Understanding the Scottish rural economy: research paper

This report outlines the Scottish Government's understanding of the Scottish rural economy and presents economic and social data.

Annex 3: Sources

Information relating to the 'Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings' ( ASHE) is available from http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/ashe/annual-survey-of-hours-and-earnings/index.html. ASHE is a UK wide survey that was developed to replace the New Earnings Survey in 2004. Data are National Statistics.

The Inter-Departmental Business Register is maintained by the Office for National Statistics ( ONS) and is a database of all registered enterprises operating in the UK, i.e. enterprises that are registered for VAT and/or PAYE. It covers 99% of economic activity in the UK. Those excluded are small sole traders or partnerships with no employees and an annual turnover of less than the VAT threshold (£82,000 as at 1st March 2016). Further tables from the Inter-Departmental Business Register can be found here: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/Corporate. Data are National Statistics.

There are occasional variations in base sizes for individual tables/figures sourced from the 'Scottish Household Survey'. Further detail on the base numbers is available in 'Scotland's People: Results from 2015 Scottish Household Survey', published on 27th September 2016. The sample sizes are smallest for Remote Rural areas so there are larger confidence intervals associated with the statistics for this area than for the rest of Scotland figures. Further information on the Scottish Household Survey is available at: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/16002. Data are National Statistics.

Details on the 'Scottish House Condition Survey' are available at the survey's website here: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/SHCS. Data are National Statistics.

The 'Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation' ( SIMD ) provides a wealth of information to help improve the understanding about the outcomes and circumstances of people living in the most deprived areas in Scotland. Information on drive times to services and the number of people income and employment deprived from the SIMD is presented in this publication. Information on income deprived and employment deprived people is based on people in receipt of certain disability and unemployment benefits. More information can be found here: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/SIMD. Data are National Statistics.

Scottish Household Survey, Scottish House Condition Survey and Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings figures are all based on surveys which sample a proportion of residents of Scotland. Figures quoted are best estimates of the true value, based on the survey results which have been weighted to represent the population. However, small differences in estimates, between geographic areas and years, are not necessarily always statistically significant.

OECD, 2008 . OECD Rural Policy Reviews. Scotland, UK. OECD Publications: Paris.

Cloke, P.J., 1977. An index of rurality for England and Wales. Regional Studies, 11(1), pp.31-46.


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