Research on the pub sector in Scotland phase 1: scoping study

Study to help Scottish Ministers to decide whether legislation on the operation of pub companies in Scotland needs to be introduced.


1 Source: British Beer and Pub Association ( BBPA)

2 The MRO option allows for tenants and lessees of larger pub companies (with estates of 500 plus tied pubs in their total ownership) to opt for a free of tie rent.

3 Source: CGA data (alcohol consumption data provided to NHS Scotland to support Minimum Unit Price analysis)

4 Pub numbers provided from BBPA data

5 OFT, CAMRA super-complaint - OFT final decision, October 2010

6 The schemes are primarily PIRRS (Pubs Independent Rent Review Scheme) and PICAS (Pubs Independent Conciliation and Arbitration Service).

7 Includes CGA Strategy 'The Smoking Ban' report published 2007, CGA/ ALMR 'Future Shock' report published in 2015 and bi-annual CGA/ CAMRA Pub Closure analysis

8 Beer and pub Statistics -

9 CGA Outlet Index historical pub numbers data 2005-2015

10 "Pub Companies and Tenants. Impact Assessment -"

11 Appendix 8 of this report provides a further chronological overview of historical reporting/ assessment

12 "Second Report of Session 2004-5, Pub Companies, HC 128", December 2004

13 "Seventh Report of Session 2008-09 Pub Companies HC 26"

14 Fifth Report of Session 2009-10 Pub Companies HC 138

15 Tenth Report of Session 2010-12 HC 1369-1 & 2

15 Tenth Report of Session 2010-12 HC 1369-1 & 2


17 The companies included are Enterprise Inns, Punch Taverns, Star Pubs & Bars, Greene King, Marston's and Admiral Taverns

18 BIS Pub Companies & Tenants, Government Response to Consultation June 2014

19 The Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Act, March 2015

20 Referenced from quoted commentary within the BIS Committee Report September 2011

21 SCORFA benefits (Special Commercial OR Financial Advantages) arising from the tie provided to leased/tenanted pubs such as business advice, marketing and accountancy services ( BBPA)

22 All material data gathered and collected throughout the face-to-face interview research process was held in databases within CGA's systems and individual's computers. The systems had several layers of security that apply to all data held by CGA

23 CGA Strategy research work undertaken for BIS Committee Inquiry 2011

24 Database information covered hotels of 10 rooms or less. This group was subsequently filtered through the recruitment process to only interview hotels with 5 rooms or less.

25 There are slight variations between CGA and BBPA pub numbers due to differences in methodology. CGA uses trading data and BBPA uses member submission data.

26 A summary of the challenges and a full chronology of the whole research programme can be found in Annex 2.

27 Using BBPA pub numbers the % of MRO eligible pubs is based on the number of leased/ tenanted pubs owned by Pub Companies with +500 outlets against the total number of Scottish pubs

28 CGA definition is based on that used by the BIS Pub Co & Tenants Consultation document April 2013

29 Annex 9: Letter of Support from Fergus Ewing, Minister for Business, Energy & Tourism 11/11/2015

30 CGA Outlet Index: Scotland and England & Wales trended data 2005-2015

31 Defined by CGA as "sales revenue coming from drinks sales, as opposed to dry (food) sales or other services such as gaming machines"

32 Alcohol Consumption data provided to NHS Health Scotland for MUP analysis by CGA annually

33 Machine Income relates to the sharing of profit derived from any amusement machines on site within the pub.

34 'Ease of surrender' definition - Financial/ legal penalties limited or not incurred if the licensee needs to leave the lease agreement

35 OPMS - Is CGA's value and volume read for the Scottish market. It is part of a GB wide service.

36 CGA Trading Index - a weekly turnover benchmarking service since 2010, covering 17 UK based businesses as at September 2016

37 ALMR Benchmarking Survey - annual review of ALMR member performance matrix since 2007

38 The additional information collected as "free format" covered a number of topic study areas. These were namely company accounts, SCORFA benefits, retail selling prices, product purchase prices and general comment on the research programme and area of study submitted by the interviewees. It was therefore necessary to conduct a preliminary analysis of each material dataset and design a framework to capture the data for the purpose of analysis.


Back to top