Wellbeing (SHANARRI)

The Getting it right for every child (GIRFEC) approach supports children and young people so that they can grow up feeling loved, safe and respected and can realise their full potential. At home, in school or the wider community, every child and young person should be:

  • Safe
  • Healthy
  • Achieving
  • Nurtured
  • Active
  • Respected
  • Responsible
  • Included

These eight factors are often referred to by their initial letters – SHANARRI.

They are wellbeing indicators which help make it easier for children and families and the people working with them to discuss how a child or young person is doing at a point in time and if there is a need for support.

Each child is unique and there is no set level of wellbeing that children should achieve. Wellbeing is influenced by children’s individual experiences and changing needs as they grow.

A range of experiences can have negative effects on young people. This might be one of the 10 recognised Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) or other adversities such as bereavement or bullying, or where a family is affected by illness, disability or poverty. Each child should be helped to reach their full potential as an individual.

We have developed a series of wellbeing resources that practitioners can use or adapt for workshops or conversations with children, young people, parents and carers. These explain wellbeing, and how it is used to support children and young people, in more detail.

Online training developed by Children's Health Scotland explains how SHANARRI supports children's rights. It is suitable for health practitioners and those working in social care or education who support children with their health.

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