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Publication - Research and analysis

Socio-economic Baseline Review Methodology and Data Gap Analysis for Offshore Renewables in Scottish Waters

Published: 10 Dec 2012
Part of:
Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781782561996

The Data Gap Analysis Report summarises the background to and aims of the overall appraoch to socio-economics and offshore renewable energy planning. It sets out the approach that has been adopted to identifying baseline information requirements, which ta

Contents
Socio-economic Baseline Review Methodology and Data Gap Analysis for Offshore Renewables in Scottish Waters
Appendix B. Interaction Summary Tables and Information Sources by Sector

Appendix B. Interaction Summary Tables and Information Sources by Sector

Aquaculture

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Environmental impacts to aquaculture species as a result of construction, operation and decommissioning (changes in underwater noise, turbidity and water quality).

All

Loss of income for fish farm producers through a reduction in farm productivity

Baseline information on underwater noise, turbidity and water quality at specific locations and projections of how these might change relative to impact thresholds for aquaculture species

X

(Information identified in Column 4 will be provided by SEA/ HRA)

Displacement of existing or future aquaculture activity

All

Reduction in income for aquaculture producers.

Spatial data on current and potential future locations of aquaculture installations. Information on current economic value and employment for individual sites.

Co-management of aquaculture and offshore renewable energy installations in the same area.

Wind

Increase the income from the OWF lease.

Information on location of future offshore wind farm developments with which aquaculture installations will be co-located

X

Dependent on site specific considerations which will only be resolved at project level ( e.g. lease agreements etc)

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

Production and turnover 2005-2009

2005-2009

Baxter et al (2011)

Scotland

Scottish shellfish production survey

2010

Marine Scotland (2010)

Scotland

Scottish fish farm production survey

2009

Marine Scotland (2009)

UK

Future trends

2006+

Wilding et al (2006)

Regional

Economic value and trends

2010

Scottish Salmon Producers Organisation (2010)

Aviation

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Height obstruction of commercial navigation routes

Wind

Additional track miles for helicopters owing to height obstruction in inclement weather

Loss of trade at airports

Existing helicopter routes and intensity of use in proximity to future offshore wind development area

Economic value and employment at airports. Runway approach routes in proximity to future offshore wind development area

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

UK Air Passenger Demand Forecasts

2009+

Department for Transport (2009)

Scotland

Scottish Transport Statistics

2010

Scottish Government

Carbon Capture Storage

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Competition for space

Increased difficulty of access to pipelines / rigs

All

Sterilization of potential storage areas/obstruction of potential pipeline routes

Increased maintenance costs for pipeline owners; loss of revenue for asset owners; loss of revenue for dependent businesses/customers

Potential location of CO2 pipeline network and suitable geological reservoirs.

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

Potential CO2 storage sites, transport options between sources and storage sites (ship and pipeline)

2009

Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage (2009.)

Scotland

Refined estimate of CO2 storage capacity in North East Region, estimates of timelines to CCS deployment and employment estimates

2011

Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage (2011)

Scotland

Potential transport options and possible European CCS Network

2010

Scottish Government and Scottish Enterprise (2010)

Scotland

Potential CO2 storage sites

2011

Baxter et al (2011)

Coastal Defence and Flood Protection

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Loss of integrity of structures at cable crossings

All

Increased maintenance costs

Location and type of man made defences; maintenance expenditure

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

 

 

SEPA/Local authorities

Commercial Fisheries

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Displacement and disruption to existing fisheries within arrays and along cable routes

All

Reduction in landings/Catch per Unit Effort ( CPUE)

Distribution and intensity of fishing activity, economic value of landings

Disturbance of mobile species and disruption or damage to habitats, nursery and spawning grounds

All

Reduction in landings/Catch per Unit Effort ( CPUE)

Change in extent and intensity of damage compared to baseline; understanding of relationship between habitat quality and fish production

X

(information will be provided by SEA/ HRA)

Obstruction of navigation routes

All

Increased steaming times

Existing vessel movements, frequency, vessel types, destinations, fuel costs

Fouling of fishing gear on cables or seabed infrastructure

All

Loss of fishing gear

Distribution of bottom fishing activity (trawls, pots) over time; frequency of activity, information on frequency of fouling events

Cumulative effects of other pressures ( e.g. fisheries closures, spatial closures related to Marine Protected Areas or major offshore developments and changes introduced through Common Fisheries Policy reforms)

All

Reduction in CPUE and consequential loss of profit

Information on spatial and temporal extent of other pressures and their influence on landings values

Spillover benefits

All

Increased CPUE and/or landings

Change in extent and intensity of damage compared to baseline; understanding of relationship between habitat quality and fish production

X

(likely to be minor as development areas occupy small areas of sea space)

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

Value and weight of catches by port

Average effort (kw days) in sea areas by UK vessels (range)

Average value of landings from sea areas (range)

Average number of days of foreign vessel fishing activity per ICES square (range)

Reported annual catches by fishing type (fixed engine, rod and line, net and coble)

2005-2009

Baxter et al (2011)

Scotland

Locations and types of fishing; status of stocks; economic and social aspects of the fisheries

2010

Crawley, D. (2010)

Fishing District

Sea Fisheries Statistics for fishing fleet, employment and catches and landings

2009

Marine Scotland - Science

ICES rectangle

Landings data (weight and value of landings into a UK port by vessel size, nationality and gear type for each species)

2000-2010

Marine Scotland

ICES rectangle

Satellite ( VMS) data of UK vessels

2006-2010

Marine Monitoring Centre, Marine Scotland

ICES rectangle

Vessel surveillance data by nationality and gear type

2006-2010

Marine Monitoring Centre, Marine Scotland

Statistical Districts

Aggregate catch data for salmon and sea trout fisheries by fishing type

2000-2010

Freshwater Laboratory Field Station, Marine Scotland - Science

Energy Generation

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Development opportunities for supply chain

All

Additional supply chain activity (economic value and employment)

Spatial data on supply chain locations

Competition for space (offshore)

All

Reduced renewable energy capacity

Spatial data on leasing areas for different types of renewable energy

Competition for transmission capacity

All

Either reduced energy output from other energy sources (due to displacement by renewables) or reduced renewable energy capacity

Information on capacity for electricity transmission (within Scotland and from Scotland to other countries)

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

Amount of electricity generated by energy source in Scotland (Scottish Environmental Statistics Online)

2009

Scottish Government Statistics

Scotland

National Renewables Infrastructure Plan

2010

SE & HIE (2010)

Scotland

Blue Seas - Green Energy - A Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters

2010

Scottish Government

Scotland

Potential Development Scenarios for Scottish Offshore Wind Supply Chain

2010

Scottish Renewables (2010)

Scotland

Scotland's Offshore Wind Route Map - Developing Scotland's Offshore Wind Industry to 2020

2010

Offshore Wind Industry Group

Scotland

The Offshore Valuation - A valuation of the UK's offshore renewable energy resource

2010

Public Interest Research Centre on behalf of The Offshore Valuation Group (2010)

Scotland

Scottish Offshore Wind: Creating an Industry to Scottish Renewables

2010

IPA Energy + Water Economics (2010)

Scotland

Information and analysis of wave and tidal market in Scotland

2011

Pure Marine Gen Ltd (2011)

Scotland

Draft Electricity Generation Policy Statement 2010

2010

Scottish Government

Scotland

A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland

2010

Scottish Government

Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters

Supply Chain Demand - PFOW Round 1 Wave and tidal Projects

2011

BVG Associates (2011)

West Coast

Scottish Offshore Renewables Development Sites

2011

Scottish Development International, Highlands and Islands Enterprise, and Scottish Enterprise (2011)

Scotland

Scotland's Renewable Energy Potential: realising the 2020 target

2005

Scottish Executive (2005), Future Generation Group Report

Scotland

Scottish Renewable Energy Generation Capacity

2010

Scottish Renewables

Scotland

Interim Great Britain Seven Year Statement

2004

National Grid (2004)

Scotland

Scottish and Southern Energy plc Annual Report 2011

2011

Scottish and Southern Energy plc (2011)

Military

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Interference with radar systems

Wind

The need to provide radar mitigation for strategic en-route and low level radar interference.

Location of future offshore wind farm developments in areas of importance to strategic en-route and low level radar systems

Interference with underwater communications

All

Displacement of activity leading to increased costs

Submarine and other exercise areas

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

Scottish Naval Exercise Areas Information

2010

http://rnopsscotland.netfirms.com/index.htm

Scotland

Defence Analytical Services and Advice. DASA Quad Service. 4

2010

www.dasa.mod.uk/

Oil and Gas

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Increased difficulty of access

All

Increased maintenance costs for pipeline owners; loss of revenue for asset owners; loss of revenue for dependent businesses/customers

Producing platforms and pipeline location information. Information on the frequency of maintenance / inspection and route usage information.

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

All pipelines and cables

Current

SeaZone Solutions Ltd and UKDEAL

UK

Oil pipelines - Subsea pipelines and umbilical's related to the petroleum industry.

Current

UKDEAL

UK

Oil and gas employment

2009

Oil and Gas UK 2010 Economic report: http://www.oilandgasuk.co.uk/cmsfiles/modules/publications/pdfs/EC021.pdf

Scotland

Revenues and production from Scottish Sea areas (2005-2008). Oil, gas and NGL production and revenue (2005-2008) for all Scottish waters and regional breakdown.

2005-2008

Baxter et al (2011)

Ports and Harbours

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Reduced development opportunities

All

Loss of customers and revenue (long-term); increased costs associated with development

Projected future developments at risk.

Increased development opportunities

All

Commercial opportunities for port expansion associated with construction, operation and maintenance activities.

Projected changes in development based on assessing supply chain benefits.

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

UK

Employment and GVA multipliers for ports (all UK)

2009

Oxford Economics (March 2009):

"The Economic Contribution of Ports to the UK Economy" www.ukmajorports.org.uk/file_library/file_library_files/download/173

UK

Marine Traffic, passenger numbers and cargo volume

2000-2010

Department for Transport "Transport Statistics"
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-transport/series/ports-statistics

UK

Port and harbour locations, port types, port ownership, contact details

Current

Ports and Harbours of the UK, 2011.
Website: http://www.ports.org.uk/

Scotland
(including Orkney, Shetland and mainland)

Maritime transport statistics and overview, generalised information on Scottish Ports.

2009-2010

Baxter et al (2011)

The Scottish Government (2011) 'Scotland's Marine Atlas - Information for the National Marine Plan' March 2011

Scotland

Commercial listings of ports in Scotland, service providers, contact details, description of services and current development plans.

Current to 2009

Port of Scotland (2010) - annual publication (current issue print date 2009)

Scotland

Recent trends

To 2008

British Ports Association (2008)

Power Interconnectors

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Increased difficulty of access

All

Increased maintenance costs for cable owners; loss of revenue for asset owners; loss of revenue for dependent businesses/ customers

Cable location information. Information on the frequency of maintenance / inspection and route usage information.

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

All pipelines and cables

Current

SeaZone Solutions Ltd

Scotland

Power cables (submarine electricity cables)

Current

Baxter et al. (2011)

Scotland

Potential future subsea cable developments / reinforcements

2009

National Planning Framework for Scotland Annex National development 11 (Scottish Government, 2009b)

Recreational Boating

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Alterations to informal cruising routes; loss or alteration of 'essential routes' into sheltered harbours and anchorages

All

Increased fuel costs for motorized vessels; possible relocation of vessels leading to loss of revenues for supply chain

Spatially resolved information on recreational vessel movements. Information on vessel type and draught supplemented with any additional data collected for site specific navigation risk assessment.

Displacement of vessels into higher risk areas

All

Increased costs to boat owners; possible relocation of vessels leading to loss of revenues for supply chain

As above

X

Risks managed through navigation risk assessment; thus reduced to acceptable levels

Increased collision risk with rotor blades and/or sub-surface structures

All

Reduction in activity levels leading to loss of revenue for supply chain

As above

X

Risks managed through navigation risk assessment; thus reduced to acceptable levels

Impacts to landscape or seascape

Wind

Reduction in activity levels leading to loss of revenue for supply chain

Information used to inform an LVIA such as landscape/seascape sensitivity and character

X

(Baseline information will be provided in SEA)

Additional opportunities created such as increased land-based infrastructure ( e.g. all weather harbours, all tide slipways, boat storage areas) arising from the construction and operation of renewable developments designed to accommodate and made available to recreational activities.

All

Increase in expenditure by recreational boat owners in the area

Projected changes in development based on assessing supply chain benefits.

X

Likely to minimal as any benefit will be serendipitous

Deterrent to investment in marinas/supply chain

All

Reduced investment

Identify potential investment at risk.

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

Statistics on sailing tourism

No date

Tourism Resources Company et al (2010)

All Regions

Number of resident home berths

Number of visiting berths

Proportion of total Scotland berths

Demand for home berths (occupancy)

Visiting craft demand for berths

Average annual spend per boat (high, medium and low)

Direct expenditure

Multipliers (from Scottish Tourism Multiplier Study)

Visiting boat nights

Visiting boat expenditure

Employment

Gross Value Added

No date

Tourism Resources Company et al (2010)

Scotland

Sailing area value and berth numbers

No date

Baxter et al (2011)

Scotland

RYA cruising routes and sailing areas

No date

Baxter et al (2011)

Shipping

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Obstruction of transiting vessel navigation routes:

Increased steaming distances/time

Increased marine risk (grounding) through route deviation

All

Increased costs; increased insurance costs

Potential increases in steaming distances/ times, based on AIS data interrogation.

For groundings, AIS data could be used to establish the draught profile of vessels transiting the area, to identify potential constraints.

Obstruction of established ferry routes:

Increased steaming distances/time

Reduced turnaround times

Increased marine risk (grounding)

All

Increased costs to ferry companies

As above.

Increased ship collision risk

All

Increased costs; increased insurance costs

Quantitative marine risk assessment using input traffic levels (from AIS and/or radar surveys).

X

Risks managed through navigation risk assessment; thus reduced to acceptable levels

Displacement of recreational craft into navigation lanes

All

Increased costs; increased insurance costs

Quantitative marine risk assessment using input traffic levels (from AIS and/or radar surveys).

X

Risks managed through navigation risk assessment; thus reduced to acceptable levels

Requirement for additional aids to navigation

All

Costs of meeting IALA requirements met by developers

The marking of offshore energy installations are recommended to follow advice from the International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities ( IALA).

X

Risks managed through implementation of required mitigation measures

Displacement of anchorage areas

All

Increased costs

AIS or radar surveys of the area in comparison with sea usage charting. This information should be matched to local Harbour Authorities information on both formal and informal anchorage within their Harbour Authority areas.

Fouling of anchors on cables

All

Increased insurance costs

Shipping lane location, Information on the frequency of fouling events

Commercial opportunities to support offshore renewables

All

Increased usage of vessels to support offshore renewables through project life cycle

Supply chain activities relating to shipping and potential scale of activity

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

Number of passengers, cars and commercial vehicles on ferries (graph),

Shipping traffic: no. of vessels in a given area during 1st week of Jan.2010 (map), AIS regional maps,

2005-2010

Baxter et al (2011)

The Scottish Government (2011) 'Scotland's Marine Atlas - Information for the National Marine Plan' March 2011

Scotland

Scottish Transport Statistics

2009

Scottish Government ( 2009a)

Scotland

Scottish Transport Statistics

2010

Scottish Government (2010)

Scotland

DfT Maritime Transport Statistics Compendium

2010

DfT (2010)

Regional

Regional scale AIS density maps

2005-present

Maritime and Coastguard Agency ( MCA) - Direct contact with MCA Office:
http://www.dft.gov.uk/mca/mcga07-home/aboutus/contact07/mcga-atoz.htm

Social and Community

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Population

All

Changes in population as a result of changes in employment

Projected changes in employment.

Local employment

All

Reduction in employment opportunities; increase in employment opportunities as a result of supply chain development

Projected changes in employment based on sectoral impacts and supply chain benefits.

Deprivation

All

Changes in the levels of deprivation as a result of changes in other social factors

Information on existing levels of deprivation (index)

Community wellbeing

All

Changes in levels of poverty and neighbourhood perceptions as a result of changes in other social factors

Information on existing poverty levels and neighbourhood perceptions

Housing

All

Changes in housing availability as a result of changes in other social factors

Information on housing stock and availability

Health

All

Changes in population health

Self reported health information

Education and skills

All

Changes in the levels of education and skills

Information on levels of education and skills

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland Datazone (groups of census output areas)

Number of business sites by industry sector

2010 (also 2007 to 2010)

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Local authority

Business birth and death rates (including 3 year survival rates)

2002 to 2009

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Local authority

Employment (by industry sector)

2009 to 2010

ONS

Scotland

Social economy turnover

2004 to 2009

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Scotland

Community well-being (poverty)

1998/99 to 2007/08

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Local authority

Percentage of adults who rate their neighbourhood as a very good place to live

1999/00 to 2007/08

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Local authority

Education level (education to degree level, percentage receiving job-related training, with low of no qualifications)

2004 to 2010

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Local authority

Self-assessed health rating

1999/00 to 2007/08

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Local authority

House sale prices

1993 to 2010

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Datazone (groups of census output areas)

Index of deprivation (ranks)

2009

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Local authority

Population (2001 census and mid-year estimates)

2001 to 2010

Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics

Telecommunication Cables

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Competition for Space

All

Increased costs associated with new cable or pipeline laying operations; increases in subsequent maintenance costs

Cable location information.

Increased difficulty of access for maintenance and inspection

All

Increased maintenance costs for cable and pipeline owners; loss of revenue for asset owners; loss of revenue for dependent businesses/customers

Cable location information. Information on the frequency of maintenance / inspection and route usage information.

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Regional

Telecom Cable Routes including both in and out of service cables.

Issue 13/

January 2011

KIS-CA
http://www.kisca.org.uk/charts.htm

Scotland

All pipelines and cables

Current

SeaZone Solutions Ltd

Scotland

Overview of Telecommunication cables, with lengths of active cables per region.

No date

Baxter et al (2011)

Tourism

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Impacts to landscape or seascape

Wind

Reduction in tourism income and investment

Information on economic value of coastal tourism and employment; potential future investment plans

Changes to the local character of an area

Wind

Reduction in tourism income and investment

Information on economic value of coastal tourism and employment; potential future investment plans

Disturbance or injury to coastal or marine wildlife*

All

Reduction in income for ecotourism businesses

Distribution of marine wildlife and how this may change in response to offshore energy development in time and space.

X

(Baseline information will be provided in SEA)

Disturbance or damage to heritage assets

All

Reduction in visitor attraction income; reduction in wider tourism income

Location of heritage assets relative to potential development areas. An assessment of the importance of a site and the consequence of any interaction

Creation of new visitor attraction

All

Increase in tourism income

Future visitor number projections based on previous case examples, market and tourist perception studies.

X

(Likely to be small impact unless further investment made to enhance visitor experience)

* Given that adequate mitigation measures will be required by law to protect marine wildlife, these measures would also be expected to protect associated socio-economic interests.

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

Leisure and recreation statistics

2011

Baxter et al (2011)

Scotland

Economic impact of offshore wind farms

2009

GCal Uni (2009)

Scotland

Visitor numbers by region

- 2010

Visit Scotland

Scotland

The tourism prospectus: investing for growth

2007

Visit Scotland

Scotland

Expenditure by coastal and marine wildlife visitors in Scotland.

2009

Bournemouth University (2010)

Scotland

Value of whale watching in Scotland

2009

O'Connor et al. (2009)

Scotland

Value of conserving whales: impacts of cetacean-related tourism on the economy of rural West Scotland

2003

Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems Journal

Scotland

Scotland's Coastal and Maritime Managed Heritage Assets; Visitor Numbers and Revenue

2004-2009

Historic Scotland; Visit Scotland

Scotland

Fishing tourism research

2007

Visit Scotland

Scotland

Value to economy of tourism

No date

 

Scotland

Towards a Strategy for Scotland's Marine Historic Environment

2009

Historic Scotland

Waste Disposal

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Competition for Space (development of new sea disposal sites)

All

Increased disposal costs associated with use of new or less preferred disposal sites.

Potential future disposal sites.

Loss of, or disruption of access to, dredge material disposal sites

All

Increased disposal costs associated with use of less preferred disposal sites.

Location of disposal sites; routes to disposal sites; volumes / frequency of dredge material disposal to each site. Potential future port developments. A site specific assessment should be conducted in consultation with relevant port and harbour authorities for any affected disposal sites.

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

UK

Dredge disposal sites and volumes disposed of in the OSPAR Maritime Area

2009

OSPAR, (2009): http://www.ospar.org/documents/dbase/publications/p00433_JAMP%20Dumping%20Assessment.pdf

Scotland

Potential future port developments

2009

National Planning Framework for Scotland (Scottish Government, 2009b).

Scotland

Locations and tonnage at open disposal sites

2011

Baxter et al. (2011)

Water Sports

Explanation of column content:

Column 1: Describes the potential interaction between the activity and any renewable technology;

Column 2: Identifies the types of offshore renewable development (wind, wave or tidal) for which the interaction may arise;

Column 3: Identifies the potential socio-economic consequence associated with the interaction identified in Column 1;

Column 4: Identifies the indicative information necessary to inform the baseline reviews, in some cases these may be environmental parameters which are not described or mapped in this study; and

Column 5: Based on the information requirements in Column 4 the study team have made a judgment on whether the information should be included in the socio-economic baseline reviews and if not have provided a source for completeness.

1

2

3

4

5

Potential Interaction

Technology Relevance (Wind, Wave, Tidal)

Potential Socio-economic Consequence

Indicative Baseline Information Requirements

Recommendation on Inclusion of Information in Socio-economic Baseline?

Impacts to seascape/setting

All

Reduction in activity levels leading to loss of revenue for supply chains

Information used to inform an LVIA such as landscape/seascape sensitivity and character, photo montages and proposed development locations.

X

(Baseline information will be provided in SEA)

Displacement or obstruction of water sports activity

All

Reduction in activity levels leading to loss of revenue for supply chains

Information on existing levels of activity, expenditure and employment associated with different areas.

Collision risk for humans or vessels

Tidal

Reduction in activity levels leading to loss of revenue for supply chains

Risk study at a site specific level based on device location, characteristics and activity intensity levels in that area.

X

Risks managed through navigation risk assessment; thus reduced to acceptable levels

Changes to the wave climate (wave height, period and direction) altering the quality and consistency of waves for surfing.

Wind and Tidal

Reduction in surfing activity leading to loss of revenue for supply chain

Physical data from project level EIAs and consultation with stakeholders

X

Baseline information will be provided in SEA. Changes likely to be very small

Additional opportunities created such as increased land-based infrastructure ( e.g. all weather harbours, all tide slipways, boat storage areas) arising from the construction and operation of renewable developments designed to accommodate and made available to recreational activities.

All

Increase in expenditure by water sport participants in the area

Projected changes in development based on assessing supply chain investments.

X

Changes likely to be very small and dependent on site specific factors which cannot be predicted at regional level

Impacts on fish stocks of angling target species as a result of impacts to feeding, breeding and/or migration of species of angling interest ( e.g. collision risk or disruption/disturbance through increased noise, vibration, turbidity or electromagnetic fields).

All

Reduction in recreational angling leading to loss of revenue for supply chain

Impact assessment information undertaken as part of the SEA/ HRA process

X

Baseline information will be provided in SEA

Scale

Information Available

Date

Source

Scotland

Number of sea anglers

2006-2007

Radford et al (2009)

Scotland

Economic impact of sea angling (by region)

No date

Radford et al (2009)

Scotland

Angler days by resident, by origin, by type (short, boat, charter)

No date

 

Scotland

Expenditure

No date

 

Scotland

Trends (days fished, competitiveness of region)

No date

 

Scotland

Output of DREAM® model gives multipliers (associated with angling)

No date

 

Scotland

Estimated regional sea angling activity and expenditure (also for Scotland)

No date

Baxter et al (2011)

Scotland

Origin and destination of overnight fishing trips to Scotland

2006-2007

Radford et al (2009)

Highlands and Islands

Statistics on water sports

No date

George Street Research & Jones Economics (2004)

References

Baxter, J.M., Boyd, I.L., Cox, M., Donald, A.E., Malcolm, S.J., Miles, H., Miller, B., Moffat, C.F., (Editors), 2011. Scotland's Marine Atlas: Information for the national marine plan. Marine Scotland, Edinburgh. pp. 191.

Bournemouth University, 2010.The Economic Impact of Wildlife Tourism in Scotland. A report for the Scottish Government.

British Ports Association, 2008. Scottish Ports Committee Ports in Scotland "Delivering Value".

BVG Associates, 2011. Wave and tidal energy in the Pentland Firth and Orkney waters: How the projects could be built. A report for The Crown Estate. May 2011.

Crawley, D., 2010. Report of the Scottish Mixed Stock Salmon Fisheries Working Group. Report by the Steering Group of the Freshwater Fisheries Forum, 100pp.

Department for Transport, 2009. UK Air Passenger Demand and CO2 Forecasts

Department for Transport, 2010. Maritime Statistics Compendium
http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/statistics/datatablespublications/maritime/compendium/.

George Street Research and Jones Economics, 2004. Economic Impact and Development Opportunities for Outdoor and Environment Related Recreation in the Highlands and Islands. A report for HIE.

Glasgow Caledonian University and Cogent Strategies International Ltd. 2008. The economic impacts of wind farms on Scottish Tourism. A report for the Scottish Government, March 2008.

IPA Energy and Water Economics, 2010. Scottish Offshore Wind: Creating an Industry. Report to Scottish Renewables.

Marine Scotland, 2009. Scottish Shellfish Farm Production Survey. 2009 Report.

Marine Scotland, 2010. Scottish Shellfish Farm Production Survey. 2010 Report.

National Grid, 2004. )Interim Great Britain Seven Year Statement.

O'Connor, S., Campbell, R., Cortez, H., & Knowles, T., 2009, Whale Watching Worldwide: tourism numbers, expenditures and expanding economic benefits, a special report from the International Fund for Animal Welfare, Yarmouth MA, USA, prepared by Economists at Large.

Oil and Gas UK, 2010. Economic report 2010.
Available online: http://www.oilandgasuk.co.uk/cmsfiles/modules/publications/pdfs/EC021.pdf

OSPAR Commission, 2009. JAP assessment of the environmental impact of dumping of wastes at sea.
Available online: http://www.ospar.org/documents/dbase/publications/p00433_JAMP%20Dumping%20Assessment.pdf

Oxford Economics, 2009, The economic contribution of ports to the UK economy, March 2009.

Port of Scotland, 2009. Port of Scotland, 2010 - annual publication (current issue print date 2009)

Ports & Harbours of the UK, 2011.
Website: http://www.ports.org.uk/

Public Interest Research Centre on behalf of The Offshore Valuation Group, 2010. The Offshore Valuation - A valuation of the UK's offshore renewable energy resource.

Pure Marine Gen Ltd, 2011. Information and analysis of wave and tidal market in Scotland.

Radford, A., Riddington, G. and Gibson, H. 2009. Economic Impact of Recreational Sea Angling in Scotland. Prepared for the Scottish Government. July 2009. ISBN: 978-0-7559-8130-4

Scottish and Southern Energy plc, 2011. Scottish and Southern Energy plc Annual Report 2011.

Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage ( SCCS), 2009. Opportunities for CO2 storage around Scotland: An integrated strategic research study. Report for the Scottish Government. April, 2009.

Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage ( SCCS), 2011. Progressing Scotland's CO2 storage opportunities. Report for the Scottish Government. March, 2011.

Scottish Development International, Highlands and Islands Enterprise, and Scottish Enterprise, 2011. Scottish Offshore Renewables Development Sites.

Scottish Enterprise & Highlands & Islands Enterprise, 2010. National Renewables Infrastructure Plan Stage 2. July 2010.

Scottish Executive, 2005. Scotland's Renewable Energy Potential: realising the 2020 target.

Scottish Government and Scottish Enterprise, 2010. Carbon capture and Storage - A Roadmap for Scotland. March 2010.

Scottish Government, 2009a. Scottish Transport Statistics: No. 28 - 2009 Edition:
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/12/18095042/0.

Scottish Government, 2009b. National Planning Framework for Scotland 2.

Scottish Government, 2010. Scottish Transport Statistics: No. 29 - 2009 Edition:
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/933/0109841.pdf

Scottish Government, 2011. High Level summary of statistics: Social and welfare.
Available online: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/933/0116815.pdf

Scottish Renewables, 2010. Scottish Renewable Energy Generation Capacity.

Scottish Salmon Producers' Organisation, 2010. Scottish Salmon Farming Industry Research Report. Published December 2010.

Tourism Resources Company et al, 2010. Sailing Tourism in Scotland, report for Scottish Executive, February 2010.

Wilding, T.A., Kelly, M.S. and Black, K.D. 2006. Alternative marine sources of protein and oil for aquaculture feeds: state of the art and recommendations for further research. The Crown Estate, 63 pages


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