Health and social care analysis
Collection of information from across the whole range of health and social care services for adults in Scotland.
Summary of the analytical evidence produced and published by the Scottish Government.
Health and care surveys
We run several surveys which straddle the boundary between health and social care.
Scottish Health Survey
The Scottish Health Survey provides a detailed picture of the health of the Scottish population in private households and is designed to make a major contribution to the monitoring of health in Scotland.
Scottish Care Experience Survey Programme
The Scottish Care Experience Survey Programme is a suite of national surveys which aim to provide local and national information on the quality of health and care services from the perspective of those using them. The surveys allow local health and care providers to compare with other areas of Scotland and to track progress in improving the experiences of people using their services.
- The Health & Care Experience Survey: covers GP services, Out of Hours care, social care and caring responsibilities
- The Inpatient Experience Survey: covers all aspects of inpatient stays from admission to care at home after discharge
- The Maternity Care Survey: covers postnatal, antenatal and hospital-based maternity care
- The Scottish Cancer Patient Experience Survey:covers a range of cancer care including diagnosis, support during treatment and inpatient/outpatient care
Free personal and nursing care
Free Personal and Nursing Care (FPNC) was introduced by the Scottish Government in 2002 to people aged 65 and over. In April 2019, Frank’s law extended the provision of FPNC payments to all adults. Although there is a gap in publications due to COVID-19, data from 2018-19 to 2020-21 was collected in 2021 and all figures are included in the 2020-21 publication.
In each publication, information is included on the amount spent on FPNC payments and the number of people receiving these payments either in their own home or in care homes.
- Free Personal and Nursing Care, Scotland, 2021-22
- Free Personal And Nursing Care, Scotland, 2020-21
- Extension Of Free Personal Care To People Under The Age Of 65, Scotland, 2020-21
- Free personal and nursing care, Scotland, 2017-18
- Free personal and nursing care, Scotland, 2016-17
- Free personal and nursing care, Scotland 2015-16
- Free personal and nursing care, Scotland, 2014-15
- Free Personal And Nursing Care, Scotland, 2013-14
- Free personal and nursing care, Scotland, 2012-13
- Free personal and nursing care, Scotland, 2011-12
- Free personal and nursing care, Scotland, 2010-11
Eligibility criteria and waiting times
Eligibility criteria and waiting times data is collected as part of the Scottish Government Quarterly Monitoring Return. Eligibility criteria categories define the severity of need for care, whilst waiting times report on the time frames for assessment and delivery of care.
Data have been collected from 2010 to 2022, and the last quarter of each financial year is reported on. Until 2018, data was published as data tables only, but to improve accessibility and understanding of the data, the first publication was produced alongside the data in 2022 (detailing data from 2011 to 2021). However, due to many local authorities reporting difficulty in providing the information asked for in this data collection, we are working with Public Health Scotland (PHS) to determine the future of this data. The 2021-22 data collection will be the final publication in this format.
The Carers Census collects a variety of information on unpaid carers being supported by Local Authorities and Carer Centres across Scotland. This information is being collected in part to help monitor the implementation of the Carers (Scotland) Act 2016, which came into force on 1st April 2018.
The Scotland's Carers publication brings together statistical analysis from sources including Scotland's Census and the Scottish Health Survey, as well as research of caring to give a picture of carers' health, wellbeing, employment and demographic information.
- Scotland's Carers update release December 2022
- Scotland’s Carers update release April 2022
- Scotland’s Carers: update release (published 2019)
- Scotland's Carers (published 2015)
Mental health inpatient census
The 2022 Mental Health Inpatient Census was carried out as at 23:59 on the 11 April 2022 by NHS Boards across Scotland. The census has three parts:
- part 1: Mental Health and Learning Disability Inpatient Bed Census
- part 2: Out of NHS Scotland Placements
- part 3: Hospital Based Complex Clinical Care and Long Stay
Parts 1 and 2 were carried out for the first time in October 2014, and repeated again each March from 2016 to present. In March 2016, the census was expanded to include a section on patients receiving Hospital Based Complex Clinical Care (HBCCC) and Long Stay patients. The census was paused in 2020 and 2021 due to COVID-19.
- Inpatient census 2022: parts one and two
- Inpatient census 2022: hospital based complex clinical care and long stay
- Inpatient Census 2019: parts one and two
- Inpatient census 2019: hospital based complex clinical care and long stay
- Inpatient census 2018: parts one and two
- Inpatient census 2018: part three
- Inpatient census 2017: parts one and two
- Hospital Based Complex Clinical Care and Long Stay: 2017 census
- Inpatient Census 2016: Hospital Based Complex Clinical Care
- Mental health bed census 2014
Social care expenditure data
The Local Financial Returns (LFRs) are a series of detailed returns that collect final, audited expenditure figures across all services that local authorities provide. The data collected in the LFRs is then published as part of the annual Scottish Local Government Finance Statistics (SLGFS) publication, classed as National Statistics.
Up to and including 2020/21, there was a single return sheet (LFR 03) for all social work expenditure data, which was the main source of social care expenditure data available in Scotland. A detailed review of LFR 03 was undertaken before the issue of the 2021/22 LFRs, which identified data quality concerns with some of the ‘Additional Information’ captured in LFR 03. As a result, following consultation, some changes were made to the 2021/22 LFR 03 collection. These changes included removing information on expenditure by client group, and transferring this to a new separate data collection, to be known as LFR SC. Unlike LFR 03, LFR SC data is not classed as National Statistics and is not included in the SLGFS publication.
Despite these changes, LFR 03 remains the main source of expenditure data on social care in Scotland, with only the more detailed client group data collected and published as LFR SC.
Interim care placement uptake
On 10 January 2023 The Scottish Government made funding available to Health and Social Care Partnerships (HSCPs) to subsidise the purchase of additional interim care facilities. This is to enhance the existing provision from HSCPs. The figures presented show the uptake of this offer and the total number of people in interim care beds.
National performance indicators and data linkage
Information on NHS indicators can be found on the ISD Scotland website:
For Population Projections, please see the National Records of Scotland website
Information related to health and community care data linkage is linked below.
Information for data suppliers
The following publications have been discontinued for a variety of reasons.
The self-directed support and social care services publications have been incorporated into the PHS SOURCE dataset and are published in Insights in Social care.
We collected social care survey data from 2010 to 2017. This subsequently moved to Public Health Scotland (PHS), where it was integrated into the SOURCE dataset in 2018, and is published as ‘Insights in Social Care’. To see data from 2017/18 onwards please go to PHS’ Insights in Social Care website.
The Respite Care Scotland publication was discontinued due to a change in focus from simply collecting the volume of respite care towards presenting information about carers and the overall support that they receive.
Older publications (2010 and previously) related to social care are available in our website archive.
- Self-directed support, Scotland, 2016-17
- Self-directed support, Scotland, 2015-16
- Self-directed Support, Scotland, 2014-15
- Self-Directed Support (Direct Payments), Scotland, 2012
- Social Care Services, Scotland, 2017
- Social Care Services, Scotland, 2016
- Social Care Services, Scotland, 2015
- Social Care Services, Scotland, 2014
- Social Care Services, Scotland, 2013
- Respite Care Scotland, 2015
- Respite Care Scotland, 2014
- Respite Care Scotland, 2013
- Respite Care Scotland, 2011-12
- Respite care provision in Scotland
- Registered Blind and Partially Sighted Persons, Scotland 2010
- Registered Blind and Partially Sighted Persons, Scotland 1998-2010
- Statistics Release: Registered Blind and Partially Sighted Persons, Scotland 2006
All statistics need to be regularly updated to remain relevant and useful to data users, whilst not causing undue burden on data providers. A review of adult social care statistics in Scotland by the Office of Statistics Regulation (OSR) highlighted a number of issues with the current care home evidence base and provided a number of recommendations for improvement.
Care Home Data Review 2022 - 2023
In collaboration with our social care partners, we are conducting a review into the care home data landscape as part of a much wider planned review of the entire social care data landscape. The review is considering improvements around the content, quality and frequency of current data collections, and alternative methods of data collection. The aims of the review are to:
- ensure a coherent suite of data collections
- reduce the burden on data providers
- meet the existing and emerging needs of data users
A summary of data sources on adult social care and care homes, together with suggestions of priority development areas for this data can be found in the following report:
- Mapping National Adult Social Care and Care Home Data Sources in Scotland: Baseline understanding & future potential: September 2022
Other organisations also publish evidence relating to health and social care in Scotland. These include:
- Public Health Scotland for social care statistics published by PHS (e.g., care home census and Insights in Social Care) or statistics relating to hospitals and other areas of the NHS in Scotland
- the Care Inspectorate for annual returns, the CI datastore, COVID-19 care home statistics etc.
- Scottish Social Services Council (SSSC) for social care workforce data
- NHS Scotland Workforce Data
- Improvement service for costings in the local government benchmarking framework
- SCLD for people with learning disabilities
- National Records Scotland website for COVID-19 related deaths
For statistics relating to hospitals and other areas of the NHS in Scotland, see NHS Scotland's Information Services Division (ISD).
See our health and social care topic for more information on policies, indicators and what social care is covered.
For more information on the National Care Service bill please see the National Care Service page and the national care service evidence papers.
Older publications related to health and social care are available in our website archive.
If you have any enquiries relating to social care analysis statistics then please contact us at:
Experience surveys: firstname.lastname@example.org
Scottish Health Survey: ScottishHealthSurvey@gov.scot
Social care: SWstat@gov.scot
Social Care Analysis Unit
The Scottish Government
St Andrews House
Any enquiries relating to statistics published by NHS Scotland can be sent to email@example.com
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