Just Transition Commission


Advising on a net-zero economy that is fair for all.

  • we are committed to growing an inclusive, net-zero economy. Scotland’s Economic Strategy sets out the ambition to create a more cohesive and resilient economy that improves the opportunities, life chances, and wellbeing of every citizen in our country, and the Climate Change Bill commits us to ending our contribution to climate change by 2045 at the latest
  • the Climate Change Bill was introduced to the Scottish Parliament as a direct response to the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement requires parties to increase action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while taking into account “the imperatives of a just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent work and quality jobs”
  • within this context, the purpose of the Just Transition Commission is to advise Scottish Ministers on how to apply Just Transition principles to Scotland. These principles can be summarised as:

    plan, invest and implement a transition to environmentally and socially sustainable jobs, sectors and economies, building on Scotland’s economic and workforce strengths and potential

    create opportunities to develop resource efficient and sustainable economic approaches, which help address inequality and poverty

    design and deliver low carbon investment and infrastructure, and make all possible efforts to create decent, fair and high value work, in a way which does not negatively affect the current workforce and overall economy

  • within two years of its inaugural meeting, the Commission will provide a written report to Scottish Ministers that provides practical, realistic, affordable recommendations for action
  • the recommendations will support Scottish Ministers take action that will:

    o    maximise the economic and social opportunities that the move to a net-zero economy by 2045 offers

    o    build on Scotland’s existing strengths and assets

    o    understand and mitigate risks that could arise in relation to regional cohesion, equalities, poverty (including fuel poverty), and a sustainable and inclusive labour market

  • in forming its recommendations, the Commission will work openly and transparently, and engage meaningfully with workers, communities, NGOs, business and industry leaders, and other relevant bodies across Scotland. The Commission will specifically seek and consider the views of young people
  • advice on the levels of statutory targets (such as those for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and poverty) is outwith the remit of the Just Transition Commission, as are wider issues that are already within the remit of other bodies, such as the Fair Work Convention, UK Committee on Climate Change, Scottish Infrastructure Commission and the Poverty and Inequality Commission
  • the Commission will take into account the wider policy landscape in Scotland and identify synergies with existing programmes of work and other bodies, where appropriate

Interim Report and Call for Evidence

On the 27 February 2020, the Just Transition Commission published their Interim Report.

Alongside this, the Commission launched a call for evidence to inform its final recommendations. The analysis report for the call for evidence was published on 18 January 2021.   

Advice for a Green Recovery

On the 30 July 2020, the Just Transition Commission published their Advice for a Green Recovery.

A National Mission for a fairer, greener Scotland

On 23rd March the Just Transition Commission published their final advice to Scottish Ministers: A National Mission for a fairer, greener Scotland.

It contains 24 recommendations, centred around four key messages: 

  • pursue an orderly, managed transition to net-zero that creates benefits and opportunities for people across Scotland 
  • equip people with the skills and education they need to benefit from the transition 
  • as we take climate action we need to empower and invigorate our communities and strengthen local economies 
  • share the benefits of climate action widely, while ensuring that the costs are distributed on the basis of ability to pay 

Alongside this, the Just Transition Commission have published an executive summary.