Tackling child poverty - progress report 2023-2024: annex B - focus report on other marginalised groups at risk of poverty

A focus report looking at other marginalised groups at risk of poverty. It provides an evidence review on barriers across the three drivers of poverty and available evidence on what works.


1 Tackling child poverty priority families overview - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

2 Tackling child poverty delivery plan 2022-2026 - annex 6: what works - evidence review - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

3 Homelessness - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

4 https://www.crisis.org.uk/ending-homelessness/homelessness-knowledge-hub/types-of-homelessness/barely-breaking-even-the-experiences-and-impact-of-in-work-homelessness-across-britain/

5 https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Michel-Vols/publication/334364192_Common_Trends_in_Eviction_Research_a_Systematic_Literature_Review/links/5d25d123458515c11c21da26/Common-Trends-in-Eviction-Research-a-Systematic-Literature-Review.pdf

6 experiences-of-homelessness-during-a-cost-of-living-crisis_full-report.pdf

7 Mabhala, M., Esealuka, W. A., Nwufo, A. N., Enyinna, C., Mabhala, C. N., Udechukwu, T., ... & Yohannes, A. (2021). Homelessness is socially created: Cluster analysis of social determinants of homelessness (SODH) in North West England in 2020. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(6), 3066.

8 Common-Trends-in-Eviction-Research-a-Systematic-Literature-Review.pdf (researchgate.net)

9 Housing_article_revised_final_full.pdf (hud.ac.uk)

10 2023-The-Trussell-Trust-Hunger-in-the-UK-report-web-updated-10Aug23.pdf (trusselltrust.org)

11 Homelessness in Scotland: 2022-23 - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

12 Ethnicity | Scotland's Census (scotlandscensus.gov.uk)

13 Introduction - Pupils with complex additional support needs: research into provision - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

14 temp+accom+categories.pdf (www.gov.scot)

15 https://pure.hud.ac.uk/ws/files/37298602/Housing_article_revised_final_full.pdf

16 https://www.gov.scot/publications/homeless-applications-from-women-due-to-domestic-violence-or-abuse-statistics/

17 https://www.gov.scot/publications/hidden-homelessness-international-evidence-review-exploring-ways-identifying-counting-hidden-homeless-populations/pages/8/

18 Homelessness_Poverty_FullReport.pdf (hw.ac.uk)

19 Living In Limbo - Survey of Homeless Households Living in Temporary Accommodation - Shelter England

20 Low-income families 'terrified for winter' as inflation stays high | CPAG

21 Many low-income families won't have resources to bear another inflation rise | Joseph Rowntree Foundation (jrf.org.uk)

22 Living_in_scotland_PRS_survey_report_sept_2022.pdf (housingevidence.ac.uk)

23 experiences-of-homelessness-during-a-cost-of-living-crisis_full-report.pdf

24 the-homelessness-monitor-great-britain-2022_full-report_final.pdf (crisis.org.uk)

25 2023-Hunger-in-Scotland-report-AW-web.pdf (trusselltrust.org)

26 https://www.gov.scot/publications/social-security-experience-panels-seldom-heard-programme-research-vulnerable-groups/

27 Gubits, D., Shinn, M., Wood, M., Brown, S. R., Dastrup, S. R., & Bell, S. H. (2018). What interventions work best for families who experience homelessness? Impact estimates from the family options study. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 37(4), 835-866.

28 Effectiveness of permanent supportive housing and income assistance interventions for homeless individuals in high-income countries: a systematic review (thelancet.com)

29 Slepickova, L., & Bobakova, D. F. (2020). Conceptualization of Roma in policy documents related to social inclusion and health in the Czech Republic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(21), 7739.

30 Child poverty relating to Gypsy and Traveller children and young people in Sussex (gypsy-traveller.org)

31 Chapter 2 : Context - Managing unauthorised camping by Gypsy/Travellers in Scotland: guidance for local authorities - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

32 Microsoft Word - Disadvantage among RGT children_CASEPAPER208 (lse.ac.uk)

33 https://www.povertyalliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/SAPR37_summer_03.pdf

34 Klaus, S., & Siraj, I. (2020). Improving Roma participation in European early childhood education systems through cultural brokering. London Review of Education.

35 About travelling communities - STEP (ed.ac.uk)

36 Sovacool, B. K., & Del Rio, D. D. F. (2022). “We're not dead yet!“: Extreme energy and transport poverty, perpetual peripheralization, and spatial justice among Gypsies and Travellers in Northern Ireland. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 160, 112262.

37 GRT-Women-Briefing-Paper-March-2017-1.pdf (travellermovement.org.uk)

38 Missing-Voices-FINAL-report.pdf (worc.ac.uk)

39 Craigforth Consultancy & Research and Engage Scotland (2018) Gypsy/Traveller Sites in Scotland. A report for the Scottish Government

40 https://www.gov.scot/binaries/content/documents/govscot/publications/research-and-analysis/2020/10/evidence-review-accommodation-needs-gypsy-travellers-scotland/documents/evidence-review-accommodation-needs-gypsy-travellers-scotland/evidence-review-accommodation-needs-gypsy-travellers-scotland/govscot%3Adocument/evidence-review-accommodation-needs-gypsy-travellers-scotland.pdf

41 Townsend, L., Salemink, K., & Wallace, C. D. (2020). Gypsy–Traveller communities in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands: socially and digitally excluded?. Media, Culture & Society, 42(5), 637-653.

42 KINGWIDE_28494_proof3.pdf (cfey.org)

43 Social Security Experience Panels - Seldom Heard research programme: vulnerable groups - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

44 Race equality framework for Scotland 2016 to 2030 - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

45 Racism and representation - Gypsy/Travellers action plan: 2023 - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

46 Book 1 (gypsy-traveller.org)

47 Tackling inequalities faced by the Gypsy, Roma and Traveller communities (parliament.uk)

48 McFadden_et_al_GRT_Trust_and_Engagement_Final_report_140918.pdf (dundee.ac.uk)

49 Domestic Abuse - Safer.scot

50 Domestic abuse: statistics recorded by the police in Scotland, 2022-23 - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

51 Femicide Census – Profiles of women killed by men

52 Hulley, J., Wager, K., Gomersall, T., Bailey, L., Kirkman, G., Gibbs, G., & Jones, A. D. (2023). Continuous Traumatic Stress: Examining the Experiences and Support Needs of Women After Separation From an Abusive Partner. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 38(9-10), 6275-6297.

53 Organisation (bris.ac.uk)

54 https://www.gov.scot/publications/domestic-abuse-scotland-act-2018-interim-reporting-requirement/

55 9.3 Partner Abuse - Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2019/20: main findings - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

56 Children’s Rights and Wellbeing Impact Assessment – Domestic Abuse (Protection) (Scotland) Bill (www.gov.scot)

57 Women’s Aid (2019) The Domestic Abuse Report 2019: The Economics of Abuse. Bristol: Women’s Aid Economics-of-Abuse-Report-2019.pdf (womensaid.org.uk)

58 Slabbert, I. (2017). Domestic Violence and Poverty: Some Women’s Experiences. Research on Social Work Practice, 27(2), 223-230.

59 Understanding the mental health needs of women and girls experiencing gender-based violence (improvementservice.org.uk)

60 Evidence Hub: Mental health and domestic abuse: A review of the literature - Women’s Aid (womensaid.org.uk)

61 Womens-Aid-Briefing-on-Welfare-Reform-November-2018.pdf (womensaid.org.uk)

62 FINAL-WA-literature-review.pdf (womensaid.org.uk)

63 Heron, R.L., Eisma, M.C. & Browne, K. Barriers and Facilitators of Disclosing Domestic Violence to the UK Health Service. Journal of Family Violence. 37, 533–543 (2022).

64 Sit V, Stermac L. Improving Formal Support After Sexual Assault: Recommendations From Survivors Living in Poverty in Canada. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2021 Feb;36(3-4):1823-1843.

65 https://www.gov.scot/publications/equally-safe-scotlands-strategy-preventing-eradicating-violence-against-women-girls/

66 Womens_Aid_cost_of_living_survivor_survey_July_22.pdf (womensaid.org.uk)

67 Annual-Audit-2024.pdf (womensaid.org.uk)

68 Economic abuse - Refuge

69 know-economic-abuse-report.pdf (co-operativebank.co.uk)

70 Domestic abuse and Covid-19: A year into the pandemic (parliament.uk)

71 https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-domestic-abuse-forms-violence-against-women-girls-during-phase-3-scotlands-route-map-11-august-11-october

72 Public_Health_Approach_Report_2023.pdf (safelives.org.uk)

73 Whole Lives Scotland Impact Report (safelivesresearch.org.uk)

74 Understanding the mental health needs of women and girls experiencing gender-based violence (improvementservice.org.uk)

75 everyday-heroes-briefing2-Justice.pdf (ed.ac.uk)

76 Preventing violence against women and girls - what works: key findings - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

77 Skafida, V., Morrison, F., & Devaney, J. (2022). Prevalence and Social Inequality in Experiences of Domestic Abuse Among Mothers of Young Children: A Study Using National Survey Data from Scotland. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 37(11-12), 9811-9838.

78 Rendering them Visible: A Review of Progress Towards Increasing Awareness and Support of Prisoners' Families

79 SCCJR-Impact-of-crime-on-families-1.pdf

80 Supporting documents - Scottish Prison Population Statistics 2022-23 - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

81 9. Custodial sentences - Criminal proceedings in Scotland: 2020-2021 - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

82 17thPrisonSurvey_2019_Research.pdf (sps.gov.uk)

83 Key Findings - Scottish Prison Population Statistics 2022-23 - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

84 Overview of ACEs - Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) - Children - Population groups - Public Health Scotland

85 Ending childhood adversity (publichealthscotland.scot)

86 Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Trauma - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

87 Poverty and Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) | Children 1st

88 Paying the Price: The Cost to Families of Imprisonment and Release (familiesoutside.org.uk)

89 Morgan AA, Arditti JA, Dennison S, Frederiksen S. Against the Odds: A Structural Equation Analysis of Family Resilience Processes during Paternal Incarceration. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021

90 Jardine_BJC_2017_Constructing_and_maintaining_family_in_the_context_of_imprisonment.pdf (strath.ac.uk)

91 In-Brief-16-digital.pdf (familiesoutside.org.uk)

92 Lockwood, K., Long, T., Loucks, N., Raikes, B., & Sharratt, K. (2022). A double-edged sword: Children’s experiences of visiting a parent in prison in Scotland. Probation Journal, 69(2), 159-176.

93 Getting it right for families affected by imprisonment (strath.ac.uk)

94 Berkel C, O'Hara K, Eddy JM, Rhodes CA, Blake A, Thomas N, Hita L, Herrera D, Wheeler AC, Wolchik S. The Prospective Effects of Caregiver Parenting on Behavioral Health Outcomes for Children with Incarcerated Parents: a Family Resilience Perspective. Prev Sci. 2023 Aug;24(6):1198-1208.

95 Serving a hidden sentence report (cbcew.org.uk)

96 The Role of Schools in Supporting Families Affected by Imprisonment (familiesoutside.org.uk)

97 Shaw, M. (2023). Financial strain, the transference of stigma, and residential instability: A qualitative analysis of the long-term effects of parental incarceration. Family Relations, 72(4), 1773–1789.

98 Long, T., Lockwood, K., Loucks, N. et al. Improving Outcomes for Children Affected by Parental Involvement with the Criminal Justice System in Scotland. Applied Research Quality Life (2022).

99 Prisons-Prison-Officers-and-Prisoners-Families-Briefing-Paper.pdf (sccjr.ac.uk)

100 Nguyen, TT.T., Denejkina, A., Summersett Williams, F. (2023 Neighborhood Factors and School Engagement in Children of Parents or Guardians Who Have Experienced Incarceration. J Child Fam Stud 32, 3800–3815.

101 McGinley, M., & Jones, C. (2018). Growing Up with Parental Imprisonment: Children’s Experiences of Managing Stigma, Secrecy and Shame. Practice, 30(5), 341–357.

102 Born into care in Scotland: circumstances, recurrence and pathways - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

103 Children of care leavers risk inheriting parent’s emotional scars. Findings from UCL research – 7 February 2024 CLS Children of care leavers risk inheriting parents’ emotional scars - CLS (ucl.ac.uk)

104 Mental health of at-risk teenagers. Evidence from children of care leavers and those from socially disadvantaged families in the Millennium Cohort Stutdy. Centre for Longitudinal Studies and Nuffield Foundation. CLS-briefing-paper-Mental-health-of-at-risk-teenagers.pdf (ucl.ac.uk)

105 Headline findings - Education Outcomes for Looked After Children 2021/22 - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

106 BeyoBeyond 18: The Longitudinal Study on Leaving Care

107 Vizard, Polly; Obolenskaya, Polina; Burchardt, Tania Child poverty amongst young carers in the UK: prevalence and trends in the wake of the financial crisis, economic downturn and onset of austerity, Vol 12 No 5 Oct 2019, pp1831–1854

108 2023-The-Trussell-Trust-Hunger-in-the-UK-report-web-updated-10Aug23.pdf (trusselltrust.org)

109 Schelbe, Lisa. "Struggles, Successes, and Setbacks: Youth Aging Out of Child Welfare in a Subsidized Housing Program." Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 89, 2018, pp. 298-308 https://libkey.io/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.05.005

110 OPFS_Promise_Policy_Briefing.pdf

111 Gypen, Laura, et al. "Longitudinal Outcomes of Employment, Income and Housing for Flemish Care Leavers." Developmental Child Welfare, vol. 5, no. 1, 2023, pp. 36-58

112 Accelerated adulthood, extended adolescence and the care cliff: Supporting care leavers' transition from care to independent living (wiley.com)

113 Care leavers in early adulthood: How do they fare in Britain, Finland and Germany? - ScienceDirect

114 1. Introduction - Asylum seekers - extending the right to work: evaluation, analysis, and policy options - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

115 How many people do we grant protection to? - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk) See section 2.3 of the report “Asylum seekers by age and sex”

116 New Scots Refugee Integration Strategy 2018 to 2022: evaluation - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)

117 Immigration Rules - Immigration Rules part 11B - Guidance - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

118 A more liberal refugee policy is characterised by five core dimensions: ease of entrance and security of status, provision of public services and welfare, ability to work and own property, movement as in encampment policies and societal participation. Source: Do Legal Restrictions Affect Refugees' Labor Market and Education Outcomes Evidence from Harmonized Data (English) | Policy Commons // World Bank Document

119 Public funds - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

120 Who has no recourse to public funds (NRPF) | NRPF Network

121 Getting it Right? The role of children’s services with families with precarious immigration status. PhD Thesis FINAL - 2526154 - C Lindsay.pdf (stir.ac.uk)

122 See chapter 4: How many people do we grant protection to? - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

123 See chapter 3: How many people do we grant protection to? - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

124 Kumar, Neha & Quisumbing, Agnes R. & Gelli, Aulo & Gentilini, Ugo & Shapleigh, Sara, 2021. "Toward inclusive food systems: Pandemics, vulnerable groups, and the role of social protection," IFPRI book chapters, in: 2021 Global food policy report: Transforming food systems after COVID-19, chapter 5, pages 54-63, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

125 1. Introduction - Refugee integration - role of local authorities: research - gov.scot (www.gov.scot)


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