Scottish farm business income: annual estimates 2022-2023

Farm business level estimates of average incomes for 2022-2023. An Accredited Official Statistics publication for Scotland.

This document is part of a collection

Data and methodology

Data source

Estimates of average farm business income in Scotland come from the Scottish Farm Business Survey. This is an annual survey of around 400 commercial-sized farms. Farms which are part-time, or with economic activity below approximately £20,000 are not included. Farms that do not receive support, such as pigs, poultry, and horticulture, are not included in the survey.



Methodology has been updated on 28 March 2024 to reflect the 2022-23 sample.

Data from the June Agricultural Census is used to weight the farm business income estimates. The FBS is representative of around 10,500 farms in Scotland, which in 2022-23 is around 19% of all farms included in the June Agricultural Census. These farms cover 63% of Scotland's agricultural land, account for 45% of the Scottish farming labour force, and produce 73% of total standard output. The survey is designed for coverage of commercial sized farms, and represents 95% of standard output from these farm types.

How to access background or source data

The data collected for this publication are available through supporting documents.


More detailed methodology information is available in the Scottish farm business incomes: Methodology document.

Related statistics

Similar surveys take place in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Full results for the United Kingdom are available online:

Similar data is collected by the European Union through the European Commission Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN):

European Commission | Agri-food data portal | Farm economics (

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For enquiries about this publication please contact:

Jay Gillam
Rural and Environmental Science and Analytical Services Statistics

For general enquiries about Scottish Government statistics please contact:

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