Publication - Research publication

Management Of The Scottish Inshore Fisheries; Assessing The Options For Change

Published: 7 Jan 2015
Part of:
Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781785440427

An analysis of the impacts from different options for the management of the Scottish Inshore fisheries. In particular, the report provides an appraisal of scenarios related to restrictions on the use of mobile fishing gears within one and three nautical m

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375 page PDF

8.9 MB

Contents
Management Of The Scottish Inshore Fisheries; Assessing The Options For Change
14 THE BASELINE: EAST COAST (IFG 6)

375 page PDF

8.9 MB

14 THE BASELINE: EAST COAST ( IFG 6)

14.1 Introduction to Area

The East Coast IFG extends from the east of Sandhaven down to the Scottish border. It is comprised of the former South East IFG and the embryonic East Coast IFG. Attaching data zones populations to the nearest IFG produces a notional population of 2.4million, which is a similar order of magnitude as for the South West IFG. Accordingly recreational values as well as general public values are likely to be highly significant.

Figure 14.1 East Coast IFG Area

Figure 14.1 East Coast IFG Area

The largest inshore fleet segment comprises vessels targeting Nephrops. Lobsters are also important. Much of the lobster effort is part of a mixed fishery with brown crab, and velvet crab. This mixed fishery has developed over the years and enables a longer season than would be afforded by a single species fishery. Lobsters are caught primarily from the rocky coastal fringes. Brown crab are found softer ground and in deeper water locations and can migrate quite large distances. Velvet crab have become increasingly important with much of the catch sold abroad. The local King Scallop stocks are exploited by nomadic vessels.

With higher prices, hand lining for mackerel is now more important though constrained by quota. Creel fishermen can feasibly divert to mackerel hand lining.

The squid fishery is sporadic and local fishery operators informed us that this fiahery had expended in recent years. Exploitation can take place quite close to the shore. [40] There are four Fishery Districts which cover the IFG area.

Table 14.1 East Coast Fishery Districts and Their Administrative Ports.

Eyemouth ( FO*) Aberdeen ( FO*) Peterhead ( FO*) Pittenweem
Burnmouth Aberdeen Boddam Anstruther ( FO*)
Cove Arbroath Peterhead Burntisland
Dunbar Catterline Port Errol Crail
Eyemouth Gourdon Methil
Granton Johnshaven Leven
North Berwick Montrose Pittenweem
Port Seton Stonehaven St Andrews
St Abbs St Monans

With respect to recreational activity, East Coast sites such as St Abbs and Eyemouth off the Berwickshire attract divers from all over the UK. Recreational sea angling is also significant. In the summer months, there is good mixed shore fishing and in the winter months migrating cod come in closer. Many angling clubs from across Scotland make regular trips to compete in competitions. Compared with shore angling effort, own boat angling is less popular, reflecting the difficult sea condition that smaller vessels encounter in the North Sea. Radford et al (2009) reported that local experts calculated 8,000 angler days over the winter months a significant percentage of these are visitors to Scotland, particularly from the North East of England. Another 3,000 angler days of fishing effort is estimated to be expended during the summer months targeting general species, as many as 50% of these days will be visitor angling effort.

14.2 Active Vessels by District and Gear Type

Table 14.2 East Coast IFG Active Vessels by District and Gear Type

10m & under Aberdeen Anstruther Peterhead Eyemouth Total
Nephrop Trawls 2 11 1 12 26
Creel fishing 76 97 44 72 289
Other2 1 1 3 2 7
Total 79 109 48 86 322
Over 10m Pelagic Purse seine - - 2 - 2
Pelagic trawl - - 2 - 2
Other - - - -
Total - - 4 - 4
Demersal Trawl3 1 - 32 5 38
Seine - - 5 1 6
Lines - - - -
Other4 - - 1 - 1
Total 1 - 38 6 45
Shellfish Nephrop trawls 4 11 5 11 31
Creel fishing 3 1 - 2 6
Other 1 - 1 - 2
Total 8 12 6 13 39
Total Over 10 m 9 12 48 19 88
Total All Vessels 88 121 96 105 410

14.3 East Coast IFG Employment by District

Table 14.3 East Coast IFG Catching Sector Employment by District

District Regularly Employed Irregularly Employed Total
Aberdeen 78 34 112
Anstruther 114 51 165
Eyemouth 116 50 166
Peterhead 347 31 378
Total 655 166 821

Source Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics 2012

14.4 East Coast Landings

Table 14.4 East Coast IFG Landings by District by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

All Vessels Scottish Vessels
District Total demersal Total pelagic Total shellfish Total landings (£'000) Total Landings (£ '000)
Aberdeen £77 £58 £4,193 £4,328 4,215
Anstruther £2 £34 £4,501 £4,537 4,514
Eyemouth £297 £46 £6,582 £6,925 6,187
Peterhead £61,932 £69,504 £10,205 £141,641 109,947
Total £62,308 £69,642 £25,481 £157,431 124,863

Source Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics 2012 , Tables 1.6 and 1.7

Peterhead is quite different from the other districts, being swamped by the demersal and pelagic landings at Peterhead itself. The pelagic and demersal fish landed at Peterhead were mostly caught outside the IFG area.

14.5 Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area

he table below summarises fishery closures specified within "The Inshore Fishing (Prohibition of Fishing and Fishing Methods) (Scotland) Order 2004" which directly relate to the East Coast IFG area.

PROHIBITION OF FISHING FOR SEA FISH WITH MOBILE OR ACTIVE GEAR

Area Period of prohibition
Doolie Ness to Lang Craig In respect of waters (a) within 1 mile of MHWS tides 1st January to 31st March and 1st October to 31st December each year; and (b) within 0.5 mile of MHWS tides 1st April to 30th September in each year
Lang Craig to Arbroath In respect of waters within 2 miles of MHWS tides 1st January to 31st December in each year
St Andrews Bay 1st January to 31st December in each year
St Abbs Eyemouth Area In respect of waters within 1 mile of MHWS tides 1st January to 31st December in each year.

14.6 East Coast Baseline Catch Estimates ( IFG 6)

14.6.1 East Coast Zone 0-1 nm

Table 14.6.1 IFG 6 Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone

EAST COAST 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £27,426 £0 £0 £0 £0 £27,426
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £689,000 £0 £0 £689,000
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £85,490 £0 £0 £0 £85,490
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £4,396 £0 £4,396
Pots Val £0 £0 £12,446 £0 £1,758,526 £1,770,972
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £58,934 £58,934
Total Val £27,426 £85,490 £701,446 £4,396 £1,817,460 £2,636,217

Table 14.6.2 IFG 6: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

EAST COAST 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val £582,742 £1,453 £14,682 £0 £0 £7,858 £606,735
Vol 422 1 3 0 0 2 429
Nephrops
Trawl
Val £56,482 £102 £409,551 £112 £0 £4,430 £470,676
Vol 37 0 128 0 0 1 166
Pelagic
Trawl
Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other
Trawl
Val £1,061 £58,472 £498 £0 £0 £49,848 £109,880
Vol 1 123 0 0 0 9 133
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £51,215 £0 £0 £51,215
Vol 0 0 0 31 0 0 31
Pots Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Val £640,285 £60,027 £424,731 £51,327 £0 £62,137 £1,238,507
Vol 461 124 131 31 0 12 759

Table 14.6.3 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone

EAST COAST 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £610,168 £1,453 £14,682 £0 £7,858 £634,161
Nephrops Trawl Val £56,482 £102 £1,098,551 £112 £4,430 £1,159,676
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £85,490 £0 £0 £0 £85,490
Other Trawl Val £1,061 £58,472 £498 £0 £49,848 £109,880
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £55,611 £0 £55,611
Pots Val £0 £0 £12,446 £0 £1,758,526 £1,770,972
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £58,934 £58,934
Total Val £667,711 £145,517 £1,126,177 £55,722 £1,879,596 £3,874,724

14.6.2 East Coast Zone 0-3 nm

Table 14.6.4 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone

EAST COAST 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £86,665 £0 £0 £0 £0 £86,665
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £2,153,020 £0 £0 £2,153,020
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £211,484 £0 £0 £0 £211,484
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £14,165 £0 £14,165
Pots Val £0 £0 £30,420 £0 £3,906,175 £3,936,595
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £127,196 £127,196
Total Val £86,665 £211,484 £2,183,440 £14,165 £4,033,372 £6,529,125

Table 14.6.5 IFG 6: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

EAST COAST 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val 722,083 1,685 22,718 0 0 11,837 758,324
Vol 526 1 5 0 0 2 535
Nephrops
Trawl
Val 78,091 461 636,371 335 0 6,661 721,918
Vol 52 0 204 0 0 2 258
Pelagic
Trawl
Val 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other
Trawl
Val 2,344 90,775 632 0 0 276,286 370,038
Vol 2 163 0 0 0 53 218
Dredge Val 0 0 0 173,309 0 0 173,309
Vol 0 0 0 79 0 0 79
Pots Val 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Val £802,519 £92,921 £659,722 £173,644 £0 £294,784 £2,023,590
Vol 580 164 209 79 0 58 1,090

Table 14.6.6 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone

EAST COAST 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £808,748 £1,685 £22,718 £0 £11,837 £844,988
Nephrops Trawl Val £78,091 £461 £2,789,391 £335 £6,661 £2,874,939
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £211,484 £0 £0 £0 £211,484
Other Trawl Val £2,344 £90,775 £632 £0 £276,286 £370,038
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £187,474 £0 £187,474
Pots Val £0 £0 £30,420 £0 £3,906,175 £3,936,595
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £127,196 £127,196
Total Val £889,183 £304,405 £2,843,161 £187,809 £4,328,156 £8,552,714

14.6.3 East Coast Zone 0-6 nm

Table 14.6.7 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone

EAST COAST 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £145,773 £0 £0 £0 £0 £145,773
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £3,376,002 £0 £0 £3,376,002
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £231,843 £0 £0 £0 £231,843
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £28,621 £0 £28,621
Pots Val £0 £0 £40,776 £0 £4,571,984 £4,612,760
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £131,506 £131,506
Total Val £145,773 £231,843 £3,416,778 £28,621 £4,703,490 £8,526,505

Table 14.6.8 IFG 6: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

EAST COAST 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val 818,975 1,986 31,692 0 0 14,795 867,447
Vol 601 2 8 0 0 3 614
Nephrops
Trawl
Val 104,461 1,415 1,037,421 335 0 11,584 1,155,216
Vol 70 1 341 0 0 3 415
Pelagic
Trawl
Val 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other
Trawl
Val 3,465 103,603 812 0 0 391,871 499,751
Vol 3 173 0 0 0 76 252
Dredge Val 0 0 0 395,645 0 0 395,645
Vol 0 0 0 193 0 0 193
Pots Val 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Val £926,901 £107,003 £1,069,925 £395,979 £0 £418,250 £2,918,059
Vol 674 175 349 193 0 83 1,474

Table 14.6.9 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone

EAST COAST 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £964,748 £1,986 £31,692 £0 £14,795 £1,013,221
Nephrops Trawl Val £104,461 £1,415 £4,413,423 £335 £11,584 £4,531,218
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £231,843 £0 £0 £0 £231,843
Other Trawl Val £3,465 £103,603 £812 £0 £391,871 £499,751
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £424,265 £0 £424,265
Pots Val £0 £0 £40,776 £0 £4,571,984 £4,612,760
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £131,506 £131,506
Total Val £1,072,675 £338,847 £4,486,703 £424,600 £5,121,740 £11,444,564

14.6.4 East Coast Zone 0-12 nm

Table 14.6.10 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone

EAST COAST 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £160,892 £0 £0 £0 £0 £160,892
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £3,723,623 £0 £0 £3,723,623
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £254,754 £0 £0 £0 £254,754
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £31,436 £0 £31,436
Pots Val £0 £0 £40,900 £0 £5,034,690 £5,075,590
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £131,506 £131,506
Total Val £160,892 £254,754 £3,764,524 £31,436 £5,166,195 £9,377,802

Table 14.6.11 IFG 6: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

EAST COAST 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val 1,082,629 3,132 56,074 0 0 21,458 1,163,292
Vol 793 3 14 0 0 5 814
Nephrops
Trawl
Val 169,679 1,536 1,745,795 335 0 17,472 1,934,818
Vol 117 1 589 0 0 5 712
Pelagic
Trawl
Val 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other
Trawl
Val 6,971 122,019 1,151 0 0 516,170 646,311
Vol 7 187 0 0 0 100 294
Dredge Val 0 0 0 973,490 0 0 973,490
Vol 0 0 0 498 0 0 498
Pots Val 0 517,581 0 0 0 0 517,581
Vol 0 976 0 0 0 0 976
Total Val £1,259,280 £644,268 £1,803,021 £973,824 £0 £555,100 £5,235,492
Vol 916 1,167 604 498 0 109 3,295

Table 14.6.12 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone

EAST COAST 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £1,243,522 £3,132 £56,074 £0 £21,458 £1,324,185
Nephrops Trawl Val £169,679 £1,536 £5,469,419 £335 £17,472 £5,658,441
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £254,754 £0 £0 £0 £254,754
Other Trawl Val £6,971 £122,019 £1,151 £0 £516,170 £646,311
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £1,004,926 £0 £1,004,926
Pots Val £0 £517,581 £40,900 £0 £5,034,690 £5,593,171
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £131,506 £131,506
Total Val £1,420,172 £899,022 £5,567,544 £1,005,261 £5,721,295 £14,613,294

East Coast Summary Tables

Table 14.6.13 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

EAST COAST 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Demersal Trawl £634,161 16.4% £844,988 9.9% £1,013,221 8.9% £1,324,185 9.1%
Nephrops Trawl £1,159,676 29.9% £2,874,939 33.6% £4,531,218 39.6% £5,658,441 38.7%
Pelagic Trawl £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0%
Pelagic Lines £85,490 2.2% £211,484 2.5% £231,843 2.0% £254,754 1.7%
Other Trawl £109,880 2.8% £370,038 4.3% £499,751 4.4% £646,311 4.4%
Dredge £55,611 1.4% £187,474 2.2% £424,265 3.7% £1,004,926 6.9%
Pots £1,770,972 45.7% £3,936,595 46.0% £4,612,760 40.3% £5,593,171 38.3%
Hand Dive £58,934 1.5% £127,196 1.5% £131,506 1.1% £131,506 0.9%
Total £3,874,724 100.0% £8,552,714 100.0% £11,444,564 100.0% £14,613,294 100.0%
% 26.5% 58.5% 78.3% 100.0%

Table 14.6.14 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone

EAST COAST 0-1nm % 1-3nm % 3-6nm % 6-12nm %
Demersal Trawl £634,161 16.4% £210,827 4.5% £168,232 5.8% £310,964 9.8%
Nephrops Trawl £1,159,676 29.9% £1,715,262 36.7% £1,656,280 57.3% £1,127,223 35.6%
Pelagic Trawl £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0%
Pelagic Lines £85,490 2.2% £125,994 2.7% £20,359 0.7% £22,911 0.7%
Other Trawl £109,880 2.8% £260,158 5.6% £129,713 4.5% £146,560 4.6%
Dredge £55,611 1.4% £131,863 2.8% £236,791 8.2% £580,661 18.3%
Pots £1,770,972 45.7% £2,165,623 46.3% £676,165 23.4% £980,411 30.9%
Hand Dive £58,934 1.5% £68,263 1.5% £4,309 0.1% £0 0.0%
Total £3,874,724 100.0% £4,677,991 100.0% £2,891,850 100.0% £3,168,730 100.0%

Table 14.6.15 IFG 6: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

EAST COAST 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Fixed £1,770,972 45.7% £3,936,595 46.0% £4,612,760 40.3% £5,593,171 38.3%
Mobile £1,959,328 50.6% £4,277,439 50.0% £6,468,455 56.5% £8,633,863 59.1%
Other £144,424 3.7% £338,680 4.0% £363,349 3.2% £386,260 2.6%
Total £3,874,724 100.0% £8,552,714 100.0% £11,444,564 100.0% £14,613,294 100.0%

Table 14.6.16 IFG 6: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

EAST COAST 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Small £2,636,217 68.0% £6,529,125 76.3% £8,526,505 74.5% £9,377,802 64.2%
Large £1,238,507 32.0% £2,023,590 23.7% £2,918,059 25.5% £5,235,492 35.8%
Total £3,874,724 100.0% £8,552,714 100.0% £11,444,564 100.0% £14,613,294 100.0%

Table 14.6.17 IFG 6: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

EAST COAST 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Finfish £813,228 21.0% £1,193,589 14.0% £1,411,521 12.3% £2,319,194 15.9%
Shellfish £3,061,495 79.0% £7,359,126 86.0% £10,033,043 87.7% £12,294,100 84.1%
Total £3,874,724 100.0% £8,552,714 100.0% £11,444,564 100.0% £14,613,294 100.0%

From the above tables, it is estimated that in 2011 the value of landings taken in the East Coast IFG water (i.e. 0-6 NM) by Scottish vessels is £11.4 m of which 33.86% is caught within 1 NM and 74.73% within 0-3 NM.

A total of £3.87m was caught in the 0-1 NM zone, the comparable figures for the 1-3 and 3-6 NM zones were £4.68m and £2.89m. Relative to the South West IFG and the North West IFG, the 3-6 NM and 6-12 NM zones are more significant in terms of the value of landings.

Within both 0-1 NM and 1-3 NM static and mobile gears have landings of similar value. The value of landings of 15 m and under vessles is significantly more the value of landings for over 15m vessels. Within the 0-3 NM zone, the catch value attributed to mobile gears is broadly similar to static gears.


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