Annex C: Reference Materials
Achenbach T (1991). Manual for the Child Behaviour Checklist/4-18 and 1991 Profile. Burlington: University of Vermont.
Adler, N., & Schutz, J. (1995). Sibling incest offenders. Child abuse and neglect, 19(7), 811-819.
Alaggia, R. (2002). Balancing Acts: Reconceptualizing support in the maternal response to intra-familial child sexual abuse. Clinical social work journal, 30(1), 41-56.
Allardyce, S., & Yates, P. (2009). The risks of young people abusing sexually at home, in the community or both: A comparative study of 34 boys in Edinburgh with harmful sexual behaviour. Towards Effective Practice 8. Edinburgh. Criminal Justice Social Work Development Centre.
Allardyce, S., & Yates, P. (2013). Assessing risk of victim crossover in children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviours. Child Abuse Review, 22(4), 255-267. doi:10.1002/car.2277.
Allardyce, S., & Yates, P. (2018). Working with Children and Young People Who Have Displayed Harmful Sexual Behaviour. Edinburgh: Dunedin.
Almond, L., & Giles, S. (2008). Young People with Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Do Those with Learning Disabilities Form a Distinct Subgroup? Journal of Sexual Aggression, 14(3), 227-239.
Araji, S. K. (2004). Preadolescents and adolescents: Evaluating normative and non-normative sexual behaviours and development. In G. O'Reilly, W. L. Marshall, A. Carr, & R. C. Beckett (Eds.), The handbook of clinical intervention with younge people who sexually abuse (pp. 3-35). Hove: Brunner-Routledge.
Archer, E.(2017) The experiences of parents of children who have engaged in harmful sexual behaviour : an interpretative phenomenological analysis.
Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers (ATSA) : Facts about children who display problematic sexual behaviors.
Atwood, J. D. (2007). When love hurts: Preadolescent girls' reports of incest. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 4, 287-313.
Aust, S. (2010). Is the Good Lives Model of offender treatment relevant to sex offenders with a learning disability? Journal of Learning Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, 1(3), 33-39.
Ayland, L., and West, B. (2006). The Good Way model: A strengths-based approach for working with young people, especially those with intellectual disabilities, who have intellectually abusive behaviour. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 12( 2), pp.189-201.
Ayland, L., and West, B. (2007). Using the Good Way model to work positively with adults and youth with intellectual difficulties and sexually abusive behaviour. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 13(3), pp.253-266.
Bagley, C. (1992). Characteristics of 60 children and adolescents with a history of sexual assault against others: Evidence from a comparative study, The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, Vol.3, pp.299-309.
Ballantine, M. W. (2012). Sibling incest dynamics: Therapeutic themes and clinical challenges. Clinical social work journal, 40, 56-65.
Balsamo & Poncin (2016). Community-Based Alternatives to Incarceration and Assessment and Community-Based Planning for Probation/Community-Based Alternative. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 25(1), 123-128.
Barbaree, H.E., Marshall, W. L. & McCormick, J. (1998). The development of deviant sexual behaviour among adolescents and its implications for prevention and treatment, The Irish Journal of Psychology, 19:1, 1-31, DOI: 10.1080/03033910.1998.10558168.
Barnardos Bwise2 Sexual Exploitation - pack equips teachers, social workers and counsellors to educate young people about sexual exploitation with honesty and realism.
Barnardos Real Love Rocks - an online space all about raising awareness around Child Sexual Exploitation and what a healthy and safe relationship is. Designed for young people, parents or professionals.
Barter et al. (2009). Partner exploitation and violence in teenage intimate relationships.
Barter et al. (2015). Safeguarding Teenage Intimate Relationships (STIR) Connecting online and offline contexts and risks.
Barter C. & Berridge D. (Eds). Children Behaving Badly? Peer Violence between Children and Young People. Chichester Wiley-Blackwell.
Bates, C., Terry, L., & Popple, K. (2017). Supporting people with learning disabilities to make and maintain intimate relationships. Tizard Learning Disability Review, 22(1), 16-23.
Bank, S. P., & Kahn, M. D. (1982). The sibling bond. New York: Basic Books.
Bass, L. B., Taylor, B., A., Knudson-Martin, C., & Huenergardt, D. (2006). Making sense of abuse: Case studies in sibling incest. Contemporary family therapy, 28(1), 87-109. doi:10.1007/s10591-006-9697-0.
Beckett et al. (2013) It's wrong … but you get used to it. A qualitative study of gang-associated sexual violence towards, and exploitation of, young people in England.
Beckett, R. (2006). Risk prediction, decision making and evaluation of adolescent sexual abusers. In M. Erooga & H. Masson (Eds.), Children and young people who sexually abuse others (2nd ed., pp. 215-233). Abingdon: Routledge.
Berelowitz et al. (2013). If only someone had listened, Office of the Children's Commissioner's Inquiry into Child Sexual Exploitation.
Beres (2007). 'Spontaneous' Sexual Consent: An Analysis of Sexual Consent Literature.
Blast Project supporting and working solely with boys and young men who have experienced, are experiencing or are at risk of experiencing child sexual exploitation (CSE)
Boyd, C. and Bromfield, L. ( 2006). Young people who sexually abuse: key issues Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Brady, A. & McCarlie, C. (2014) Management, Assessment and Risk Reduction (MARR) Glasgow City Council.
British Institute of Learning Disabilities (BILD) Unprotected, Overprotected: meeting the needs of young people with disabilities who experience, or are at risk of sexual exploitation,
Brook Sexual Health & Wellbeing for under 25s. The Sexual Behaviours Traffic Light Tool.
Brook Digital Romance: Exploring young people's use of technology in their romantic relationships and love lives.
Brown, N., Connor, P., & Adler, R. (2012). Conduct-Disordered Adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Intervention in Secure Treatment Settings. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39(6), 770-793.
Burkett and Hamilton (2011). Postfeminist sexual agency: Young women's negotiations of sexual consent.
Burrowes and Horvath (2013). The rape and sexual assault of men - a review of the literature.
Caffaro, J. V. (2014). Sibling abuse trauma: Assessment and intervention strategies for children, families and adults. 2nd edition. London: Routledge.
Caffaro, J. V., & Conn-Caffaro, A. (1998). Sibling abuse trauma: Assessment and intervention strategies for children, families and adults. Oxford: Routledge.
Calder, M. C. (1999). Working with young people who sexually abuse. Lyme Regis: Russell House Publishing.
Callander, Isla. PhD Thesis. Improving the Statutory Regulation of Consensual Sexual Behaviour Between Adolescents in Scotland. School of Law, College of Social Sciences, University of Glasgow.
Cameron, A. M., Bostock, L., & Lart, R. A. (2014). Service user and carers perspectives of joint and integrated working between health and social care. Journal of Integrated Care, 22(2), 62-70.
Canavan, M., Meyer, W., & Higgs, D. (1992). The female experience of sibling incest. Journal of Marriage and Family Therapy, 18(2), 129-142. doi:10.1111/j.1752-0606.1992.tb00924.x.
Carlson, B. E. (2011). Sibling incest: Adjustment in adult women survivors. Families in Society, 92(1), 77-83. doi:10.1606/1044-3894.4067.
Carlson, B. E., Maciol, K., & Schneider, J. (2006). Sibling incest: Reports from forty-one survivors. Journal of child sexual abuse, 15(4), 19-34. doi:10.1300/j070v15n04_02.
Carmody (2004). Sexual ethics and the erotics of consent.
Carr, A. (1999) Handbook of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology: A Contextual Approach. London: Routledge.
Caton, S., & Chapman, M. (2016). The use of social media and people with intellectual disability: A systematic review and thematic analysis. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 41(2), 1-15.
Centre of expertise on child sexual abuse (CSA) (2017). Key messages from research on child sexual exploitation: Staff working in health settings (June 2017)
Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice (2014). Rigby, Whyte, and Schinkel: Young People and MAPPA in Scotland.
Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice (2017). Managing Risk of Serious Harm; Youth Justice Practice Guide Chp5; CYCJ. Glasgow.
Centre for Youth and Criminal Justice (2018). Caught in the Net!: Technology assisted harmful sexual behaviours; CYCJ. Glasgow.
Childnet International STAR SEN toolkit - practical advice and teaching activities to help educators explore online safety with young people with autism spectrum disorders
Choukas-Bradley, S., Goldberk, S.K, Widman, L., Reese, B.M. & Halpern, C.T. (2015). Demographic and developmental differences in the content and sequence of adolescents' ideal romantic relationship behaviors, Journal of Adolescence, vol. 45, pp. 112-126.
Cooper, K., Quayle, E., Jonsson, L., & Svedin C. G. ( 2016). Adolescents and self taken images: A review of the literature. Computers in human behavior.
Costin, D., Schuler, S., & Curwen, T. (2009). Responding to adolescent sexual offending.
Coy (2014). Sexualised sexism: popular culture, sexualisation and violence against women and girls.
Coy, M., Kelly, L., Vera-Gray, F., Garner, M. & Kanyeredzi, A. (2016). From 'no means no' to 'an enthusiastic yes': Changing the Discourse on Sexual Consent Through Sex and Relationships Education.
Coy et al. (2013). Sex without consent, I suppose that is rape: How young people in England understand sexual consent November 2013. A report commissioned for the Office of the Children's Commissioner's Inquiry into Child Sexual Exploitation in Gangs and Groups.
Cullen, F. T., Eck, J. E., & Lowenkamp, C. T. (2002). Environmental corrections - A new paradigm for effective probation and parole supervision. Fed. Probation, 66, 28.
Cyr, M., Wright, J., McDuff, P., & Perron, A. (2002). Intrafamilial sexual abuse: Brother-sister incest does not differ from father-daughter and stepfather-stepdaughter incest. Child abuse and neglect, 26, 957-973. doi:10.1016/s0145-2134(02)00365-4.
Daie, N., Witztum, E., & Eleff, M. (1989). Long-term effects of sibling incest. Journal of clinical psychiatry, 50, 428-431.
Digiorgio-Miller, J. (1998). Sibling incest: Treatment of the family and the offender. Child Welfare, 77(3), 335-346.
Donovan et al. (2014). The Coral Project : Exploring Abusive Behaviours in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and / or Transgender Relationships Interim Report
Dopp, A., Borduin, C. and Brown, C. (2015). Evidence based treatments for juvenile sex offenders: review and recommendations, Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 7(4), pp. 223-236.
Duane, Y. & Morrison, T. (2004). Families of young people who sexually abuse: Characteristics, contexts and considerations.
Elgar, M., & Head, A. (1999). An overview of siblings. In A. Mullender (Ed.), We are family: Sibling relationships in placement and beyond (pp. 19-27). London: BAAF.
Ehrensaft, M.K., Westfall, H.K., Niolon, P.H. et al.(2018). Can a Parenting Intervention to Prevent Early Conduct Problems Interrupt Girls' Risk for Intimate Partner Violence 10 Years Later? Prev Sci (2018) 19: 449. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-017-0831-z.
Evertsz, J. and Miller, R. (2012). Children with problem sexual behaviours and their families: Best interests case practice model. Specialist practice resource.
Fahy, B. (2011). Dilemmas for practitioners working with siblings under 10 years presenting with harmful sexual behaviours towards each other, with complex trauma histories. What are the challenges involved in how they should be placed in local authority care permanently? In M. C. Calder (Ed.), Contemporary practice with young people who sexually abuse: Evidence-based developments. Lyme Regis: Russell House Publishing.
Finkelhor, D. (1980). Sex among siblings: A survey on prevalence, variety and effects. Archives of sexual behaviour, 9(3), 171-194. doi:10.1007/bf01542244.
Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R. and Chaffin, M. (2009). Juveniles Who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Firmin, C. (2017). Contextual Safeguarding: an overview of the operational, strategic and conceptual framework. Institute of Applied Social Research, University of Bedfordshire.
5 Rights Youth Commission Report (2017). The Youth Commission: How Scotland can realise the rights of children and young people in the digital world.
The 5Rights Framework sets out: A right to remove. A right to know. A right to safety and support. A right to informed and conscious use. A right to digital literacy.
Flood, M. (2010). Where Men Stand: Men's roles in ending violence against women. Sydney: White Ribbon Prevention Research Series, No. 2.
Forth Valley Child Protection Committee Guidance (based on the National Guidance for Child Protection in Scotland, 2014): aims to support organisations and practitioners in working together to give children the protection they need, quickly and effectively at the earliest possible stage.
Friedrich, W. (1997). Child Sexual Behaviour Inventory: professional manual. Odessa, Florida; Psychological Assessment Procedures.
Friedrich, W.N., Fisher, J.L., Dittner, C.A., Acton, R., Berliner, L., Butler, J., Damon, L., Davies, W.H., Gray, A. & Wright, J. (2001). Child Sexual Behavior Inventory: Normative, Psychiatric and Sexual Abuse Comparisons, Child Maltreatment, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 37-49.
Friedrich, W. N., Gerber, P.N., Koplin, B., Davis, M., Giese, J., Mykelbust, C. & Franckowiak, D. (2001). Multimodal Assessment of Dissociation in Adolescents: Inpatients and Juvenile Sex Offenders, Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 167-177.
Friedrich, W. N., Hobart Davies, W., Feher, E, & Wright, J. (2003). Sexual behavior problems in preteen children: Developmental, Ecological and Behaviour Correlates. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
Friedrich, W. N., Trane, S. T. Gully, & K. J. (2005). Letter to the Editor: Re: It is a mistake to conclude that sexual abuse and sexualized behavior are not related: A reply to Drach, Wientzen, and Ricci (2001).
Fyson, R. (2005). Young People with Learning Disabilities who Show Sexually Inappropriate or Abusive Behaviours. Nottingham: Ann Craft Trust.
Fyson, R. (2007). Young people with learning disabilities who sexually harm others: The role of criminal justice within a multi-agency response. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 35, pp.181-186.
Girlguiding UK (2014). Girls Attitudes Survey.
Gil-Llario, M., Morell-Mengual, V., Ballester-Arnal, R., & Diaz-Rodriguez, I. (2018). The experience of sexuality in adults with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 62(1), 72-80.
Gilligan, R. (2000). Adversity, resilience and children: the protective value of positive school and spare time experiences, Children and Society, Vol 14 (1), 37-47.
Gleeson, C., Kearney, S., Leung, L. & Brislane, J. (2015). Respectful Relationships Education in Schools. Evidence Paper Australia.
Graff, H., Moyher, J., Bair, R., Foster, E., Gorden, C., & Clem, M. (2018). Relationships and Sexuality: How is a Young Adult with an Intellectual Disability Supposed to Navigate? Sexuality and Disability, 36(2), 175-183.
Gregory, G., Reddy, V. & Young, C. Identifying children who are at risk of FASD in Peterborough: working in a community clinic without access to gold standard diagnosis. Adoption & Fostering, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp. 225-234.
Griffee, K., Swindell, S., O'Keefe, S. L., Stroebel, S. S., Beard, K. W., Kuo, S.-Y., & Stroupe, W. (2014). Etiological risk factors for sibling incest: Data from an anonymous computer-assisted self-interview. Sexual abuse: A journal of research and treatment, 1-40. doi:10.1177/1079063214558941.
Growing Up Neglected.
Hackett, S., Print, B., & Dey, C. (1998). Brother nature? Therapeutic intervention with young men who sexually abuse their siblings. In A. Bannister (Ed.), From hearing to healing: Working with the aftermath of child sexual abuse (2nd ed.): Wiley.
Hackett, S. (2001). Facing the future: A guide for parents of young people who have sexually abused. Lyme Regis: Russell House Publishing.
Hackett, S. (2004). What works for children and young people with harmful sexual behaviours? Ilford: Barnardo's.
Hackett, S. (2010). Children, young people and sexual violence. In: Barter, C. and Berridge, D. (Eds) Children behaving badly? Exploring peer violence between children and young people. London: Blackwell Wiley.
Hackett, S., Phillips, J., Masson, H. and Balfe, M. (2013). Individual, Family and Abuse Characteristics of 700 British Child and Adolescent Sexual Abusers. Child Abuse Review, 22(4). Pp 232-245. ISSN 0952-9136.
Hackett, S (2014). Children and young people with harmful sexual behaviours. London: Research in Practice.
Hackett, S., Holmes, D., & Branigan, P. (2016). Harmful Sexual Behaviour Framework: An Evidence-informed Operational Framework for Children and Young People Displaying Harmful Sexual Behaviours. London, NSPCC.
Hardy, M. S. (2001). Physical aggression and sexual behaviour among siblings: A retrospective study. Journal of family violence, 16(3), 255-268.
Health Scotland. SHARE is an evidence-informed educational resource for use by teachers and others to support learning about Relationships, Sexual Health and Parenthood outcomes and experiences of Curriculum for Excellence geared at influencing a more positive sexual health culture in Scotland.
Hellemans, H., Colson, K., Verbraeken, C., Vermeiren, R., & Deboutte, D.. (2007). Sexual Behavior in High-Functioning Male Adolescents and Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), 260-269.
Hickman and Muehlenhard (1999). By the semi-mystical appearance of a condom: How young women and men communicate consent in heterosexual situations.
Hlavka (2014). Normalizing Sexual Violence: Young Women Account for Harassment and Abuse.
Hollis, V & Belton, E. (2017). Children and Young People who engage in technology-assisted harmful sexual behaviour; a study of their behaviours, backgrounds and characteristics.
Horvath et al. (2013). Basically... porn is everywhere: A Rapid Evidence Assessment on the Effect that Access and Exposure to Pornography has on Children and Young People.
Houck, C. D., Barker, D., Rizzo, C., Hancock, E., Norton, A. and Brown, L. K. (2014). Sexting and sexual behavior in at-risk adolescents, Pediatrics, Vol. 133, e276-e282.
Houghton, C. et al. (2018). Everyday Heroes: Gender Inequality and Societal Attitudes Report
Hutton and Whyte (2006). Children and young people with harmful sexual behaviours: Journal of Sexual Aggression.
James, A. & Neil, P. (1996). Juvenile Sexual Offending: One-Year Period Prevalence Study within Oxfordshire. Child Abuse & Neglect vol. 20, pp. 477-485.
Johnstone, L., & Gregory, L. (2015). Youth violence risk assessment: A framework for practice.
Johnson, T. & Doonan, R. (2005). Children twelve and younger with sexual behaviour problems: What we know in 2005 that we didn't know in 1985. In Longo, R. and Prescott, D. (eds.) Current Perspectives: Working with Sexually Aggressive Youth and Youth with Sexual Behavior Problems. Holyoke, MA: NEARI Press.
Johnson, T. C. (2003). Child sexual behavior checklist - Revised.
Johnson, T. C. (2003). Sibling incest. South Pasadena: Self-published pamphlet.
Johnson, T. C. (2015). Updated and expanded: Understanding children's sexual behaviors - what's natural and healthy (online).
Kambouridis, H. (2012). Working with sibling sexual abuse (Gatehouse centre). ACSSA Working with series.
Kambouropoulos, N. (2006). Understanding the background of children who engage in problem sexual behaviour. In: Staiger (ed.) Children who engage in problem sexual behaviour: Context, characteristics and treatment, Australian Childhood Foundation, Melbourne.
Katy. (2009). Sibling sexual abuse and incest during childhood.
Kaufman (1987). Construction of masculinity and triad of men's violence.
Keane, M., Guest, A., & Padbury, J. (2013). A balancing act: A family perspective to sibling sexual abuse. Child Abuse Review, 22, 246-254.
Keep Safe: Group and Family Intervention for Young People with Learning Disabilities & Harmful Sexual Behaviour(s) & their Parents/Carers prepared by Kent University Tizard Centre, the Avon and Wiltshire Mental Health Partnership NHS Trust Be Safe Service, and The Keep Safe Development Group.
Kelly, L. and Karsna, K. (2017, updated 2018). Measuring the scale and changing nature of child sexual abuse and child sexual exploitation: Scoping report. CSA and London Metropolitan University.
Kendall-Tackett, Meyer Williams, and Finkelhor (1993). Impact of sexual abuse on children: a review and synthesis of recent empirical studies. Psychological bulletin Vol 113.
King-Hill (2018). Reducing Harmful Sexual Behaviours in Children and Young People Through Training: A realistic evaluation of the Evidence, Success and Transfer of the Brook Traffic Light Tool. Under Review for Publication.
Kiselica, M. S., & Morrill-Richards, M. (2007). Sibling Maltreatment: The Forgotten Abuse. Journal of counseling and development, 85(2), 148-161. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2007.tb00457.x.
Krienert, J. L., & Walsh, J. A. (2011). Sibling sexual abuse: An empirical analysis of offender, victim, and event characteristics in national incident-based reporting system (NIBRS) data, 2000-2007. Journal of child sexual abuse, 20, 353-372. doi:10.1080/10538712.2011.588190.
Lambie, I., & Seymour, F. (2006). One Size Does Not Fit All: Future Directions for the Treatment of Sexually Abusive Youth in New Zealand. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 12(2), 175-187.
Latzman, N. E., Viljoen, J. L., Scalora, M. J., & Ullman, D. (2011). Sexual offending in adolescence: A comparison of sibling offenders and nonsibling offenders across domains of risk and treatment need. Journal of child sexual abuse, 20(3), 245-263.
Laviola, M. (1992). Effects of older brother-younger sister incest: A study of the dynamics of 17 cases. Child abuse and neglect, 16, 409-421. doi:10.1016/0145-2134(92)90050-2.
Lea and Auburn (2001). The Social Construction of Rape in the Talk of a Convicted Rapist.
Leach, C., Stewart, A. & Smallbone, S. (2015). Testing the sexually abused-sexual abuser hypothesis: A Prospective longitudinal birth cohort study, Child Abuse and Neglect, vol. 51, pp. 144-153.
Leclerc, B., Smallbone, S. & Wortley, R. (2015). Prevention Nearby: The Influence of the Presence of a Potential Guardian on the Severity of Child Sexual Abuse, Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 189-204.
Lee, M. and Crofts, T. (2015). Gender, Pressure, Coercion and Pleasure: Untangling Motivations for Sexting Between Young People, The British Journal of Criminology Vol 55, issue 3, pages 454-473.
Lewis, R. (2018). Literature review on children and young people demonstrating technology-assisted harmful sexual behavior. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 40, 1-11.
Löfgren-Mårtenson, L., Sorbring, E., & Molin, M. (2015). Tangled Up in Blue: Views of Parents and Professionals on Internet Use for Sexual Purposes Among Young People with Intellectual Disabilities. Sexuality and Disability, 33(4), 533-544.
Loredo, C. M. (1982). Sibling incest. In S. M. Sgroi (Ed.), Handbook of clinical intervention in child sexual abuse (pp. 177-188). New York: Lexington Books.
Lucy Faithfull Foundation. A guide for parents of children and young people who have got into trouble online:
Lunceford, B. (2011). The new pornographers: Legal and ethical considerations of sexting, in Drushel, B. and German, K. (2011) The Ethics of Emerging Media: Information, Social Norms, and New Media Technology, New York, NY: Continuum, pp. 99-118.
Manocha, K. F. and Mezey, G. (1998) British adolescents who sexually abuse: A descriptive study, Vol 9 issue 3, pp 588-608.
Marshall, W. L. and Barbaree, H. E. (1990). An integrated theory of the etiology of sexual offending, in Marshall, W. L. and Barbaree, H. E. (eds) (1990) Handbook of Sexual Assault: Issues, Theories, and Treatment of the Offender, Victoria, BC: Abe.
Marshall, W. L., Smallbone, S. & Marshall, L. E. (2015). A critique of current child molester subcategories: a proposal for an alternative approach, Psychology, Crime & Law, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 205-218.
Marston and Lewis (2014). Anal heterosex among young people and implications for health promotion: a qualitative study in the UK.
Martellozzo et al (2016). I wasn't sure it was normal to watch it: A quantitative and qualitative examination of the impact of online pornography on the values, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours of children and young people.
McCarlie, C. (2009). Risk Management for Children and Young People with Problematic Sexual Behaviours. Dumfries and Galloway.
Mckibbin, G. (2017). Preventing Harmful Sexual Behaviour and Child Sexual Exploitation for children & young people living in residential care: A scoping review in the Australian context. Children and Youth Services Review, 82, 373-382.
McKillop, N., Brown, S., Smallbone, S. & Pritchard, K. (2015). Similarities and differences in adolescence-onset versus adulthood-onset sexual abuse incidents, Child Abuse and Neglect, vol. 46, pp. 37-46.
McKillop, N., Brown, S., Wortley, R. & Smallbone, S. (2015). How victim age affects the context and timing of child sexual abuse: applying the routine activities approach to the first sexual abuse incident, Crime Science, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-10.
McKillop, N., Smallbone, S, & Wortley, R. (2016). Predicting multiple victim versus single victim sexual abuse: an examination of distal factors and proximal factors associated with the first abuse incident, Journal of Sexual Aggression, 22:1, 52-65.
McNeish and Scott (2014). Women and girls at risk : Evidence across the life course Key Messages from the Review.
McNeish, D. and Scott, S. Key messages from research on institutional child sexual abuse (2018). Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse.
McNevin, E. (2010). Applied restorative justice as a complement to systemic family therapy: Theory and practice implications for families experiencing intra-familial adolescent sibling incest. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 31(1), 60-72.
Meiselman, K. C. (1981). Incest: a psychological study. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Morrill, M. (2014). Sibling sexual abuse: An exploratory study of long-term consequences for self-esteem and counseling considerations. Journal of family violence, 29, 205-213. doi:10.1007/s10896-013-9571-4.
Murphy, C (2018). Balancing rights and risk: How can we get it right for children involved in violent behaviour?; CYCJ.
Murphy, G. (2018). Keep Safe: The development of a manualised group CBT intervention for adolescents with ID who display harmful sexual behaviours. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, 9(1), 49-58.
Murphy, G. H. (2003). Capacity to consent to sexual relationships in adults with learning disabilities, Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Healthcare, Vol. 29, pp. 148-9.
National Autistic Society. Information for Autistic Social stories and comic strip conversations - can help autistic people develop greater social understanding and stay safe.
NHS Education Scotland. National Trauma Training Framework - to support the strategic planning and delivery of training for those who have contact with survivors of trauma across all parts of the Scottish Workforce.
NHS Tayside. Insight Gathering Project: The multi-agency Sexual Health and Blood Borne Virus Managed Clinical Network. Dr Colin Morrison and Ross Robertson.
NICE (2016) Harmful sexual behaviour among children and young people; NICE guidelines.
NSPCC (2016). A review of the research on children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviour online.
NSPCC (2017). The Right to Recover: Therapeutic services for children and young people following sexual abuse. An overview of provision in the West of Scotland.
NSPCC (updated 2018). Harmful Sexual Behaviour Research Briefing with comprehensive list of further reference materials:
NSPCC What is harmful sexual behaviour?
NSPCC.Children and young people who engage in technology assisted harmful sexual behaviour (2018)
NSPCC. Talk "pants" campaign. Advice and information regarding the underwear rule for children.
NSPCC. An evidence-informed framework for children and young people displaying harmful sexual behaviour (2019) Second Edition
O'Brien, M. J. (1991). Taking sibling incest seriously. In M. Q. Patton (Ed.), Family sexual abuse: Frontline research and evaluation (pp. 75-92). Newsbury Park CA: Sage publications.
O'Brien, W. (2010). Australia's response to sexualised or sexually abusive behaviours in children and young people. Australian Crime Commission 30 July 2010.
O'Byrne (2006). You Couldn't Say "No", Could You?: Young Men's Understandings of Sexual Refusal.
O'Callaghan, D. (1998). Practice issues in working with young abusers who have learning disabilities, Child Abuse Review, Vol. 7, pp. 435-48
OfCom. Children and parents: Media use and attitudes report 2018:
O'Reilly, G., Marshall, L.W., Carr A., & Beckett R. (Eds.). The handbook of clinical intervention with young people who sexually abuse (pp. 103-127). Hove: Brunner-Routledge.
Our Watch, Australia's National Research Organisation for Women's Safety (ANROWS) and VicHealth (2015) Changing the story: A shared framework for the primary prevention of violence against women and their children in Australia. Melbourne: Our Watch.
Papadopoulos (2010). Sexualisation of Young People: Review
Parentzone. Advice for Parents and Carers.
Patton, M. (1991). Understanding family sexual abuse. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Pierce, L. H., & Pierce, R. L. (1990). Adolescent / sibling incest perpetrators. In A. L. Holborn, B. L. Johnson, L. M. Roundy, & D. Williams (Eds.), The incest perpetrator: A family member no one wants to treat. (pp. 99-107). London: Sage.
Police Scotland. Be Smart Internet Safety Programme.
Powell (2010). Configuring Consent: Emerging Technologies, Unauthorised Sexual Images and Sexual Assault.
Powell, A. and Henry, N. (2014). Technology-Facilitated Sexual Violence: A Literature Review of Empirical Research Journal of Trauma, Violence and Abuse
Pritchard, D., Graham, N., Ikin, A., Penney, H., Kovacs, L., Mercer, D., Edwards, R., Jones, D., Mace, F. C. (2012). Managing Sexually Harmful Behaviour in a Residential Special School. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 40(4), 302-309.
Quayle, E. (2017). Over the Internet, Under the Radar: Online Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation - a brief literature review. Scotland: CYCJ and Barnardos.
Quayle, E., Cariola, L. Youth-Produced Sexual Images: A Victim-Centered Approach. University of Edinburgh. SPIRITO Project.
Radford, L., Corral, S., Bradley, S., Fisher, H. (2013). The prevalence and impact of child maltreatment and other types of victimization in the UK: Findings from a population survey of caregivers, children and young people and young adults. Child Abuse & Neglect 37, 801-813.
Radford, L., Richardson, H. Barter, C. and Stanley, N. (2017). Rapid Evidence Assessment What can be learnt from other jurisdictions about preventing and responding to child sexual abuse. Summary Report UCLAN.
Rayment-McHugh, S., Smallbone, S. & Tilley, N. (2015). Endemic Sexual Violence and Abuse: Contexts and Dispositions, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 111-124.
Relva, I. C., Fernandes, O. M., & Alarcao, M. (2017). Dyadic types of sibling sexual coercion. Journal of family violence, 32, 577-583. doi:10.1007/s10896-017-9918-3.
Reward Foundation. Information on Internet Safety and Use of Pornography
Rheingold, A. A., Campbell, C., Self-Brown, S., De Arellano, M., Resnick, H., and Kilpatrick, D. (2007). Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse: Evaluation of a Community Media Campaign. Child Maltreatment, 12(4), pp. 352-363.
Rich, P. (2011). Understanding, assessing, and rehabilitating juvenile sexual offenders. Publisher, Wiley.
Righthand S., Welch C. (2001). Juveniles who have sexually offended: A review of the professional literature. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Ringrose (2013). BBM is like match.com: social networking and the digital mediation of teen's sexual cultures.
Ringrose et al (2013). Teen girls, sexual double standards and 'sexting': Gendered value in digital image exchange.
Ringrose, J., Gill, R., Livingstone, S. and Harvey, L. (2012). A Qualitative Study of Children, Young People and 'Sexting': A Report Prepared for the NSPCC, London: National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
Risk Management Authority & Scottish Government (2014). Framework for Risk Assessment and Evaluation (FRAME), Scottish Government.
Rodgers, V. (2016). We need to Talk about Pornography: A Resource to Educate Young People about the Potential Impact of Pornography and Sexualised Images on Relationships, Body Image and Self Esteem.
Rogers, A. Harvey J., and Law, H. (Eds). Young People in Forensic Mental Health Settings: Psychological Thinking and Practice.
Rowntree, M. (2007). Responses to sibling sexual abuse: Are they as harmful as the abuse? Australian Social Work, 60(3), 347-361.
Rudd, J. M., & Herzberger, S. D. (1999). Brother-sister incest - Father-daughter incest: A comparison of characteristics and consequences. Child abuse and neglect, 23(9), 915-928. doi:10.1016/s0145-2134(99)00058-7.
Russell, D. E. H. (1986). The secret trauma: Incest in the lives of girls and women. New York: Basic Books.
Ryan, G. (2000). Childhood Sexuality: A decade of Study. Part 1- Research and Curriculum Development. Child Abuse and Neglect 24.
Ryan, G. (2010). Incidence and prevalence of sexual offences committed by juveniles. In G. Ryan, T. Leversee, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending: Causes, consequences, and correction (3rd ed., pp. 9-12). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
Sanders, R. (2004). Sibling relationships: Theory and issues for practice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Schultz, P.W., Nolan, J.M., Cialdini, R.B., Noah, J.G. & Griskevicus, V. (2007). "The Constructive, Destructive and Reconstructive Power of Social Norms, Psychological Science, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 429-434.
Schwartz, B. K., Cavanaugh, D., Pimental, A., and Prentky, R. (2006). Descriptive Study of Precursors to Sex Offending among 813 Boys and Girls: Antecedent Life Experiences, Journal of Victims and Offenders, Pages 61-77 Published online: 18 Aug 2006.
Scottish Government (2008). A joint approach describing how early years and early intervention support the Government's purpose and national performance framework.
Scottish Government website: Child Sexual exploitation.
Scottish Government Child Sexual Exploitation - Definition and practitioner briefing paper (2016).
Scottish Government National Guidance - Under-age Sexual Activity: Meeting the Needs of Children and Young People and Identifying Child Protection Concerns (published December 2010).
Scottish Government National Action Plan on Internet Safety for Children and Young People
Seto, M. C. and Lalumière, M. L. (2010). What is so special about male adolescent sexual offending? A review and test of explanations through meta-analysis, Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 136, No. 4, 526-75.
Settlemire, K. L. (2011). Post-adoption contact between siblings: Is 'avoidance of harm' the right standard for New Jersey siblings adopted from foster care parents? Seton Hall Legislative Journal, 36(1), 165-190.
Shaw, J. A., Lewis, J. E., Loeb, A., Rosado, J., & Rodriguez, R., A. (2000). Child on child sexual abuse: Psychological Perspectives. Child abuse and neglect, 24(12), 1591-1600. doi:10.1016/s0145-2134(00)00212-x.
Sheinberg, M., & Fraenkel, P. (2001). Relational trauma of incest: A family-based approach to treatment. New York: The Guilford Press.
Silovsky, J.F., and Niec, L. (2002). Characteristics of young children with sexual behavior problems: a pilot study. Child Maltreatment Aug; 7(3): Pages 187-97.
Silovsky, J.F., and Bonner, B. (2003). Children with sexual behavior problems: Common misconceptions vs. current findings, National Criminal Justice Reference Service, United States.
Smith, C., Allardyce, S., Hackett, S., Bradbury-Jones, C., Lazenbatt, A. & Taylor, J. (2014). Practice and policy in the UK with children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviours: an analysis and critical review.
Smith, H., & Israel, E. (1987). Sibling incest: A study of the dynamics of 25 cases. Child abuse and neglect, 11, 101-108. doi:10.1016/0145-2134(87)90038-x.
The Staff College. International comparisons about CSE
Stroebel, S. S., O'Keefe, S. L., Beard, K. W., Kuo, S.-Y., Swindell, S., & Stroupe, W. (2013). Brother-sister incest: Data from anonymous computer-assisted self interviews. Journal of child sexual abuse, 22(3), 255-276. doi:10.1080/10538712.2013.743952.
Stop It Now. Guidance on Impact of Internet Use
SIGN guidelines. Children and young people exposed prenatally to alcohol.
Sundaram, Vanita & Sauntson (Eds). Global Perspectives and Key Debates in Sex and Relationships Education: Addressing Issues of Gender, Sexuality, Plurality and Power, Palgrave Macmillan UK. 84-99.
Tapara, A. (2012). Best practice guidelines for health service professionals who receive initial disclosures of sibling sexual abuse. Kotuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), 83-97. doi:10.1080/1177083x.2012.729513.
Tener, D. (2019). I Love and Hate Him in the Same Breath: Relationships of Adult Survivors of Sexual Abuse With Their Perpetrating Siblings. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0(0), 0886260518821462. doi:10.1177/0886260518821462.
Think uKnow. Thinkuknow is the CEOP education programme.
Thomas, J. D., & Viar, C. W. (2005). Family reunification in cases of sibling incest. In M. C. Calder (Ed.), Children and young people who sexually abuse: New theory, research and practice developments (pp. 354-371). Lyme Regis: Russell House Publishing.
Thornton, J. A., Stevens, G., Grant, J., Indemaur, D., Chamarette, C., & Halse, A. (2008). Intrafamilial adolescent sex offenders: Family functioning and treatment. Journal of Family Studies, 14, 362-375.
Thorpe, G.L., Righthand, S. & Kubik, E.K. (2001). Brief Report: Dimensions of Burnout in Professionals Working with Sex Offenders, Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, vol.13, no.3, pp. 197-203.
Tidefors, I., Arvidsson, H., Ingevaldson, S., & Larsson, M. (2010). Sibling incest: A literature review and a clinical study. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 16(3), 347-360. doi:10.1080/13552600903511667.
Tudiver, J. and Griffin, J. (1992). Treating developmentally disabled adolescents who have committed sexual abuse, SIECCAN Newsletter, Vol. 27, pp. 5-10.
UK Council for Child Internet Safety. UKCCIS is a group of more than 200 organisations drawn from across government, industry, law, academia and charity sectors that work in partnership to help keep children safe online.
UK Council for Child Internet Safety (UKCCIS) Children's Online Activities, Risks and Safety - A Literature Review by UKCCIS Evidence Group (2017).
University of Hampshire. Sexting: Abstract - A bulletin that presents a study of sexting, based on a review of over 550 cases obtained from a national survey of law enforcement agencies. The cases all involved "youth‐produced sexual images," defined as images of minors created by minors that could qualify as child pornography under applicable criminal statutes.
University of Suffolk. Online Peer on Peer Abuse; A national survey for Headteachers and Safeguarding Leads in Scotland. Professor Andy Phippen; Professor Emma Bond; Katie Tyrrell, June 2018.
Vaswani, N. (2018). Adverse Childhood Experiences in Children at High Risk of Harm to Others : A Gendered Perspective:
Vizard, E., Hickey, N., French, L., & Mccrory, E. (2007). Children and adolescents who present with sexually abusive behaviour: A UK descriptive study. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 18(1), 59-73.
Ward, K., Atkinson, J., Smith, C., & Windsor, R. (2013). A Friendships and Dating Program for Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: A Formative Evaluation. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 51(1), 22-32.
What to Consider: Young People with Learning Disabilities who have engaged in harmful sexual behaviour. Guidance prepared by Stephen Barry, Principal Clinician, North Bristol NHS Trust Be Safe Service, Bristol, England.
Wiehe, V. R. (1990). Sibling abuse: Hidden physical, emotional, and sexual trauma. New York: Lexington Books.
Worling, J. R. (1995). Adolescent sibling-incest offenders: Differences in family and individual functioning when compared to adolescent nonsibling sex offenders. Child abuse and neglect, 19(5), 633-643.
Worthington, R. (2018). The multi-component model of harmful sexual behaviour for people with autism and co-morbid intellectual disabilities - a theory and practice guide. The Journal of Forensic Practice, 07-2017-0027.
Welfare, A. (2008). How qualitative research can inform clinical interventions in families recovering from sibling sexual abuse. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 29(3), 139-147.
Yates, P. (2015). Better Together: A grounded theory study of social worker decision making in cases involving sexual behaviour between siblings. (PhD), University of (anonymous).
Yates, P. (2017). Sibling sexual abuse: Why don't we talk about it? Journal of Clinical Nursing, 26(15-16), 2482-2494.
Yates, P. (2018). Siblings as better together: Social worker decision-making in cases involving sibling sexual behaviour. British Journal of Social Work, 48(1), 176-194. doi:10.1093/bjsw/bcx018.
Yates, P., Allardyce, S., & MacQueen, S. (2012). Children who display harmful sexual behaviour: Assessing the risks of boys abusing at home, in the community or across both settings. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 18(1), 23-35.