Total cereal production from the 2021 harvest fell is estimated to be 2.9 million tonnes, this is down eight percent compared to 2020, but in line with the average over the past decade.
Total area sown was similar to 2020. As winter crop planting areas increased compared with those from the wet 2020 autumn, spring planting areas decreased.
The decrease in production was largely driven by decreases in yield. Yields of spring crops decreased compared to the highs of 2019 and 2020 towards more average figures.
Commonly used terms
Hectares: the official measurement of agricultural land. One hectare is 10,000 square meters or roughly the same as a fullsize rugby pitch.
Production: the total amount of crops that are produced measured in metric tonnes.
Yield: the amount of produce, weighed in tonnes, that is harvested per hectare of land.
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