protect, and enhance our environment.
  • We live in communities that are inclusive, empowered, resilient and safe.
  • We have thriving and innovative businesses, with quality jobs and fair work for everyone.

The Clyde Mission Fund[5] provided over £11 million of funding in 2020-21 to support capital projects that deliver economic stimulus and jobs and contribute to one or more of the National Outcomes.

These projects aim to build upon the River Clyde's industrial legacy. To address these challenges, the Clyde Mission aims to optimise the impact of private and public investment in the area, putting vacant and derelict land to beneficial use.[6]

2.5.3 Support for development along the River Clyde

Glasgow City Region City Deal[7]

The Glasgow City Region City Deal is an agreement between the UK Government, the Scottish Government and the eight local authorities across Glasgow and Clyde Valley. It sets out how the region will create economic growth through:

  • Setting up a £1.13 billion fund for the delivery of an improved transport network, key development, and regeneration sites
  • Supporting growth in the life sciences sector
  • Helping small and medium enterprises to grow and develop
  • Setting up programmes to support unemployed people
  • Testing new ways of boosting the incomes of people on low wages

Several projects have already been identified as part of the City Deal, listed in Appendix A.

2.5.4 Vision

Table 2.2 summarises the types of energy projects within the Clyde Mission Energy Masterplan boundary that were proposed by stakeholders during the engagement phase of the project. Typically, projects proposed were applications of heat generating technologies that are well-established in the Scottish market, such as heat pumps.

Table 2.2 Summary of low carbon technologies proposed by stakeholders

Energy efficiency

  • Low-energy building design for new-builds
  • Building fabric improvements for existing residential and commercial buildings

Heat pumps

  • Water source heat pump (WSHP) - River Clyde or another surface water source
  • Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP)
  • Air Source Heat Pump (ASHP)
  • Steam raising high temperature heat pump (distillery)
  • Deep geothermal

Waste heat recovery

  • Energy from Wastewater Treatment works (WWTW)
  • Energy from Waste (EfW)

Renewable energy

  • Wind turbine, Roof-top solar PV, Solar PV carport

Biomass and biofuel

  • Biomass boiler


  • Produce hydrogen from industrial process (gasification)

Energy infrastructure

  • Heat network
  • Steam network
  • Ambient loop heating and cooling network (5th generation)
  • Smart grid
  • Electric Vehicle (EV) charging
  • E-bike charging

2.6 Energy Masterplan boundary

The Energy Masterplan area covers the River Clyde and land beside the Clyde from the tidal reach near Clyde Gateway in the East of Glasgow through to the opening of the river between Gourock and Dunoon. The Energy Masterplan boundary is approximately 500 m from the North and South banks of the river.

For the Energy Masterplan, potential projects are identified inside the Energy Masterplan boundary and also within an additional buffer of 2,000 m. This is to support considerations around future extensions of successful low carbon energy and infrastructure projects.



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