What are neurological conditions?
8. In this plan we use ‘neurological conditions’ to include a wide range of conditions, disorders and syndromes affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles.
9. Well known conditions include migraine, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, and Parkinson’s disease. Neurological conditions are caused by a range of diverse pathologies. These may be congenital (e.g. cerebral palsy), hereditary/genetic (e.g. Huntington’s disease), neoplastic (e.g. brain tumours), degenerative (e.g. motor neurone disease), infective (e.g. meningitis). Neurological conditions range from the common (headache/migraine, functional neurological disorders) to the very rare (e.g. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and other prion disorders). The cause of many common conditions remains uncertain (e.g. functional neurological syndromes, migraine).
10. Annex B provides some examples of the more common neurological conditions and their prevalence within the Scottish population.