Publication - Research publication

Management Of The Scottish Inshore Fisheries; Assessing The Options For Change

Published: 7 Jan 2015
Part of:
Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781785440427

An analysis of the impacts from different options for the management of the Scottish Inshore fisheries. In particular, the report provides an appraisal of scenarios related to restrictions on the use of mobile fishing gears within one and three nautical m

375 page PDF

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375 page PDF

8.9 MB

Contents
Management Of The Scottish Inshore Fisheries; Assessing The Options For Change
13 THE BASELINE: ORKNEY (IFG 5)

375 page PDF

8.9 MB

13 THE BASELINE: ORKNEY ( IFG 5)

13.1 Introduction to Area

Orkney comprises over 70 islands; around 20 are inhabited. The largest island, known as "Mainland," has an area of 202 sq mi (523 km²), making it the sixth-largest Scottish island and the tenth-largest island in the British Isles. The largest settlement and administrative centre is Kirkwall and almost the whole population of 19,900 lives within 5 kmof the sea.

The Fishery Office in Kirkwall has responsibility for the ports of Hoy, Rousay, South Ronaldsay, Sanday and Stromness.

Figure 13.1 Orkney IFG

Figure 13.1 Orkney IFG

Orkney's fleet comprises 142 vessels, 102 of which are under 10m and 96 of these are creel vessels. Total landings were £6.5m almost all of this was shellfish. There are co-operatively owned crab processing factories in Westray and Stromness which have been expanding.

Although the population is around 20,000, the islands have a world class reputation for scuba diving. We identified 10 charter boat operators providing charters for divers. The charter boat operators in Orkney report regular charters from clubs and groups in North America, America, France, Germany and Holland.

On a similarly note, the islands are well regarded as sea angling venues and although sea anglers are visiting in smaller numbers they still support a number of specialist charter operators. Radford et al (2009) estimated the following sea angling activity levels.

Table 13.1 Orkney Sea Angling

Number of sea anglers Total Angler Days Charter Days Own/Friends Boat Days
Local 1,134 25,000 400 9,459
Visitors 1,000 4,500 800 500

Radford et al also identified 17 observable FTEs directly dependent on recreational sea angling. This does not include the indirect and induced employment.

13.2 Active Vessels by District and Gear Type

Table 13.2 Orkney Active Vessels by District and Gear Type

10m & under Nephrop Trawls 3
Creel fishing 93
Other 6
Total 102
Over 10m Pelagic Purse seine -
Pelagic trawl -
Other -
Total -
Demersal Trawl 6
Seine -
Lines -
Other -
Total 6
Shellfish Nephrop trawls 5
Creel fishing 26
Other 3
Total 34
Total Over10 m 40
Total All Vessel 142

Source Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics 2012 , Table 2.5

13.3 Orkney Employment

Table 13.3 Orkney Catching Sector Employment

Regularly Employed Irregularly Employed Total
235 119 354

Source Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics 2012

13.4 MPAs, Legislation & Regulations specific to the IFG Area

Table 13.4.1 IFG 1: MPAs in the Orkney IFG in 0-1 NM and 0-3 NM zones

MPA Area ( KM) within 0-1 NM Area ( KM) within 0-3 NM
Papa Westray 29.1 32.6
Wyre and Rousay Sounds 15.7 15.7
Total 44.8 48.3

Specific Legislation and Regulation:

AREA CLOSURE TIME
The Berry to Costa Head Mobile of Active Gear May 1st to September 30th

13.5 Orkney Landings

Table 13.4 Orkney IFG Landings by District by All Vessels and Scottish Vessels

All Vessels Scottish Vessels
Total demersal Total pelagic Total shellfish Total landings (£'000) Total Landings (£ '000)
£52 £20 £6,418 £6,491 £6,491

Source Scottish Sea Fisheries Statistics 2012 , Tables 1.6 and 1.7

The next section reports the catch estimates derived through our manipulation of VMS and Scotmap data.

13.6 Orkney Baseline Estimates ( IFG 5)

13.6.1 Orkney Zone 0-1 nm

Table 13.6.1 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-1 NM zone

ORKNEY 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £1,436 £0 £0 £0 £0 £1,436
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £120,734 £0 £0 £120,734
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £57,112 £0 £57,112
Pots Val £0 £0 £430 £0 £2,484,972 £2,485,402
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £731,212 £3,174 £734,387
Total Val £1,436 £0 £121,164 £788,324 £2,488,147 £3,399,070

Table 13.6.2 IFG 5: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-1 NM zone

ORKNEY 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val £12,602 £0 £67 £0 £0 £0 £12,668
Vol 12 0 0 0 0 0 12
Nephrops
Trawl
Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pelagic
Trawl
Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other
Trawl
Val £3 £1 £0 £0 £0 £920 £924
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £15,445 £0 £0 £15,445
Vol 0 0 0 9 0 0 9
Pots Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £90,804 £90,804
Vol 0 0 0 0 0 41 41
Total Val £12,604 £1 £67 £15,445 £0 £91,723 £119,841
Vol 12 0 0 9 0 41 62

Table 13.6.3 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-1 NM zone

ORKNEY 1nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £14,037 £0 £67 £0 £0 £14,104
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £120,734 £0 £0 £120,734
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Other Trawl Val £3 £1 £0 £0 £920 £924
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £72,557 £0 £72,557
Pots Val £0 £0 £430 £0 £2,575,776 £2,576,206
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £731,212 £3,174 £734,387
Total Val £14,040 £1 £121,230 £803,769 £2,579,870 £3,518,911

13.6.2 Orkney Zone 0-3 nm

Table 13.6.4 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or Under in 0-3 NM zone

ORKNEY 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £3,665 £0 £0 £0 £0 £3,665
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £180,634 £0 £0 £180,634
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £179,918 £0 £179,918
Pots Val £0 £0 £402 £0 £2,543,004 £2,543,406
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £874,597 £4,873 £879,470
Total Val £3,665 £0 £181,036 £1,054,515 £2,547,877 £3,787,093

Table 13.6.5 IFG 5: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-3 NM zone

ORKNEY 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Val £37,798 £0 £67 £0 £0 £662 £38,527
Trawl Vol 27 0 0 0 0 0 28
Nephrops Val £264 £0 £626 £0 £0 £11 £901
Trawl Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pelagic Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Trawl Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Trawl Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £33,554 £0 £0 £33,554
0 Vol 0 0 0 19 0 0 19
Pots Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £168,437 £168,437
0 Vol 0 0 0 0 0 91 91
Total Val £38,063 £0 £692 £33,554 £0 £169,110 £241,418
0 Vol 28 0 0 19 0 91 138

Table 13.6.6 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-3 NM zone

ORKNEY 3nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £41,463 £0 £67 £0 £662 £42,192
Nephrops Trawl Val £264 £0 £181,260 £0 £11 £181,535
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Other Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £213,471 £0 £213,471
Pots Val £0 £0 £402 £0 £2,711,440 £2,711,843
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £874,597 £4,873 £879,470
Total Val £41,728 £0 £181,729 £1,088,068 £2,716,986 £4,028,511

13.6.3 Orkney Zone 0-6 nm

Table 13.6.7 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-6 NM zone

ORKNEY 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £8,414 £0 £0 £0 £0 £8,414
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £193,431 £0 £0 £193,431
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £338,283 £0 £338,283
Pots Val £0 £0 £492 £0 £3,861,166 £3,861,658
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £861,453 £4,761 £866,214
Total Val £8,414 £0 £193,924 £1,199,736 £3,865,927 £5,268,000

Table 13.6.8 IFG 5: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-6 NM zone

ORKNEY 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Val £84,592 £0 £93 £0 £0 £1,304 £85,989
Trawl Vol 64 0 0 0 0 0 64
Nephrops Val £264 £0 £626 £0 £0 £11 £901
Trawl Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pelagic Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Trawl Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Trawl Vol 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £50,274 £0 £0 £50,274
0 Vol 0 0 0 28 0 0 28
Pots Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £305,767 £305,767
0 Vol 0 0 0 0 0 206 206
Total Val £84,856 £0 £718 £50,274 £0 £307,083 £442,931
0 Vol 64 0 0 28 0 207 299

Table 13.6.9 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-6 NM zone

ORKNEY 6nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £93,005 £0 £93 £0 £1,304 £94,402
Nephrops Trawl Val £264 £0 £194,057 £0 £11 £194,332
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Other Trawl Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £388,557 £0 £388,557
Pots Val £0 £0 £492 £0 £4,166,934 £4,167,426
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £861,453 £4,761 £866,214
Total Val £93,270 £0 £194,642 £1,250,010 £4,173,010 £5,710,932

13.6.4 Orkney Zone 0-12 nm

Table 13.6.10 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by Vessels 15m or under in 0-12 NM zone

ORKNEY 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £8,563 £0 £0 £0 £0 £8,563
Nephrops Trawl Val £0 £0 £202,180 £0 £0 £202,180
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £392,070 £0 £392,070
Pots Val £0 £0 £493 £0 £4,034,484 £4,034,977
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £861,453 £4,761 £866,214
Total Val £8,563 £0 £202,674 £1,253,523 £4,039,245 £5,504,005

Table 13.6.11 IFG 5: Catch Value and Volume by Gear Type by Vessels Over 15m in 0-12 NM zone

ORKNEY 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS KING SCALLOPS QUEEN SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal
Trawl
Val £612,355 £111 £2,735 £0 £0 £19,423 £634,625
Vol 448 0 1 0 0 6 454
Nephrops
Trawl
Val £1,448 £0 £3,511 £0 £0 £47 £5,006
Vol 1 0 1 0 0 0 2
Pelagic
Trawl
Val £0 £1,320,083 £0 £0 £0 £0 £1,320,083
Vol 0 2,460 0 0 0 0 2,460
Other
Trawl
Val £0 £179,162 £0 £0 £0 £0 £179,162
Vol 0 329 0 0 0 0 329
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £55,619 £0 £0 £55,619
Vol 0 0 0 31 0 0 31
Pots Val £1,619 £0 £0 £0 £0 £665,502 £667,121
Vol 1 0 0 0 0 483 484
Total Val £615,422 £1,499,356 £6,247 £55,619 £0 £684,973 £2,861,616
Vol 450 2,790 1 31 0 488 3,760

Table 13.6.12 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type by all Vessels in 0-12 NM zone

ORKNEY 12nm DEMERSAL PELAGIC NEPHROPS SCALLOPS OTHER SHELLFISH TOTAL
Demersal Trawl Val £620,918 £111 £2,735 £0 £19,423 £643,188
Nephrops Trawl Val £1,448 £0 £205,692 £0 £47 £207,187
Pelagic Trawl Val £0 £1,320,083 £0 £0 £0 £1,320,083
Pelagic Lines Val £0 £0 £0 £0 £0 £0
Other Trawl Val £0 £179,162 £0 £0 £0 £179,162
Dredge Val £0 £0 £0 £447,689 £0 £447,689
Pots Val £1,619 £0 £493 £0 £4,699,986 £4,702,098
Hand Dive Val £0 £0 £0 £861,453 £4,761 £866,214
Total Val £623,985 £1,499,356 £208,921 £1,309,142 £4,724,217 £8,365,621

13.6.5 Orkney Summary Tables

Table 13.6.13 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

ORKNEY 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Demersal Trawl £14,104 0.4% £42,192 1.0% £94,402 1.7% £643,188 7.7%
Nephrops Trawl £120,734 3.4% £181,535 4.5% £194,332 3.4% £207,187 2.5%
Pelagic Trawl £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £1,320,083 15.8%
Pelagic Lines £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0%
Other Trawl £924 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £179,162 2.1%
Dredge £72,557 2.1% £213,471 5.3% £388,557 6.8% £447,689 5.4%
Pots £2,576,206 73.2% £2,711,843 67.3% £4,167,426 73.0% £4,702,098 56.2%
Hand Dive £734,387 20.9% £879,470 21.8% £866,214 15.2% £866,214 10.4%
Total £3,518,911 100.0% £4,028,511 100.0% £5,710,932 100.0% £8,365,621 100.0%
% 42.1% 48.2% 68.3% 100.0%

Table 13.6.14 IFG 5: Catch Value by Gear Type For Each Zone

0-1nm % 1-3nm % 3-6nm % 6-12nm %
Demersal Trawl £14,104 0.4% £28,088 5.5% £52,210 3.1% £548,786 20.7%
Nephrops Trawl £120,734 3.4% £60,801 11.9% £12,797 0.8% £12,854 0.5%
Pelagic Trawl £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £1,320,083 49.7%
Pelagic Lines £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0%
Other Trawl £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £0 0.0% £179,162 6.7%
Dredge £72,557 2.1% £140,914 27.7% £175,086 10.4% £59,132 2.2%
Pots £2,576,206 73.2% £135,637 26.6% £1,455,583 86.5% £534,672 20.1%
Hand Dive £734,387 20.9% £145,083 28.5% £0 0.0% £0 0.0%
Total £3,518,911 100.0% £509,600 100.0% £1,682,421 100.0% £2,654,689 100.0%

%

ORKNEY 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Fixed £2,576,206 73.2% £2,711,843 67.3% £4,167,426 72.8% £4,702,098 56.1%
Mobile £207,395 5.9% £437,198 10.9% £677,292 11.8% £2,797,309 33.4%
Other £734,387 20.9% £879,470 21.8% £879,470 15.4% £879,470 10.5%
Total £3,517,987 100.0% £4,028,511 100.0% £5,724,188 100.0% £8,378,877 100.0%

Table 13.6.16 IFG 5: Catch Value by Vessel Size From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

ORKNEY 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Small £3,399,070 96.6% £3,787,093 94.0% £5,268,000 92.2% £5,504,005 65.8%
Large £119,841 3.4% £241,418 6.0% £442,931 7.8% £2,861,616 34.2%
Total £3,518,911 100.0% £4,028,511 100.0% £5,710,932 100.0% £8,365,621 100.0%

Table 13.6.17 IFG 5: Catch Value by Fin Fish and Shellfish From Shore to Zones Outer Limits

ORKNEY 1nm % 3nm % 6nm % 12nm %
Finfish £14,042 0.4% £41,728 1.0% £93,270 1.6% £2,123,341 25.4%
Shellfish £3,504,869 99.6% £3,986,783 99.0% £5,617,662 98.4% £6,242,280 74.6%
Total £3,518,911 100.0% £4,028,511 100.0% £5,710,932 100.0% £8,365,621 100.0%

From the above tables it is estimated that the catch taken in the Orkney IFG waters by Scottish vessels is £5.7m of which 61.6% is caught within 1 NM and 70% within 0-3 NM.

A total of £3.52m was caught in the 0-1 NM zone, the comparable figures for the 1-3 and 3-6 NM zones were £0.51m and £1.68m. The low catch value for the 1-3 NM zone is highly unusual

Within both the 0-1, zone static gear was much more significant (73%) than mobile gear and the catch of 15 m and over vessels was almost insignificant. A similar pattern was evident in the 0-12nmNM zone. Mobile gear deployed by larger vessels does not contribute much to the Orkney IFG catch.


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