Flood protection appraisals: guidance for SEPA and responsible authorities

Appraisal guidance for the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) and responsible authorities.

13. References

AECOM (Eds.) (2015) SPON's Civil Engineering and Highway Works Price Book 2016. CRC Press.

Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2011) Land Cover Map 2007. Version 1.0. Centre For Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford.

Centre for Expertise on Waters (2012) Coastal flooding in Scotland. A guidance document for coastal practitioners. James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen. http://www.crew.ac.uk/files/publications/coastal_flooding_in_scotland.pdf

Department for Communities and Local Government (2009) Multi-criteria analysis: a manual. Department for Communities and Local Government, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/green-book-supplementary-guidance-multi-criteria-decision-analysis

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) (2003) Flood and coastal defence project appraisal guidance, FCDPAG3 Economic appraisal. Supplementary note to operating authorities. Revisions to economic appraisal procedures arising from the new HM Treasury 'Green Book'. Defra, London.


Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) (2004) Flood and coastal defence project appraisal guidance, FCDPAG3 Economic appraisal. Supplementary note to operating authorities. Revisions to economic appraisal on: reflecting socio-economic equity in appraisal and appraisal of human related intangible impacts of flooding. Defra, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/181442/fcd3update0704.pdf

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) (2008a) Flood and coastal defence appraisal guidance: economic appraisal. Supplementary note to operating authorities: valuation of agricultural land and output for appraisal purposes. Defra, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/181440/treat-land.pdf

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) (2008b) Flood and coastal defence appraisal guidance: social appraisal. Supplementary note to operating authorities: assessing and valuing the risk to life from flooding for use in appraisal of risk management measures. Defra, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/181441/risktopeople.pdf

Department of Energy and Climate Change ( DECC) (2014) Valuation of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. Supplementary guidance to the HM Treasury Green Book on appraisal and evaluation in Central Government. Department of Energy and Climate Change, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/valuation-of-energy-use-and-greenhouse-gas-emissions-for-appraisal

Doll, C. and N. Sieber (2011) Vulnerability assessment for road transport. Contribution to deliverable 2: transport sector vulnerabilities within the research project WEATHER (Weather extremes: impacts on transport systems and hazards for European regions) funded under the 7th framework program of the European Commission. Project co-ordinator: Fraunhofer-ISI. Karlsruhe. (Transport Sector Vulnerability: Annex 3 Vulnerability Assessment for Road Transport) http://www.weather-project.eu/weather/downloads/Deliverables/WEATHER_D2_Appendix--B_Annexes-by-Mode_20110610.pdf

Environment Agency (2010a) Flood and coastal erosion risk management appraisal guidance: guidance on applying the scoring and weighting methodology. Environment Agency, Bristol. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/flood-and-coastal-defence-appraisal-of-projects

Environment Agency (2010b) Flood and coastal erosion risk management appraisal guidance: appraisal summary table supporting note. Environment Agency, Bristol. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/flood-and-coastal-defence-appraisal-of-projects

Forest Research (2010) Benefits of green infrastructure. Forest Research, Farnham. http://www.forestry.gov.uk/pdf/urgp_benefits_of_green_infrastructure.pdf/$file/urgp_benefits_of_green_infrastructure.pdf

Historic Scotland (2011) Scottish historic environment policy. Historic Scotland, Edinburgh. http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/index/heritage/policy/shep.htm

HM Treasury (2008) Intergenerational wealth transfers and social discounting:

Supplementary Green Book guidance. HM Treasure, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/green-book-supplementary-guidance-discounting

HM Treasury (2011) The Green Book: appraisal and evaluation in Central Government. HM Treasury, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-green-book-appraisal-and-evaluation-in-central-governent

HM Treasury (2013) Green Book supplementary guidance: optimism bias. HM Treasury, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/green-book-supplementary-guidance-optimism-bias

HM Treasury (2015) Early financial cost estimates of infrastructure programmes and projects and the treatment of uncertainty and risk. HM Treasury, London. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/green-book-supplementary-guidance-valuing-infrastructure-spend/early-financial-cost-estimates-of-infrastructure-programmes-and-projects-and-the-treatment-of-uncertainty-and-risk

Houston D, Werritty A, Bassett D, Geddes A, Hoolachan A and McMillan M (2011) Pluvial (rain-related) flooding in urban areas: the invisible hazard. Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York.


James Hutton Institute (1982) Land capability for agriculture. James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen.

JBA (2013) Costs of flood risk management actions. JBA, Skipton. Report commissioned by SEPA (contact: flooding@sepa.org.uk).

JBA (2014) Assessing the flood risk management benefits of property level protection: technical and economic appraisal report. JBA, Skipton. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Environment/Water/Flooding/resources/research/PLP-Technical

Kazmierczak A, Cavan G, Connelly A and Lindley S (2015) Mapping Flood Disadvantage in Scotland 2015. Scottish Government, Edinburgh.

Landscape Institute (2013) Guidelines for Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment, 3 rd Edition. Landscape Institute and Institute for Environmental Management and Assessment. http://www.landscapeinstitute.org/knowledge/GLVIA.php

Lindley S and O'Neill J (2013) Flood disadvantage in Scotland: mapping the potential for losses in well-being. Scottish Government, Edinburgh. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2013/10/5328

Metropolitan Glasgow Strategic Drainage Partnership (2014) Climate change technical guidance. Metropolitan Glasgow Strategic Drainage Partnership, Glasgow. https://www.mgsdp.org/CHttpHandler.ashx?id=25924&p=0

Penning-Rowsell E, Priest S, Parker D, Morris J, Tunstall S, Viavattene C, Chatterton J and Owen D (2013) Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management: A Manual for Economic Appraisal. Routledge, Abingdon. [Referred to as the Multi Coloured Manual ( MCM) throughout this guidance]

Sayers PB, Horritt MS, Penning-Rowsell E and McKenzie A (2015) Climate change risk assessment 2017: projections of future flood risk in the UK. Research undertaken by Sayers and Partners on behalf of the Committee on Climate Change. Published by Committee on Climate Change, London. https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/sayers-for-the-asc-projections-of-future-flood-risk-in-the-uk/

SEPA (2012) Flood Warning Improvement Project - Phase 3: Work Package Resource Assessment.

SEPA (2015a) Flood modelling guidance for responsible authorities. SEPA, Stirling. http://www.sepa.org.uk/environment/water/flooding/developing-our-knowledge/

SEPA (2015b) Natural Flood Management Handbook. SEPA, Stirling. http://www.sepa.org.uk/environment/water/flooding/developing-our-knowledge/

SEPA (In prep.) Flood Risk Management Appraisal Methodology. Version 2. Due for online publication in 2016 at: http://www.sepa.org.uk/environment/water/flooding/FRM-strategies/frminfo/

Scottish Government (2011a) Delivering sustainable flood risk management. Guidance document. Scottish Government, Edinburgh. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2011/06/15150211/0

Scottish Government (2011b) Delivering sustainable flood risk management - Principles of appraisal: a policy statement. Scottish Government, Edinburgh. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2011/07/20125533/0

Scottish Government (2011c) Public bodies climate change duties: putting them into practice - Guidance required by Part 4 of the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009. Scottish Government, Edinburgh. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2011/02/04093254/0

Scottish Government (2012) Scottish public finance manual - appraisal and evaluation. Scottish Government, Edinburgh. http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Government/Finance/spfm/appraisal

Scottish Government (2014a) Benefit-cost analysis for surface water management plans [update to Section 6 in surface water management planning guidance]: http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Environment/Water/Flooding/FRMAct/guidance

Scottish Government (2014b) Climate ready Scotland. Scottish climate change adaptation programme. Scottish Government, Edinburgh. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/05/4669

Tapsell SM, Penning-Rowsell EC, Tunstall SM and Wilson TL (2002) Vulnerability to flooding: health and social dimensions. Flood Hazard Research Centre, Middlesex University.

UK National Ecosystem Assessment (2014) The UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on: synthesis of the key findings. UNEP- WCMC/ LWEC, UK. http://uknea.unep-wcmc.org/Resources/tabid/82/Default.aspx

UK National Ecosystem Assessment (2011) The UK National Ecosystem Assessment: synthesis of the key findings. UNEP- WCMC, Cambridge. http://uknea.unep-wcmc.org/Resources/tabid/82/Default.aspx

Werritty A, Houston D, Ball T, Tavendale A and Black A (2007) Exploring the social impacts of flooding and flood risk in Scotland. Scottish Executive, Edinburgh. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2007/04/02121350/0


Email: Neil Ritchie, neil.ritchie@scot.gov

Phone: 0300 244 4000 – Central Enquiry Unit

The Scottish Government
St Andrew's House
Regent Road

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