Scottish natural capital: ecosystem service accounts 2019

This publication, prepared by the Office of National Statistics (ONS), presents estimates of the quantity and value of ten services being supplied by Scottish natural capital.


An errata was published on 02/07/2019. In June 2019 an error was found in the grossing up of data from the Scottish Recreation Survey which was the primary data source for the estimated contribution made by Recreation to the partial asset value of Scottish natural capital. The effect of this error was to underestimate the average spend per visit on outdoor recreation in Scotland and consequently underestimate the overall partial asset value of Scottish natural capital. The corrected estimates are therefore higher. Corrections have been made to sections 2, 7 and 8 and to figures 22, 23, 25, 26, and 27. The PDF and HTML have been updated to reflect these changes.


1. Executive summary

2. Main points

3. Collaboration

4. Introduction

5. Provisioning services

6. Regulating services

7. Cultural services

8. Asset valuation

9. Quality and methodology

Annex: The Natural Capital Asset Index and the Natural Capital Accounts – How Do They Compare?

An Experimental Official Statistics publication for Scotland



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