Publication - Advice and guidance

Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters - Environmental Report Appendix B: Baseline Information

Published: 25 Jul 2013
Part of:
Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781782567479

Appendix B to the SEA Environmental Report of the Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters.

This appendix contains Baseline Information.

116 page PDF

3.9 MB

116 page PDF

3.9 MB

Contents
Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters - Environmental Report Appendix B: Baseline Information
Footnotes

116 page PDF

3.9 MB

Footnotes

1. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 071

2. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 076

3. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 078

4. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 082

5. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 090-099

6. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 100-103

7. SNH (2012) Recommended list of Priority Marine Features in Scotland's seas [online] Available at: http://www.snh.gov.uk/protecting-scotlands-nature/safeguarding-biodiversity/priority-marine-features/priority-marine-features/ [accessed 10/05/2013]

8. Scottish Government (2012) MPA Progress Report to the Scottish Parliament, Annex B Special Areas of Conservation ( SACs) [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/publications/report-scottish-parliament-progress-identify-scottish-network-marine-protected-areas//20 [accessed 16/05/2013]

9. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 072

10. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 074

11. SNH (undated) Salmon in the Classroom, Special Areas of Conservation [online] Available at: http://www.snh.org.uk/salmonintheclassroom/salmon_conservation.shtml [accessed 08/05/2013]

12. SNH (2013) SNHi Information Service, Sitelink [online] Available at: http://gateway.snh.gov.uk/sitelink/index.jsp [accessed 09/05/2013]

13. Scotland's Environment (2011) Coastal Waters [online] Available at: http://www.environment.scotland.gov.uk/our_environment/water/coastal_waters.aspx (accessed 13/12/12)

14. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 005

15. JNCC (2009) Classified SPAs, pSPAs and Areas of Search (AoS) for inshore aggregations of waterbirds and Balearic shearwater outwith the breeding season [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/SPA_AOS_Maps%2020091216.pdf [accessed 8/5/2013]

16. JNCC (2009) Important Seabird Concentrations Being Considered in an SPA Context [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/SPA_AOS_Maps%2020091216.pdf [accessed 8/5/2013]

17. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 116 - 129

18. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 119

19. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg. 76 - 103

20. JNCC (undated) Invertebrate species: molluscs, 1029 Freshwater pearl mussel, Margaritifera margaritifera [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/protectedsites/sacselection/species.asp?featureintcode=s1029 [accessed 31/05/2013]

21. SNH, JNCC (2012) Advice to the Scottish Government on the selection of Nature Conservation Marine Protected Areas ( MPAs) for the development of the Scottish MPA network [online] Available at: http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/547.pdf (accessed 13/12/12)

22. SNH (2012) How are SSSI selected and notified? [online] Available at: http://www.snh.gov.uk/protecting-scotlands-nature/protected-areas/national-designations/sssis/sssi-selection/ (accessed 13/12/12)

23. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg 72.

24. Speedie, C.D., Johnson, L. A., Witt, M.J., (2009) Basking Shark Hotspots on the West Coast of Scotland: Key sites, threats and implications for conservation of the species. Commissioned Report No.339.

25. Witt M.J., Doherty P.D., Hawkes L.A., Godley B.J., Graham R.T. and Henderson S.M. (2013) Basking shark satellite tagging project: post-fieldwork report, Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 555 [online] Available at: http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/555.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

26. RSPB (2013) Future of the Atlantic marine Environment ( FAME) [online] Available at: http://www.rspb.org.uk/ourwork/projects/details/255106-future-of-the-atlantic-marine-environment-fame- [accessed 08/05/2013]

27. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg. 138 - 139.

28. Non-Native Species Secretariat (2011) Impact Examples [online] Available at: https://secure.fera.defra.gov.uk/nonnativespecies/index.cfm?sectionid=54 [accessed 21/05/2013]

29. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg. 138 - 139.

30. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg. 188 - 189.

31. Scotland's Environment Website (SEWeb) , coastal waters [online] Available at: http://www.environment.scotland.gov.uk/our_environment/water/coastal_waters/pressures.aspx (accessed 25/03/2013)

32. ibid

33. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg 132

34. Scotland's Environment Website (SEWeb) , coastal waters [online] Available at: http://www.environment.scotland.gov.uk/our_environment/water/coastal_waters/pressures.aspx (accessed 25/03/2013)

35. SNH (2010) Climate Change at the Coast, [online] Available at: http://www.snh.gov.uk/about-scotlands-nature/rocks-soils-and-landforms/coasts/climate-change/ (accessed 25/03/2013)

36. Gill, A.B. & Bartlett, M. (2010). Literature review on the potential effects of electromagnetic fields and subsea noise from marine renewable energy developments on Atlantic salmon, sea trout and European eel. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No.401 [online] Available at: www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/401.pdf (accessed 25/03/2013)

37. Marine Scotland (2013) Grey and Harbour Seal Usage Maps [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/science/MSInteractive/Themes/seal-density [accessed 21/05/2013]

38. Sea Mammal Research unit (2013) Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme MMSS/001/11, Grey and harbour seal density maps, Prepared for Marine Scotland [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0041/00416981.pdf [accessed 21/05/2013]

39. Speedie C.D., Johnson L. A. and Witt M.J. (2009) Basking Shark Hotspots on the West Coast of Scotland: Key sites, threats and implications for conservation of the species, Commissioned Report No.339.

40. Witt M. J., Hardy T., Johnson L., McClellan C. M., Pikesley S. K., Ranger S., Richardson P. B., Solandt J.-L., Speedie C., Williams R. and Godley B. J. (2012) Basking sharks in the northeast Atlantic: spatio-temporal trends from sightings in UK waters Marine Ecology Progress Series, 459, 121 - 134.

41. Furness B. and Wade H. (2012) Vulnerability of Scottish Seabirds to Offshore Wind Turbines, MacArthur Green Ltd and ERI Thurso, Reviewed by David MacArthur , 5 February 2012.

42. Furness B. and Wade H. (2012) Vulnerability of Scottish Seabirds to Offshore Wind Turbines, MacArthur Green Ltd and ERI Thurso, Reviewed by David MacArthur , 8 February 2012.

43. Kober K., Webb A., Win I., Lewis M., O'Brien S., Wilson L.J. and Reid J.B. (2010) Seabird density surface maps: A summary of how seabird density surfaces were generated from European Seabird at Sea ( ESAS) data, JNCC Unpublished information paper.

44. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg. 71.

45. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg. 16 - 19.

46. Marine Scotland (2012) Offshore Wind - Regional Locational Guidance [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/windrlg (accessed 25/03/2013)

47. Jones E., McConnell B., Sparling C. and Matthiopoulos J. (2013) Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme MMSS/001/11, Grey and harbour seal density maps, 21 February 2013, Prepared by SMRU for the Scottish Government [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0041/00416981.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

48. Ellis, J.R, Milligan S.P. Readdy L., Taylor N. and Brown M.J. (2012) Cefas Science Series Technical Report no. 147, Spawning and nursery grounds of selected fish species in UK waters [online] Available at: http://www.cefas.defra.gov.uk/publications/techrep/TechRep147.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

49. SNH (undated) Salmon in the Classroom, Special Areas of Conservation [online] Available at: http://www.snh.org.uk/salmonintheclassroom/salmon_conservation.shtml [accessed 08/05/2013]

50. Thorley J.L. (2013) The Potential Influence of Robin Rigg Wind Farm on the Abundance of Adult and Juvenile Atlantic Salmon, A Poisson Consulting Ltd Report prepared for Marine Scotland Science, Pitlochry, Scotland [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0041/00416335.pdf [accessed 09/05/2013]

51. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ythan Estuary and Sands of Forvie [online] from http://www.birdlife.org (accessed 26/03/2013)

52. Marine Scotland (2012) Population Trends of Breeding Seabird Colonies in Scottish SPAs, Final report [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0040/00402058.pdf [accessed 22/05/2013]

53. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Buchan Ness to Collieston. [online] from http://www.birdlife.org (accessed 26/03/2013)

54. Marine Scotland (2012) Population Trends of Breeding Seabird Colonies in Scottish SPAs, Final report [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0040/00402058.pdf [accessed 22/05/2013]

55. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Loch of Strathbeg. [online] from http://www.birdlife.org (accessed 26/03/2013)

56. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Moray Basin, Firths and Bays. [online] from http://www.birdlife.org (accessed 26/03/2013)

57. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg. 14 - 17.

58. Marine Scotland (2012) Offshore Wind - Regional Locational Guidance [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/windrlg (accessed 25/03/2013)

59. Jones E., McConnell B., Sparling C. and Matthiopoulos J. (2013) Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme MMSS/001/11, Grey and harbour seal density maps, 21 February 2013, Prepared by SMRU for the Scottish Government [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0041/00416981.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

60. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government pg 120.

61. Ellis, J.R, Milligan S.P. Readdy L., Taylor N. and Brown M.J. (2012) Cefas Science Series Technical Report no. 147, Spawning and nursery grounds of selected fish species in UK waters [online] Available at: http://www.cefas.defra.gov.uk/publications/techrep/TechRep147.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

62. Marine Scotland Science (2010) Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Volume 1 No 14, Review Of Migratory Routes And Behaviour Of Atlantic Salmon, Sea Trout And European Eel In Scotland's Coastal Environment: Implications For The Development Of Marine Renewables [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/295194/0111162.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

63. JNCC (2009) Great Skua Stercorarius skua [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-2879 [accessed 23/05/2013]

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66. Marine Scotland (2012) Population Trends of Breeding Seabird Colonies in Scottish SPAs, Final report [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0040/00402058.pdf [accessed 23/05/2013]

67. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hoy. [online] from http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sitefactsheet.php?id=2495 (accessed 23/05/2013)

68. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Scapa Flow. [online] from http://www.birdlife.org (accessed 26/03/2013)

69. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg. 10 - 11, 71.

70. Marine Scotland (2012) Offshore Wind - Regional Locational Guidance [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/windrlg (accessed 25/03/2013)

71. Marine Scotland (2012) Offshore Wind - Regional Locational Guidance [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/windrlg (accessed 25/03/2013)

72. Jones E., McConnell B., Sparling C. and Matthiopoulos J. (2013) Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme MMSS/001/11, Grey and harbour seal density maps, 21 February 2013, Prepared by SMRU for the Scottish Government [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0041/00416981.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

73. Ellis, J.R, Milligan S.P. Readdy L., Taylor N. and Brown M.J. (2012) Cefas Science Series Technical Report no. 147, Spawning and nursery grounds of selected fish species in UK waters [online] Available at: http://www.cefas.defra.gov.uk/publications/techrep/TechRep147.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

74. Marine Scotland Science (2010) Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Volume 1 No 14, Review Of Migratory Routes And Behaviour Of Atlantic Salmon, Sea Trout And European Eel In Scotland's Coastal Environment: Implications For The Development Of Marine Renewables [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/295194/0111162.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

75. JNCC (2001) SPA Description: Flannan Isles [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=1846 [accessed 23/05/2013]

76. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cape Wrath [online] Available at: http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sitefactsheet.php?id=2440 [accessed 23/05/2013]

77. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lewis Peatlands [online] Available at: http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sitefactsheet.php?id=2506 [accessed 23/05/2013]

78. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg. 8 - 9, 71.

79. Marine Scotland (2012) Offshore Wind - Regional Locational Guidance [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/windrlg (accessed 25/03/2013)

80. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg 124 - 129.

81. Paxton, C.G.M. Mackenzie, M., Burt, M.L., Rexstad E. and Thomas L. (2011) Phase II Data Analysis of Joint Cetacean Protocol Data Resource, Report to Joint Nature Conservation Committee [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/JCP_Phase_II_report.pdf (accessed 09/05/2013)

82. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg 116 - 117.

83. SNH (undated) Basking Shark Hotspots In West Scotland [online] Available at: http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/marine/baskingsharkhotspotsflyer.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

84. Witt M.J., Doherty P.D., Hawkes L.A., Godley B.J., Graham R.T., and Henderson S.M. (2013) Basking shark satellite tagging project: post-fieldwork report, Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 555 [online] Available at: http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/publications/commissioned_reports/555.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

85. Ellis, J.R, Milligan S.P. Readdy L., Taylor N. and Brown M.J. (2012) Cefas Science Series Technical Report no. 147, Spawning and nursery grounds of selected fish species in UK waters [online] Available at: http://www.cefas.defra.gov.uk/publications/techrep/TechRep147.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

86. Marine Scotland (2012) Population Trends of Breeding Seabird Colonies in Scottish SPAs, Final report [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0040/00402058.pdf [accessed 23/05/2013]

87. Marine Scotland (2012) Population Trends of Breeding Seabird Colonies in Scottish SPAs, Final report [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0040/00402058.pdf [accessed 23/05/2013]

88. JNCC (2001) SPA Description: Rum [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-1863 [accessed 23/05/2013]

89. JNCC (2001) SPA Description: Mingulay and Berneray [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-1853 [accessed 23/05/2013]

90. JNCC (2001) SPA Description: Treshnish Isles [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=1941 [accessed 23/05/2013]

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92. Marine Scotland (2012) Population Trends of Breeding Seabird Colonies in Scottish SPAs, Final report [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0040/00402058.pdf [accessed 23/05/2013]

93. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: North Colonsay and the Western cliffs [online] from http://www.birdlife.org (accessed 26/03/2013)

94. JNCC (2001) SPA Description: Gruinart Flats, Islay [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=1942 [accessed 23/05/2013]

95. JNCC (2001) SPA Description: Bridgend Flats Islay [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=1943 [accessed 23/05/2013]

96. JNCC (2001) SPA Description: Laggan Islay [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=1944 [accessed 23/05/2013]

97. JNCC (2001) SPA Description: Ailsa Craig [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=1949 [accessed 23/05/2013]

98. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Scottish Government, pg. 8 - 9, 71.

99. Marine Scotland (2012) Offshore Wind - Regional Locational Guidance [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/windrlg (accessed 25/03/2013)

100. Paxton, C.G.M. Mackenzie, M., Burt, M.L., Rexstad E. and Thomas L. (2011) Phase II Data Analysis of Joint Cetacean Protocol Data Resource, Report to Joint Nature Conservation Committee [online] Available at: http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/JCP_Phase_II_report.pdf (accessed 09/05/2013)

101. SNH (undated) Salmon in the Classroom, Special Areas of Conservation [online] Available at: http://www.snh.org.uk/salmonintheclassroom/salmon_conservation.shtml [accessed 08/05/2013]

102. Thorley J.L. (2013) The Potential Influence of Robin Rigg Wind Farm on the Abundance of Adult and Juvenile Atlantic Salmon, A Poisson Consulting Ltd Report prepared for Marine Scotland Science, Pitlochry, Scotland [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0041/00416335.pdf [accessed 09/05/2013]

103. SNH (2013) SNHi, Interactive Map [online] Available at: http://www.snh.gov.uk/publications-data-and-research/snhi-information-service/map/ [accessed 23/05/2013]

104. Marine Scotland (2012) Offshore Wind - Regional Locational Guidance [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/windrlg (accessed 25/03/2013)

105. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wigtown Bay [online] from http://www.birdlife.org (accessed 26/03/2013)

106. BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Upper Solway Flats and Marshes [online] from http://www.birdlife.org (accessed 26/03/2013)

107. Scotland's Census 2011 (2012) Statistical Bulletin [online] Available at: http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/en/censusresults/bulletin.html (accessed 02/04/2013)

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109. ibid

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111. Scottish Government (2012) Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation [online] Available at: http://simd.scotland.gov.uk/publication-2012/ (accessed 28/06/2012)

112. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Information for the national marine plan, Scottish Government

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117. ABPMer (2012) Socio-economic baseline Reviews for Offshore Renewables in Scottish Waters, Marine Scotland

118. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Information for the national marine plan, Scottish Government , pg 152-155

119. Marine Scotland (2012) Regional Locational Guidance [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/ (accessed 04/04/2013)

120. Defra (2010) Charting Progress 2 [online] Available at: http://chartingprogress.defra.gov.uk/feeder/Section_3.16_Waste_Disposal.pdf (accessed 04/04/2013)

121. European Commission (2006) The 2006 Bathing Water Directive [online] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-bathing/index_en.html (accessed 04/04/2013)

122. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Information for the national marine plan, Scottish Government pg 56

123. ibid

124. National Water Safety Forum (2013) UK Water Related Fatalities 2011 - WAID Database Report [online] Available at: http://www.nationalwatersafety.org.uk/waid/info/waid_fatalincidentreport_2011.pdf (accessed 10/05/2013)

125. MAIB (2011) Reports by Incident - Collision/Contact, [online] Available at: http://www.maib.gov.uk/publications/investigation_reports/reports_by_incident/collision_contact.cfm [accessed 10/05/2013]

126. MAIB (2011) Reports by Incident - Grounding, [online] Available at: http://www.maib.gov.uk/publications/investigation_reports/reports_by_incident/grounding.cfm [accessed 10/05/2013]

127. MAIB (2012) Annual report 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.maib.gov.uk/cms_resources.cfm?file=/MAIB_Annual_Report_2011.pdf [accessed 09/05/2013]

128. Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables: Environmental Report [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/1086/0048531.pdf [accessed 09/05/2013].

129. Marine and Risk Consultants Ltd (2007) The Provision of Additional Studies in Relation to the Scottish Executive Strategic Environmental Assessment for Marine Renewables - Study 3: Shipping and Navigation, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, Published 27 February 2007, [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/1086/0048990.pdf [accessed 09/05/2013].

130. Marine Scotland (2012) Regional Locational Guidance [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marineenergy/Planning/ (accessed 04/04/2013)

131. ibid

132. European Commission (2011) EU Water Legislation and the Water Management Directive, [online] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/participation/notes_en.htm (accessed 04/04/2013)

133. SEPA (2009) River Basement Management Plans [online] Available at : http://www.sepa.org.uk/water/river_basin_planning.aspx (accessed 04/04/2013)

134. Scottish Government (2011) Implementation of the Water Environment and Water Services (Scotland) Act 2003 and the Flood Risk Management (Scotland) Act 2009: Annual Report to the Scottish Parliament - 2011, [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2012/08/2854 (accessed 04/04/2013)

135. SEPA (2011) Water Classification Report 2007 - 2010. [online] Available at: http://www.sepa.org.uk/water/monitoring_and_classification/classification.aspx (accessed 04/04/2013)

136. Defined as extending out to 3 nautical miles for the purposes of the WFD

137. Scotland's Environment (2011) Description of Coastal Waters [online] Available at: http://www.environment.scotland.gov.uk/our_environment/water/coastal_waters/description.aspx [accessed 08/05/2013]

138. SEPA (2010) Regulation of Designated Shellfish Waters [online] Available at: http://www.sepa.org.uk/water/protected_areas/shellfish_waters/regulation.aspx [accessed 08/05/2013]

139. Scottish Government (2012) Shellfish Waters - Overview Map [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0039/00394923.pdf [accessed 08/05/2013]

140. SEPA (2010) Designated Shellfish Waters in Scotland [online] Available at: http://www.sepa.org.uk/water/protected_areas/shellfish_waters.aspx [accessed 08/05/2013]

141. SEPA (2010) Regulation of Designated Shellfish Waters [online] Available at: http://www.sepa.org.uk/water/protected_areas/shellfish_waters/regulation.aspx [accessed 08/05/2013]

142. OSPAR Commission (2010) Quality Status Report 2010 - Assessment of the Impact of Shipping on the Marine Environment [online] Available at: http://qsr2010.ospar.org/media/assessments/p00440_supplements/p00440_suppl_5_release_of_anti-fouling_chemicals.pdf (accessed 04/04/2013)

143. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Information for the national marine plan, Scottish Government pg 182

144. Advisory Committee on Protection of the Sea (ACOPS) Annual survey of Reported Discharges attributed to vessels and offshore oil and gas installations operation in the United Kingdom Pollution Control Zone 2010 [online] Available at: http://www.acops.org.uk/documents/annual-marine-pollution-survey-2010.pdf (accessed 04/04/2013)

145. Scottish Government (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas, Information for the national marine plan, Scottish Government pg 138

146. Marine Scotland (2011) Scotland's Marine Atlas: Information for the National Marine, Scottish Government pg 138

147. Marine Scotland (2012) Clean Seas [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/marine/marine-environment/cleanseas (accessed 04/04/2013)

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