Scottish Employer Skills Survey 2020: Technical Report

Technical report for the Scottish Employer Skills Survey 2020.

Appendix B: Occupational coding

The occupational data collected in the survey were collected both pre-coded and verbatim. The former included the occupational breakdown of employment (question D5c to D8) where respondents were asked how many of their workforce fell into each of the nine major (one-digit) Standard Occupation Classification (SOC) 2010 categories (Managers, Directors and Senior Officials through to Elementary Occupations). However, on vacancy measures (for example the occupations in which vacancies existed at the time of the interview – question C7), this information was collected verbatim and then coded at the analysis stage, where possible to a four-digit level SOC. Table 9 below gives examples of the types of occupations included within occupational bandings.

Table 9: Examples of occupations that were included within each occupational group
Occupational group Primary sectors (Agriculture, Manufacturing, Construction, etc.) Service sectors (retail, business, finance, transport, etc.) Public sectors (Public Admin, Health, Education, etc.)
Managers, Directors and Senior Officials Site managers, Department Heads, Shift Managers (not supervisors) Directors, Managers / Branch/site managers, shift managers (not supervisors Police inspectors and above, department heads, Head teachers, Senior Officials
Professionals Professional engineers, software and IT professionals, accountants, chemists, scientific researchers Solicitors, lawyers, accountants, IT professionals, economists, architects, actuaries Doctors, nurses, midwives, teachers, social workers, librarians
Associate Professionals Science and engineering technicians, lab technicians, IT technicians, accounting technicians Insurance underwriters, finance/investment analysts and advisers, writers/journalists, buyers, estate agents Junior police/fire/prison officers, therapists, paramedics, community workers, health and safety officers, housing officers
Administrative staff Secretaries, receptionists, PAs, telephonists, bookkeepers Secretaries, receptionists, PAs, communication operators, market research interviewers, clerks Secretaries, receptionists, PAs, local government officers and assistants, office assistants, library and database assistants
Skilled Trades Farmers, electricians, machine setters / tool makers, carpenters, plasterers Motor mechanics, chefs, printers, TV engineers, butchers Chefs, cooks
Caring, Leisure and Other Service Occupations Care assistants, nursery nurses Travel agents, travel assistants, hairdressers, housekeepers Care assistants, home carers, nursery nurses, ambulance staff, pest control, dental nurses, caretakers
Sales and customer service occupations Customer facing roles: sales staff and call centre agents Sales assistants and retail cashiers, telesales, call centre agents Customer care operations
Process, plant and machine operatives Routine operatives, drivers, machine operators, sorters and assemblers HGV, van, fork-lift, bus and taxi drivers Drivers, vehicle inspectors
Elementary occupations Labourers, packers, goods handling and storage staff Bar staff, shelf fillers, catering assistants, waiters/waitresses, cleaners Labourers, cleaners, road sweepers, traffic wardens, security guards



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