Potentially hazardous agents in land-applied sewage sludge: human health risk assessment

This report on the risks to human health is part of the research project undertaken by the James Hutton Institute on the impacts on human health and environment arising from the spreading of sewage sludge to land (CR/2016/23).

List of Abbreviations

ADD – Average Daily Dose [mg kg-1 d-1]

ARB – Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria

BBP - Benzyl butyl phthalate

BBN – Bayesian Belief Network

BCF – Bioconcentration Factor [unitless]

BFR – Brominated flame retardants

BPA – Bisphenol A

CPT – Conditional Probability Table

DEFRA – Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

DEHP - Di(2-ethyhexyl)phthalate

ED – Expected Dose

H – Henry's Law constant [unitless]

Kow – Octanol:Water partition coefficient [unitless]

LASs - Linear alkylbenzene sulphonates

NOAEL – No Observed Adverse Effect Level

NOEL – No Observed Effect Level

OTs – Organotins

PAEs - Phthalate acid esters

PAH – Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons

PBDE - Polybrominated diphenyl ethers

PCAs – Polychlorinated alkanes

PCB – Polychlorinated Biphenyls

PCDD/Fs – Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and furans (often termed "Dioxins and Furans")

PCNs – Polycholrinated naphthalenes

PDMSs - polydimethylsiloxanes

PFCs – Perfluorochemicals

PFOA - Perfluorooctanoic acid

PFOS - Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid

PPCP – Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products

QAC - Quaternary Ammonium Compounds

QRA – Quantitative Risk Assessment

RfD – Reference Dose [mg kg-1 d-1]

SC – Steering Committee

SNIFFER - Scotland and Northern Ireland Forum for Environmental Research

SSRI – Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors

TCC – Triclocarban

TCPP - Tris (1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate

TCS – Triclosan

TDCP - (Tris[2-chloro-1-(chloromethyl)ethyl]phosphate)

TEF – Toxic Equivalency Factor

TEQ – Toxic Equivalents

TPP - Triphenyl phosphate

UF – Uncertainty Factor

WRAP – Waste and Resources Action Programme

WWTP – Waste Water Treatment Plant


Email: gary.gray@gov.scot

Back to top