The Scottish Health Survey 2011: Volume 1 - Adults

Annual report of the Scottish Health Survey for 2011. Volume focussing on adult health

This document is part of a collection


1. Grant, I., Springbett, A., and Graham, L. Alcohol attributable mortality and morbidity: alcohol population attributable fractions for Scotland, 2009. ISD Scotland/Scottish Public Health Observatory. <>

2. Changing Scotland's Relationship with Alcohol : A Framework for Action - Progress Report. February 2012. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. Available from: <>

3. Beeston C., Robinson M., Craig, N and Graham, L. Monitoring and Evaluating Scotland's Alcohol Strategy. Setting the Scene: Theory of change and baseline picture. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland; 2011. <>

4. Scottish Budget Spending Review 2007. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2007. [online] Available from: <>

See also: <>

5. See: <>

6. National Performance Framework: Changes to the National Indicator Set, Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2012. [online] Available from: <> See also: <>

7. The 2007 Better Health, Better Care action plan for improving health and health care in Scotland set out how NHS Scotland's HEAT performance management system (based around a series of targets against which the performance of its individual Boards are measured) would feed into the Government's overarching objectives. The HEAT targets derive their name from the four strands in the performance framework: the Health of the population; Efficiency and productivity, resources and workforce; Access to services and waiting times; and Treatment and quality of services.

8. ISD Scotland. (2012). Alcohol Brief Interventions 2011/12. Edinburgh: National Services Scotland. Available from: <>

9. ISD Scotland. (2012). National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Waiting Times Report: January - March 2012. Edinburgh: National Services Scotland. Available from: <>

10. Reid, S. (2009). Chapter 3: Alcohol consumption. In Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. [eds.] The 2008 Scottish Health Survey - Volume 1: Main Report. Edinburgh, Scottish Government. <>

11. Sharp, C. (2010). Chapter 3: Alcohol consumption. In Bromley, C., Given, L. and Ormston. R. [eds.] The 2009 Scottish Health Survey - Volume 1: Main Report. Edinburgh, Scottish Government. <>

12. Sharp, C. (2011). Chapter 3: Alcohol consumption. In Bromley, C. and Given, L. [eds.] The 2010 Scottish Health Survey - Volume 1: Main Report. Edinburgh, Scottish Government. <>

13. Changing Scotland's Relationship with Alcohol: A Framework for Action. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2009.

14. See: <>

15. See: <>

16. Alcohol (Minimum Pricing) (Scotland) Act 2012. See: <>

17. SPICe Briefing 12/34. 17 May 2012. Alcohol (Minimum Pricing) (Scotland) Bill: Stage 3. Scottish Parliament Information Centre. Available from: <>

18. Meier, P., Meng, Y., Hill-McManus, D. and Brennan, A. (2012). Model-Based Appraisal Of Alcohol Minimum Pricing And Off-Licensed Trade Discount Bans In Scotland Using The Sheffield Alcohol Policy Model (V 2):- Second Update Based On Newly Available Data. University of Sheffield. Available from: <!/file/scotlandjan.pdf>

19. Robinson, M., Beeston, C., Mackison, D.(2012). Monitoring and Evaluating Scotland's Alcohol Strategy (MESAS) - An update of alcohol sales and price band analyses. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland, 2012. Available from:

20. Drummond, C., Deluca, P., Oyefeso, A., Rome, A., Scrafton, S., Rice, P. (2009). Scottish Alcohol Needs Assessment. London: Institute of Psychiatry, King's College.

21. See for example the North West Public Health Observatory's Local Alcohol Profiles for England, which use these definitions - <>

22. For participants aged 16 and 17, details on alcohol consumption were collected as part of a special smoking and drinking self-completion questionnaire. Some 18 and 19 year olds also completed the self-completion if the interviewer felt it was appropriate. For all other adult participants, the information was collected as part of the face-to-face interview. The method of estimating consumption follows that originally developed for use in the General Household Survey and is also used in the Health Survey for England. For six types of alcoholic drink (normal strength beer/lager/cider/shandy, strong beer/lager/cider, spirits/liqueurs, fortified wines, wine, and alcoholic soft drinks), participants were asked about how often they had drunk each one in the past twelve months, and how much they had usually drunk on any one day. The amount given to the latter question was converted into units of alcohol, with a unit equal to half a pint of normal strength beer/lager/cider/alcoholic soft drink, a single measure of spirits, one glass of wine, or one small glass of fortified wine. A half pint of strong beer/lager/cider was equal to 1.5 units. The number of units was then multiplied by the frequency to give an estimate of weekly consumption of each type of drink. The frequency multipliers were:

Drinking frequency Multiplying factor
Almost every day 7.0
5 or 6 times a week 5.5
3 or 4 times a week 3.5
Once or twice a week 1.5
Once or twice a month 0.375
One every couple months 0.115
Once or twice a year 0.029

The separate consumption figures for each type of drink were rounded to two decimal places and then added together to give an overall weekly consumption figure. The results were then banded, using the same bands as the ones used in the 1995 Scottish Health Survey and in all years of the Health Survey for England. The bandings for men are as follows:

1 Under 1 unit (less than or equal to 0.50 units)

2 1-10 units (over 0.50 units, but less than or equal to 10.00 units)

3 Over 10-21 units (over 10.00 units, but less than or equal to 21.00 units)

4 Over 21-35 units (over 21.00 units, but less than or equal to 35.00 units)

5 Over 35-50 units (over 35.00 units, but less than or equal to 50.00 units)

6 Over 50 (over 50.00 units)

The bands for women were similar, but with breaks at 7, 14, 21 and 35 units, instead of 10, 21, 35 and 50.


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