1. Scottish Government, The future of energy in Scotland: Scottish energy strategy (2017). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-energy-strategy-future-energy-scotland-9781788515276/
2. Scottish Government, Offshore Wind Policy Statement (2020) Available at: https://www.gov.scot/ISBN/978-1-80004-237-7
3. Scottish Government, Blue Seas Green Energy (March 2011) Available at: https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/marine/marineenergy/wind
4. Further information available here: https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning
5. Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Offshore wind Sector Deal (2019). Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/offshore-wind-sector-deal
8. Scottish Government, Sectoral Marine Plan Post Adoption Statement (2020) Available at: https://www.gov.scot/isbn/9781800042445
9. Option Agreements are agreed between CES and a project developer and set out the terms on which CES would grant such a lease in the event that the developer succeeds in obtaining all the necessary consents.
10. Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Contracts for Difference (CfD): proposed amendments to the scheme 2020 (March 2020) https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/contracts-for-difference-cfd-proposed-amendments-to-the-scheme-2020 (Last accessed: 06/05/20)
11. Scottish Government, Sectoral Marine Plan Island Communities Impact Assessment Available at: https://www.gov.scot/isbn/9781800042438
12. Scottish Government, Offshore Wind Policy Statement (2020) Available at: https://www.gov.scot/ISBN/978-1-80004-237-7
13. Scottish Government, The future of energy in Scotland: Scottish energy strategy (2017). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-energy-strategy-future-energy-scotland-9781788515276/
14. Scottish Government, Offshore Wind Policy Statement (2020) Available at: https://www.gov.scot/ISBN/978-1-80004-237-7
16. Davies, I. M. and Watret, R. (2011) Scoping Study for Offshore Wind Farm Development in Scottish Waters. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 2 No 13. Available at: www.gov.scot/Publications/2011/11/28104658/0
21. Further detail regarding the cross sectoral Steering Groups is provided in the Statement of Public Participation. Available here: https://consult.gov.scot/marine-scotland/draft-sectoral-marine-plan-for-offshore-wind/
22. All Draft Plan documents are available here: https://protect-eu.mimecast.com/s/xQmKCN90zS0pNX6c4uirf?domain=consult.gov.scot/
26. SEA Directive 2001/42/EC and the Environmental Assessment (Scotland) Act 2005
27. Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017 (in relation to reserved matters), the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 1994 (as amended) and the Offshore Marine Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 2017.
28. See further, Scottish Government, Sectoral Marine Plan Offshore Wind Scoping Consultation https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/smp-scoping-consultation
29. See further, Section 6, Scottish Government, Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy: context report (June 2018). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-water-plan
30. Deutsche Windguard, Capacity Densities of European Offshore Wind Farms (2018). Available at: https://vasab.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/BalticLINes_CapacityDensityStudy_June2018-1.pdf (Last accessed: 02/10/20)
31. Scottish Renewables, An industry view of the Draft Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind (December 2018), recommended a 30% MW attrition rate - a higher figure for Scotland given the more challenging conditions here relative to the rest of the UK, particularly regarding water depth, ground conditions and grid charges. This attrition rate reflects reduction in eventual capacity both at a project level (where an entire project ceases to be progressed), and within project (as MW tend to be lost from initial design to construction).
32. To result in a final area of seabed under lease capable of enabling up to 10 GW of generating capacity, the initial area covered by Option Agreement arising from ScotWind Leasing needs to allow for the attrition of capacity (as per 31 above). The initial area needs to offer the flexibility designed into ScotWind Leasing, which allows for Option Agreements areas to be three times the area of the eventual project, to reduce the risk to developers that a viable project may not be identified within an Option Agreement area. Applying these factors alongside the assessment density (5 MW/km2), indicates that an initial area of seabed under option agreement of 8,571.4 km2 would be necessary to best enable operational development of up to 10 GW of generating capacity.
33. Available at: https://www.crownestatescotland.com/what-we-do/marine/asset/offshore-wind/section/scotwind-leasing. Accessed on 30 July 2020
34. (June 2018). Available to view here: https://www.gov.scot/publications/sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-encompassing-deep-water-plan-9781788519632/pages/4/
35. Available at https://www.nature.scot/sites/default/files/2020-04/Sectoral%20Plan%20Consultation%20-%20SNH%20Landscape%20and%20Visual%20Impact%20Assessment%20and%20Design%20Guidance.pdf (Last accessed: 07/08/20)
36. Available at: https://www.sserenewables.com/offshore-wind/projects/berwick-bank-and-marr-bank-formerly-seagreen-2-3/ (Last accessed: 07/08/20)
38. Marine (Scotland) Act 2010, s. 15
39. Scottish Government, Offshore wind, wave and tidal energy applications: consenting and licensing manual (October 2018). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/marine-scotland-consenting-licensing-manual-offshore-wind-wave-tidal-energy-applications/
40. See further, Woodward, I., Thaxter, C.B., Owen, E., and Cook, A.S.C.P., Desk-based revision of seabird foraging ranges used for HRA screening (2019). BTO Research Report Number 724.
41. Scottish Government, Sectoral Marine Plan Appropriate Assessment Available at: https://www.gov.scot/isbn/9781800042414
42. See further: David Tyldesley and Associates, 2015. Habitats and Regulations Appraisal of Plan. Guidance for Plan-Making Bodies in Scotland Version 3.0, January 2015 SNH Ref 1739.
43. Including, for example, a study updating foraging ranges for key seabird species (prepared as part of The Crown Estate Round 4 'Enabling Actions' programme) and the Marine Ecosystems Research Programme seabird at sea density study.
44. Available at: http://www.gov.scot/publications/draft-sectoral-marine-plan-offshore-wind-energy-habitat-regulations-appraisal/, accessed on 14/09/2020
45. https://data.marine.gov.scot/dataset/regional-baselines-marine-mammal-knowledge-across-north-sea-and-atlantic-areas-scottisht, accessed on 14 August 2020
46. Further information available here: https://www2.gov.scot/Topics/marine/marineenergy/mre/research