Publication - Research publication

Management Of The Scottish Inshore Fisheries; Assessing The Options For Change

Published: 7 Jan 2015
Part of:
Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781785440427

An analysis of the impacts from different options for the management of the Scottish Inshore fisheries. In particular, the report provides an appraisal of scenarios related to restrictions on the use of mobile fishing gears within one and three nautical m

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375 page PDF

8.9 MB

Contents
Management Of The Scottish Inshore Fisheries; Assessing The Options For Change
12 THE BASELINE: MF&NC IFG (IFG 4)

375 page PDF

8.9 MB

12 THE BASELINE: MF& NC IFG ( IFG 4)

12.1 Introduction to Area

The area covers the North Coast, Highlands East Coast and the Moray Firth coast extending from Cape Wrath to Sandhaven just west of Fraserburgh. The port of Fraserburgh itself is geographically within the East Coast IFG, however the Fraserburgh Fishery District has administrative responsibility for ports which are all in the Moray Firth and North Coast IFG area.

Figure 12.1. Moray Firth and North Coast IFG Area

Figure 12.1. Moray Firth and North Coast IFG Area

Section 20.3 of this report estimated the (notional) populations of the IFG areas by allocating data zones to the nearest IFG. The estimated population of the MF& NC IFG was 297,853 which is 5.9% of the Scottish population. It is the third most populous IFG area, though compared with the Moray Firth, the North Coast is sparsely populated and inaccessible.

There are two Fishery Districts, Buckie and Scrabster, within the IFG. A third District, Fraserburgh, straddles to boundary of the MF& NC IFG and the East Coast IFG. For the purposes of this section of the study, Fraserburgh District's reported statistics summarise activity (landings, fleet, employment etc) along the Moray Firth rather than the East Coast

The Fishery Districts and their administrative ports are listed in the table below

Table 12.1. MF& NC Fishery Districts and Their Ports

Fraserburgh ( FO*) Buckie ( FO*) Scrabster ( FO*)
Fraserburgh Buckie Avoch
Gardenstown Burghead Brora
Macduff Findochty Dunbeath
Pennan Hopeman Helmsdale
Portsoy Lossiemouth Invergordon
Rosehearty Portknockie Inverness
Sandhaven John O'Groats
Pitullie Keiss
Whitehills Lybster
Portmahomack
Portskerra

12.2 Active Vessels by District and Gear Type

Table 12.2. MF & NC Active Vessels by District and Gear Type

10m & under Buckie Scrabster Fraserburgh Total
Nephrop Trawls 10 1 1 12
Creel fishing 35 80 77 192
Other 5 - 22 27
Total 50 81 100 231
Over 10m Pelagic Purse seine 2 2
Pelagic trawl 9 9
Other -
Total 11 11
Demersal Trawl 13 1 52 66
Seine 4 2 5 11
Lines 1 - - 1
Other - - 1 1
Total 18 3 58 79
Shellfish Nephrop trawls 2 - 30 32
Creel fishing 2 6 1 9
Other 5 1 2 8
Total 9 7 33 49
Total Over10 m 27 10 102 139
Total All Vessels 77 91 202 370

Source Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics 2012 , Table 2.5

There are more 10 m and under vessels than over 1 0m. Whilst still the largest segment, compared with the three west coast IFG's, small creel vessels are less dominant.

12.3 MF& NC Employment by District

Table 12.3. MF& NC Catching Sector Employment by District

District Regularly Employed Irregularly Employed Total
Buckie 136 48 184
Scrabster 111 - 111
Fraserburgh 643 154 797
Total 1017 202 1092

Source Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics 2012

The absence of irregular employment in the Scrabster vessels is surprising.

12.4 MF& NC Coast Landings

Table 12.4. MF& NC IFG Landings by District by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

All Vessels Scottish Vessels
District Total demersal Total pelagic Total shellfish Total landings (£'000) Total Landings (£ '000)
Buckie £115 £34 £3,012 £3,161 £3,136
Scrabster £18,730 £4 £6,546 £25,279 £20,298
Fraserburgh £6,126 £10,907 £19,537 £36,570 £35,459
Total £24,971 £10,945 £29,095 £65,010 £58,893

Source Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics 2012 , Tables 1.6 and 1.7

Most of the landings are by Scottish vessels. Shellfish is the most important species category, but not as dominant as on the West Coast.

12.5 MPAs, Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area

There are two MPAs within the IFG area. In the table below we have estimated the area of both the 0-1 NM and 0-3 NM that would be covered by an MPA site.

Table 12.5.1 IFG 1: MPAs in the MF& NC IFG in 0-1 NM and 0-3 NM zones

MPA Area ( KM) within 0-1 NM Area ( KM) within 0-3 NM
East Caithness Cliffs 100.6 113.4
Noss Head 5.7 8.7
Total 106.3 122.1

PROHIBITION OF FISHING FOR SEA FISH WITH MOBILE OR ACTIVE GEAR

Area within which prohibition applies Period of prohibition Method of fishing for species of sea fish excepted from prohibition Period of exception
Dornoch Firth 1st January to 31st December Dredging (but not suction dredging) for mussels. 1st January to 31st December
Cromarty Firth 1st January to 31st December Dredging (but not suction dredging) for cockles and mussels. 1st January to 31st December
Inverness Firth 1st January to 31st December Dredging (but not suction dredging) for cockles and mussels. 1st January to 31st December

The next section reports the catch estimates derived through our manipulation of VMS and Scotmap data.

12.6 Moray Firth and North Coast Baseline Catch Estimates ( IFG 4)

12.6.1 MF& NC Zone 0-1 nm

Table 12.6.1 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone

MF& NC 1 NM DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £190,793 £0 £0 £0 £0 £190,793
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £1,007,493 £0 £0 £1,007,493
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £94,066 £0 £0 £0 £94,066
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £39,811 £0 £39,811
Pots Val £0 £0 £7,860 £0 £1,661,938 £1,669,798
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £63,707 £0 £63,707
Total Val £190,793 £94,066 £1,015,352 £103,518 £1,661,938 £3,065,667

Table 12.6.2 IFG 4: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

MF& NC 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Val £46,636 £183 £1,009 £0 £0 £23,098 £70,927
Trawl Vol 31 0 0 0 0 5 36
Nephrops Val £2,513 £25 £17,804 £0 £0 £2,043 £22,385
Trawl Vol 2 0 5 0 0 0 7
Pelagic Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Trawl Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Val £2,072 £5,471 £65 £0 £0 £248,982 £256,590
Trawl Vol 2 5 0 0 0 43 50
Dredge Val £0 £258 £0 £73,013 £0 £2,105 £75,376
0 Vol 0 0 0 36 0 0 37
Pots Val £1,227 £0 £0 £319 £0 £20,461 £22,008
0 Vol 1 0 0 0 0 14 15
Total Val £52,448 £5,937 £18,878 £73,332 £0 £296,690 £447,286
0 Vol 36 5 5 36 0 63 146

Table 12.6.3 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone

MF& NC 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £237,429 £183 £1,009 £0 £23,098 £261,720
Nephrops Trawl Val £2,513 £25 £1,025,297 £0 £2,043 £1,029,877
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £94,066 £0 £0 £0 £94,066
Other Trawl Val £2,072 £5,471 £65 £0 £248,982 £256,590
Dredge Val £0 £258 £0 £112,824 £2,105 £115,188
Pots Val £1,227 £0 £7,860 £319 £1,682,399 £1,691,805
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £63,707 £0 £63,707
Total Val £243,241 £100,003 £1,034,230 £176,850 £1,958,628 £3,512,952

12.6.2 MF& NC Zone 0-3 nm

Table 12.6.4 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone

MF& NC 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £413,208 £0 £0 £0 £0 £413,208
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £2,056,269 £0 £0 £2,056,269
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £161,502 £0 £0 £0 £161,502
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £104,564 £0 £104,564
Pots Val £0 £0 £11,062 £0 £2,234,682 £2,245,744
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £101,995 £0 £101,995
Total Val £413,208 £161,502 £2,067,330 £206,559 £2,234,682 £5,083,282

Table 12.6.5 IFG 4: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

MF& NC 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val 355,933 1,083 4,252 0 0 96,325 457,593
Vol 216 1 1 0 0 21 238
Nephrops
Trawl
Val 4,317 34 46,085 0 0 4,656 55,093
Vol 3 0 14 0 0 1 18
Pelagic
Trawl
Val 0 14,030 0 0 0 0 14,030
Vol 0 27 0 0 0 0 27
Other
Trawl
Val 4,278 14,990 126 0 0 593,037 612,430
Vol 4 13 0 0 0 108 125
Dredge Val 0 469 0 408,172 0 4,603 413,244
Vol 0 0 0 216 0 1 217
Pots Val 1,227 0 0 461 0 24,713 26,402
Vol 1 0 0 0 0 17 19
Total Val 365,755 30,605 50,463 408,633 0 723,335 1,578,791
Vol 224 41 15 216 0 148 644

Table 12.6.6 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone

MF& NC 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £769,141 £1,083 £4,252 £0 £96,325 £870,801
Nephrops Trawl Val £4,317 £34 £2,102,354 £0 £4,656 £2,111,361
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £14,030 £0 £0 £0 £14,030
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £161,502 £0 £0 £0 £161,502
Other Trawl Val £4,278 £14,990 £126 £0 £593,037 £612,430
Dredge Val £0 £469 £0 £512,735 £4,603 £517,808
Pots Val £1,227 £0 £11,062 £461 £2,259,396 £2,272,146
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £101,995 £0 £101,995
Total Val £778,963 £192,108 £2,117,794 £615,192 £2,958,017 £6,662,073

12.6.3 MF& NC Zone 0-6 nm

Table 12.6.7 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone

MF& NC 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £669,176 £0 £0 £0 £0 £669,176
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £3,046,106 £0 £0 £3,046,106
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £206,310 £0 £0 £0 £206,310
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £199,794 £0 £199,794
Pots Val £0 £0 £12,354 £0 £2,762,176 £2,774,530
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £99,009 £0 £99,009
Total Val £669,176 £206,310 £3,058,460 £298,804 £2,762,176 £6,994,926

Table 12.6.8 IFG 4: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

MF& NC 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Val 742,824 1,323 20,356 0 0 112,029 876,532
Trawl Vol 448 1 5 0 0 24 478
Nephrops Val 31,912 84 255,531 0 0 8,447 295,974
Trawl Vol 26 0 80 0 0 2 108
Pelagic Val 0 482,134 0 0 0 0 482,134
Trawl Vol 0 946 0 0 0 0 946
Other Val 5,298 19,821 171 0 0 753,539 778,829
Trawl Vol 5 17 0 0 0 138 160
Dredge Val 0 727 0 763,292 0 6,407 770,425
0 Vol 0 1 0 396 0 1 398
Pots Val 1,227 0 0 461 0 28,072 29,760
0 Vol 1 0 0 0 0 20 21
Total Val 781,261 504,089 276,057 763,754 0 908,493 3,233,655
0 Vol 481 965 85 396 0 185 2,112

Table 12.6.9 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone

MF& NC 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £1,412,000 £1,323 £20,356 £0 £112,029 £1,545,708
Nephrops Trawl Val £31,912 £84 £3,301,637 £0 £8,447 £3,342,080
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £482,134 £0 £0 £0 £482,134
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £206,310 £0 £0 £0 £206,310
Other Trawl Val £5,298 £19,821 £171 £0 £753,539 £778,829
Dredge Val £0 £727 £0 £963,087 £6,407 £970,220
Pots Val £1,227 £0 £12,354 £461 £2,790,247 £2,804,290
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £99,009 £0 £99,009
Total Val £1,450,437 £710,399 £3,334,517 £1,062,558 £3,670,669 £10,228,581

12.6.4 MF& NC Zone 0-12 nm

Table 12.6.10 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone

MF& NC 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £717,057 £0 £0 £0 £0 £717,057
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £3,254,866 £0 £0 £3,254,866
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £224,127 £0 £0 £0 £224,127
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £215,714 £0 £215,714
Pots Val £0 £0 £11,967 £0 £2,909,342 £2,921,309
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £99,009 £0 £99,009
Total Val £717,057 £224,127 £3,266,833 £314,724 £2,909,342 £7,432,083

Table 12.6.11 IFG 4: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

MF& NC 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Val 1,529,909 1,527 77,318 0 0 136,936 1,745,690
Trawl Vol 972 1 21 0 0 29 1,023
Nephrops Val 175,451 90 1,420,080 0 0 32,118 1,627,739
Trawl Vol 144 0 454 0 0 9 607
Pelagic Val 0 547,364 0 0 0 0 547,364
Trawl Vol 0 1,071 0 0 0 0 1,071
Other Val 6,476 24,726 270 0 0 864,595 896,067
Trawl Vol 6 21 0 0 0 161 188
Dredge Val 0 727 0 1,219,869 0 6,407 1,227,002
0 Vol 0 1 0 590 0 1 592
Pots Val 5,561 0 0 461 0 92,948 98,970
0 Vol 5 0 0 0 0 65 71
Total Val 1,717,397 574,434 1,497,668 1,220,330 0 1,133,003 6,142,832
0 Vol 1,127 1,094 475 591 0 265 3,552

Table 12.6.12 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone

MF& NC 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £2,246,967 £1,527 £77,318 £0 £136,936 £2,462,748
Nephrops Trawl Val £175,451 £90 £4,674,945 £0 £32,118 £4,882,605
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £547,364 £0 £0 £0 £547,364
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £224,127 £0 £0 £0 £224,127
Other Trawl Val £6,476 £24,726 £270 £0 £864,595 £896,067
Dredge Val £0 £727 £0 £1,435,583 £6,407 £1,442,716
Pots Val £5,561 £0 £11,967 £461 £3,002,290 £3,020,279
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £99,009 £0 £99,009
Total Val £2,434,454 £798,561 £4,764,501 £1,535,054 £4,042,345 £13,574,916

MF& NC Zone Summary Totals

Table 12.6.13 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

MF& NC 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Demersal Trawl £261,720 7.5% £870,801 13.1% £1,545,708 15.1% £2,462,748 18.1%
Nephrops Trawl £1,029,877 29.3% £2,111,361 31.7% £3,342,080 32.7% £4,882,605 36.0%
Pelagic Trawl £0 0.0% £14,030 0.2% £482,134 4.7% £547,364 4.0%
Pelagic Lines £94,066 2.7% £161,502 2.4% £206,310 2.0% £224,127 1.7%
Other Trawl £256,590 7.3% £612,430 9.2% £778,829 7.6% £896,067 6.6%
Dredge £115,188 3.3% £517,808 7.8% £970,220 9.5% £1,442,716 10.6%
Pots £1,691,805 48.2% £2,272,146 34.1% £2,804,290 27.4% £3,020,279 22.2%
Hand Dive £63,707 1.8% £101,995 1.5% £99,009 1.0% £99,009 0.7%
Total £3,512,952 100.0% £6,662,073 100.0% £10,228,581 100.0% £13,574,916 100.0%
% 25.9% 49.1% 75.3% 100.0%

Table 12.6.14 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone

MF& NC 0-1nm % 1-3nm % 3-6nm % 6-12nm %
Demersal Trawl £261,720 7.5% £609,081 19.3% £674,907 18.9% £917,039 27.4%
Nephrops Trawl £1,029,877 29.3% £1,081,484 34.3% £1,230,718 34.5% £1,540,525 46.0%
Pelagic Trawl £0 0.0% £14,030 0.4% £468,104 13.1% £65,230 1.9%
Pelagic Lines £94,066 2.7% £67,436 2.1% £44,808 1.3% £17,817 0.5%
Other Trawl £256,590 7.3% £355,841 11.3% £166,399 4.7% £117,238 3.5%
Dredge £115,188 3.3% £402,620 12.8% £452,412 12.7% £472,496 14.1%
Pots £1,691,805 48.2% £580,341 18.4% £532,144 14.9% £215,989 6.5%
Hand Dive £63,707 1.8% £38,288 1.2% -£2,986 -0.1% £0 0.0%
Total £3,512,952 100.0% £3,149,121 100.0% £3,566,507 100.0% £3,346,335 100.0%

Table 12.6.15 IFG 4: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

MF& NC 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Fixed £1,691,805 48.2% £2,272,146 34.1% £2,804,290 27.4% £3,020,279 22.2%
Mobile £1,663,374 47.3% £4,126,430 61.9% £7,118,971 69.6% £10,231,500 75.4%
Other £157,773 4.5% £263,497 4.0% £305,320 3.0% £323,137 2.4%
Total £3,512,952 100.0% £6,662,073 100.0% £10,228,581 100.0% £13,574,916 100.0%

Table 12.6.17 IFG 4: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

MF& NC 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Small £3,065,667 87.3% £5,083,282 76.3% £6,994,926 68.4% £7,432,083 54.7%
Large £447,286 12.7% £1,578,791 23.7% £3,233,655 31.6% £6,142,832 45.3%
Total £3,512,952 100.0% £6,662,073 100.0% £10,228,581 100.0% £13,574,916 100.0%

Table 12.6.18 IFG 4: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

MF& NC 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Finfish £343,244 9.8% £971,071 14.6% £2,160,837 21.1% £3,233,016 23.8%
Shellfish £3,169,708 90.2% £5,691,003 85.4% £8,067,744 78.9% £10,341,900 76.2%
Total £3,512,952 100.0% £6,662,073 100.0% £10,228,581 100.0% £13,574,916 100.0%

From the above tables it is estimated that the catch taken in the IFG water (i.e. 0-6nm) by Scottish vessels is £10.2m of which 34.3% is caught within 1 NM and 65% within 0-3nm.

The zone 0-1, 1-3 and 3-6 NM deliver broadly the same value of catch. A total of £3.51m was caught in the 0-1 NM zone, the comparable figures for the 1-3 and 3-6 NM zones were £3.15 and £3.57m

Within both the 0-1, zone static and mobile gears catch the same value and the catch of small 15 and under exceeds the collective catch of over 15m vessels. Within the 0-3 NM zone, the catch value attributed to mobile gears exceeds the catch value of static gears and smaller vessels land a greater value than over 15m vessels.


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