Justice Analytical Services - safer communities and justice statistics monthly data report: August 2022 edition

This report contains summary statistics covering a number of important justice and safer communities statistics. It is published with up to date statistics every month

How crime flows through the Justice System

A flow chart to illustrate the justice process, from an incident being reported through to a case being conducted in court.

Graphic text below:

  • How crime flows through the Justice System
  • Incident reported

Crime classified and suspect charged.

Incident is reviewed by Police to determine if it is a crime. If a crime, Police charge suspect (where possible) and issue:

  • a Fixed Penalty Notice or Recorded Police Warning,
  • a report to COPFS, or
  • decide on no further action.

Police report the case to COPFS

The accused will be:

1. Kept in custody - Case called the next court day.

2. Released on an Undertaking - Accused told when to appear and may have bail conditions.

3. At liberty - If prosecuted, the accused will receive a citation stating the charge and when to appear.

Report marked by COPFS

Prosecutor decides if accused is prosecuted:

1. No action - e.g. not enough evidence.

2. Direct Measure - An alternative to prosecution, e.g. Fiscal Fine or warning letter.

3. Summary prosecution - JP or Sheriff Court (no jury)

4. Solemn prosecution - Sheriff or High Court (with jury)

Case heard and court outcomes

If the accused is found guilty in court, or tendered a guilty plea, then they can be given:

  • Custodial Sentence
  • Community Sentence
  • Monetary Penalty
  • Admonished/Dismissed
  • 'Other' disposal


Email: Justice_Analysts@gov.scot

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