Publication - Statistics

Scotland's marine economic statistics

Published: 10 Oct 2018
Directorate:
Marine Scotland Directorate
Part of:
Economy, Marine and fisheries, Statistics
ISBN:
9781787812901

The publication presents economic statistics for industrial categories defined as part of the marine sector.

79 page PDF

1.9 MB

79 page PDF

1.9 MB

Contents
Scotland's marine economic statistics
9. Sea & Coastal Water Transport

79 page PDF

1.9 MB

9. Sea & Coastal Water Transport

9.1 Introduction

This sector includes passenger and freight transport though they are discussed separately. Inland water transport is not included.

Sea and coastal water transport is an essential part of Scotland's transport network. It is key for connectivity and supporting both island and mainland communities. One quarter of Scotland’s total freight tonnage, including exports, was carried by water transport in 2016[6].

Supplementary water transport information is taken from the Transport Scotland Scottish Transport Statistics publication, supported by data from the Department of Transport statistics.

9.2 Passenger water transport – description

Sea and coastal passenger water transport includes the transport of passengers on vessels designed for operating on sea or coastal waters.

It includes:

  • transport of passengers over seas and coastal waters, whether scheduled or not:
  • operation of excursion, cruise or sightseeing boats
  • operation of ferries, water taxis etc.

and

  • renting of pleasure boats with crew for sea and coastal water transport (e.g. for fishing cruises)

This class excludes:

  • restaurant and bar activities on board ships, when provided by separate units,
  • renting of pleasure boats and yachts without crew,
  • renting of commercial ships or boats without crew,
  • operation of “floating casinos”.

9.3 Passenger water transport – economic key points

In 2016 water passenger transport generated £63 million GVA: accounting for 0.05 % of the overall Scottish economy, and 1.6 % of the marine economy GVA.

In terms of employment, water passenger transport provided employment for 1,400 workers, again contributing 0.05 % to total Scottish employment, and 3 % of the marine economy employment.

9.4 Passenger water transport – trends

Table 13 : Passenger water transport - GVA, turnover, employment and GVA per head, 2008 to 2016 (2016 prices)

Year GVA £M Turnover £M Employment Headcount 000's GVA Per Worker £
2008 95 311 1.50 63,381
2009 78 374 1.60 48,617
2010 87 259 1.50 57,732
2011 50 382 1.50 33,439
2012 98 328 1.50 65,284
2013 95 365 1.60 59,474
2014 128 338 1.80 71,384
2015 89 223 1.70 52,559
2016 63 168 1.40 45,286

Between 2015 and 2016 passenger transport GVA fell by 29% and employment fell by 18%.

In the longer term trend, passenger transport GVA (adjusted to 2016 prices) fluctuated between 2008 and 2016, with 2016 values being the second lowest in the series. GVA is down by one third and employment by 7%.

Figure 11 : Passenger water transport – GVA and employment (headcount), 2008 to 2016 (2016 prices)

Figure 11 : Passenger water transport – GVA and employment (headcount), 2008 to 2016 (2016 prices)

Transport Scotland statistics show that, the number of passengers in 2008 was very similar to 2016, while the number of vehicles increased by 10%.

Figure 12: Passenger water transport - numbers of passengers and vehicles carried on ferry routes, 2008 to 2016

Figure 12: Passenger water transport - numbers of passengers and vehicles carried on ferry routes, 2008 to 2016

Source: Transport Scotland from ferry operators – not National Statistics

9.5 Freight water transport– description

This group includes the transport of freight on vessels designed for operating on sea or coastal waters.

  • transport of freight over seas and coastal waters, whether scheduled or not
  • transport by towing or pushing of barges, oil rigs etc.
  • renting of vessels with crew for sea and coastal freight water transport

It excludes:

  • storage of freight,
  • harbour operation and other auxiliary activities such as docking, pilotage, lighterage, vessel salvage
  • cargo handling
  • renting of commercial ships or boats without crew

9.6 Freight water transport– economic key points

In 2016 freight water transport generated £65 million GVA: accounting for 0.05 % of the overall Scottish economy, and 1.7 % of the marine economy.

In terms of employment, water freight transport provided employment for 500 workers, contributing 0.02 % to total Scottish employment, and 0.7 % of the marine economy employment.

9.7 Freight water transport – trends

Table 14 : Freight water transport - GVA, turnover, employment and GVA per head, 2008 to 2016 (2016 prices)

Year GVA £M Turnover £M Employment Headcount 000's GVA Per Head £
2008 147 439 0.70 210,532
2009 111 366 0.70 159,023
2010 167 328 0.50 333,630
2011 189 380 0.50 377,102
2012 152 267 0.60 252,780
2013 77 366 0.60 127,502
2014 85 276 0.90 94,382
2015 84 242 0.60 140,417
2016 65 178 0.50 130,400

9.8 Freight water transport – trends

From 2015 to 2016 water freight transport GVA (adjusted to 2016 prices) fell by almost a quarter (23%) and employment fell by 17%. GVA reached a peak of £189 million in 2011, but between 2008 and 2016 GVA fell by over a half (56%) and employment fell by 29%.

Figure 13 : Freight water transport - GVA and employment (headcount), 2008 to 2016 (2016 prices)

Figure 13 : Freight water transport - GVA and employment (headcount), 2008 to 2016 (2016 prices)

Passenger water transport produced similar GVA to freight water transport in 2015 and 2016. However, because freight transport employed fewer people, the GVA per worker in freight water transport is almost three times that of passenger transport.

Figure 14 shows Transport Scotland’s statistics for the tonnage of freight traffic through Scottish ports. There were 67 million tonnes of freight handled by ports in Scotland in 2016. However, between 2008 and 2016 the total tonnage of freight traffic through Scottish ports reduced by 31%.

Figure 14 : Freight water transport – freight tonnage, Scottish ports, all freight traffic, 2008 – 2016

Figure 14 : Freight water transport – freight tonnage, Scottish ports, all freight traffic, 2008 – 2016

Source: DfT Maritime and shipping statistics Table PORT0101

9.9 Freight water transport – by geography

The highest freight traffic in 2016 was through Forth ports (27 million tonnes), Clyde ports (9 million tonnes) and Sullom Voe ports (6 million tonnes).


Contact

Kirsty.Bosley@gov.scot