Publication - Consultation paper

Cleaner Air for Scotland 2: consultation

Consultation on a draft new air quality strategy for Scotland, taking into account the recommendations arising from the independent review of the Cleaner Air for Scotland strategy.

Cleaner Air for Scotland 2: consultation
Footnotes

Footnotes

1. https://www.gov.scot/publications/cleaner-air-scotland-road-healthier-future/ 

2. https://www.gov.scot/publications/cleaner-air-scotland-strategy-independent-review/ 

3. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/lez/cafs-review-documents

4. https://www.gov.scot/publications/cleaner-air-scotland-road-healthier-future-2018-19-progress-report/pages/6/

5. https://naei.beis.gov.uk/reports/

6. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/assets/documents/news/COVID19_lockdown_Time_Variance_analysis_of_air_quality_in_Scotland.html

7. https://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/library/reports.php?report_id=1005

8. https://www.gov.scot/publications/towards-robust-resilient-wellbeing-economy-scotland-report-advisory-group-economic-recovery/pages/6/

9. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2018/129/contents/made 

10. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/air-quality-uk-national-air-pollution-control-programme 

11. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/air-quality-uk-national-air-pollution-control-programme 

12. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/laqm/aqma 

13. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/latest/summary 

14. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/air-quality-plan-for-nitrogen-dioxide-no2-in-uk-2017 

15. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/assets/documents/Health-Environment-Working-Group-Report.pdf 

16. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/assets/documents/Health-Environment-Working-Group-Report.pdf 

17. http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/193108/REVIHAAP-Final-technical-report-final-version.pdf?ua=1 

18. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2016/162/contents/made 

19. https://www.hps.scot.nhs.uk/web-resources-container/air-pollution-and-health-briefing-note-mortality-associated-with-exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-pm25-attributable-mortality-in-scotland/ 

20. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/assets/documents/Health-Environment-Working-Group-Report.pdf 

21. http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/159742/7/159742.pdf 

22. https://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/books/eh40.htm 

23. https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng149 

24. https://www.rcpch.ac.uk/resources/inside-story-health-effects-indoor-air-quality-children-young-people 

25. Can refer to a mix of pollutants including ultrafine particles (particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5 and PM0.3), black carbon (BC), ultra-fine particle number concentration (UFP), aromatic hydrocarbons, carbonyls, semi-volatile organic compounds, total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), airborne bacteria, microbes and fungi levels.

26. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300 

27. https://nationalperformance.gov.scot/index.php/national-outcomes 

28. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-governments-climate-change-plan-third-report-proposals-policies-2018-9781788516488/ 

29. Scottish greenhouse gas emissions 2017, https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-greenhouse-gas-emissions-2017/pages/3/ 

30. https://ccacoalition.org/en/resources/synergizing-action-environment-and-climate-good-practice-china-and-around-globe 

31. For example, societal change toward the reduction in demand for unsustainable travel could see modal shift through the uptake of active travel or public transport (with less reliance on single occupancy private car use) to help reduce climate and air quality related emissions. Promoting active travel will also improve health and wellbeing. 

32. https://www.zerowastescotland.org.uk/save-energy-reduce-waste/carbon-management-plans

33. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/assets/documents/CAFS-Climate-Change-Sub-Group-Report.pdf 

34. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2019/15/contents 

35. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-governments-climate-change-plan-third-report-proposals-policies-2018-9781788516488/ 

36. https://www.gov.scot/publications/protecting-scotlands-future-governments-programme-scotland-2019-20/pages/5/ 

37. https://www.gov.scot/groups/just-transition-commission/ 

38. http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/environment-and-health/noise/publications/2018/environmental-noise-guidelines-for-the-european-region-2018 

39. https://noise.environment.gov.scot/noise-statistics.html 

40. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2019/13/introduction/enacted 

41. https://ec.europa.eu/research/environment/index.cfm?pg=nbs 

42. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/assets/documents/Placemaking-Working-Group-Report.pdf 

43. https://www.gov.scot/publications/national-planning-framework-3/ 

44. https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-planning-policy/ 

45. https://www.gov.scot/publications/research-project-adoption-scottish-planning-policy-local-development-plans/

46. https://www.gov.scot/publications/place-principle-introduction/ 

47. https://www.placestandard.scot/ 

48. This organisation was NHS Health Scotland until end of March 2020.

49. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/ 

50. https://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/library/aqeg/pollution-sensors.php 

51. http://www.learnaboutair.com/SEPA/ 

52. https://www.lowemissionzones.scot/ 

53. Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) refers to transport systems, where there is a wireless data exchange between two or more ITS sub-systems (personal, vehicle, roadside and central) which will support a number of information, warning and assistance services which will be gradually deployed during the oncoming years.

54. Detailed and tailored traffic and air quality data collection exercises between 2017 and 2020 in Scotland’s 4 major cities have underpinned the development of the NMF. The NMF provides a two-tiered standardised approach to modelling air quality at both local and regional levels using a nationally consistent methodology. The city models inform LEZ design decision making whilst the regional model offers an air quality assessment-based tool within and across neighbouring local authority areas associated with large-scale planned developments. 

55. www.gov.scot/isbn/9781839607745 

56. https://www.sepa.org.uk/environment/environmental-data/spri/ 

57. http://www.scottishairquality.scot/assets/documents/Emissions-Working-Group-Report.pdf 

58. https://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/library/reports.php?report_id=992 

59. It is worth noting the cautionary tone offered by the Air Quality Expert Group (AQEG) around NEE data, where they state that: ‘Quantitative data on the magnitude of non-exhaust emissions are sparse and highly uncertain…NEE emission factors used in inventories have a wide span of uncertainty – greater than a factor of two is typical – including considerable uncertainty in splits between PM10 and PM2.5 size fractions. The emission factors are also largely based on data from the 1990s and have not evolved as vehicle designs and fleet composition have changed, in contrast to the regularly updated factors used for exhaust emissions.’

60. To place these figures into context, the NEE emission represent 7.4% and 8.5% respectively for all UK primary PM2.5 and PM10 emissions

61. https://www.vehicle-certification-agency.gov.uk/other/non-road-mobile-mach.asp 

62. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2018/764/made 

63. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/691313/improving-air-quality-non-road-mobile-machinery-condoc.pdf 

64. https://www.supplychainschool.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Plant-Charter-0420.pdf

65. https://www.airqualitynews.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Liquid-Air-on-the-European-Highway.pdf and https://dearman.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Leeds-Dearman-auxTRU-report-2.3-Dissemination.pdf 

66. http://content.tfl.gov.uk/auxiliary-temperature-reduction-units-in-the-greater-london-area.pdf 

67. https://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/assets/documents/reports/cat09/1910031755_DA_Air_Pollutant_Inventories_1990-2017_Issue_1.1.pdf 

68. https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/biomass-in-a-low-carbon-economy/ 

69. https://www.gov.scot/collections/scottish-house-condition-survey/

70. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/clean-air-strategy-2019 

71. https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/c6ccf626-2f6d-11e5-9f85-01aa75ed71a1/language-en 

72. https://woodsure.co.uk/firewood-ready-to-burn/ 

73. https://burnright.co.uk/ 

74. https://energysavingtrust.org.uk/scotland/home-energy-scotland 

75. https://www2.gov.scot/energystrategy 

76. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ssi/2012/360/contents

77. https://www.unece.org/index.php?id=41358 

78. http://www.clrtap-tfrn.org/sites/clrtap-tfrn.org/files/documents/AGD_final_file.pdf 

79. https://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/assets/documents/reports/aqeg/2800829_Agricultural_emissions_vfinal2.pdf 

80. https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR2600/RR2695/RAND_RR2695.pdf 

81. https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9789401797214 

82. https://www.nature.scot/sites/default/files/2017-11/Guidance%20-%20Management%20of%20Moorland%20-%20Muirburn%20Code.pdf 

83. https://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/assets/documents/reports/cat09/1908280952_Trends_Report_2019.pdf 

84. https://jncc.gov.uk/our-work/nitrogen-futures/

85. https://www.transport.gov.scot/our-approach/national-transport-strategy/ 

86. https://www.transport.gov.scot/publication/initial-appraisal-case-for-change-national-stpr2/

87. https://www.gov.scot/groups/just-transition-commission/ 

88. https://www.lowemissionzones.scot/ 

89. https://www.lowemissionzones.scot/support-fund

90. https://www.transport.gov.scot/public-transport/buses/scottish-bus-emission-abatement-retrofit-fund/

91. https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/advice-and-guidance/2018/07/fair-work-practices-in-procurement-toolkit/documents/information-sheets/ and https://archive.acas.org.uk/index.aspx?articleid=4853 

92. https://www.zerowastescotland.org.uk/save-energy-reduce-waste/carbon-management-plans 

93. https://www.transport.gov.scot/active-travel/active-travel-framework/

94. https://www.pathsforall.org.uk/mediaLibrary/other/english/81342.pdf

95. https://www.transport.gov.scot/publication/cycling-action-plan-for-scotland-2017-2020/

96. https://www.sustrans.org.uk/our-blog/projects/2019/scotland/places-for-everyone/ 

97. https://www.pathsforall.org.uk/active-travel/smarter-choices-smarter-places-1 

98. Scottish Transport Statistics 2018, chapter 11 headlines

99. https://www.transport.gov.scot/public-transport/buses/bus-services-operators-grant/ 

100. https://www.transport.gov.scot/public-transport/buses/scottish-bus-emission-abatement-retrofit-fund/ 

101. https://www2.gov.scot/Publications/2012/04/3534 

102. https://www.rssb.co.uk/en/Research-and-Technology/Sustainability/Air-quality

103. https://smarttravel.scot/ 

104. Switched on Towns and Cities Challenge Fund, https://www.transport.gov.scot/our-approach/environment/carbon-reduction-on-roads/switched-on-towns-and-cities-challenge-fund/ 

105. https://www.gov.scot/publications/delivering-today-investing-tomorrow-governments-programme-scotland-2018-19/ 

106. https://www.parliament.scot/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/105527.aspx

107. https://www.transport.gov.scot/media/40406/its-strategy-2017-final.pdf 

108. The SPICe report observed that ‘Independent academic research into the impact of the Nottingham WPL on traffic congestion concluded that there is “…a statistically validated link between the introduction of a WPL and a reduction in congestion’. https://spice-spotlight.scot/2019/05/10/the-proposed-workplace-parking-levy/ 

109. https://infrastructurecommission.scot/storage/245/FullReport_200120.pdf 


Contact

Email: andrew.taylor2@gov.scot