Publication - Strategy/plan

Sectoral marine plan: appropriate assessment

Assessment of the implications of the sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy for designated special areas of conservation special protection areas, candidate special areas of conservation and proposed special protection areas in view of the sites' conservation objectives.

Sectoral marine plan: appropriate assessment
Footnotes

Footnotes

1. See Offshore wind energy - draft sectoral marine plan: habitat regulations appraisal (Last accessed 17/09/20)

2. See further: David Tyldesley and Associates, 2015. Habitats and Regulations Appraisal of Plan. Guidance for Plan-Making Bodies in Scotland Version 3.0, January 2015 SNH Ref 1739.

3. SNH, Habitats Regulations Appraisal of Plans - Guidance for Plan-Making Bodies in Scotland (V 3.0, January 2015) (Last accessed: 17/06/20)

4. European Commission, Assessment of plans and projects significantly affecting Natura 2000 sites (2011).

5. Draft Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Energy – Consultation Analysis Report (Last accessed: 09/09/2020)

6. Marine Scotland, Draft Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Energy - Consultation Analysis Report (July 2020)

7. Draft Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Energy - Published Responses

8. Available on the Scottish Government Strategic Environmental Assessment Gateway (Last accessed: 09/09/2020)

9. SNH, Draft Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Energy (2019) - Response and comments from SNH (25 March 2020). (Last accessed: 19/06/20)

10. Woodward, I., Thaxter, C.B., Owen, E., and Cook, A.S.C.P., Desk-based revision of seabird foraging ranges used for HRA screening (2019). BTO Research Report Number 724.

11. See further, Paragraph 47 of SNH advice (25 March 2020)

12. Draft Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind - Response (Last accessed: 04/09/20)

13. Draft Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind - Response (Last accessed: 04/09/20)

14. Woodward, I., Thaxter, C.B., Owen, E. & Cook, A.S.C.P. 2019. Desk-based revision of seabird foraging ranges used for HRA screening, Report of work carried out by the British Trust for Ornithology on behalf of NIRAS and The Crown Estate, ISBN 978-1-912642-12-0.

15. See further, paragraph 2.3.10 (page 47).

16. Thaxter, C.B., Lascelles, B., Sugar, K., Cook, A.S.C.P., Roos, S., Bolton, M., Langston, R.H.W. and Burton, N.H.K Seabird foraging ranges as a preliminary tool for identifying candidate Marine Protected Areas (2012). Biological Conservation 156: 53-61.

17. Cleasby, I., Owen, E., Wilson, L., Wakefield E.D., O'Connell, P.,Bolton, M. 2020. Identifying important at-sea areas for seabirds using species distribution models and hotspot mapping. Biological Conservation. Volume 241, January 2020, 108375 and Wakefield, E.D., Owen, E., Baer, J., Carroll, M.J., Daunt, F., Dodd, S.G., Green, J.A., Guilford, T., Mavor, R.A., Miller, P.I., Newell, M.A., Newton, S.F., Robertson, G.S., Shoji, A., Soanes, L.M., Votier, S.C., Wanless, S., Bolton, M. 2017. Breeding density, fine-scale tracking, and large-scale modelling reveal the regional distribution of four seabird species. Ecological Applications, 27(7), 2017, pp. 2074-2091.

18. For further information, including copies of workshop presentations and the Workshop Report (May 2020), please visit nature.scot

19. Appendix C: Screening Table, Table C1 (Last accessed: 15/09/20)

20. Appendix D (Last accessed: 24/09/20)

21. Offshore wind energy - draft sectoral marine plan: habitat regulations appraisal

22. See further, HRA Report (2019), Section 7.7

23. Wilhelmsson, D., Malm, T., and Ohman, M., 2006. The influence of offshore wind power on demersal fish. ICES Journal of Marine Science 63, 775-784

24. Hawkins, A.D. & Myrberg Jr, A. A., 1983. Hearing and sound communication under water. In: Bioacoustics: A comparative approach (Ed. By B. Lewis), pp. 347-405: Academic Press.

25. DECC, 2009. UK Offshore Energy Strategic Assessment. Future leasing for Offshore Wind Farms and Licensing for Offshore Oil & Gas and Gas Storage. Environmental Report.

26. See further discussion, HRA Report (2019), Section 6.6

27. See further discussion, HRA Report (2019), Section 6.7.12

28. See further, HRA Report (2019), Section 6, Page 91

29. HRA Report (2019), Section 10.7.14 (Page 263)

30. E L Hague, R R Sinclair and C E Sparling. 2020. Regional baselines for marine mammal knowledge across the North Sea and Atlantic areas of Scottish waters. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 11 No 12

31. Harwood, J., Booth, C., Sinclair, R. and Hague, E. 2020. Developing marine mammal Dynamic Energy Budget models and their potential for integration into the iPCoD framework. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 11 No 11, 74pp. DOI: 10.7489/12328-1

32. R R Sinclair, C E Sparling and J Harwood. 2020. Review Of Demographic Parameters And Sensitivity Analysis To Inform Inputs And Outputs Of Population Consequences Of Disturbance Assessments For Marine Mammals. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 11 No 14, 74pp. DOI: 10.7489/12331-1

33. HRA Report (2019), Section 10.7.18 (Page 264)

34. Source: ABPmer, Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Energy HRA Report (2019), Table 2 (Page 51)

35. 'Temporal mitigation' on development was required for a number of DPOs (NE2, NE3, NE4, NE5, NE6 and E3). It was proposed that this would restrict development and would remain in place until such time that sufficient evidence was available regarding likely collision risk and kittiwake distribution to demonstrate that no AEOI would occur.

36. 'Temporal mitigation' on development was required for a number of DPOs (NE2, NE3, NE4, NE5, NE6 and E3). It was proposed that this would restrict development and would remain in place until such time that sufficient evidence was available to demonstrate that no AEOI would be realised.

37. Draft Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Energy: Strategic Habitats Regulations Appraisal. (accessed July 2020).

38. Woodward, I., Thaxter, C.B., Owen, E. & Cook, A.S.C.P. 2019. Desk-based revision of seabird foraging ranges used for HRA screening, Report of work carried out by the British Trust for Ornithology on behalf of NIRAS and The Crown Estate, ISBN 978-1-912642-12-0.

39. Thaxter, C.B., Lascelles, B., Sugar, K., Cook, A.S.C.P., Roos, S., Bolon, M., Langston, R.H.W. & Burton, N.H.K. 2012. Seabird foraging ranges as a preliminary tool for identifying candidate Marine Protected Areas. Biological Conservation 156: 53-61.

40. Cleasby, I., Owen, E., Wilson, L., Wakefield E.D., O'Connell, P.,Bolton, M. 2020. Identifying important at-sea areas for seabirds using species distribution models and hotspot mapping. Biological Conservation. Volume 241, January 2020, 108375

41. Wakefield, E.D., Owen, E., Baer, J., Carroll, M.J., Daunt, F., Dodd, S.G., Green, J.A., Guilford, T., Mavor, R.A., Miller, P.I., Newell, M.A., Newton, S.F., Robertson, G.S., Shoji, A., Soanes, L.M., Votier, S.C., Wanless, S., Bolton, M. 2017. Breeding density, fine-scale tracking, and large-scale modelling reveal the regional distribution of four seabird species. Ecological Applications, 27(7), 2017, pp. 2074-2091.

42. Woodward, I., Thaxter, C.B., Owen, E. & Cook, A.S.C.P. 2019. Desk-based revision of seabird foraging ranges used for HRA screening, Report of work carried out by the British Trust for Ornithology on behalf of NIRAS and The Crown Estate, ISBN 978-1-912642-12-0.

43. Cleasby, I., Owen, E., Wilson, L., Wakefield E.D., O'Connell, P.,Bolton, M. 2020. Identifying important at-sea areas for seabirds using species distribution models and hotspot mapping. Biological Conservation. Volume 241, January 2020, 108375

44. Wakefield, E.D., Owen, E., Baer, J., Carroll, M.J., Daunt, F., Dodd, S.G., Green, J.A., Guilford, T., Mavor, R.A., Miller, P.I., Newell, M.A., Newton, S.F., Robertson, G.S., Shoji, A., Soanes, L.M., Votier, S.C., Wanless, S., Bolton, M. 2017. Breeding density, fine-scale tracking, and large-scale modelling reveal the regional distribution of four seabird species. Ecological Applications, 27(7), 2017, pp. 2074-2091.

45. Furness, R.W., Wade, H.M. and Masden, E.A., 2013. Assessing vulnerability of marine bird populations to offshore wind farms. Journal of environmental management, 119, pp.56-66.

46. Pollock, C.M., Mavor, R., Weir, C.R., Reid, A., White, R.W., Tasker, M.L., Webb, A. and Reid, J.B., 2000. The distribution of seabirds and marine mammals in the Atlantic Frontier, north and west of Scotland. The distribution of seabirds and marine mammals in the Atlantic Frontier, north and west of Scotland, pp.1-92.

47. Woodward, I., Thaxter, C.B., Owen, E. & Cook, A.S.C.P. 2019. Desk-based revision of seabird foraging ranges used for HRA screening, Report of work carried out by the British Trust for Ornithology on behalf of NIRAS and The Crown Estate, ISBN 978-1-912642-12-0.


Contact

Email: sectoralmarineplanning@gov.scot