Hill of Banchory geothermal energy project: feasibility report

Report of a study which explored the potential for a deep geothermal heat project at the Hill of Banchory, Aberdeenshire.


AECOM (2013) - Study into the Potential for Deep Geothermal Energy in Scotland, Scottish Government paper - online at

Baisch, S., Weidler, R., Vörös, R., Wyborn, D. and de Graaf, L., 2006. Induced seismicity during the stimulation of a geothermal HFR reservoir in the Cooper Basin, Australia. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 96(6), pp.2242-2256.

Barton, C.A., Zoback, M.D. and Moos, D., 1995. Fluid flow along potentially active faults in crystalline rock. Geology, 23(8), pp.683-686.

Black, J.H., Barker, J.A. and Woodman, N.D., 2007. An investigation of'sparse channel networks'. Characteristic behaviours and their causes. Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co.

British Geological Survey. 1992. Inverurie. Scotland Sheet 76E. Bedrock. 1:50 000 Geology Series. Keyworth, Nottingham.

British Geological Survey, 2002. Inverurie. Scotland Sheet 76E. Solid and Drift Geology. 1: 50 000. Keyworth, Nottingham.

Busby, J., Gillespie, M. and Kender, S., 2015. How hot are the Cairngorms?. Scottish Journal of Geology, 51(2), pp.105-115.

Chabora, E., Zemach, E., Spielman, P., Drakos, P., Hickman, S., Lutz, S., Boyle, K., Falconer, A., Robertson-Tait, A., Davatzes, N.C. and Rose, P., 2012, January. Hydraulic Stimulation of Well 27-15, Desert Peak Geothermal Field, Nevada, USA. In Proceedings of thirty-seventh workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford (Vol. 30).

Dezayes, C., Genter, A. and Valley, B., 2010. Structure of the low permeable naturally fractured geothermal reservoir at Soultz. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 342(7), pp.517-530.

Donofrio, R.R., 1998. North American impact structures hold giant field potential. Oil and Gas Journal, 96(19), pp.69-83.

Downing, R.A. and Gray, D.A. 1986 Geothermal Energy - The potential in the United Kingdom. London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office

Evans, K.F., Moriya, H., Niitsuma, H., Jones, R.H., Phillips, W.S., Genter, A., Sausse, J., Jung, R. and Baria, R., 2005. Microseismicity and permeability enhancement of hydrogeologic structures during massive fluid injections into granite at 3 km depth at the Soultz HDR site. Geophysical Journal International, 160(1), pp.388-412.

Gérard, A., Baumgartner, J., Baria, R., Jung, R., Gentier, S. and Genter, A., 2002. Elements for a conceptual model of the underground heat exchanger at Soultz-sous-Forêts, France. Situation, beginning 1998. In Proceedings of the 4th International HDR Forum in Strasbourg (1998), Geologische Jahrbuch Reihe E Geophysics Heft SE1, Hannover (pp. 281-290).

Gillespie, M. R., Crane, E.J. and Barron, H.F. 2013. Study into the Potential for Deep Geothermal Energy in Scotland: Volume 2. ISBN: 9781782569862 (web only publication, available from

Johnston, Euan, 2015. Potential field data in NE Scotland and its preliminary interpretation. Unpublished MSc Research Report, School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen.

Jupe, A.J., Green, A.S.P. and Wallroth, T., 1992, July. Induced microseismicity and reservoir growth at the Fjällbacka hot dry rocks project, Sweden. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts (Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 343-354).

Kearey, P., Brooks, M. and Hill, I., 2002. An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration. Blackwell.

Kyriakis, S.A., and Younger, P.L. (2016) Towards the increased utilisation of geothermal energy in a district heating network through the use of a heat storage. Applied Thermal Engineering, 94, (5): 99-110

Li, B., Guttormsen, J., Hoi, T.V. and Duc, N.V., 2004, January. Characterizing permeability for the fractured basement reservoirs. In SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition. Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Majer, E.L., Baria, R., Stark, M., Oates, S., Bommer, J., Smith, B. and Asanuma, H., 2007. Induced seismicity associated with enhanced geothermal systems. Geothermics, 36(3), pp.185-222.

Manning, D.A.C., Younger, P.L., Smith, F.W., Jones, J.M., Dufton, D.J. and Diskin, S., 2007. A deep geothermal exploration well at Eastgate, Weardale, UK: a novel exploration concept for low-enthalpy resources. Journal of the Geological Society, 164(2), pp.371-382.

McCay, A.T., Harley, T.L., Younger, P.L., Sanderson, D.C. and Cresswell, A.J., 2014. Gamma-ray spectrometry in geothermal exploration: State of the art techniques. Energies, 7(8), pp.4757-4780.

McGregor, D.M. and Wilson, C.D.V., 1967. Gravity and magnetic surveys of the younger gabbros of Aberdeenshire. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 123, 99-120.

Richards, H.G., Parker, R.H., Green, A.S.P., Jones, R.H., Nicholls, J.D.M., Nicol, D.A.C., Randall, M.M., Richards, S., Stewart, R.C. and Willis-Richards, J., 1994. The performance and characteristics of the experimental hot dry rock geothermal reservoir at Rosemanowes, Cornwall (1985-1988). Geothermics, 23(2), pp.73-109.

Olkiewicz, A., Gale, J.E., Thorpe, R. and Paulsson, B., 1979. Geology and Fracture System at Stripa Lawrence Berkeley Lab. Report LBL, 7079.

Tandom, P.M., Ngoc, N.H., Tjia, H.D. and Lloyd, P.M., 1999, January. Identifying and evaluating producing horizons in fractured basement. In SPE Asia Pacific Improved Oil Recovery Conference. Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Thomas, C.W., Gillespie, M.R., Jordan, C. and Hall, A.M. (2004). Geological structure and

landscape of the Cairngorm Mountains. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.064 (ROAME No. F00AC103).

Westaway, R. and Younger, P.L., 2013. Accounting for palaeoclimate and topography: a rigorous approach to correction of the British geothermal dataset. Geothermics, 48, pp.31-51.

Wyborn, D., 2010, April. Update of development of the geothermal field in the granite at Innamincka, South Australia. In Proceedings of the World Geothermal Congress, Bali, Indonesia (pp. 25-30).

Wheildon, J, Lee M. K., Webb, P. C., Brown, G. C., Rollin, K. E., Crook, C. N., ... & Thomas-Betts, A. (1984). HDR prospects in Caledonian granites: evaluation of results from BGS-IC-OU research programme (1981-84). Invest. Geothermal Potential UK, 83pp., BGS

Younger, P.L., 2014. Missing a trick in geothermal exploration. Nature Geoscience, 7(7), pp.479-480

Younger, P. (2015). Geothermal Energy: Delivering on the Global Potential. Guest editor of Special Issue. Energies, 7.

Younger, P. L., Gluyas, J. G., & Stephens, W. E. (2012). Development of deep geothermal energy resources in the UK. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Energy, 165(1), 19-32.

Younger, P. L., & Manning, D. A. C. (2010). Hyper-permeable granite: lessons from test-pumping in the Eastgate Geothermal Borehole, Weardale, UK. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 43(1), 5-10.


Back to top