Offshore wind energy - draft sectoral marine plan: habitat regulations appraisal

The habitats regulations appraisal is completed in accordance with the Habitats Regulations that implement the EC Habitats and Birds Directives in UK waters and has been completed for the sectoral marine plan for offshore wind.


AA : Appropriate Assessment 

AAIR : Appropriate Assessment Information Report 

ABP : Associated British Ports 

AC : Alternating Current 

ACCOBAMS : Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans in the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic Area

AEOI : Adverse Effect on the Integrity (of European/Ramsar Sites)

ASCOBANS : Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas

BACI : Before-after control-impact

BD : Biological Disturbance 

BERR : Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform

BTO : British Trust for Ornithology

CMACS : Centre for Marine and Coastal Studies

COWRIE : Collaborative Offshore Wind Research Into the Environment

CRM : Collision Risk Modelling

cSAC : candidate Special Area of Conservation

DC : Direct Current 

DECC : Department of Energy & Climate Change

Defra : Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs

DG : Directorate General

DO : Dissolved Oxygen 

DOENI : Department of Environment for Northern Ireland

DPO : Draft Plan Option

EC : European Commission

ECS : European Cetacean Society

EDPR : EDP Renovaveis (Renewable Energy Company)

EEZ : Exclusive Economic Zone

EIA : Environmental Impact Assessment

EM : Electromagnetic 

EMEC : European Marine Energy Centre 

EMF : Electromagnetic Field 

EOWDC : European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre 

EU : European Union 

FAD : Fish Aggregating Device 

FAME : Future of the Atlantic Marine Environment

FARL : Fawley Aquatic Research Laboratories Ltd

FTRAG : Forth and Tay Regional Advisory Group

GIS : Geographical Information System 

GW : Gigawatts

HDD : Horizontal Direction Drilling

HELCOM : Helsinki Commission

HIE : Highlands and Islands Enterprise

HIT : Humber International Terminal

HPDI : highest posterior density interval

HRA : Habitats Regulations Appraisal

HVDC : High-voltage Direct Current 

HWDT : Hebridean Whale and Dolphin Trust

IAMMWG : Inter-Agency Marine Mammal Working Group 

ICES : International Council for Exploration of the Sea

IECS : Institute of Estuarine and Coastal Studies

IH : Inner Hebrides cetacean population area

IMARES : Institute for Marine Resources & Ecosystem Studies

IPF : Draft Initial Plan Framework for Wave and Tidal Energy (see also Draft W&TE Plan)

IPR : Iterative Plan Review 

IROPI : Imperative Reasons of Overriding Public Interest

IS : Irish Sea cetacean population area

ISLES : Irish Scottish Links on Energy Study

JNCC : Joint Nature Conservation Committee

KTN : Knowledge Transfer Network

LIMPET : Land Installed Marine Power Energy Transmitter 

LSE : Likely Significant Effect

MarLIN : Marine Life Information Network

MCZ : Marine Conservation Zone 

MFRAG : Moray Firth Regional Advisory Group

MMO : Marine Management Organisation 

MPA : Marine Protected Area

MRIP : Marine Renewables Infrastructure Plan  

MSP : Marine Spatial Plan 

MU : Management Unit

MUDS : Marine biological underwater Depuration System

MW : Megawatts 

NE : North East

NENS : North Eastern North Sea & Skagerrak (harbour porpoise stock)

NERI : National Environmental Research Institute (Denmark)

NF : North France cetacean population area

nm : Nautical Mile

NPD : Non-Physical Disturbance

NPWS : National Parks and Wildlife Service 

N-RIP : National Renewables Infrastructure Plan

NS : North Sea cetacean population area

NTC : Non-Toxic Contamination

NWIS : North-west Ireland & West Scotland (harbour porpoise stock)

OBIS : Ocean Biogeographic Information System

ODPM : Office of Deputy Prime Minister

OH : Outer Hebrides (Island of Barra) cetacean population area

ORE : Offshore Renewable Energy

OREDP : Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan

ORJIP : Offshore Renewables Joint Industry Programmes

OSPAR : The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic

OWE : Offshore Wind Energy

OWiX : Offshore Wind Innovation Exchange

PCB : Polychlorinated biphenyls

PD : Physical Damage

PFOW : Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters (formerly referred to as PFSA)

PFSA : Pentland Firth Strategic Area (now more commonly referred to as PFOW)

PLG : Physical Loss or Gain


PRIMaRE : Partnership for Research in Marine Renewable Energy

pSAC : Possible Special Area of Conservation

PSG : Project Steering Group

pSPA : Potential Special Protection Area

PTS : Permanent Threshold Shift 

Ramsar  : The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands - the Conservation on Wetlands of International Importance, especially on Waterfowl Habitat

RSPB : Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

SAC : Special Area of Conservation

SAM : Static Acoustic Monitoring

SAMS : Scottish Association for Marine Science

SCI : Site of Community Importance

SCOS : Special Committee on Seals

SDIC : State Development & Investment Corporation

SE : Scottish Enterprise

SEA : Strategic Environmental Assessment

SEIA : Social and Economic Impact Assessment

SEL : Sound Exposure Level 

SEPA : Scottish Environment Protection Agency

SG : Scottish Government

SNCB : Statutory Nature Conservation Bodies

SNH : Scottish Natural Heritage 

SPA : Special Protection Area

SPL : Sound Pressure Level 

SRTP : ScotRenewables Tidal Power Limited

SSE : SSE Renewables 

SSMEI : Scottish Sustainable Marine Environment Initiative

TCE : The Crown Estate 

TTS : Temporary Threshold Shift 

UK : United Kingdom 

WDCS : Whale and Dolphin Conservation (formerly WDCS, Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society)

WWT : Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust



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