Sectoral marine plan for offshore wind energy
Aims to identify sustainable plan options for the future development of commercial-scale offshore wind energy in Scotland, including deep water wind technologies, and covers both Scottish inshore and offshore waters.
6. Action Plan
As outlined above, there are a number of actions which will need to be completed by regulators, developers and other stakeholders to ensure the successful implementation of the Plan and facilitate further offshore wind development in our seas.
6.1 Further seabed leasing for Scottish Waters
The UK Offshore Wind Sector Deal highlights the importance of regular future seabed leasing rounds for offshore wind development, which in turn is tied to the commitments regarding future CfD rounds.
The final Plan will provide the spatial framework for the first cycle of seabed leasing by Crown Estate Scotland (ScotWind).
Option and Lease Agreements for commercial-scale offshore wind farm development under the first cycle of ScotWind leasing should only be made for areas of seabed identified in the final Plan (i.e. final POs).
The final Plan will be reviewed prior to any future seabed leasing rounds via the iterative plan review, to ensure it is a contemporary and accurate document.
Developers should consider and address the conclusions of the final Plan and SA reports when preparing leasing, consent and licence applications, as appropriate.
It is anticipated that further rounds of ScotWind will occur around 24 months after completion of the first cycle of leasing. Furthermore, developers with a specific focus on innovation/test and demonstrator projects <100 MW or those with projects aimed at the decarbonisation of the oil and gas sector in Scotland should note section 2.5, above.
6.2 Governance of Plan Implementation
A formal governance structure is required to support the implementation of the Plan and facilitate the iterative plan review process. Amendments were made to the governance structure outlined in the draft Plan and SA, to reflect comments provided by stakeholders. The roles and responsibilities of the groupings, to be formed upon adoption of the Plan, are outlined in Table 2 and Figure 19.
Table 2 Governance structure - outline
|Sectoral Planning Programme Board||
|Technical Advisory Group||
|Sectoral Evidence Group||
|Ornithology Working Group||
6.3 Submission of new evidence
The process for continued submission of new evidence (which the draft Plan and SA referred to as the Annual Forum) is a key mechanism to support the Plan implementation and iterative review processes. Key stakeholder representatives, who form part of the Sectoral Evidence Group, will be asked to provide details of emerging evidence and research, which could have a bearing on the implementation of the Plan and resultant development on at least an annual basis, but will have the opportunity to provide this evidence as it emerged.
The evidence submitted may have arisen as a result of technological advances, scientific evidence, project survey and monitoring (including of the effectiveness of mitigation measures) and or as the result of project-level assessments. The request for new evidence, to support iterative plan review, should not be an opportunity for further public consultation on the Plan. Should sufficient evidence be presented, which Scottish Ministers consider justifies the need to review the Plan, then public consultation will occur at the appropriate stage in the planning process. It is currently anticipated that the Plan will be reviewed at Year 2 (although this may occur earlier if sufficient justification is provided).
The scope of evidence submitted will be restricted to ensure it is only relevant to the Plan and its implementation. Discussions within the Sectoral Evidence Group could follow a similar approach to that taken recently regarding consideration and discussion of emerging assessment methodologies for projects in the Forth and Tay region (2020). Further details regarding this process will be provided in due course.
The first annual request for evidence from the Sectoral Evidence Group will be undertaken one year after the adoption of the Plan. The exact process and functioning of the Sectoral Evidence Group will be confirmed after the adoption of this Plan. The Technical Advisory Group shall provide the Report of findings to the Programme Board.
Members of the two Steering Groups formed to support the planning process would be approached to provide relevant evidence. The Steering Group members were as follows:-
- Crown Estate Scotland;
- Highlands and Islands Enterprise;
- Historic Environment Scotland;
- Joint Nature Conservation Committee;
- Marine Scotland Science;
- Regional Inshore Fisheries Groups;
- RSPB Scotland;
- Scottish Enterprise;
- Scottish Environment Protection Agency;
- Scottish Fishermen's Federation;
- Scottish Government;
- Scottish Renewables;
- UK Chamber of Shipping; and
- WWF Scotland.
In addition, the chairs of the ScotMER Receptor-Specific groups and Regional Marine Planning Partnerships, as well as Local Authorities, will be approached to provide any relevant evidence or advice. Other representative bodies and stakeholders, such as Fisheries Management Scotland, will also be approached.
Evidence submitted will be considered by the Technical Advisory Group for its relevance and appropriateness. A summary of all evidence provided (as it may likely pertain to fields outside the expertise of members of the Technical Advisory Group, e.g. fisheries) will be summarised and presented to the Programme Board by officials. Where members of the Technical Advisory Group do not have the specific knowledge/expertise to assess this evidence, the Technical Advisory Group will be required to seek further advice/representation from the relevant topic specialists (e.g. drawn from the Sectoral Evidence Group).
The Programme Board will then use this information to provide recommendations to Ministers regarding whether there is the need to review the Plan at this juncture (e.g. earlier than the planned review at Year 2) or whether the Plan remains reflective of current scientific understanding and knowledge. This report will be published online.
The Programme Board and Technical Advisory Group will also consider evidence submitted in light of other policy, legislative and regulatory changes which have occurred over the time period and the spatial context. Further, we anticipate that we will have an improved understanding of transmission and grid connection issues, as individual projects progress through the pipeline, which may have a bearing on the Plan.
Figure 19 Description:
The Evidence group will:
- Be asked to consider and propose any new evidence which could require the Plan to be reviewed/revised, on at least an annual basis (although evidence can be provided as it emerges).
- Members of the Evidence Group will provide further advice/representations to the Advisory Group and Programme Board, as required.
The Advisory Group will be asked to:
- Facilitate and provide input into the Annual Call for Evidence;
- Take further advice and/or representation from relevant stakeholders (where required); and
- Provide advice to the programme Board on the outputs of the Annual Call for evidence and emerging research, in accordance with members’ roles as statutory consultation bodies.
Sectoral Plan Programme Board/Scottish Ministers
Scottish Government decision whether to review the Plan.
- The Programme Board can request further advice or representation from the sectoral Evidence Group, the Advisory Group or Ornithology Working Group, if necessary.
6.4 Developing the evidence base - linking to the ScotMER Research Programme and other strategic research programmes
The planning process has been informed by extensive technical planning work and stakeholder engagement. The evidence gathered has been used to inform the Opportunity and Constraint model and to inform the assessments in the SA and the baseline and spatial data presented in the RLG.
The planning process and SA have identified potential gaps in knowledge and data which may need to be addressed at plan and/or project-level. For example, via the completion of regional-level ornithology surveys and research in the East region or an update to the existing guidance regarding collision risk assessment for migratory bird species. In addition, scientific advisors have concluded that existing evidence relating to marine mammal abundance and distribution in the Plan regions needs to be collated and reviewed, to support future planning and assessment and identify any future priorities for research in these regions. Early work to progress this objective was published in July 2020.
The Programme Board and Technical Advisory Group will consider and advise on how to bridge any data or knowledge gaps identified in the assessments, or any emerging evidence gaps, in order to inform the iterative plan review process.
A number of strategic research programmes already exist and are undertaking work to address these gaps. Further, project-level assessment and monitoring may provide data and evidence which can address these gaps. As this evidence becomes available, it is anticipated that it will inform future plan and project-level assessment accordingly.
Following adoption of the final Plan it is anticipated that these strategic research programmes will seek to address the identified and emerging evidence gaps, in order to facilitate future offshore renewable energy in Scottish waters. A summary of these strategic research programmes follows and further information is also provided in the HRA report.
The ScotMER programme has been established to improve the understanding and assessment of the environmental and socio-economic implications of offshore renewable energy developments. Whilst our understanding of our marine ecosystem and the impacts of climate change is increasing, there are still knowledge gaps and data limitations that remain which result in uncertainty in current environmental baselines. ScotMER involves collaboration from industry, environmental NGOs, SNCBs and other interested stakeholders to identify and address high priority research gaps and builds on previous work undertaken by the Scottish Offshore Renewables Research Framework.
The following seven specialist ScotMER groups have been established to identify and prioritise evidence gaps which are detailed in 'evidence maps'. These maps are then used to inform the supporting research framework:
- Marine mammals;
- Fish and fisheries;
- Diadromous fish;
- Physical processes; and
The evidence maps provide a clear indication of the priorities, shared across stakeholders, for each receptor and drive ongoing and future research programmes. These evidence maps are reviewed regularly to stay current with emerging research and policy priorities. Further, it facilitates a joint working approach with other UK and international groups with an interest in renewables and seeks to develop and maintain an understanding of the research landscape at Scottish, national and international levels.
As research which addresses these knowledge gaps progresses, it will provide evidence to inform further project-level assessment, as well providing invaluable input into the iterative plan review process.
Further detail regarding linkages to the ScotMER research programme and specific knowledge gaps relating to the potential effects of offshore wind farm developments on seabirds is provided in the HRA report.
Licence and consent conditions for individual projects require participation in the ScotMER programme (according to the impacts of the individual project) and the relevant Regional Advisory Group ("RAG"), to ensure that outcomes from project-specific monitoring effort informs strategic research work and can contribute to the iterative plan review process.
In addition to ScotMER, a number of other collaborative research initiatives exist, whose outputs will inform the iterative plan review process, including (but not limited to);
- Offshore Renewables Joint Industry Programme for Offshore Wind;
- The Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme (managed by the Sea Mammal Research Unit);
- Joint Cetacean Protocol;
- The Co-Ordinated Agenda for Marine, Environmental and Rural Affairs Science; and
- The Scottish Marine Renewables Research Group.
6.5 Grid infrastructure and connectivity
Further examination of grid infrastructure and connectivity, in light of the potential additional capacity to be delivered by the Plan, will be required. Current infrastructure and available capacity for the short-term emphasises that whilst Scotland's potential resource is significant, there are still obstacles that will need to be addressed in order to ensure that development in Scotland can be viable and competitive, especially in more remote regions. Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult ("ORE Catapult") are currently engaged in an examination of these grid infrastructure and connectivity issues and possible solutions, including the use of novel technologies and approaches. The results of this study will inform the iterative plan review process and any future revisions to the Plan and will be considered in any future assessments (as appropriate).
6.6 Relationship with the National Marine Plan and emerging Regional Marine Plans
The strategic aims of the Plan align with those of the National Marine Plan (2015), which addresses interactions between renewable energy development and other marine users. Development within any of the POs will need to take account of the National Marine Plan.
Regional Locational Guidance has been prepared as part of the Plan process, to support further project-level spatial planning within POs and this guidance should be consulted by developers and regulators.
Regional Marine Plans will be prepared by Marine Planning Partnerships within the eleven Scottish Marine Regions (extending out to 12 nautical miles). Regional marine plans must be prepared in accordance with the National Marine Plan (unless relevant considerations indicate otherwise). Marine Planning Partnerships will be required to take into account this Plan, once adopted, when preparing their Regional Marine Plans.
Regional level analysis and assessment will address the gap between strategic and project level assessment and these regional-scale assessments will be considered as part of the iterative plan review process.
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