Publication - Research publication

Management Of The Scottish Inshore Fisheries; Assessing The Options For Change

Published: 7 Jan 2015
Part of:
Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781785440427

An analysis of the impacts from different options for the management of the Scottish Inshore fisheries. In particular, the report provides an appraisal of scenarios related to restrictions on the use of mobile fishing gears within one and three nautical m

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375 page PDF

8.9 MB

Contents
Management Of The Scottish Inshore Fisheries; Assessing The Options For Change
8 THE BASELINE: SCOTTISH FISHERIES [36]

375 page PDF

8.9 MB

8 THE BASELINE: SCOTTISH FISHERIES [36]

8.1 Overview

In 2012, Scottish based vessels landed sea fish and shellfish into UK and abroad with a value of £466 million. This was a 9% decrease in value in real terms compared to 2011. There were 2,046 active Scottish based vessels in 2012, the lowest recorded number of vessels and 49 less than in the previous year. These vessels employed a total of 4,747 fishermen, the lowest recorded number and a decline of five per cent from 2011.

In 2012, Scottish vessels landed £166 million of pelagic species, accounting for 36% of the value of all Scottish vessel landings. Demersal species represented 31% of the value of landings and shellfish 34% of landings. Mackerel is the most valuable species to the Scottish fishing industry. It accounted for 28% of the total value of Scottish landings in 2012 and 79 per cent of the value of pelagic landings.

Landings abroad (£112 m accounted for 24% per cent of all landings by Scottish vessels. Of the quantity landed abroad 86 % was pelagic; 12% were demersal and 2% were shellfish. In 2012, there were 331,000 tonnes of sea fish and shellfish landed into Scotland by Scottish and non-Scottish vessels with a value of £419 million. This is a decrease of 14% in the value of landings from 2011.

8.2 The Scottish Fleet:

Table 8.2. Scottish based vessels by gear and length (2012)

Main fishing method 10m & under >10 -12 >12 -15 >15 -24 >24 -40 Over40 Total
Demersal single trawl 15 7 4 73 46 2 147
Demersal pair trawl - - - 9 9 - 18
Seine net - - - 13 11 1 25
Lines - - - - 13 2 15
Demersal gill nets 4 - - - 3 - 7
Demersal twin/mult trawl - - - 9 7 - 16
Beam trawl - - - - 3 1 4
Other demersal - - - 1 1 - 2
Demersal total 19 7 4 105 93 6 234
Purse seine - - - - - 4 4
Pelagic trawl - - - - - 20 20
Pelagic total - - - - - 24 24
Creel fishing 1,266 88 14 8 - - 1,376
Nephrops trawl 80 41 41 86 3 - 251
Mechanical dredging 17 6 16 37 12 1 89
Suction dredging 1 1 - - - - 2
Shell fishing by hand 65 4 1 - - - 70
Shellfish total 1,429 140 72 131 15 1 1,788
Total 1,448 147 76 236 108 31 2,046

The table above summarises the Scottish Fleet of 2,046 vessels as reported in the Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics. The relative importance in terms of numbers of under 10 m inshore vessels is apparent (1,448 vessels) and under 10 m using creels (1,266 vessels). In 2012, the number of > 10m vessels was 598, a loss of 27 vessels from 2011. The >10 m demersal sector consisted of 215 vessels, a decrease of 14 vessels, while the >10m shellfish sector reduced by 13 vessels to 359 vessels. The number of vessels in the > 10m pelagic sector was unchanged at 24 vessels. There were 1,448 vessels in the ten metre and under fleet, which represents a decrease of 22 vessels since 2011.

Fig 8.2. Scottish Fleet by District by Vessel Size by Species

Fig 8.2. Scottish Fleet by District by Vessel Size by Species

The figure above highlights the distribution of the Scottish fleet by district by vessel size by species category. In terms of vessel numbers, Stornoway was the district with the largest number of vessels under its responsibility. Three quarters of the 215 Stornoway vessels were in the ten metre and under category. Apart from Fraserburgh, Ayr and Peterhead where there are broadly similar numbers of 10m and under vessels and over 10m vessels, most districts have far more ten metre and under vessels than over 10m.

8.3 Employment in the Catching Sector

From the table below were 4,747 people employed on Scottish based vessels. Of these 3752 were regularly employed with 941 being part-time or irregularly employed. It is noted that the Fraserburgh district office and the port itself are within the East Coast IFG, though the other seven associated ports of the Fraserburgh Office are almost entirely within the Moray Firth and North Coast IFG.

It is probably more sensible to assign the employment associated with the Fraserburgh district to MF& NC. With Fraserburgh located within the MF& NC IFG, then the South West IFG contains the administrative bases whose boats employ the most people, followed by MF& NC and the East Coast.

Table 8.3. Nos. Employed on Scottish based vessels, by district, by notional IFG: 2012

IFG District Regularly Employed Irregularly Employed Crofters Total
South West Ayr 507 74 - 581
Campbeltown 279 44 - 323
Oban 231 - - 231
Total 1017 118 - 1135
North West Kinlochbervie 39 - 1 40
Lochinver 19 2 2 23
Mallaig 92 7 - 99
Portree 152 34 34 220
Ullapool 124 36 - 160
Total 426 79 37 542
Outer Hebrides Stornoway 298 56 17 371
. Buckie 136 48 - 184
Scrabster 111 - - 111
Fraserburgh 643 154 - 797
Total 1017 202 - 1092
Orkney Orkney 235 119 - 354
East Coast Aberdeen 78 34 - 112
Anstruther 114 51 - 165
Eyemouth 116 50 - 166
Peterhead 347 31 - 378
Total 655 166 - 821
Shetland Shetland 231 201 - 432
All Scotland Total 3752 941 54 4747

8.4 Scottish Landings

The Table below presents the landing by Scottish vessels in Scottish ports. For the purposes of this table, Fraserburgh has been allocated to the MF& NC IFG.

The dominance of Peterhead in the East IFG is readily apparent, though the vast majority of the Peterhead catch will caught by large vessels fishing outside the 6 NM IFG area. Indeed, Peterhead is one of the smaller districts in terms vessel numbers with the Peterhead Fishery Office responsible for only 96 vessels. Neither is Peterhead the most important district in terms of employment on fishing vessels. With respect catches within the East Coast IFG, the catch of Peterhead vessels might not be particularly significant.

Table 8.4.1 Landings by Scottish Vessels by Landing District by Notional IFG Area 2012 [37]

IFG District Value (£ '000)
South West Ayr 12,693
Campbeltown 12,879
Oban 8380
Total 33,952
North West Kinlochbervie 13,538
Lochinver 6,307
Mallaig 12,063
Portree 7,901
Ullapool 11,895
Total 51,704
Outer Hebrides Stornoway 10,756
MF& NC Buckie 3,136
Scrabster 20,298
Fraserburgh 35,459
Total 58,893
Orkney Orkney 6,491
East Coast Aberdeen 4,215
Anstruther 4,514
Eyemouth 6,187
Peterhead 109,947
Total 124,863
Shetland Shetland 44,604
All Scotland Total 331,263

The table below presents the landings by all Scottish and non-Scottish vessels by the main species groups by district by notional IFG.

The three largest individual districts in Scotland in terms of landings were; Peterhead (East Coast IFG), Shetland and Fraserburgh ( MF& NC IFG). These three districts accounted for 57% in value of all landings into Scotland. One hundred and fifty two thousand tonnes, worth £142 m, were landed into Peterhead of which 49% were pelagic species. Landings into Shetland were valued at £59m, pelagic species accounted for 57 per cent of this value, whilst demersal species accounted for 36% and shellfish species for 7%. The third biggest district, Fraserburgh, was dominated by shellfish landings, representing over half the value of the landings.

Landings into the South West IFG districts, the Outer Hebrides IFG and Orkney were dominated by shellfish, while demersal landing dominate landings into the North West IFG districts. Shellfish is more important in most East Coast districts with the notable exception of Peterhead. The relative importance of the major species groups is quite varied across the MF& NC districts.

Table 8.4.2 Value of all landings by main species groups by district by notional IFG area (2012) [38]

IFG District Total demersal Total pelagic Total shellfish Total landings (£'000)
South West Ayr £6 £15 £13,915 £13,936
Campbeltown £17 £97 £15,961 £16,075
Oban £30 £1 £8,787 £8,818
Total £53 £113 £38,663 £38,829
North West Kinlochbervie £11,344 £10 £2,578 £13,932
Lochinver £28,859 £0 £3,082 £31,940
Mallaig £2,543 £372 £9,883 £12,798
Portree £11 £4 £7,931 £7,946
Ullapool £8,366 £48 £6,473 £14,887
Total £51,123 £434 £29,947 £81,503
Outer Hebrides Stornoway £161 £0 £10,605 £10,766
MF& NC Buckie £115 £34 £3,012 £3,161
Scrabster £18,730 £4 £6,546 £25,279
Fraserburgh £6,126 £10,907 £19,537 £36,570
Total £24,971 £10,945 £29,095 £65,010
Orkney Orkney £52 £20 £6,418 £6,491
East Coast Aberdeen £77 £58 £4,193 £4,328
Anstruther £2 £34 £4,501 £4,537
Eyemouth £297 £46 £6,582 £6,925
Peterhead £61,932 £69,504 £10,205 £141,641
Total £62,308 £69,642 £25,481 £157,431
Shetland Shetland £21,536 £33,632 £3,955 £59,124
All Scotland Total £160,204 £114,786 £144,164 £419,154

8.5 Scottish Inshore Fisheries

The official statistics do not present data for landings from each of the IFG areas (i.e. within 6 NM of the shore). The data that exist (see above) do not provide any meaningful insight into what is happening within 6 nm. It has therefore been necessary to estimate landings from catches in the different sea areas based on VMS and Scotmap data. The procedures used were described in Section 6.

Our baseline catch estimates for the entire Scottish Inshore Fisheries area for 2011 are presented below. These are the summation of the estimates for each of the IFG areas, the results of which are presented in later sections.

8.6 Scotland: Baseline Inshore Fishery 2011 Catch Estimates

8.6.1 Scotland Zone 0-1 nm

Table 8.6.1 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone

SCOTLAND 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £229,485 £0 £0 £0 £0 £229,485
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £4,758,325 £0 £0 £4,758,325
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £202,036 £0 £0 £0 £202,036
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £2,027,957 £0 £2,027,957
Pots Val £0 £0 £8,394,516 £0 £12,320,115 £20,714,631
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £2,211,087 £136,046 £2,347,134
Total Val £229,485 £202,036 £13,152,842 £4,239,045 £12,456,161 £30,279,568

Table 8.6.2 Scotland: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

SCOTLAND 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val £1,760,238 £2,068 £300,954 £0 £0 £72,921 £2,136,181
Vol 1,111 2 91 0 0 17 1,222
Nephrops
Trawl
Val £105,701 £155 £3,546,211 £112 £25,386 £8,514 £3,686,078
Vol 76 0 1,281 0 57 3 1,416
Pelagic
Trawl
Val £0 £2,166,659 £0 £0 £0 £0 £2,166,659
Vol 0 1,840 0 0 0 0 1,840
Other
Trawl
Val £3,327 £63,944 £5,776 £0 £0 £310,939 £383,985
Vol 3 127 2 0 0 55 187
Dredge Val £118 £258 £0 £2,275,146 £48,734 £2,105 £2,326,362
Vol 0 0 0 1,171 122 0 1,294
Pots Val £1,245 £0 £43,404 £319 £0 £336,724 £381,692
Vol 1 0 7 0 0 196 205
Total Val £1,870,629 £2,233,083 £3,896,344 £2,275,577 £74,120 £731,203 £11,080,957
Vol 1,192 1,970 1,381 1,171 179 271 6,164

Table 8.6.3 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone

SCOTLAND 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £1,989,723 £2,068 £300,954 £0 £72,921 £2,365,666
Nephrops Trawl Val £105,701 £155 £8,304,536 £25,497 £8,514 £8,444,403
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £2,166,659 £0 £0 £0 £2,166,659
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £202,036 £0 £0 £0 £202,036
Other Trawl Val £3,327 £63,944 £5,776 £0 £310,939 £383,985
Dredge Val £118 £258 £0 £4,351,837 £2,105 £4,354,319
Pots Val £1,245 £0 £8,437,920 £319 £12,656,839 £21,096,323
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £2,211,087 £136,046 £2,347,134
Total Val £2,100,114 £2,435,119 £17,049,186 £6,588,742 £13,187,364 £41,360,524

8.6.2 Scotland Zone 0-3 nm

Table 8.6.4 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone

SCOTLAND 3 NM DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £553,833 £0 £0 £0 £0 £553,833
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £10,444,086 £0 £0 £10,444,086
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £430,775 £0 £0 £0 £430,775
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £3,669,255 £0 £3,669,255
Pots Val £0 £0 £13,973,793 £0 £18,947,476 £32,921,269
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £2,818,896 £219,346 £3,038,242
Total Val £553,833 £430,775 £24,417,879 £6,488,151 £19,166,822 £51,057,460

Table 8.6.5 Scotland: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

SCOTLAND 3 NM DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val £3,614,583 £3,392 £670,359 £0 £0 £210,790 £4,499,124
Vol 2,217 3 202 0 0 47 2,470
Nephrops
Trawl
Val £166,114 £552 £7,772,306 £335 £31,028 £14,889 £7,985,223
Vol 122 0 2,895 0 70 4 3,092
Pelagic
Trawl
Val £0 £9,933,972 £0 £0 £0 £0 £9,933,972
Vol 0 7,520 0 0 0 0 7,520
Other
Trawl
Val £8,343 £105,765 £14,463 £0 £0 £916,937 £1,045,508
Vol 7 175 5 0 0 171 358
Dredge Val £2,407 £469 £0 £4,149,709 £141,861 £4,605 £4,299,051
Vol 1 0 0 2,114 359 1 2,475
Pots Val £1,245 £0 £75,439 £461 £0 £561,615 £638,761
Vol 1 0 13 0 0 357 372
Total Val £3,792,692 £10,044,150 £8,532,568 £4,150,505 £172,889 £1,708,836 £28,401,640
Vol 2,350 7,699 3,116 2,114 428 580 16,287

Table 8.6.6 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone

SCOTLAND 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £4,168,417 £3,392 £670,359 £0 £210,790 £5,052,958
Nephrops Trawl Val £166,114 £552 £18,216,393 £31,362 £14,889 £18,429,309
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £9,933,972 £0 £0 £0 £9,933,972
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £430,775 £0 £0 £0 £430,775
Other Trawl Val £8,343 £105,765 £14,463 £0 £916,937 £1,045,508
Dredge Val £2,407 £469 £0 £7,960,825 £4,605 £7,968,306
Pots Val £1,245 £0 £14,049,232 £461 £19,509,091 £33,560,029
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £2,818,896 £219,346 £3,038,242
Total Val £4,346,526 £10,474,926 £32,950,447 £10,811,544 £20,875,657 £79,459,100

8.6.3 Scotland Zone 0-6 nm

Table 8.6.7 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone

SCOTLAND 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £958,378 £0 £0 £0 £0 £958,378
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £15,148,674 £0 £0 £15,148,674
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £555,290 £0 £0 £0 £555,290
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £4,628,240 £0 £4,628,240
Pots Val £0 £0 £17,215,308 £0 £23,403,156 £40,618,464
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £3,044,609 £236,253 £3,280,861
Total Val £958,378 £555,290 £32,363,982 £7,672,848 £23,639,408 £65,189,907

Table 8.6.8 Scotland: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

SCOTLAND 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val £5,707,750 £4,088 £883,679 £0 £0 £258,695 £6,854,212
Vol 5,015 8 525 0 0 93 5,641
Nephrops
Trawl
Val £281,009 £1,716 £11,734,948 £335 £33,908 £25,290 £12,077,205
Vol 210 1 4,435 0 76 7 4,731
Pelagic
Trawl
Val £38,616 £24,682,419 £0 £0 £0 £0 £24,721,036
Vol 0 18,540 0 0 0 0 18,540
Other
Trawl
Val £10,856 £424,281 £16,957 £0 £0 £1,194,926 £1,647,021
Vol 10 401 6 0 0 224 641
Dredge Val £3,101 £727 £0 £5,241,124 £239,661 £6,411 £5,491,024
Vol 2 1 0 2,675 609 1 3,288
Pots Val £1,245 £0 £100,734 £461 £0 £997,479 £1,099,919
Vol 1 0 11 0 0 288 301
Total Val £6,042,576 £25,113,232 £12,736,319 £5,241,920 £273,569 £2,482,801 £51,890,417
Vol 5,238 18,952 4,977 2,676 685 613 33,142

Table 8.6.9 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone

SCOTLAND 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £6,666,128 £4,088 £883,679 £0 £258,695 £7,812,590
Nephrops Trawl Val £281,009 £1,716 £26,883,622 £34,242 £25,290 £27,225,879
Pelagic Trawl Val £38,616 £24,682,419 £0 £0 £0 £24,721,036
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £555,290 £0 £0 £0 £555,290
Other Trawl Val £10,856 £424,281 £16,957 £0 £1,194,926 £1,647,021
Dredge Val £3,101 £727 £0 £10,109,025 £6,411 £10,119,264
Pots Val £1,245 £0 £17,316,041 £461 £24,400,635 £41,718,383
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £3,044,609 £236,253 £3,280,861
Total Val £7,000,955 £25,668,522 £45,100,300 £13,188,337 £26,122,210 £117,080,324

8.6.4 Scotland Zone 0-12 nm

Table 8.6.10 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone

SCOTLAND 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £1,021,875 £0 £0 £0 £0 £1,021,875
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £16,791,536 £0 £0 £16,791,536
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £597,203 £0 £0 £0 £597,203
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £4,884,217 £0 £4,884,217
Pots Val £0 £0 £17,607,960 £0 £24,837,207 £42,445,168
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £3,044,609 £236,253 £3,280,861
Total Val £1,021,875 £597,203 £34,399,496 £7,928,826 £25,073,460 £69,020,859

Table 8.6.11 Scotland: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

SCOTLAND 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val £13,816,407 £5,927 £1,317,273 £0 £0 £403,931 £15,543,537
Vol 8,184 6 390 0 0 98 8,677
Nephrops
Trawl
Val £727,204 £2,076 £17,177,054 £335 £134,278 £59,333 £18,100,280
Vol 548 2 6,200 0 298 18 7,065
Pelagic
Trawl
Val £0 £52,218,478 £0 £0 £0 £0 £52,218,478
Vol 0 39,618 0 0 0 0 39,618
Other
Trawl
Val £17,602 £1,228,480 £17,580 £0 £0 £1,434,097 £2,697,759
Vol 16 1,174 6 0 0 271 1,466
Dredge Val £8,159 £727 £0 £6,508,959 £1,260,367 £6,443 £7,784,655
Vol 5 1 0 3,295 3,159 1 6,460
Pots Val £7,197 £517,581 £102,443 £461 £0 £2,336,662 £2,964,344
Vol 7 976 18 0 0 1,751 2,753
Total Val £14,576,569 £53,973,269 £18,614,350 £6,509,755 £1,394,645 £4,240,466 £99,309,053
Vol 8,758 41,776 6,614 3,295 3,457 2,139 66,039

Table 8.6.12 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone

SCOTLAND 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £14,838,282 £5,927 £1,317,273 £0 £403,931 £16,565,412
Nephrops Trawl Val £727,204 £2,076 £33,968,590 £134,613 £59,333 £34,891,816
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £52,218,478 £0 £0 £0 £52,218,478
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £597,203 £0 £0 £0 £597,203
Other Trawl Val £17,602 £1,228,480 £17,580 £0 £1,434,097 £2,697,759
Dredge Val £8,159 £727 £0 £12,653,543 £6,443 £12,668,872
Pots Val £7,197 £517,581 £17,710,403 £461 £27,173,869 £45,409,511
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £3,044,609 £236,253 £3,280,861
Total Val £15,598,443 £54,570,471 £53,013,846 £15,833,226 £29,313,926 £168,329,912

8.6.5 Scotland Summary Tables

Table 8.6.13 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Scotland 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Demersal Trawl £2,365,666 5.7% £5,052,958 6.4% £7,812,590 6.7% £16,565,412 9.8%
Nephrops Trawl £8,444,403 20.4% £18,429,309 23.2% £27,225,879 23.3% £34,891,816 20.7%
Pelagic Trawl £2,166,659 5.2% £9,933,972 12.5% £24,721,036 21.1% £52,218,478 31.0%
Pelagic Lines £202,036 0.5% £430,775 0.5% £555,290 0.5% £597,203 0.4%
Other Trawl £383,985 0.9% £1,045,508 1.3% £1,647,021 1.4% £2,697,759 1.6%
Dredge £4,354,319 10.5% £7,968,306 10.0% £10,119,264 8.6% £12,668,872 7.5%
Pots £21,096,323 51.0% £33,560,029 42.2% £41,718,383 35.6% £45,409,511 27.0%
Hand Dive £2,347,134 5.7% £3,038,242 3.8% £3,280,861 2.8% £3,280,861 1.9%
Total £41,360,524 100.0% £79,459,100 100.0% £117,080,324 100.0% £168,329,912 100.0%
% 24.6% 47.2% 69.6% 100.0%

Table 8.6.14 C Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone

Scotland 0-1nm % 1-3nm % 3-6nm % 6-12nm %
Demersal Trawl £2,365,666 5.7% £2,687,292 7.1% £2,759,633 7.3% £8,752,822 17.1%
Nephrops Trawl £8,444,403 20.4% £9,984,906 26.2% £8,796,570 23.4% £7,665,937 15.0%
Pelagic Trawl £2,166,659 5.2% £7,767,313 20.4% £14,787,064 39.3% £27,497,442 53.7%
Pelagic Lines £202,036 0.5% £228,740 0.6% £124,515 0.3% £41,913 0.1%
Other Trawl £383,985 0.9% £661,523 1.7% £601,512 1.6% £1,050,738 2.1%
Dredge £4,354,319 10.5% £3,613,987 9.5% £2,150,957 5.7% £2,549,608 5.0%
Pots £21,096,323 51.0% £12,463,706 32.7% £8,158,354 21.7% £3,691,128 7.2%
Hand Dive £2,347,134 5.7% £691,108 1.8% £242,619 0.6% £0 0.0%
Total £41,360,524 100.0% £38,098,575 100.0% £37,621,224 100.0% £51,249,588 100.0%

Table 8.6.15 Scotland: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Scotland 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Fixed £21,096,323 51.0% £33,560,029 42.2% £41,718,383 35.6% £45,409,511 27.0%
Mobile £17,715,032 42.8% £42,430,054 53.4% £71,525,790 61.1% £119,042,337 70.7%
Other £2,549,169 6.2% £3,469,017 4.4% £3,836,151 3.3% £3,878,064 2.3%
Total £41,360,524 100.0% £79,459,100 100.0% £117,080,324 100.0% £168,329,912 100.0%

Table 8.6.16 Scotland: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Scotland 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Small £30,279,568 73.2% £51,057,460 64.3% £65,189,907 55.7% £69,020,859 41.0%
Large £11,080,957 26.8% £28,401,640 35.7% £51,890,417 44.3% £99,309,053 59.0%
Total £41,360,524 100.0% £79,459,100 100.0% £117,080,324 100.0% £168,329,912 100.0%

Table 8.6.17 Scotland: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

Scotland 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Finfish £4,535,233 11.0% £14,821,451 18.7% £32,669,476 27.9% £70,168,915 41.7%
Shellfish £36,825,292 89.0% £64,637,649 81.3% £84,410,847 72.1% £98,160,997 58.3%
Total £41,360,524 100.0% £79,459,100 100.0% £117,080,324 100.0% £168,329,912 100.0%

The following sections provide the detailed catch estimates for each of the IFG areas.

Collectively, these results provide a comprehensive and very detailed picture of Scottish inshore fish catches by each gear type within 0-1, 0-3, 0-6 and 0-12 nm from the shore.

The primary focus of this study is the 0-1 and 0-3 NM zones. The summary results for these two zones have been brought forward and are presented in the Table below.

Table 8.6.18 Catch Value by IFG within 1 and 3 NM (£'000s)

Demersal Trawl N'ps Trawl Pelagic Trawl Pelagic Lines Other Trawl Dredge Pots Hand Dive Total
South West 1nm £16 £3,827 £77 £5 £2 £1,795 £5,782 £963 £12,465
3nm £34 £7,983 £83 £9 £5 £3,264 £8,783 £1,212 £21,372
North West 1nm £500 £1,716 £30 £12 £2 £390 £5,497 £292 £8,440
3nm £843 £4,080 £39 £17 £6 £676 £9,039 £360 £15,059
Outer Hebrides 1nm £36 £589 £1 £1 £1 £296 £2,826 £236 £3,986
3nm £66 £1,180 £265 £2 £2 £490 £5,381 £358 £7,745
MF& NC 1nm £262 £1,030 £0 £94 £257 £115 £1,692 £64 £3,513
3nm £871 £2,111 £14 £162 £612 £518 £2,272 £102 £6,662
Orkney 1nm £14 £121 £0 £0 £1 £73 £2,576 £734 £3,519
3nm £42 £182 £0 £0 £0 £213 £2,712 £879 £4,029
East Coast 1nm £634 £1,160 £0 £85 £110 £56 £1,771 £59 £3,875
3nm £845 £2,875 £0 £211 £370 £187 £3,937 £127 £8,553
Shetland 1nm £903 £3 £2,059 £4 £11 £1,631 £952 £0 £5,563
3nm £2,352 £19 £9,534 £30 £49 £2,620 £1,436 £0 £16,040
Scotland 1nm £2,365 £8,446 £2,167 £201 £384 £4,356 £21,096 £2,348 £41,361
5.7% 20.4% 5.2% 0.5% 0.9% 10.5% 51.0% 5.7% 100.0%
3nm £5,053 £18,430 £9,935 £431 £1,044 £7,968 £33,560 £3,038 £79,460
6.4% 23.2% 12.5% 0.5% 1.3% 10.0% 42.2% 3.8% 100.0%

It is estimated that landings worth £41.2 m are taken within 0-1 NM of the shore by Scottish vessels. Within 0-3 NM of the shore, £79.5m is caught by Scottish vessels of which £33.6m is taken by pots.

The total recorded landing by all Scottish vessels into Scottish ports in 2011 was £331.3m [39] . The baseline estimates of this study suggest that £41.2m (12.4%) of this value was caught 0-1 NM from the shore and, £79.5m (24%) within 0-3 NM of the shore. The comparable percentages for 0-6 NM and 0-12 NM are 35.3% and 50.8%, respectively.

It would appear that within 1 NM of the shore, pots are responsible for over 50% of the catch by value, with Nephrop trawls and dredges taking 20% and 10% respectively. Beyond 1 NM a smaller percentage is taken by pots. In the 0-3 NM zone the share of the catch taken by pots falls to 42%. The share of the catch taken by Nephrop trawls rises to 23% and pelagic trawls become more significant (12.5%) but only because of the amount of pelagic activity around Shetland.

We were aware of only one other estimate of inshore catches. Homarus (2010) in a study for the Scottish Government estimated the value of inshore landings for 0-6 NM in 2009. These estimates are presented in the table below.

Table 8.6.19 Homarus Estimates of Inshore Catches (£'000)2009

Species Group Catch Value 0-6nm Landings Value All Scotland
Total Demersal 1,011 150,171
Total Pelagic 346 151,582
Total Shellfish 76,289 135,985
Total 77,646 437,711

Homarus were not explicit about how these estimates generated. Though they do comment that MS Compliance at the time thought the total might be closer to £60m. The Homarus estimate has been widely used as a descriptor of all Scotland's inshore fisheries.

It is clear that there is a substantial difference between Homarus and our estimated total of £117.1m caught within 0-6nm. Indeed, notwithstanding the different years our estimate is almost double what MS Compliance believed.

It is possible that Marine Scotland have been under appreciating the importance of the 0-6 NM zone, which prior to Scotmap and VMS was perfectly understandable, or this study has overestimated inshore catches. It is interesting to note that £52 m of our estimate is from VMS data for the over 15m fleet which confers a level of credibility. The remaining £65.2m is derived from Scotmap.

Another possibility is that the Homarus estimates excluded Shetland, whose catch within 0-6 NM we estimate to be £32.8m (See Section 15). The addition of our Shetland estimate would raise the Homarus estimate to £110.4m which is within the margins of error.

On the basis of this study, we estimate that £117.1m worth of fish and shellfish is caught by Scottish vessels within 0-6mn of the Scottish shore, or £84.3m if you exclude Shetland.


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