Impact of climate change on seabird species off the east coast of Scotland and potential implications for environmental assessments: study

This study investigated the potential impacts of climate change on seabird distribution, abundance and demography off the east coast of Scotland, and examined integration of these climate models into standard population forecast models used in assessments for offshore wind developments.

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Appendix D: technical specification of the demographic model

Model structure

Note: "linear predictor" refers to the sum of random effects and fixed effects (explanatory variables) multiplied by their parameters – i.e. the linear mixed model part




mathematical equation

Growth rate

mathematical equation

Survival Models

Adult survival submodel

Juvenile survival submodel

[Model A]

[Model B]



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