Scottish Surveys Core Questions 2013
The SSCQ gathers survey responses from identical questions in the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey, the Scottish Health Survey and the Scottish Household Survey into one output. SSCQ provides reliable and detailed information on the composition, characteristics and attitudes of Scottish households and adults across a number of topic areas including equality characteristics, housing, employment and perceptions of health and crime, and enables detailed sub-national analysis.
This document is part of a collection
3 Core Household Questions
This chapter presents breakdowns of SSCQ data on:
- household type (section 3.1)
- household tenure (section 3.2)
- car access (section 3.3)
All reported differences are statistically significant unless otherwise stated.
The household type categories provided by SSCQ mirror those used by constituent surveys in reporting. These categories encode information about the number and ages of individuals in the surveyed address as follows:
- Single adult: 1 adult of non-pensionable age and no children. Pensionable age is set at 65 for men and 60 for women
- Small adult: 2 adults of non-pensionable age and no children
- Large adult: 3 or more adults and no children
- Single parent: 1 adult of any age and 1 or more children
- Small family: 2 adults of any age and 1 or 2 children
- Large family: 2 adults of any age and 3 or more children or 3 or more adults of any age and 1 or more children
- Single pensioner: 1 adult of pensionable age and no children.
- Older smaller: 2 adults at least one of whom is of pensionable age and no children
Tenure information was collected to inform housing policy and to provide a socioeconomic comparison. The Scottish Household Survey reports on tenure annually (in broader categories) and every ten years, the Scottish Census publishes tenure information with detailed breakdowns. SSCQ provides more frequent and detailed estimates, distinguishing between the private and social rental sector.
A comparison of SSCQ and census findings is provided in Annex A, Table A.1.
Transport is essential to Scotland's economy, communities, environment, health and general well-being. Transport is important to everybody in Scotland, allowing them to reach workplaces or schools, have access to shops or services, visit friends and family and enjoy leisure services. Improving transport and the associated transport choices in Scotland plays an important role in achieving the Scottish Government's overall Purpose: to focus Government and public services on creating a more successful country, with opportunities for all of Scotland to flourish, through increasing sustainable economic growth. An understanding of people's access to cars is an important factor in understanding broader trends in transport choices, improving people's access to economic opportunities and key services, mitigating transport's impact on the environment and improving the health and wellbeing of the people of Scotland.
Data on car access, collected in the Scottish Household Survey, is published annually in "Transport and Travel in Scotland". The precise question, rolled out to the SSCQ surveys from 2013 includes vans and company cars: "In total, how many cars or vans are owned, or are available for private use, by members of your household? Include any company cars or vans available for private use". Every ten years, the Scottish Census publishes information on car ownership at a range of detailed geographies.
A comparison of SSCQ and census findings is provided in Annex A, Table A.2.
Most Scottish households in 2013 were composed of single adults (19%).The largest groups of single adult households were in the fifth most deprived areas (26%) and the smallest group of single adult households were in the fifth least deprived areas (12%). Similar comparisons were observed for single parents (10% and 1.9%). Most Scottish households in the least deprived fifth of areas were composed of small adult and older smaller households (both 18%).
Single adults made up the largest group in large urban areas (23%), dropping to 14% in remote rural areas. Conversely, older smaller households made up 23% of remote rural areas but only 11% of large urban areas. Other household types were evenly distributed.
Single pensioners and adults were least likely to have access to a car, making up 32% and 29% of the "no car access" group.
|Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation|
|1: most deprived fifth of households||25.6||13.7||7.4||9.6||10.7||4.9||17.7||10.3||508,000||3,868|
|5: least deprived fifth of households||12.4||18.0||13.3||1.9||15.3||6.1||15.1||17.9||436,700||3,529|
|Large Urban Area||22.6||18.1||10.1||5.4||11.5||4.5||16.6||11.0||958,800||6,808|
|Other Urban Area||17.9||15.9||10.3||5.7||12.9||5.5||16.2||15.6||716,300||6,120|
|Accessible Small Town||14.3||17.6||10.7||4.7||12.9||6.9||16.7||16.2||211,400||1,830|
|Remote Small Town||18.6||15.1||10.8||4.4||11.3||6.2||16.4||17.3||89,600||1,122|
|3 or more cars||2.7||13.3||52.8||.||8.7||14.1||0.7||7.7||115,100||994|
The most common forms of tenure across Scotland in 2013 were mortgaged (31%) and owned outright (30%), followed by social rented (24%). A further 14% were private rented.
Some tenure types varied strongly across deprivation areas, with the proportion of outright ownership increasing from 15% in the most deprived areas to 45% in least deprived areas. Mortgaged households similarly increased from 19% to 38%. Conversely, social rented accommodation made up over half the households in the most deprived areas (55%) and only 3.0% in the least deprived areas.
Nearly half of households in remote rural areas owned outright (45%),compared to a quarter (25%) in large urban areas. Conversely, social rental housing made up 27% in large urban areas and only 16% in remote rural areas.
Nearly half of households with no access to a car were social tenants (49%). Similarly, half of single parents (50%) and around third of single pensioners (34%) and single adults (36%) were social tenants.
|Owned outright||Mortgaged||Social rented||Private rented||Unknown rented||Households||Sample|
|Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation|
|1: most deprived fifth of households||15.0||18.9||54.6||9.8||1.6||508,000||3,868|
|5: least deprived fifth of households||44.6||38.2||3.0||13.1||0.8||436,700||3,529|
|Large Urban Area||25.2||29.1||27.1||16.7||1.6||958,800||6,808|
|Other Urban Area||29.3||32.5||26.2||11.3||0.7||716,300||6,120|
|Accessible Small Town||32.9||31.9||23.8||10.2||0.9||211,400||1,830|
|Remote Small Town||33.6||27.9||26.4||10.9||1.3||89,600||1,122|
|3 or more cars||37.4||53.0||3.4||5.0||1.0||115,100||994|
The majority (69%) of Scottish households had access to at least one car in 2013 - 43% had access to one car, 21% two cars and 4.8% three or more cars, see Table 3.3.
Figure 15: % households with access to one or more car, by deprivation and rurality
Car access tended to vary with deprivation; 85% of respondents living in the least deprived fifth of households in Scotland had access to a car, compared to only 46% of those living in the most deprived fifth of households (see Figure 15). People living in urban areas were much less likely to have access to a car than those living in rural areas, with 41% of those living in a large urban area having no access to a car, compared to only 14% of those living in a remote rural area.
Single-occupant households were the least likely to have access to a car, with 48% of single adult, 51% of single parent and 61% of single pensioner households having no access to a car for personal use. By comparison, only 11% of those living in small or large family households had no access to a car. Large adult households had the highest access to multiple cars, with 25% having access to 3 or more cars.
Car access also varied by tenure, with 91% of those living in a mortgaged household and 78% of those who owned their house outright having access to a car. This contrasted with only 38% in social rented and 57% in private rented having access to a car.
|No car||1 car||2 cars||3 or more cars||Households||Sample|
|Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation|
|1: most deprived fifth of households||54.4||35.9||8.3||1.4||508,000||3,868|
|5: least deprived fifth of households||14.8||43.9||32.9||8.3||436,700||3,529|
|Large Urban Area||41.1||40.8||15.3||2.8||958,800||6,808|
|Other Urban Area||30.1||44.4||21.5||3.9||716,300||6,120|
|Accessible Small Town||24.4||44.8||23.6||7.3||211,400||1,830|
|Remote Small Town||26.9||48.4||20.0||4.7||89,600||1,122|
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